Transcript

Transcript for Albert P. Rockwood journals, 1847-1853, Journal, 1847 April-July

Journal kept by A. P. Rockwood one of the Pioners from the camp of the Saints at Winter Qua[r]ters to the Bear river vally on whare the Lord direct us camp that por[t]ion of the camp that I am connected with namly the firs Division under the directve of Pres B[righam] Young[.] Started 15 minets past two o'clock P.M. Apil 7th 1847

we traveld a westerly direction about 3 miles to what is cald the old camp ground, thence took the road betwee the Missouri & the Elkhorn rivers, traveled untill 45 minite past 5 o'clok, we then campe on the head waters of a crick that pute into the Missou[ri] R below the old fort. Wind blew a heave gail from the NW much colder then in the for pa[r]t of the day[.] I put on my mitting & Buffalow warm neer before sundown, when we were near the camping ground we saw Several wagons in camp order which, proved to be Elder Wildfor Woodrouh's [Wilford Woodruff] and some others. soon after sunset Col [Stephen] Markham drove in with a four horse team hawling the cannon[.] we Broused our horses & Mules &c on Eln [Elm Creek] & Lin of which we found a saufcency [sufficient] for our small camp

For the first time, on the journ[ey] I exserviunced [experienced] the inconvenience of not haven a wife to git my supper for jest as I was to set to supper I had the mesfortune to tip over a nice pan of milk in my wagen[.] this put me to the inconvieance of making other arangements for my refreshments[.] After refreshmt & Prayers I called on Gen Young to enquire the order of the nigh[t] whare upon he directed that one man be kep on the watch more for the care of the horses & Mules &c than for any Indian depredation[.] I then notified Col Markham that it was the will and pleasure of the Gen to have a gaur[d] and instructed him to cause one to be put on and kep on during the night[.] 9 o'clok PM the wind has gon down[.] it is verry cloudy and dark, the camp is all still so I retired to my bed
A. P. Rockwood
PS We traveled about 10 miles this day

A P R[ockwood]

Thursday Apil 8th 1847 the weather is cool but plesant a thin skim of Ice on our water in the buckits[.] I have been informed that there is 31 wagons in our camp[.] Pres Young caled to have me get the book for some articles he is going to the Fan m at the old Fort—I arived at Winter quater about Eleven A.M. was sucsesful in gitting every thing that was sent for yet it was not without much difficulty that I procured the corn[.] about five PM Br Burlay [Parley] P. Pratt arived from England Brough[t] news[.] Br Young was sent for to set in councl this Evening[.] he Retire about Sun Set
A P Rockwood

Friday, 9 Apil at Winter Quaters the morning is warm and plsent I breakfasted at my own hous not being returend to camp, at 9 'oclck sat in Counsel with the twelve went at 12 ‘oclock Noon about 30 of [us] started for the camp and arived at 2 oclock on the same camping ground that I left the morning before, on our arival the brothery immediately geared there teams for a stat [start.] at 3 o'clck the whole camp was in motion which with the adding that came from Winter Quaters consisted of 64 Wagons[.] we traveled a N. W. direction, keeping on the devide as before, save on one occation we thought to save some time by taking acrost a holler which when we came to we found it to be a miry quag. our wagons mired [to] the hubs[.] it as it took 20 men about one hour to get over ten wagons, we took the drag ropes from the cannon and put on from 10 to 20 men and haled them through by the hardest[.] After all wer safe over we resumed the line of march on the divid a S W Direction[.] at about 5 oclock I lo[o]ked roud to sea if aney timber could be seen[.] none was visiable except the tops of a small grove to the South[.] the face of the country is high roling Praire[.] I wrod with Br H[eber] C Kimball several miles on untill about sun set when the rear put up the camp consisty of about 30 wagons[.] camped, Near a good Spring of water but no wood could be found so we wer forced to have a cold Supper[.] this night turned our horses & Mules out to grase on the dry grass some gree[n] which our cattle wer verry egar for[.] we traveled about 6¼ miles this day on a very crooked rout[.] lef what is caled the Miller trail 45 m past 5 o'clck
16¼ miles in all
A.P. Rockwood

Satuerday 11 [10] Apil at the Prary incampment we turned our horses & mules &c out to gras [graze] on the old or new grass as they might choose[.] soon discovered our brothery gatheri weeds to build a fire[.] some of us set the weed on fire to warm ourselves[.] 36 wagons are in camp up this place, the balance are on ahead[.] my cow gives a fine mess of milk which I can exchange for coffee meal Bread &c[.] she is as good as a dariy in the Eastern states[.] Started on our journey 30 minuts pas 7’oclock[.] at 30 minuts past we past the Brigde over the Big Papieo [Papillon] whare we had to put the drag ropes on most of the teams[.] 45 min past Eleven we past small marshey crik whare we again used the drag rope on sum of the teams in this vale[.] we stop to rest and refresh ourselves as wayfareing men[.] it is warm & Pleseant

15 minets Past one we renewed our journey maney of our horses are bockey which causes much delay[.] at 3 o'clck we came in site of the waters of the Elk horn[.] on casting my Eyes back the vishion of them could not reach the Land of Gentiles, which related to some that wer traveling nearby whare upon they shouted Glory Halileia to the top of there voices[.] arved to nigh Nearley 45 mints past 4 o'clck on a high Elevation of the Horn Blufs plenty of good water and Brouse[.] Br Tibets [John Tippets] presenterd Br [Joseph] Scofield with a letter from his wife this affernon[.] Br George A Smiths oxen gave out about 12 noon we snt back one pare of Pres Youngs oxen to help up they have not yet come and it is now Eight o'clck PM[.] we have Eate our supper and are some going to[.] have travel about 16½ miles this day making in all 33
A.P. Rockwood

Sunday morning Apil 11th
Five miles North of the lower ferry on the banks Blufs of the Elk Horn River Weather is mild a[nd] agreeable at nine o'clock we find ourselves geared for a start all in good health[.] we think at this point we have a fine view of the Horn Bottoms[,] Lakes &c on our East is a wide spread of high roling Praire[.] arived at [blank space] Br [Willard] Richards lost his horse last night sum suspose that it straied others that it was stolen[.] it was mised about last Evening

We arived at the ford about 10 'oclock AM which was five miles this day from Winter Quarers to this place 38 miles

Br Lewes [Tarleton Lewis] & Godard [Stephen Goddard] came severral days since fixed the ford and built a raft to cross the wagons on[.] they have in succful opperation yesterdy afternoon and this morning on the arival of
tied on the drag ropes on the raft by which means a trip was mad in 4 to 5 minutes[.] Three o'clock P.M. 41 degrees 16 mint North Latitude on the bottoms of the Horn & Platt[e.] we are all safe over that 69 wagons & 136 men 2 women & 2 children as Pioneers[.] a few wagons that are not of the Pioneers[.] these will return[.] we are now on the r a Sandy bottom with a tough sod. Br [James] Case tels me that it is fifty miles to the next crick[.] I suppose that I shall be pasing it in a few days for as yet I have not rode the first rod [ride] in my wagon[.] I believ that I am at present better able to carry myself than my mules are to carry me
A P Rockwood

 

Monday April 12th 1847

At 8 oclock AM the camp move on up t[he] bottoms myself and about 20 of the brothery return to winter Quater cross the horn on our raft with the wagons ford the teams[.] the horn is a river almost 200 ft wid with a gentle current over a smoth Sandy bottom that is at some time the sand

 

arived at Winter Wuaters [Quarters] 40 mint past thre PM[.] severnal of the horsmen took the indian trail which is 10 or 12 miles niyer [near] the the wagon road[.] they arived about one PM the 12 came in about an hour afte my arival
A.P. Rockwood

Tuesday 13th of Apl at Winter Quaters
weather is mild and agreabl Br Young, Richards, Kimbal & Davd Grant each are fitting out a team for the Pioneer who have started this afternoon[.] Br John Taylor arived from England about sunset Br Lewis Robertson came in from Nauvoo about the same time
A.P. Rockwood

Winter Quaters Apil, 14th 1847
I stated Erley in the morning which (was somewhat rainey) to make arangments for our final Leave for the mountains, as I suppose the twelve are making all due preparations for their final leav for the present[.] Br Black drove before my house at ten ‘oclock, with a leathe skiff on his runing gears of his wagon to take it to the camp[.] Br Phineas H Young and myself seated ourselvs in it for a pasage to the camp[.] at three o'clok PM we over took the Pioners, ox teams, that started out last Evening, near the aporea [Papillion] Brodd [Bridge,] we huried our journey on untill 40 minuts past 6 when we camped for the nigh at the same place that we stoped at on Satuerdy last which was 5 miles North of the river ferry on the horn River

the last of the teams that came in arived about 30 min past 9, about 15 men composed our compny[.] most of us slep on the ground around a fire[.] Br Young slep on a bolt of Domestik [cloth] without aney covering over him but his usual apparril[.] I was on the watch at Eleven and untill one A.M

Apil 15th 1847 at which time I Retired to rest on the ground with the rest of the brothery[.] at this time my thoughts turn on home and think of the peasful sosiety that I lef and the blessings, and comfort of life that I have from time to time left for the gospel sake and if in this life onley I have hope I am of all men most misieable, but keeps the sole alive and the Spirit of God inspires the hat [heart] to perseviear that the kingdim of God might come and his will be done on Earth as in heaven[.] at 30 mints past seven we pursued our journy and arived at the fery 15 min past 9 AM whare we found some of the brothery ready to ferry us over[.] while I was resting at the fery I wandred about a few minets and descovered a thick stratim of Sand Stone on which I engraved my name[.] this is a few rods above the ferry and if any was to gratify there curiosity by seeing it they can do so when at the ferry in few minets walk in wandern among the blufs[.] I discovered a well dug through a solid sand Ston about ten ft with winding stairs to go into it and a name Engraved on the Rock nearby—

At half past Eleven we wer all over the river and are now on the land of the Paunees [Pawnees.] this river is said to be the dividing line between the 6 nations & Paunees[.] pursued our journe up the Bottoms intil we arived to the camp which we reached at 30 min past three. I have a surveare pain in my head and retired to my wagon for a whil[.] about sun set I took a cup of coffee[.] my head is beter and I am well again[.] it is called 14 miles from the face to Horn making in all 48 miles trave on our journey[.] about dark several of the Brothery came in with a fine lot of fish most of them were pike[.] one of them was pesented to Br Schild [Schofield] & me[.] in a few momet Pres Young called the camp to gether and spoke of the order of traveling and said that the Indians did not know who we wer and that we had moor ne[e]d to be on the watch than aney other travelers for that in Enfluance was an[d] would be by some to set the native[s] on as that we might be destroyed but he answered us that if we would abide in his counsel they should have no power to enger [injure] us &c[.] notified us that at the sound of the horn in the morny to geather to gether to organise the camp[.] A gard is drawed out for our protection this night and all are dessmised with the blessings of God &c[.] it is now half past 9 I close for this time
A. P. Rockwood

 

Friday Apil 16th 1847 at [sentence unfinished]

The moring is warm and plesent Br at ten min past 8 the horn blu for the geathey for organization[.] the clerk Pres Young ordred me to mn to hand[le] the camp which was done by the assistence of Col. Markham then we counted off when the number present was—143 [.] Pres Young addressed the throne of grace while the brother neeld in a circle around him[,] after which Br G A Smith spoke upon the nesesity of a strick and riged organization and the nesesity of perfect union and the watchmen not sleaping while on the watch but all to magnify our calings whether it be to tend the team or to watch &c

 

Br H. C. Kimball spoke of the privalages of the brothery was which is if aney man has come with the Exspectition to be pampered up it was ther privilage to return to save there disapointmet[.] he also wished the murmers to return[.] he also spake of the pleg [plague] that came among the camp that went up to the redem[p]tion of Zion and inforce it as a lesson for us and take warning there from and govern ourselves accordingly

N K Whitney spoke with joy and rejoicing that this great misheon was begun an that it was his privilege to see us once more[.] he also spoke by way of counsil conferming the counsil of the twelve[.] Br Pots Whple [Whipple] and [text missing] desired if aney returned to winter Quaters on account of ther disapointment that they would continue to return Even to beyond the face of the Saints

Br Lorenzo Young

PresYoung spoke on the organization which to be a Militama [militia] one so far as it was nesesary for defence

1st motion that we have 2 captans having 72 men under Each on as [at] nigh as may be voted that Col S Markham be one of the captan[,] A. P. Rockwood be the other Capt of fifds

 

1st Talton Lewes
2d Isaac Case
3d Adderson Everett
4th John Pack
5th Shadrk Roundy


Capt of tens 1st Luke Johnson 2d Shadrik <2> Barney Adams 3 Howard Egan 4 Seth Taft 5th Charles Shumway 6 Stephen S Godard 7 John Brown 9th Each of the Quorum of the twelve be captains

Vote that Stephen Markham be cap of the gard which shall consist of 50 men guar Men <1> Tarlton Lewis 2 George Woodard 3 Norton Jacobs 4 John Glover 4 John W Norton 5 Barney Adams 6 Thomas Wolsey & 41 others[.] meetin is adjourned at 30 min past 9 AM
A. P. Rockwood

At one PM the camp started on there Journey[.] traveled four miles in all from Winter Quaters 32 miles camped on the Prarie near the Platt river[.] kept our stock on the island whare we found plenty of rushes[.] I set in order the firs Grand Division of the camp which under my charg by aranging the wagons Capts &c[:] Addersun Evert was apoitd [appointed] for the Capt of 50 in the first division of Talton Lewis of the seccont Wilfor Woodruf Capt of the first 10 E T Benson of the 2d Phineas H Young of the third Luke Johnson of the 4 Stephen H Godard of the 5th Charles Shumway of the 6 Isaac Case of the 7 Taft of the 8th[.] Put our stock under a gard on the island for the nigh
A P Rockwood

Satuerday April 17th
I was on gard untill one o’clock this morning wind blue a heavy gail from the North[.] at the sun one hour high this ming [morning] the Thermomiter stood six degrees below frieezing point on at 26[.] ice 1¼ inch thick in my water buckit[.] at nine o clock the camp pursued the journy a N W direction up the Platt[e] Bottoms soon came to a drifted sand bank which was verry hard drawing through[.] the south side of the Platt has high Bluffs the face of the country appears to be broken while on this side it is vast plain no timber save on the banks[.] this bottom has the appearance of being occationly overfloed for drift wood is sean in almost every direction[.] arived at our camping ground at twelve o’clock Noon which is about 7 miles from last Nights Encampent makin in all from winter Quaters 159 miles[.] we are now camped on the Prary Near a fine cotton wood grove which serves for brouse for our Teams.

at 5 o’clock P.M. the Bugle sounded to call the brothery together when I paraded the 1s division under their several Capt of tens Col Markham Parade the 2 Division in like manner[.] then I relde [relayed] to Gen Young that the camp was organized and waited his ferther order Whare upon it was agreed to have a military organization that would include Every man in the camp[.] John Markham was apointed Conul [Colonel] John Pack 1 Majah [Major] Shadrck 2 Majah Each of the Capt of tens wer to officiate as Capt of a compny the Compne men numbed of as follows viz Wilford Woodruf’s No 1 E T Benson’ No 2 Phineous H. Young No 3 Luke Johnson No 4 Stephen H. Godard No 5 Charles Shumway No 6 James Case No 7 Seth Taft No 8 this makes out the first division of the camp[.] the second Division wer numbered as follows viz Howard Egan No 9 Appleton Harmon No 10 [blank space] Norton Jacobs No 12 John Brown No 13 [blank space] [Joseph] Mathews No 14

Pres Young was acknowledg as Command in Cheaf[.] he notified that I was his Ade d camp[.] Br Thomas Tanner was appointed to take comman of the cannon and authorized to Select his compny from the camp to man it[.] The evening is dark and clowdy consequently Col Markham increased the gard[.] our Stock & Teams are placed in the grov near the camp so that one gard answers for both Teams & camp[.] some of the brothery prais the lord in the dance other in Prayer other is matchry &c
A. P. Ro[c]kwood

 

Sunday Morny 9 o’clock A M

To Mrs. Rockwood I have a shame to send this so I tare off the Sheat & send: would wrigh more but Br Eames wait for this my love to all[.] Encourag Lyman[.] im in good healt with Enough to do [black space] from your absent Husband ascribing to the order of the Priesthood
A P Rockwood
PS let no Opotunity [opportunity] fail or wright to me APR

 

To Nancy H. Rockwood
Winter Quaters
Omihaw [Omaha] Nation

Sunday April 18th 1847
Weather cold and the wind is in the South[.] Br Fisher Eames returns to the point[.] I sent my journal up to the sheat directed to Mrs Rockwood[.] I walked out with the twelve to take a view of the country[.] near the bank of the river we found a ridge thrown up about 15 ft above the surrounding level[.] we set down under a grove of Plum bushes talked over maters conserning our travels and concluded that our safty required that we camp in circle with the four wheel to come and lock in to the hind of its file wagon and face our wagon with the front inclined out ward[.]all fires to be out Side of the sircle[,] all horses Mules Oxen & cows to be firmly tied within the cirkle[.] Instructions wer given last night for no one to leave the camp and for every man the [to] have the working touls of his profession (if they wer such as are calculated to defend the right of the innocent) whare they could cal out any moment and all of them to be loded with a leather over their powder in the bun or on the riffle if of Purcusheon Lock[.] the brothery are to arise at the sound of the trump and every mess [men] to there prayers the first thing then make ready and start at 7 o'clock A.M.

our oxen & cows are grasing on the prary under there respectful Herdsmen Horses & Muels are fed on cotton wood bark which verry good roughness[.] several wagons past down on ther way from the traders at the Paunee viliage to the point they had a spanieard that had been a prisiner amoung the Paunees about one year[.] he was taken from the Shawnees in a war betwen them & the Paunees[.] he sayed the Saunees killed all of the company but himself[.] he eskipd by flite but was after taken by them[.] The traider Bought him for to rescue and paid a horse[.] the traider antisapates that the Government will redeem him and send him to his Native county [country.] At counsil held at 6 o'clock PM of the Capt of 100, 50 & 10 it was ordred that the bugle be sounded at half past Eigh or as soon as the brether wer jenuely reade wher perfect order is to be obseved an prayer uttered by Every mess [man.] in case of Gen allarm, the bugle will be the signal[.] the gard are instructed to fire off a few Guns in the night when they suppose the Indians are in hearing[.] it is also ordered that the Cannon be occationly fired[.] at 9 this Evening I attended counsil at Dr Richards wagon
A.P. Rockwood

Monday April 19th 1847
Weather is mild and pleasant[.] at seven this morning the bugle sounded for a start at 20 min past 7 the whole camp was in motion in two lines odd tens in the left and even in the right lin[e.] base of the country is low sandy and level on the North side of th Plat[te][.] on the south it is high Blufs properly roling[.] stoped at 30 mints past one oposit Dimon [Diamond] Island making 15 miles travel this foor noon[.] while stoped Bro Po[r]ter Rockwell arived brought 22 letters from winte Waters [Quarters] one from Ellen to me which was recievd with joy[.] we travld a Western direction much of this day[.] past Several small Lakes on our left around which ther was an abundance of small Gaim[.] at 3 oclock we resumed our journey and arived to our camp groun at 6 camp in circle for defence agains the Indians oposit Dimon Island[.] I went out with Br [John] Higbee to join fish in a s[tr]eam[.] Gether 1 Tortes 2 turkles 3 cat fish 2 lurkers & on[e] duck[.] it was very warm in the afternoon[.] in the Evening the wind roes[.] travel this day 21 miles 79 miles in from Winter Wartes
A.P. Rockwood

Tuesday 20th Apl started on our journey at 7½ oclock[.] weather is warm & Pleasnt[.] Bro Mathews came in from a scout with a prary dog and said that he found a lot of them buered burrowes Every few feet over the sirface of about <40> acres[.] he called it the city of dogs as there must have been several hunded of that geathering[.] they wer about the size of a cat, and looked much like a ground squrrel or wood chuck[.] they bark lik a lap dog[.] thes bottoms abound in the wild potatoes Onions & artichocks of a superior quality[.] arived at our camp ground at four o'clock which on the bank of Platt 41 degrees 25 minutes 2 seckonds North Lattitude[.] some of the company left the main camp at noon and went on to ketch fish and retured before sunset with about 250 which gave us all a good supper and past Enough for an other meal[.] Saw some Deer and an abundance of small gaim during the day[.] several of us went to the river and washed & bathed this Evening[.] we have ned of this Every night for it is verry dirty[.] Pres Young desired this evening that the ox teams should travel by themselves and the horses & mules togaether[.] ordered me to Notify the men to go armed while amoung the Paunees and not to wander from the camp[.] traveled this day 16 miles which brings us from W Quaters 95 miles
A P Rockwood

Wednesday 21th of Apil
A little mist of rane this morning ox teams started at sven o’clock Mules & Horses started 40 mins past seven[.] came in site of the Paunee Indians at nine oclock at half past ten[.] the horse & mules passed the ox teams[.] stoped at 30 min passed <12> near a Paunee vilage that consisted of several hundred lodges maney of them came out to see us[.] we made them a few presents there head cheaf Cushmelan some present of salt, Tobacow, Powder & Lead &c which howeve the men not satisfied with they said that we American wer rich we had Tee, Coffee, Sugar and many other to a heap of good thing[,] that Paunees lived on Buffalow[.] he said that we should secure and kill there Buffalow: wished us to go back[.] fineley they exspresed much dissatesfaction at our presents[.] they would not give us the hand of friendship as we parted without seramony at ten minuts past 2 o’clock[.] soon the dust was laid by a small Shower wind blew hevy from the S East[.] traveled untill 40 min past six Camped on the bank of Loup fork 1½ miles below Looking Glass crik ferry[.] Pres Young ordered to have a gard of 40 men at a time this nigh and the Cannon unlumberd[.] I was on Gard the fore part of the night bout 10 to 3[.] Capt John Park came around and ordered if aney Indian appoache to fire at them to kill[.] night pased of with aney alarm[.] traveled this day 21 miles in all from W Quaters 116 miles
A P Rockwood

Thursday Apil 22th 1847
Weather is warm & Plesant the dry & Green grass makes a verry good foder for our teams[.] passed Looking Glass Crick about nine o’clock arived at be[a]ver Crick 40 min past Eleven whare we stoped to rest and refresh ourselves[.] menney of the brethery are geathering nettles for greens[.] took up our journey at 1½ oclock[.] at 3 we wer all saft over Bever river[.] arrived at the misheonuary station at 5¼ oclock whare we found plenty of Good Hay Corn Fodder and some Corn[.] this stasion was vaakud las summer on acount of the Sues [Sioux] making ware on the Paunees among Home[.] the mesheonary wer stationd this was a government Establishment[.] travel this day 18 mil in all 134 miles from W Quaters
A P Rockwood

Friday 23th of April 1847
On loking round the Government houses we foun much Iron in vaieous shapes which belonged to Soment of the Misinuares[.] Pres Young strikly forbade aney of the bretherny carring aney of it off or medling with it

About 80 rods below these we found the rung of several houses Stable, Blacksmith shop Cribs &c which were burned by the Soos who have been at ware with the Paunees for Several Years and this been there battle ground several times untill at last the Paunees have gave it up and it now present one of these seanries which ar the common results of war[.] I was shown the ground whare the Soos came in went off lay in ambush &c[.] Br James Case one of our number was pesent on one occatio of these attaks[.] after breakfast several of us among whom wer all of the Quorum of twelv who are present went to serch out a place to ferry over the loup fork[.] move a S E Direction about 2 miles[.] when we came to the river several of the brethery waided out to try the debth serfase of the bottom of the river[.] the water in this river is jeneral shallow several seldom more than 18 inches[.] yet in places it is several feet[.] the bottom is quick sand which renders it very difficul and some times dangereous to cross at a man on a horse standing a few momet in one place will settle in and if they do not exerte themselvs immediately they will sink to rise no more until the reserection of the just or unjest[.] the bottom was so rough and the quick sand so bad that it was thought advisable not to cross at this place so we retured to camp[.] on our way back we found several shanties that wer probabl built by the Paunees[.] the bottom over which we passed was nearly all dug over pobely by the squaws in sirch of roots which the bottoms of the Lake front as well as the Platt abound in abundance[.] arrived at camp at 12 o’clock when the horn was sounded for a start[.] about this time Pres Young notified the brother that some of the iron that was there belonged to the missionares and that Br Case was authersed to sel it to cancel a debt he held against them so he let the brothery it by delivering him one half of it at our journey End[.] stite [start] on our joure at one ‘clock[.] after traveling 2 miles I looked back and saw the[re] a heavy smock was arising from our camp groun that we had left[.] notified Pres Young of the fact whare upon he ordered me and Br Jack Rudding [Redden] to go back and put it out[.] on our arival at the spot we found several of the brethery Endeverin to put it out[.] they had surrounded it by raking away the dry stufe about it[.] yet it had buned several rods of fence and was past making its way to the stacks of hay near by[.] from there it would have gon to the houses of which there was several and the whole must have been consumed[.] after all thing wer secure I retired to camp over took it at the ferry 4 miles from our last incampment this ferry is but little better then the one we looked at six miles below this morng save the water was not quite so deep 4 wagons only succeeded in giting over this after noon[.] we take up our Encampment immediately below the ruins of an Paunee vilage that has been distroied by the Soos last season[.] it is worth the attention of a traveler to go a few miles out of his way to see these ruings they cover several acres almost Entierly covered with wigwams varieously constructed[.] in and around them wer many larg cash Pitts which had been robed by the Soos[.] one large wigwam remane perfect and Entire it was pobely 300 ft in Circumrance[.] the distance travels since we left W Quat 138 miles in all
A P R[ockwood]

Satuerday 24th 1847
Morning is warm & plesent[.] about 30 of the brethery go to building Rafts, to cross over good[s.] the 3 &c ten proceed to take them over in the leather Skiff that we have a long. some of the brothery liten their loads and double teams and put through and this last Proved to be the most expeditious des by 3 PM we found ourselve all saft over[.] took a line of march 40 mints Past 3 PM journeyd 4 miles and Stoped for sunday Quater on the bank of the Loup fork[.] our distance acording to my log is from Winter Quaters to this pace 142 miles
A.P R[ockwood]

Sunday Apil 25th 1847
Warm & Plesent No hunting nor Fishing as alowd[.] we are now on the bottoms of the Plat which is a tributiary to the Platt the soil is warm & sandy[.] it is jenraly level rising in tables or baenches three in number[.] this river nans is nearly parell to the Platt[.] about 10 miles north we are now making our own trail instead of striking down to the Platt and going on the traiders road[.] this is our chois becaus the chanse for Wood & water will proberly be much better and our chance for meeting with the Indians is much less as they lay in wa[i]t for plunder on the traiders road which on the Platt we are now on the land of the Grand Paunees[.] the Paunees are in four bands viz Paunees, Grand Paunees[,] Republicke & [text missing] Each has ther head cheaf yet all 4 are subject to one head cheaf whos Name is Cushmelans[.] he is also the head cheaf of the Paunee band[.] the Grand Paunees are that potion of the Paunee that refuse to comply with the treaty made between the governmt of the U S A and the Prinsiaple cheaf in behalf of the whole Paunee Trybe which was to vacate the land between th Loop Fork & Platt rivers for the Emagration Companies to pass through also to let them pass unmolested[.] the Grand Paunees refuse to conform and continue on the lands and continue to plunder Emagrants when Ever the[y] find a good oppertunity[.] near the ruin of the Paunee vilage there is 4 long poles Erected around which they have there danses viz the Ware dance, Buffalow Bear or what Ever Enterprise of the kind they are about to Enter upon[.] they do it as a religeous seramony invoking the blesings of the great Spirit befor they go to war or to Hunt[.] they are called medison poles[.] ther viliage is intrenchd by a deap ditch[,] a little north of ther vilage lays the bones of scors of Persons poberly some of them fell in the wars with the Soos as it is common among them not to burry there dead

At 5 o'clok P.M. The Bugle sounded to call the brethiry to gether for worship[.] Sung This Earth was once a gardng plce & Prayer by Eld Heber C. Kimball Prayer to be divested of Pride selfishness &c also for the speed of our journey, place to build Plant & Sow finiley that the kingdom might com also for our families & the President of this people like blessing on his associates and all the camp of Pioneers—blessings on our cattle & wagons and all our stewartship[.] Liberty was given was given for aney to speak who had aney thing to say when Br Wm. Henrie arose and gave thanks to God for the blessings that we do Enjoy &c[.] Br Erastus Snow spoke of the school that we was upon and the importasne of the present Mission stated that it would be a noted epok for futer jenerations to read the journal of this camp[.] stated that the spirit of the Lord had brokd over the camp consequenty No jarings or discord among the brothery[.] more union or peace never did Exist than in the people that now set before him[.] futer jeneration must look upon us the Pioneers for the jingdom [kingdom] and that we wer under the immeduate instruction from the twelve—Br James Case arose Stated that he had got read [rid] of many of his religeous superstition[.] Stated that he had been ingaged in on removing the Gentile Missionsuares among them there was contention was thankful that he had a place among the saints

Br George A Smith stated that he went up in the Camp for the redemption of Zion in 1834 but few of that num[ber] wer present[.] hoped that we should shout much merit the a schury [surely] as as a posion [portion] of that camp did[;] believe that we should not[.] Pres B. Young was satisfd with the brethery stated that the Lord would Lead and the camp would bless us[.] Caps of 10 wer instructed to call the roole twice per day and make return ther of[.] Stated that the duty of Gard was to preserve teams also state that H G Sherwood was th appointed murmer for the camp and no man had a right to murmer unless autherize to by Him[.] this was acknowledge by all

Capt Mathews stated that 3 of men went acost the river and that whare we forded yesterday it was wast deep & deeper[.] one of there horses got into the quick sand and that both horse and rider came verry near going down the river lost his gun in the scrape and though[t] himself blessed to save his own life and that of his horse—In the evening the officers of the camp we[re] called to geathe and Seven were selected as hunters[;] all others wer forbiden to leave the camp
A.P. R[ockwood]

Monday 26th April 1847
Sunday Quaters south side of loop fork. 3 miles above the Ruings of Paunee vilage[.] about two o'clock the gard on the S. E. herd a nois in the brush and weed which they supposed to be a wolf it pased off undescovered[.] at three one of the gard discovered something crawling on the ground they supposed it be wolves as the moon was dow and it was rather dark[.] Br John Eldridg sayed to the other gar here is some wolves lets have some sport so he attempted to shute one of the [wolves] with his Pistol[.] it mised fier whare upon two Indians arose and run when two of the gard fired at them[.] immeduately 3 or 4 more ris up in the grass within 4 roods and run[.] the allarm became general in a few minit by the sound of the bugle and all hands wer paraded for battle but nothin more was seen or herd of indians[.] when lite came we went to the bank of the river whare it took plac[.] no discovery only the tract of Soo Indians which wer nown [nowhere] to be so by the shape of the track made the mogerson which was called caused by the tow [toe] of it being tured in while those of other tribes are made different that they may [tell] the tribes by the treks tracks.

Started on our journey 40 mint Past 7 o'clock stoped for dinner nealy oposit an old Indian vilage on the other side of Loop fork in the afternoon[.] near the road there was a beautiful lake covering about one acre of ground which was peculier intersly that it was within a few roods of the river yet it was 20 ft above it[.] the water was fresh & cold & well stored with Fish[.] I went ahead to look out the road this day which caused me much Extry riding traveled south of west about 17 miles[.] where from Winte Quaters 159 miles[.] camped that night in a vally of a crick near the river
A.P R[ockwood]

Tuesday 27th Apil
After I closed the journal of last night Br Mathews came in and reported that he believed that an Indian had got one of our horses[.] serch was immediately made in and about the camp and two horses were missing viz Br Willards Richards and Br Lytles[.] the captains immediately ordred fore men to go East 4 West 4 North & 4 South to see if aney thing could be found of the horses[.] about Eleven we all returned and reported that nothing could be found of the horses[.] Started on our journey 40 mint past 7 o'clik at which time 4 horsmen viz Po[r]ter Rockwell[,] Joseph Mathews[,] Thomas Brown & John Eldridge retured to our Sunday encampet in serch of the horses hoping that they might have Strayed instead of stolen[.] near this place they found a war Party consisting of ffteen Indians[.] on there way thay found sines [signs] of horses on the back track which satisfied them that the horses wer stolen[.] on there approach to the indians they perfesed to be friendly but there friendship was for to get a chance to steal there horses more then aney thing Else as it soon poved for while they wer shaking hands with the Greeting the left hand they attemped to steal one of the horses with the right but did not succeed[.] after this the brothery immediately with-drew a little whare upon the Indians attempted to surround but not succeeding in this the Indians fired six guns at them but to [no] effect after which the Indians immediately ran and the brethery retured this treatment and signes and circumstances gave conclusive p[r]oof that they had the horses[.] one of the horses was the same that strayed from Dr. Richards at the Horn which was made mention at the time but I did not mention that it was found and brought into camp by Poter Rockwell[.] our travel this day is nearly a south direction over about 6 mils in barrown [barren] sandy Prary the rest was smoth clean prary and verry dusty[.] at noon we stoped to grase our cattle[.] dug three wells which affored water measuerly to quinch the thirst of the teams[.] they were from 4 to 6 ft deep[.] Weather is verry warm[.] thermometer stood at 86 in the shade at 12 o'clik[.] Maney signs of Buffalow this day but non seane our hunter killed one Antilope and some small gaim

arrive in the bank of a crik in the open Prary at 6 o'clock[.] plenty of good water but no wood Traveled this day 20 mile which bring us from Winter Quaters 179 miles

A Heavy Gail of wind came on about sun set which was acompenied with a little rain[.] it is dark & cloudy this Eveng[.] about 8 o'clock a valuable Horse was shot in the fore leg which Brock the bone[.] this was by the acidental discharge of a gun caused by carlisly leaving the cap in the tube the gun was in the wagon

Wendesday 28th Apil
Weather is warm and pleseant[.] some buffalow made there appearance in sight of the Camp for the first time on our journey[.] we are in a good range of feed so we delay starting at the usual hour[.] at 10 o'clock A M all the teams are over the ford and on our journey[.] arived on the banks of the Platt river at 2 o'clock P M whare we refreshed ourselves[.] at 6 o'clock we camped near the river on the prary[.] Br Phineaus Young came in about sunset Stated that he had been riding on the Island which oposit of us this island is said to be 140 miles lon[g] about 4 miles wide[.] oposit the place there is a rode near the snter nearly the whole lenth of the island

Wind is srong from this East cool in the after pt of the day[.] drove our wagons into a cirkle fore wheel to the hind of its file wagon[.] in this way we form a strong fortificutio [fortification] against Indians[.] Travel this day 17 miles which bri[n]g us from Winter Qarters 196
A P R[ockwood]

Thursday 29th Apil 1847

Horn sounded for prayers 15 min past 4[.] at 5 we took up a line of ma[r]ch which was before breakfast or feeding our teams[.] stoped ½ past six for refreshet after which we immediately forded Wood river and persued our journey untill 30 min past 1 o'clock when we stoped for dinner[.] renued our joue at 3[.] arved to our encampmet at 6 in the Valley of dry bones at 6 o'clock[.] these wer not the bones spoken of by Jobe, but the bones of Buffalows[.] plenty of rushes in the timber near by[.] we are now traviling betwee Wood river and the Platt which runs nearly parrell within from 4 to 10 miles[.] hear Br Wolsey found a bit of pine board in the drift of the river which is a curiosity and queares and how it came there. Traveled this day 10 hours and about 18 miles making in all from Winter Qua[r]ters 214 miles
A. P. R[ockwood]

 

Friday 30th Apil 1847
Weather Mild and plesent started on our joury at 8½ o'clock traveled 7 miles and stoped to bate beside a beautiful Crick about noon[.] it turned Coold towards night[,] wind strond from n[or]th and verry cold[.] came into camp for the night on the open Prary no Wood no Water feed short dull chorse for the night[.] dug three wells which furnace [furnish] an abundance of water[.] pickd up Buffelow dung and burn for fuel which answers a verry good purpose[.] the prares abound in bones of buffalow and Indians which are strewed in Every direction[.] the timber on the banks of the water courses is prinsabally Bamagileand & Cotton Wood[.] small gaim in abundance the wild prickley Pair is common on the bottoms of the Platt

While I am yet wrigh [write] the violen is going with the brothery are dansing and making merry[.] Soon will be the hour of Prayer then the sean will be changed yet no less interresting[.] traveled this day 15 miles in all 229 miles from W Q

Satuerday 1 May 1847
camp l Weather rather cold Started on our journey before refreshment at six o clok drove untill 45 mits past 8 o'clok when we stoped for feeding—a large herd of Buffalow came in sight this morning a few of our huntes made for them but to [no] Effect[.] about 1 P M a compney of Hunters started in a regular organization and succeeded in gitting 5 Buffalow and 7 calves[.] the hunters report that the buffalow wer verry thick one of them stated that he had no doubt that he saw more than one thousand[.] feed is verry short has been feed out by the buffalow[.] Wild Gees by the acre; camp is in good health. put in for night Quaters at six o'clock near a fine crik which occasionally runs underground then makes its appearance agin[.] by so doing it furnishes natural bridges this is verry common in this country[.] we passed three of this discription this day[.] this is caused by the water falling away among the sand for a space the[n] coming out again afresh[.] Traveled 15 mile in all 244 miles from Winter Quarters
A P R[ockwood]

Sunday May 2th 1847
Verry cold last night water froze hard in the buckits this morning by 10 o'clok the is much milder; brethery have been ingagued in curing their Buffalow meat[.] I have been ingagued in commosuring[.] Pres B Young and several others have gon to serch a better place for Grasing[.] at 12 o'clock they return & report better grasing two miles on our way[.] the horn blows for a start at 3 Camp Starts travels 2 miles and camp at the mouth of a slew[.] this day brings us fro W Quaters 246 miles
A P R[ockwood]

Munday May 3th 1847
Br Orson Pratt informed that he took an observation yesterday and that we wer in latitude 40 Deg 41 min 42 seconts

I will now state in what way we used the buffalow hides as it is the time of shedding[.] the hair we stretch them on the ground by putting sticks through them and driveing them into the ground then with a sharp [knife] trim them round much as a shoemaker would a piece of leathe to cut a shoe string then run it innto strips from ½ inch to one inch wide acording to the size we wish to make a lasser on rope which is made Either by twisting or by brading after pulling the hair off[.] these answer a better purpis the comon ropes for securing horses cattle &c

the hair is used in stufing pillows Beads &c[.] the bones are broken up to git the marrow which is used for cooking instead of Butter[.] the meat is cleaned from the bones and jurked over a slow fire so that it will dry & not cook

Earley this morning a company of 20 hunters wer fitted off with wagons & to bring in the buffalow: fifteen started to Exsploreng Expedition to the West[.] returned about 3 o’clock P M and reported that they saw som hundred Indians that wer firing the Praries for many miles around showing that they ment to obstruct us on our journey by distroying the feed and driving the buffalow out of our reach[.] by this time we see there smock rising within a few miles[.] immediately on this being discovered Pres Young directed 20 horsemen to go immediately in sirch of our hunters and assist them and causion them to be aware &c[.] at 6 o'clock the Hunters retured with but little gaim the Indian have driven them out of this neighbourhood
A.P.R[ockwood]

Tuesday May 4th 1847
At nine o'clock the camp wer called to geather the rules wer read[.] at 4 o'clock this morning the cannon was fired to let the Indian know that we wer pepied [prepared.] sta[r]ted on our journey at 11 o'clock[.] ..eld fire a pest[.] the brether wer under arms this foor noon[.] traveled much of the time fresh burnt Prary[.] about 12 noon a man from a trading company that wer from Ft. Larime bound to St Joseph he was a frenchman had been out 12 month had ate no bread in that time[.] we gave him som for which he was verry thankful said he would not take $20 in silver for what the brothery gave him[.] he waited about an hour in which a male [mail] was made up of of between fifty & sixty letters for Winter Quaters[.] I sent 3½ Sheats to Mrs Rockwood[.] Br Brown & Wolsey accompanied the French man to his camp which acrost the river on the Origan rode[.] when they returned they reported that the river was about one mile wide not over 18 in of water and with a good bottom for fording[.] Stoped for refreshmt at 3 o clock called the brotherey to gether to deliberate on the rought [route] for us to persew[.] it was determined that we would make our own rode on the north Side of the Platt which would leave a road for our brothery to come away from the Gentile Road which we esteamed a great advantage[.] came in to camp at Sun set having traveled 10 miles this day which makes us 256 miles from W Q
A P R[ockwood]

Wednesday May 5th
Weather is warm & pleasant wind blew a heavy gail from S. E. took up a line of march at 7½ o'clock traveled most of the day over Newly burnt prary which rendered it verry dusty[.] at 4 o'clok we over took the fire[,] tured about and came back about one mile and Camped about a small Island in the river[.] traveled this day 12 mile which makes fr W Q 268 miles[.] Kiled one buffalo and several calves[.] the brothry look more like Negroes than White men[.] this Every thing about is blacked by ashes and dust of the Praries[.] my health is not good[.] this evening Br John Green milked my cow and gets me a Cup of Tea &c

Thursday May 6th 1847
Weather is mild and plesant small shower of rain little before day[.] this morning started on our journey at 30 mint past 5 o'clock[.] Traveled untill 45 past 6, renued our journy at 9[.] during severral thousand of buffalow wer in site as we drove near one of the hirds three calves left ther herds and followed the camp[.] the cows came lowing over for them whare upon two returned the other insisted on following[.] We took it from the camp to have it go back but it was with much difficulty that we could leav it in site of the hird that where it belonged[.] this afternoon our cows got with the buffalow and it was with much difficulty that we got them out[.] some of the buffalow rather resisted our taking them away

during this affray with the buffalow Pres Young had the misfortune to looss his spy glass about noon[.] Pres Young (Ordred me to notify the Capt to instruct the brothery not to kill aney more game of aney kind untill ferther orders

traveled this day 16 miles which brings us 284 miles fro Winter Quaters[.] severrval of the Oxen give out this afternoon & one or two horses came into camp on the brink of the rud [road] at 6’o clok P.M.

Friday May 7th 1847
Weather cold wind blows a heavy gail from N.W. at 9 'oclock A.M. Pres Young directed me to call the camp togeather wher he addressed on the subject of the order of the camp[.] moved Seconde & caried that no more game be killd untill further order thus confirming the order of Pres Young yesterday

Started on our journey 20 min past Eleven traveled 8 miles came to a halt for the night at three P M[.] Br Poter Rockwell returned in serch of the Glass that Pres Young lost yesterday[.] came in with soon after we came to a halt[.] thousand of buffalow in sight to day[.] have a constant watch to keep them from mingleing with our cows

at 6 o'clok Pres Young ordred the malitia called out for inspection[.] I caried the order to Col Markham and they wen forth with on parade[.] Pres Young went out to view the road ahead[.] The General being absent I inspected the malitia for him and made report which was that all the guns but 3 wer in perfet order[.] while I am yet wighting [writing] the volin is going and the brothery are dansing a catilion[.] Now the horns blows for p[r]ayer and the next call in the catilion is all Promenade to your home for payer 9 o'clok P M 292 miles from W Q
A P R[ockwood]

Satuerday May 8th 1847
Weather is warm & Plesent started on our Journey at 9 o'clok A M traveld 4 hours when we stoped for a noon halt[.] thousands and ten thousands of buffalow in site this day there we on the south side of the River Extense as far as the Eye can reach[.] the blufs on the north are covered in almost every direction

the buffalow have Eaten Everry thing that is green for miles in exstence[.] we camp this night jest below whare the bluffs come to the river[.] it is a dry, sandy, barren county in this immediate visinity[.] maney of the brothery take there horses & Mules to the islands and feed them on cotton wood bark[.] traveled this day twelve miles in all[.] 304 miles fom Winter Quaters
A. P. R.

Sunday May 9th 1847
Weather mild and agreeable[.] a few rods after we Started we found ourselves winding among the bluffs but we son came to a place whare descended on to the beach which is the more level road[.] some of the teams locked ther wheels going down this pitch yet it was not so steap as to rendor it absolute nesesuary, this is the first time I have seen the teamsters lock there wheels for more then 250 miles[.] this road is the best in low stage of water but in the high it would be impassable then the teams can take the bluff road which by no means a bad road[.] buffalow not so plenty as they wer yesterday yet they have Eate everry thing that is green[.] verry poor grasing for teams they are coming down verry fast[.] traveled 4 miles this day which makes fro W Q 308 miles[.] came to a halt for the day at 10 AM[.] in the afternoon the wind blew a heavy gail from N W much colder than in the morning[.] at 3 PM a meetng was called several of the twelve spoke in turn[.] Br Erastus Snow spoke in the spirit of humility on the subject of his chastisement a few days since by Pres Young
A. P. R.

Monday May 10th 1847
At 9 P. M. we Stated from our Sunday Encampment which we call the Platt Post Office from the fact that a letter box was mad and naild on the top of a pole with this inscription Viz open this box and you will find a letter[.] this is in latitude 41 deg 3 sec[.] at this place I saw a long striped snake the first of the kind that I have seen this season[.] on Satuerday last some of the brothering kiled a scunk which is a verry rayer gaim in the West[.] it is the first I have sean for more than 10 years[.] the indians think much of this animil[.] it skin is cut into strips and worn by the braves[.] feed begin to be a little better[.] Buffalow in sight on the bluffs they are not so thick as to impead our progress as they have some days[.] crossed two Small crick this day[.] burnt the Prary after we past the first crick that the next camp might have fresh feed[.] came to a halt for night 30 mints Past 4 on a slew from the Platt[.] traveld 10 miles which maks from Winter Quaters 318 miles

I was caled upon to settle a difficulty between Br Zebedee Coltron & Sylvester H Earl to mes..les[.] I have labored with them unseasingly for the last thre day[.] at last Pres Young gave me some kees [keys] which renewed my labours and came with 6 pecks of of an agreement upon this I moved an adjournment which was assented to[.] I retired to my wagon[.] soon Br Coltron came and was much greaved so that he cried like a child[.] Finily he agreed to split the difference which gave to Br Earl in all 50 lb Flour[,] 20 lb Crackers[,] 5 pecks of meal and his little nick nacks &c[.] Br Earl was to remove to another wagon with [h]is Effects & Br Coltron was to haul as maney pounds for through for Br Earl as he took out[.] This maters s[t]and in relation to the affair

Tuesday 11 May 1847
Weather mild and agreeabl better feed then we have had for several days[.] Br Earl acceps the poperto [proposition] of Br Colton in relation to settlent but in going to the wagon for the division of the provision other questions came up whare upon I movd an adjournt untill Eaveng hoping to bring it before Pres Young)[.] ajourt was caried[.] Pres Pratt drves on before the camp starts in order to take an observation at the juncion of the South Fork which is several miles aheade[.] Several young wolves wer caught and brought into Camp this morning

Br W Richards passed over the slew oposit our camp to an island[.] pealed the bark of a large Cotton wood tree and wrote on it for a benifit of the next camp[.] traveled this day 8 miles camped on the open Pary without wood or water within a reasonialbe distance[.] I dug a well in which we had two ft of water this made Enoug for the whole camp used buffalow Chips for fewel[.] we ar now on a deep rich soil it is abt 3 ft black dirt then a layer of Clay 18 inches then a layer of Gravel between which is a veign of first rate water[.] we are now 326 miles from Winter Quaters

Some colder this afterno, Br A Lyman fished a human skul on which was a wo[u]nd supposed to be a shot from an arrow over the rght Eye also a gash on the face near the nose poberly don by a hatchet[.] several marks of a scalpy knife on the head all thes went to show that it was the relict of some waryer that fell in battle[.] skuls of this dscription are verry comon in these bottoms which denote that this has been the ware ground of the Indians which confer the statem[en]ts of traider & others that have traveld over it

Wedneday 12th May
Weather mild & agreable[.] Started on our journey at 9 o'clock traveled 8 miles then stpd for noon halt[.] Br Phineaus H Young & Luke Johnson started on a hunt when the camp stated[.] returned at noon but without aney game[.] they saw sines of Indians such as multitude of Poney tracks Buffalows slyns by hundreds some of the hides taken off some part off & som of hind Quaters taken away other pleased most of the four Quater on the ground all of they had their toungs taken out[.] the meat of thes buffalow was yet Sweat showing that it had not been dead many days

Traveled 12 mile this day making fro W Q 338 miles from

We have now a more suer way of knowing the distance traveled that is by the help of a mashien invented by Br Appleton Harmon it is by me it consists of a wheel with 60 cogs attached to the side of the wagon back of the hind wheel[.] in this 60 cog wheel is covered on what is called an Eternal screw made in a shaft that set horiztontal under said wheal and turns on a pivot in the stoke [spoke] of the hind […] and bound up the Lower End of this shaft[.] there is six arms each of what is bore upon by a cog in the hub of the hind wheel this carres the shaft 1/6 round Every time the cog comes in collision with the Eather of the arms of the shaft[.] Six revolution of the wagon Wheel make one revolution of the Shaft[;] Six revolution of the wagon Wheel makr one revolution of the Shaft sixty revolution of the Shaft make one revolution of the 60 cog wheel which which denotes that the wagon has roled one mile–because 360 revolutions of the wagon wheel will roal at one mile[.] The difficulty between Br Z Colton and Br S H Erl is amicily settled

Thursday May 13th
Cloudy and cold this morning wind in N W[.] Br Thomas Tanner Capt of the first W Watch last night reported to me some slite defiuld [difficulty] of Br Farr in not retiring at the usual hour and of talking and laughing so so to desterb the peas [peace.] he also reportd some thearts mad[e] by Br Thomas Brown

This subject came before Pres Young and Br Farr was delivered to him as a prisiner of disobediance whare upon Pres Young gave some instruction on the case and dismissed Br Farr as it did not appear as aney thing was maliscieous designed to be rong[.] walked out this morning saw whare there had been an Indian Encampment reasently[.] there was strewed over the ground for severral hundred yards old magertons strips of leathe buffalow hides Bones &c[.] Started on our journey at 9 o’clock traveled Eleven miles[.] Jest over a small River that is not laid down on aney of our maps there fore Pres Young named it Junsion Bluff it about Eight rods wide from 6 to 18 inches deep[.] saw a few buffalow but killed non because they men so poor[.] we are now fom Winter Quaters 349 miles acording to my calculation[.] Verry cold this afternoon wind in N.W.

Friday 14th May
Clowdy and cold this morning thunder before Sunrise[.] about 8 o'clok it comenced raining[.] raind about one hour Camp Starte at 10 after[.] about a mile trave we came to the blufs over which we pased by a winding cours of several miles[.] this bluf is on[e] of the three that is called the junsion blufs one of the others is on the other side of the river the other is between the south fork & the west the south fork unites with the West 18 miles below this place acording to Freemonts [Fremont] account this bluff is sandy and brocken yet there was a tolable good road in the value through which we passed. about we past the Theas blufs are about 125 ft above the river[.] have a commanding prospect of the river for maney miles also a slite view of the South fork[.] verry little timber can be sean from this bluff[,] it is desolute as far as the Eye can reach Every direction after we passed the blufs[.] we traveled several miles near the Edg of the blufs where it was sandy consequently hard wheeling very good fee[d] for our teams[.] traveled 9 miles which brings us from Winter Quaters 358 miles

came into camp Erley then we should on acount of coming to an other chane of blufs through which we have to look a road[.] Brs Young, Kimball, Benson & myself look out the road find it much better than we antisapated before looking

The hunters brought in 1 buffalow 2 antilope & 1 badger

I ordered the first Division of the camp to form two wings of an Etchalong [etchalon] so as to form half a dimon Exspecting that Br Markham would form the other half in the same way as we universally have untill now united our companes for convieance of all but for some caus not known to me he said he would be damed if he would alter to it so it remained half formed and he camped in the rear[.] I camped in this way instead of the Sircle on Square in order to through the back of all the wagons to the wind which could not be don in Either the Square or Sircle[.] we have several times camped in two Eshalongs wings when the river formed the other side[.] he could not understand the Evolution there fore he did as hed did

the firs tine we formed the Etchlong in two wings whare the river was the front defence[.] Br Markham could not understand it which caused some words between him and Pres Young[.] Br Marham [.e.ed] the base of Clay to do it &c yet it was don by order of Pres Young[.] while I am yet wrighting the voolin [violin] is going and the brothery are dancing[.] soon will come the praye then the sean will change[.] The Evening is dark and clowdy[.] I have had the misfortune to bracke the chine [chain] in my watch therefore I cannot give the hour of night[.] about 11 an allarm came that the Indians wer upon us[.] I immediately Executed the order of Gen Young on the subject which was that ever [man] know that his team was secure[.] I then called upon the Capt of the Gard to lern the caus of the allarm whare upon he took me to the watchman on the right wing[.] I interogated hin on the subject and he said that he saw Somthing on the ground that did not appear common[.] his Eye was upon it some time before he could make out what it was[.] it gave a suding Spring[.] the mules near it sprang and snorted[.] He fired at the object it immediately rose up lik a man and ran off—this was all that was herd or sean no horses lost. the night was clowdy consequently drk[.] I again retire into my bead
A P R[ockwood]

 

Satuerday 15th

Clowdy this morning—begins to rain about 8 o clock—wind in the N.W.—a large buffalow bul was brought in about the time that it commenced raing[.] the horn has blown for geathery [of] the Stock for a Start[.] the brothery are instructed to let ther teams stand untill it hold up raining and git out of the rain as soon as possable[.] we have no wood at this incampment[.] we use buffalow dun[.] it is rather damp so we get Buffly bones and build a great [fire] with them which answers a verry good purpos[.] at 10 o'clock we pursued our journey passed over a sandy bluff for about one mile then we came on to the bottom which is verry narrow the feed is verry good better than we have found this season[.] thes bluffs are much like those we passed yesterday save they are more sandy[.] large sand pits have blown out by the wind some of these pits are 20 ft deep and from 20 to 100 yds over—Some signs of Indians on our road this morning—about 11 oclock it renewed raining so we laid untill ferther orders

 

20 minutes Past 12 noon persued our journey traveled untill the fead began to be Eaten out by the buffalow and having report by our Explorers that in a few miles we would come to a chane of bluffs that we would have to pass therefore it was concluded that we had better camp whare we wer as the whole camp came into a cirk fasing our wagon the best way we could to take the advantage of the wind[.] no timber on this side of the river within Several Sabath days journey—day two wells which afford a plenty of water for the whole camp—the Soil at this place is black mold for one foot then light coulerd clay about 14 inches then loos gravel between the clay and gravel is the water[.] water is cool Soft and good[.] one buffalow & one Deer brough in to camp thes Evening—

Br Edman Elsworth [Edmund Ellsworth] has reports that he has been over the bluffs North of the road for several miles[.] finds the ground verry brooken and totally destitue of Timber[.] Some beautiful vallies & fine sprngs of water & the country alive with buffalow[.] I have every reason to believe that this is a heathy country—verry few are complaning of a cold[.] camp is veryt heathy
A P R[ockwood]

Traveled this day 7 miles which brig us fro WQ 365 Sunday miles

 

Sunday May 16th 1847

Weather is cool and plesent[.] took a walk to the bank of the river find that the water is rising proberly[.] it is the mountain rise it is about ¾ of a mil deep verry <&> sallow[.] it is within 2 feet of fool [full] banks yet it seldom if Ever overflows[.] the tributares to this river are few and far between[.] Pres Young & Kimball have go to view the road ahead—at Four o clock Pres young directed that a meeting should be called and that Br Markham and mysl myself to take carge of it and address the people which we did after which Br H C Kimall Spoke a few sentiments—the laws wer read[.] Some remarks mad by Br Markham and mysef in relation to them—One buffalow killed and brought into camp—Pres Young ordred that the cattle be tied[.] I notified the Capt of 10's in the first divis to take due Notice and govern themselves acordingly
A.P.R—

 

 

Monday May 17th 1847

The morning is warm & plesent[.] recommenced our travels 45 min past 7 o clock[.] in about an hour we came to Small Crick which Pres Young named Spring Brook at the in this ther was a good gull of water and Enough to carry a Grist mill at this place[.] one man from Each10 was was in rediness to grade and mak a ford which they did in a few minets[.] immediately after passing this Brook we took a winding cours over a chane of Sandy Bluffs which came plum to the River[.] after traveling about two miles we came out on the bottom which Exstended as far as the Eye could reach but not one Stick of timber in site—Br Roswell Stephens [Stevens] ketched a young faun and gave it to Br Lorenso young

 

Satuerday and yesterdy the brothery caught 4 gray hairs which Br Joseph Scofield has cooked and is taking them along

traveled circutus rout near the bluffs most of the rather had wheeling Either from the sand or soft ground[.] we might have taken a straid rout[.] at noon acrost the bottoms and had a good level road all the way and at least two miles neigher[.] I went this rout on foot and a lone most of the way[.] after traveling about 2 mils they wer to come to me but could not[.] about 5 o'clock they made ther way down to the rout that I was on[.] Travelled this day 13 miles in all fro WQ 378 miles[.] good feed—No wood—Dug wells for water—Nimrods brough in 3 buffalow 1 Antilop and one hair[.] Latitude 41. 13. 20.
A P R[ockwood]

Tuesday May 18th
Morning is warm and plesent[.] Pres young directed the official men of the camp to geather for instruction which we did at his wagon[.] wher he taught the Capt of 10's to forbid any more game to be kild[.] men to keep ner the camp[.] horsmen to hunt[,] find Grass &c instead of triversing the prares[.] hunter to kill ther game on the road not files [miles] from the camp[.] amounge the blufs passed two small crick durig the day[.] traveled 16 miles camped immediately after passing a crick—some Evergreen trees on the other side of the river non on this nor has ther been aney timber for several days travel[.] sone drift wood can be found on th beach of the river which we gather and mix with buffalow ding for fewel[.] feed is verry poor at this place—In the Evening Col Markham & myself called the camp together and gave them some instruction in relation to the order of Geathering Stock watering fording Crick &c[.] Weather is much cooler then this it was this morning[.] we are from WQ 394 miles

 

Wendnesday May 19

Erley this it was verry dark and clowdy lite sprinkle of rain[.] at six oclock started on our journey before feading our teams traveled 1½ hours then stoped for breakfast[.] soon after we crossed a crick that is not laid down on aney of our maps so Pres Young naimed it woolf crick from the great number of wolves sean about it[.] Immediately after passing this crick we came to a chane of blufs that we passed over they wer high and lofty piles of sand among which wer maney deep pits made by the wind so that it rendered it difficult to find a passage among them[.] after winding our way about One mile these mountans and caves of sand we came out on a low narrow bottom as far as the Eye could reach[.] it commenced raining about 10, at Eleven we halted tured out the teams[.] I plased a gard around the stock and retired to bed lay two hours at this time which [was] 30 min past One P M it is raining continued to rain untill 5 P M[.] we traveled most of this time Camped on the bank of the river in two wings of an Echilong having traveled Eight miles bringing us from W Quarters 402 miles

 

The bluffs on the oposit side appear to [be] more distant from the river between which & the river there is a low bottom & a table bottom[.] Good feed for our stock

 

Thursday May 20th 1847

Weather is clowdy and wore my mittings most of the day[.] after traveling about 6 mile we past a lone seader tree on left the firs that I have sean on this side of the river[,] big Enough for a hand shake[,] for ninty miles[.] halted at noon oposit Ash crick on the South side of this river[.] several of the bretherny took the skiff and passed over[.] found this the Oragon road came in at this place down said Crick

 


The bottom is verry narrow on the side of the river[.] thick and lofty bluffs bound t with Stratums of lime rock which render them impegnable in many places[.] they are occasionly skirted with Ever-green Subry which give then a romantik appearance[.] about one hour after we persued our journey we came to broad crick [blank space] which we forded with but little difficulty[.] travell 16 mils this dy camped son after passing a defile between the blufs an river[.] Feed is good, plenty of Drift woode[.] we are now from WQ 418 mils

 

Friday 21 May 1847

Weather warm and plesent pusued on journey as usual[.] about 4 P.M. we rose on a low bluff but son passsed down of a low bottom[.] traveled 15 miles campe in the open Prary[.] Saw two Soo [Sioux] Indians jest as we came in[.] We are now in Site of timber on the south Side of the river this is a pleasing seanry for the Eye is tiered of the one continued desolate view of the Earth as it brenech [branches] half on our rigt as we are passing up this wide Cold Sandy river[.] we ar now from WQ 433 miles
A P R[ockwood]

 

 

Satuerday May 22

Weather warm and pleasant[.] Frogs are peaping musketoes busing though they are not thick by aney means; bugs, worms, reptiles, Flies inseck of all kinds are scirs [scarce] when compa[r]ed with Missoura[,] Ilinois or the Eastern States[.] at noon I visited the blufs on my right as they near by[.] I found a rude mass of exotick rocks they look as though they wer thrown togeather in an unfinished state the materal that they are made of is corse gravel of Grannett, quoits [quartz], sand clay & all petrified in one mass ocasionly is a beautiful green moss with variety of smal coulored blosums also other fine spesimins of Flours

 

In the after noon we traveled over a dry barron gravelly bottom[.] we son found ourselves winding up the blufs which come plum to the river[.] Near the south End that are verry b[r]ocken and impassable to man or beast[.] ferthe back grdual rises noles over gravel noles which afford a fine good rode[.] these blufs are oposit the Ever green grove on the ridg the other side of the river[.] Br Richards has found two Specimans of bones so verry large that the conclusion is that must have been from a mammoth[.] one is a leg bon[e] it is 5 3/4 inches in diameter[.] the other appear to have belonged to the sholdier it is poporsionly large—Camped near the river at 6 o clock Feed good, plenty of drift wood, Pres Young has discovered which F[r]emonts cals the chimley rock[.] it is visiable with the naked Eye[.] this rock is 50 mils from Larame, it now is eleven o/clck at Nigh[.] all is still but the tinklin of the cow bels and the footsteps of the watchmen round the camp they watch walk ther midnight rounds and watch the saints whiles sleaping[.] traveled this day 16 mils[.] this week 83 on this journey 449

 

An other weeks journey is don
An other hour of rest has com,
My soul retiers,
Humbled in prayers,
On my God I call,
For blessings all & all.
 

 

Sunday May 23th 1847

Wather mild and plesant wether to see thoes bluffs which make a grand and majestik appeance[.] they are composed of petified Sand clay & gravel[.] the assent on the north side is Easey and smoth in some places on others it is perpendicular[.] on the south it projects over in places in other spots it is pirpendicular &c[.] meeting at noon which lasted two hours[.] at 6 P.M. sudding chang to verry cold and windy accompaned with thunder and lighning[.] at 7 o—it comminses to rain most of the nigh also some hail—mmaney snake around APR this place which Dr Richards naime Ancient Ruens Bluffs

 

 

Munday May 24th 1847

Weather verry cold a small flurry of snow this morning[.] at noon two young small well dressed indians cane to our camp

 

traveled 16 miles and came in to camp at 5 PM[.] 465 miles from Winter Quarters[.] about this time about <35> Indians crossed the river on their way to our camp[.] Br Sherwood and myself wer appointe to meet them on the bank and find out what they wanted[.] they raised the USA Flagg[.] I raise a white one in answer[.] we give them to understand that they must all go to our camp but tht four or five might which they did[.] we took them around and shewed them the cannon six shuter & fifteen als[.] smoked the pipe with them raised a tent for them to lodg in[.] the main boddy of them camped above us half a mile[.] we sent up to ther camp to have there squaws come and stay with them by there request[.] Plased a strong gard and retired at 10 o clock—made river thes afternoon

 

Tuesday 25 May

Weather is mild and plesent[.] our Nimrod brought in 2 Antilope[.] traveld 12 miles camped nearly oposit the chimley rock which said by Fremo[n]t to be 80 miles from Larime[.] the rock can be sean 25 miles with the naked Eye[.] it about it 265 ft above the water in the River[.] we are now acording to my recking from WQ 477 miles from W Quartes—

 

Wendesday May 26th1847
Weather is mild and plesent[.] 3 Antilope killed by the hunters[.] Feed very good[.] traveld 12 miles 489 for [from] Winter Quarters

Rains about sun-set & continued about one hour—The bottom is wide at this place & wheres [there] are two bottom[.] the first or low has a small bluff from two to 4 miles from the river then comes the Secont bottom on table land about two miles wide[.] the bluff at the Edge of this bottom is high bold and magnificent[.] the land is desolate of timber as far as the Eye can reach

 

Thursday 27 May 1847

Weathe is mild and plesent good rodes little wood can be found in this visinaty[.] Our Nimrod brought in four Antilope this day[.] Traveled 14 miles making from WQ 503 miles[.] lite Shower of rain at 7 o'clock[.] while I am wright the violin is going and I hear the call Doce doe, Swing your partner, Sashed all, four bing forward & back &c

 

 

Friday 28 May 1847

Lite mist of main this morning so that we did not stat from our encampment Which is Nearly oposit to the lasts bluffs[.] traveled 11 miles wich makes from WQ 514 miles

 

 

Satuerday 29th May 1847

Lite mist of rain this mornig at Eleven ten o'clock the horn blew for geatheng the teams to stat[.] at Eleven a meeting of all the brothering was called in the Sirkle[.] the roal was caled when 141 answered to there names[.] two we[re] out hunting which made the 143 or the number in camp[.] After this Pres young spoke from a text which was that he was determined not to travel aney further with the Spirit that prevailed in camp at this time

 

at one o'clock we started on our journey traveled 9 miles mostly over a barron Prary camped ner good feed—had a fine shower about o'clock it continug about onr hour[.] we are now from Winter Quarters 523 miles

Pres youngs remarks on his text at the meeting wer strong and imfatic showing forth the folley manifest in the camp buy there liteness, Rudeness, Levity, loud laughing, Dancing to Excess, card playing, Checkers & Dominows &c[.] showed that this persisted in [it] wood lead some to insubornation some of which had all ready been manifest[.] he said that it must be checked in the bud and he was determined to do it and that he rather go with six good men into the wilderness to sherch out the Location for the saints than to go with a company that possesed the spirit that was prevailing at this time—finely he concluded with saying that he had rather go alone &c—

Shewed forth the Effectt that of that the spirits of devels had over tabinickles said that the Gentiles wer not around us for thier spirits to git into there for these spirit wer indeving to creep in among us unaware and thus introduce disorde which wood terminate in quarrels and from that to fites and from that to stabing which would produce death[.] this would caus a division in camp and the law must be put in force which cut the rebelieous off from the church jest below there Ears and thus a posion of the Elders wood fall the instruments on persons holding the preasthood would be surspended in their labours others would have to arise to fill there places and thus the devels thought to retard the work of the Lord

Pres ordred the twelve to geather round him which they did[.] he then called upon them to covenant to sees there liteness and and renew ther covenant to serve the Lord which they did unaniisly—he then cald upon the high priest to come around[.] Eighteen wer present all of which mad the same covinents[.] he then ordred the seventies to parade in t[w]o rows when 78 paraded and asserted to the same[.] then the Elders & Lay members mad[e] the same covinent[.] then Brs H. C. Kimball, Orsen Pratt, & Willford Woodruff spoke on the subject in the power of the Spirit[.] Pres Young moved that tomorrow be set apart for a day of fasting and prayer—carried unamismusly[.] he also directed that the sacradment be administered and stated that the twelve and some others would retire for prayer—

Br Stephen Markham made a frank confession of his folley[.] he was humble and effected to tears also many others

a more fool [full] acount of thes very thing are writen by the Br Wm Clayton & Br Thomas Bullock who wrote as the words came forth from the speaker

 

Sunday 30th May 1847

This morning is plesant[.] all is still and quiet about the camp save the tinklin of cow bells and now and then the Neigh of a horse[.] the meek & Quiet Spirit of the Lord broods over us fasting and p[r]ayer is the order of the day[.] the camp smock [smoke] are few and far between. The usual Effluence of scors of cookeries does not strike the ne[r]ve of the Norstel [nostrils.] at sunrise hear and ther can be sean a herds man watching over the Stock while most of the others of the brothery are praying in their wagons

 

at Eight o'clock the Bishops called the congregation togeather ner the camp for p[r]ayer[.] this meeting continued about two hours when it closed and the Capt of 100 directed the teamsters geather ther horses & mules and tie them near the camp also drve the Oxen and cows in and leave them untill after the sacrment meeting which would commence at Eleven after which they might be loosed and grase until the usual time of taking up

at 20 minutes before 12 o'clock the Sacment meeting commenced[.] at this time the twelve and ten others of which I was one took our priestly apperral and retired to the bluffs and saught a retired place for prayer where we cloathed and came before the lord and patisione [petitioned] four the things we needed by Prayer and supplication[.] as we were returing to camp it commencd raining[.] raining litely for about an hour[.] soon after this the hour of fasting was over and preparations were mad for refreshmnt[.] maney of the brothery and going to the beach to geather flud [flood] wood which is plenty about a mile from here[.] a lite shower of rain about sunset[.] all is still and quiet about at this time save the foot step of the watchmen who are walking ther nightly rounds[.] this watch usually comes on at Eight o’clk is releaved at half past 12 which relief continues untill the blow of the horn in the morning on about four o clock[.] I have busied myself this Evening by taking the Sta Official Standing of the members of the Camp the result of which I record in this Journal that it may be preserved for futer jenerations[.] this I geather from a personal interview with Each individual whenever I am not furmiliar acquainte with it without And the result as as follows

Brigham Young[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Truman O. Angel[:] President of 14th Quorum of Seventy
John Y Green[e:] Not a member of the Church
Lorenzo Young[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Bryant Stringham[:] Lay member
A. P. Rockwood[:] A President of 1st Quorum of Seventies
Joseph S. Scofield[:] A President of 32nd Quorum of Seventies
Phineaus [Phineas] H Young[:] High Priest
Thomas Tanner[:] Member of 11th Quorum of Seventies
Edmon [Edmund] El[l]sworth[:] Member of 4th Quorum of Seventies
Sidney A Hanks[:] Member of 21st Quorum of Seventies
Millin [Millen] Atwood[:] Member of 10th Quorum of Seventies
George R Grant[:] Member of 26th Quorum of Seventies
Luke Johnson[:] Lay member
John S [G] Holman[:] Member of 18th Quorum of Seventies
Tunis Rappleye[:] Elder
Samuel Fox[:] Lay member
Harvey Pierce[:] Member of 27th Quorum of Seventies
Jacob Wilem [Weiler:] Elder
Wm. Dykes[:] Elder
Thomas Grover[:] High Priest
George A. Smith[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Amasa Lyman[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Ezra T Benson[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
J. C. Lytle [Little:] High Priest
George Brown[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Roswell Stephens [Stevens:] Member of 28th Quorum of Seventies
Sterlin[g] Griggs [Driggs:] Member of 34th Quorum of Seventies
Barney [Barnabus] Adams[:] Member of 4th Quorum of Seventies
Wilford Woodrouff [Woodruff:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Orson Pratt[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Albert Car[r]ington[:] High Priest
Thomas Bullock[:] A President of 27th Quorum of Seventies
John S Fowler[:] Member of 2nd Quorum of Seventies
George Waddle [Wardle:] Member of 22nd Quorum of Seventies
John M Freeman[:] Member of 21st Quorum of Seventies
Marcus B Thorp[e]
Joseph Egbert[:] Member of 4th Quorum of Seventies
Jacob B [D] Burnham[:] Member of 32nd Quorum of Seventies
Wm. Smoot[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Franklin Dewey[:] Lay member
Heber C. Kimball[:] Member of the Quorum of Twelve
Howard Egan[:] President of 17th Quorum of Seventies
Wm. King[:] Member of 25th Quorum of Seventies
Hosea Cusheon [Cushing:] Member of 25th Quorum of Seventies
Thomas Cloward[:] Elder
Edson Whipple[:] High Priest
George Billings[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Carlos Murr[a]y[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Philo Johnson
Stephen H God[d]ard[:] A President of 27th Quorum of Seventies
Samuel H Marble[:] Member of 24th Quorum of Seventies
Henery G Sherwood[:] High Priest
Zebidee Coltron [Zededee Coltrin:] High Priest
Calton [Tarleton] Lewis[:] High Priest
George Sc[h]oles[:] Member of 24th Quorum of Seventies
John Dixon[:] Member of 10th Quorum of Seventies
Wm. Heneri [Henrie:] High Priest
Adderson Averett [Addison Everett:] High Priest
Wm. Empey[:] Member of 13th Quorum of Seventies
Seth Taft[:] High Priest
Horace Tho[r]nton[:] Member of 20th Quorum of Seventies
Stephen Kelsey[:] Not a Member
David Grant[:] Member of 4th Quorum of Seventies
Charles D. Barnham [Barnum:] Member of 6th Quorum of Seventies
Levi N Kendall[:] Member of 27th Quorum of Seventies
Robert T Thomas[:] Member of 22nd Quorum of Seventies
Francis Boggs[:] Member of 18th Quorum of Seventies
James Stewart[:] Not a member
John Eldredge
Elijah Newman[:] President of 3rd Quorum of Seventy
James Case[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Artimus Johnson[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Simeon Howd[:] Lay Member
Bur[r] Frost[:] President of 16th Quorum of Seventies
Datus Ensign[:] Lay Member
John G Luce [or Franklin G. Losee] Member of 13th Quorum of Seventies
Wm. Carter[:] Member of 28th Quorum of Seventies
Erick [Eric] Glines[:] Member of 34th Quorum of Seventies
Horace M Frink[:] Not a Member
Ozrox [Ozro] Eastman[:] Not a Member
Franklin B Stewart[:] Not a Member
Charles Shumway[:] President of 19th Quorum of Seventies
Andrew P Shumway[:] Lay Member
Cha[u]ncey] Loveland[:] Lay Member
Thomas Wo[o]lsey[:] President of 32nd Quorum of Seventies
Erastus Snow[:] High Priest
Wm. Wordsworth[:] Member of 6th Quorum of Seventies
James Craig[:] Elder
Wm. Vance[:] Member of 20th Quorum of Seventies
S H Earl[:] President of 20th Quorum of Seventies
Seley Ivins [Seeley Owen:] Member of 20th Quorum of Seventies
Joseph Mathews[:] Seventy in an unorganized Quorum
Gilbert Sume [Gilbard Summe:] Lay Member
Alexander P Chesley
Rodney Badger[:] Elder
Norman Taylor
John Gleason
Charles Burk
Green Flake[:] Not a Member
John Pack[:] President of 8th Quorum of Seventies
Francis Pomroy[:] Member of 8th Quorum of Seventies
Horace K Whitney[:] Elder
Orson K Whitney[:] Member of an unorganized Quorum
O P Rockwell[:] High Priest
Aaron Farr[:] High Priest
Nathaniel Fairbanks[:] Member of 17th Quorum of Seventies
Jackson Radding [Redden:] Member of 3rd Quorum of Seventies
Thomas Brown[:] Lay Member
John S Higbee[:] High Priest
Solomon Chamberlin[:] High Priest
John Wheeler[:] Member of 23rd Quorum of Seventies
Conrad Kl[e]iman[:] Member of 18th Quorum of Seventies
Perifitts Fitserl [Perry Fitzgerald:] Elder
Joseph Booker [Rooker:] Deacon
Henson Walker
James Devenport[:] Member of 18th Quorum of Seventies
John Devenport
John Tibbitts [Tippits:] President of 17th Quorum of Seventies
Ben Rolph [Rolfe:] Not a Member
Norton Jacob[:] President of 14th Quorum of Seventies
Charles A Harper[:] Member of 27th Quorum of Seventies
George Mills[:] Lay Member
Andrew S Gibb[on]s[:] Member of 30th Quorum of Seventies
Lewis Barney
Stephen Markham[:] High Priest
Joseph Hancock[:] Member of an unorganized Quorum
John Norton[:] Member of 29th Quorum of Seventies
Almon M Williams[:] Member of 11th Quorum of Seventies
George Woodard[:] Member of 12th Quorum of Seventies
Rufus Allen[:] Member of 14th Quorum of Seventies
John Brown[:] Member of 8th Quorum of Seventies
Shadrach Roundy[:] High Priest
Hance C Hanson [Hans C Hansen:] Member of 8th Quorum of Seventies
Levi Jackman[:] High Priest
Lyman Curtis[:] Member of 27th Quorum of Seventies
Mathew Ivory[:] Priest
David Powell[:] Lay Member
Osker [Oscar] Crosby[:] Not a Member
Hark Lay[:] Not a Member
Appleton Harmon
Wm. Clayton[:] High Priest

Monday May 31th 1847
Weather is mild & agreable[.] traveled part of the day over high barron Prarie verry sandy some of the way[.] plenty of drift wood on the beach[.] lite groth of cotton wood this side of the river[.] about noon we came against an old groth of timber the firs I have sean this side of the river for 300 mils[.] many of the Old trees have a singler appearance haven had the limbs cut of[f] in an auquard manner[.] traveled 17 miles whch mak from W Q 540 miles[.] Camped on what was supose to be the banks of the rawhide river[.] Feed verry poor[.] the Nimrods killed one deer

 

Tuesday June 1th 1847

Weather mild and plesent traveled most of the day over a high barron prarie[.] at 4 P.M. came in site of Larimee camped on the river oposit to it[.] Br Crow from Purbalow [Pueblo] came over the Rver to us stated that he had been there with six wagon 9 men and there famalies two weeks wating for us to come up[.] he is one of the Missippee [Mississippi] brothery that came on last winter season[.] he brought some news from the potion of the battalion that is at Purbilow which was that they wer Exspecting to start for this place the first day of June that they had there teams and provishun all aranged &c[.] Spoke of four of the brothery that had died in this potion of the battalion[,] one was Br Arnold Stephens the others I do not recollect

 

it is now nine o clock I have jest com in from counsil whare it was ordred that two men from from Each ten be selected to herd the Stock[.] also that Br James Case, Shadrck Roundy, Seth Taft be a commitee to deside what blows and how maney should be taken on and that the remande be left in store at this place[.] also that Pres Young and some others that he might select see to procurng a bote to fery the river[.] also that Br Williams superintend burning coal &c also Orded that the Smith put up the forge and make read[y] to do the smithing

A small shower of rain this Evening—
Plenty of Wood, feed rather skirse,
Traveld 12½ mils & from Winte Qutars 552

Wednesday June 2th 1847
Weather mild and agreeable[,] I mad arangmt to Leave Several wagons at Larme [Laramie]also mad the arrangements for securing the Stock[.] about nine the twelve myself and some others passed over the rive to the Fork which we found to be a next tidy place inhabeted by about six men ten or twelve Squaws and a abun[dan]t propotion of children[.] thes men were all Frenchmen[.] hired the flat boat for $15.00 to ferry what we had with us at this place[.] took the boat down and fixed the Land[in]g reach to commence ferry in the mornig

Thursday June 3th 1847
Wind is in the East blowing a fresh gale up the river making it to our advantage in fering which commenced at 45 minute past 4 A M with Seven boatmen[.] they made 37 trips in nine hours at by having a change of hands Evry ten trips[.] at this time it commenced raining had a heavy gail of wind some hale[.] raind about one hour then the fording was renewed by the firs ferry and continued untill all of the Division was over[.] this Ferry was under the Captainship of Thomas Grove[r] for the first Division and John S Higbee on the Second which was managed much in the same way as the first Div[.] all the Wagons wer put over but 10 foreteen this day[.] night closed in with a shower of rain

During this maney of the brethery wer ingaged in geathering beads from the Ant hill in the vicinity[.] the Ants geather small gravel to butify ther habitat or cities and among geather of them they geather many beeds of varieous coulers which have been strewed by the Indians or otherwise[.] Some are ingagued in Washing, Baking, &c &c[.] walked out in the after part of the day near the Lariie Fork which is a river verry cold, clear & swift and about 100 ft wide it has its s[pr]ing in the black hills which are in site[.] the tips of them are covered with pine & sead srubs which give them a verry black appearance at a distance[.] the Larime moutan is in site at this place[.] Snow can be seen with the naked Eye from this place[.] we put our horses & mules in the old fort near by and stoped the doors by drawing a wagon in the gate [side] ways[.] this made them secure by placing one man to gard them
A P R[ockwood]

 

Friday May June 4th

At St Johns Earley this morning the boat was put in mosion and keep to untill the balance of the wagons wer over[.] after causing a gard to be set around the stock I took a sack of G seed and went to the Fort to traid for about 2 lbs of seed[.] I Exchanged and got one side of buffalow hide & one of uper leather 1 calf & one pelt skin also one buck which I called a verry good exchange[.] about 8 oclock the wagons wer all over[.] I ordered the boat taken back to the fort which by way of the Lirime river was about 3 miles[.] Pres Young went with me with several others to settle for the boat and do some other business[.] Mr Bwidell the Keeper of the boat said to me that this was the most gentlemen like company that had Ever visited the Establishmen[.] other companies took liberties to go in all and Evry bit of the fort with leave whare as are people asked to Examine and look around and felt honored by our sosiety for Every man of us had acted the part of a gentleman which was not pactised by other companies[.] he also spok in high terms of Br Crow that has camped by him several days[.] Br unites with our company this afternoon with nine men 5 womin 2 children 53 head of cattl & hors[.] he is the Capt of it as over ten makin the 15th ten[.] I gave some intructions as to the order of the camp and directed him in the secont Division which is under Br Markham—

 


renewed our journe at 12 o clock up the river bank on the Origon road traveled 8½ miles[.] during our travele Mr. Lytle one of the Capt Crows men got set in the sand[.] we offered to help him but treated our offers with s[i]lent contempt and fell to whipping his team in cruel manner so much so that Pres Young and others ordred him but it did no good but rather seemed to whip the harder[.] Pres Young ordered me to notify Br capt Crow that he did not nor would not suffer such abuse in the camp and that he Br Crow should notify Wm Lytle that if he did not reform from this moment he must leave the camp &c

This order I Executed after teaching Br Capt Crow the princip[le] that men that wer not member of the church might travel and live with us[.] to all this Br Crow said Amen and received the counsel in a good spirit

Road is rather hilly this afternoon light shower of rain about 6 oclock

 

Satuerday June 5

Weather is mild and plesant renewed our journey as usual[.] stoped for Noon at what is called the Warm Sp[r]ing which is a fine clear Sping boiling up from a bed of gravel in suffisient Quantity to run a small mill[.] this water is nearly milk warm[.] therefore it is called the warm Sting [Spring.] it is 14¼ miles fro St. Larimee

 

after soon after we Sta[r]ted as I was roming over the bluffs I discovered a natural well in the rocks of it was about 6 ft on acrost and ten ft deep[.] it had 6 ft of good clear water in it[.] this well was proberly for[m]ed by the water pouring over the rocks and so by a continual driping[.] the ston was worn athough at this time no water was above it ore anything denoting it save the lack of Surround[in]g rock Ledges[.] about one mile from the sping the road takes up a slop[ing] bluf and wines over the divide for miles at this place[.] Dr. Richards and myself traveld on foot up the left hand crick in hopes of finding a more practicable road in which we succeeded and found that with a few days work a road could be made with an Easey and gradual assent and save the rise of about 100 ft besides smthing like a mil in distance[.] this road follows an old Indian trail and comes in to the road about 4 miles from the foot of the hill—

at eleven o’clock this afternoon we came in site of Eleven Emograts bound to Origon they came up on the bluff road and came in to the road that we are on at the Jounsion [junction] near the spings[.] they camped about ½ mile below us this Evening[.] they are mostly from Michigan

Traveled 17 mile this day which mak us from Fort John 25½ miles[.] Br Clayton has prepared boards to set up Every ten mile on which is write the number of miles from Ft. John

we are incamped on a fine strem with plenty of Wood Feed and everything to make us comfortable[.] A showers of rain this evening

 

Sunday June 6th 1847

Some rain Erley this morng continues dark and clowd at 8 o’clok the Mishigan Compny are passing our camp[.] at half Past Eigh a prayer metin was called this was also attende by Fasting untill afternoon[.] at Eleven a meeting was caled for general instruction[.] Br E T Benson mad a lengh and spirited payer[.] at this time it commenced raining a camp of 22 wagon past us on ther way to Oragen

 

Traveled five miles this day which makes 30½ miles fo Fort John[.] camped on Bitter Crick the between the 11 wagon & 22 wagons Camped that I made mension yisterdy and this forenoon

 

Monday June 7th 1847

A camp of 13 wagon from Andrew County Mo past us this fore noon they wer bound for Origan[.] our travel is over the black hills up and down as it is verry uneaven[.] some good pine scattered over the hils[.] Larame Peak is near on our left the snow on the tops can be sean destincly[.] camped on Horse Shoe Crick after traveling 13 miles which makes 43½ from F John[.] lite Shower of rain about 4 PM an other about 6
A P R[ockwood]

 

 

Tuesday June 8th

Weathe mild and agreeable camp started at the usual hour I took to ten men and went ahead of the teams to repar the road as I have been apponted Depity Superviser of the road from Ft John to Salt Lak[e] by Br Willard Richards[.] camped on LaBente [LeBonte] crick about 6 PM[.] this has good supply of timer[.] it is frequently known by trappers & traiders as Timber crick[.] lite shower of rain this afternoon[.] about sunset some traiders came in our camp who wer on ther way from Ft Bendt to the States[.] Traveled 15½ miles which makes us from F John 59 miles
A P R[ockwood]

 

 

Wednesday June 9 1847

Camp started before sunrise on account of Feed being short[.] traveled about 1½ miles before Feeding them[.] journey was renewed verry good roads for a hilly country

 

Passed over little Timber crik in the fournoon at which place a company of Trapers & Traiders over took us from Santa Fee [Fe] via Purbelow [Pueblo] & Fort John[.] it consisted of five men and 13 Pack horses or mules[.] they are bound to the bear river

About 20 teams started as detachment to go ahead of the main camp and prepair for crossing the Plat [Platte] with instructions to over take the companes that have passed us this week[,] take possession of a boat that a Traider gave one of our compny[.] verry good roads Wood & Water Every few miles[.] this day camped on A La Piear [La Prele] Crick whare we found good feed—after traveling 19 miles mak us from F John 78 miles

 

Thursday 10th June

Weather mild an plesent[.] Camped at Noon on Fourche Boisee Crick [Fourche Boise River] at three o clock came to the bottom of the Platt camped on Deer Crick which is nine miles from Fourche Boisce Crick whare halted for at noon[.] roads verry good feed better water best[.] our Nimrods brought in four Antilope game is plenty[.] found a stray horse on our rode this day proberly left by the traiders—

 

We pasted through a few rods of timber which is the first fir more then six hundred miles[.] small groves of timber can be sean part of the time for the last hundred miles

Traveled 17¾ mils which makes fro Ft John 95¾ miles—Plenty of Fish in the crick Deer crick[.] a few rood [rods] up the crick ther is a fine head of Ston coal from 6 to 10 ft deep ½ mile wide

 

Friday 11th June 1847

weather mild and plesant roads verry good most of the fournoon about seven mile from Deer crick whare we stoped last night[.] the roads bends to the South and heads a break[.] this bend can be saved by a few hours work in the break Near the river which will shorten the road about one and a half mile[.] stoped at noon in the low bottom immediately above this bute[.] our hunter brought in four Antelope this foornoon—

 

Wild Flax, Sage in abundance fish in a bundance in Deer Crick[.] I made Several attempts to ford the river this afternoon but did not succeed[.] came up with one of the Origan compnes this afternoon[.] they wer fering a light Scow herd from our detachment ahead all was well. one of the Origan compiny presented me with a snow ball from the mountain nearby[.] the snow has been visiable for several miles[.] Traveled this day seventeen miles makin from F John 112¾ miles five Antilope brought in this afternoon[.] warm & Plesent this Evening

The Mountains abound in Lime Stone Marble Iseing-glass Excelent quality of grind stone, Grannett [Granite] Quoits [Quartz] &c. The timber is mostly Pine & Sea[der.] The air is verry clear[.] objects that in the [page torn] of glance would look one to be one mil[e.] we [page torn] then to be from six to Eight

 

Satuerdy 12th June 1847

Weather is warm and plesent[.] I rode out in the river severral times to serch a ford but to no purpose[,] immediately above our incampmen one of the Origan Companies are ferrring the river[.] Traveled 11¼ miles and camped about a half a mile below our detachment who arrived at this incampnt Friday afternoon[.] they wer immediately imploid by one of the Origan companes that wer there to set them acrost the river[.] they received one dollar fifty cents mostly in Flour at $2.50 per hund what it about ¼th its worth[.] they also got some good jobs of smithing & reparig of wagons &c

 

our hunters kiled several Antilope 3 buffalow three Bears[.] game is very plenty in the Mountans[.] Br. H. Ivins killed and Mountan Goad he said that they wer verry plenty on the Mountains[.] Br Artimus Johnson brought in an young Elk[.] about nine o clock PM we sent out a detachment to look for a couple of men that wer straied from the camp[.] they all came in about 12[.] I now retire to rest[.] 14¾ from Ft John
A P Rockwood

 

Sunday 13th June

Weather mild and plesant—Prayer meeting at Eight o’clock, preachin by Br Young & Kimball[.] at Eleven in the afternoon Every two tens went to the mountains for poal [poles] to raft our wagons over on[.] about this time a po[r]tion of the detachment sent up to the place from the main armey presented 886 lb of Flour 300 of sifted meal 140 lb of Bacon and laid it at the apostles feet[.] Pres Young instructed us to send it to devid it to the needy and gave us some keys to worth with[.] it amounted 5½ lb of Flour 9 lb of meal per man after supplying several of the destitute[,] the meel was devided in the same manner—this Flour Meal & Bacon was recieved from the Origon Emerts [Emigrants] in consideration of ferring them over the river[.] the Flour cost 2½ per hundred Meal one cent per lb Bacon 6 cents[.] this was verry low[.] it is worth four times that som

 

 

Monday 14th 1847

Comenced Fering put over 25 wagons by 4 PM[.] Son it commenced Raing also some hail & high wind after which three more wer set over
A P R[ockwood]

 

 

Tuesday 15th

Continued Fering but with but little success the river being high and verry rapid[.] built several 2 more rafts[.] about 25 wagon put over this day[.] high winds down the current[.] some rain in the afternoon
A P R[ockwood]

 

 

Wednesday 16 June

continued fering the wins high as yesterday Eight men detached to the bottoms below to make two canoos that will be left with some of the brothery who will stop an work the ferry untill the next company com on[.] Oregon Emigrants ar arriving daily to pass the ferry[.] I have inguaged to put us on two small compnes an to have the pay in flour Beans Meal &c at the state prices

 

 

Thursday 17 June 1847

Continued fering untill our compny was all over which was about was set two o clok we then comnced to fery E W Millers compny of Eight wagons[.] This nigh Eleven of the brothery put over a compny of ten wagons for which we had six dollars Extry pay[.] continued to work on the canoos

 

 

Friday 18th June

Weather col and pleseant this day[.] we continued launched the ferry boat called the black hills maned it with an Effecient crew and went to passing a company of the Origan Emigrants of twenty wagons[.] Preparation wer maid for pursering our journey by geathery the Stock collectin our loade &c&c[.] I went and collected the fee for fering the two companies that have passed and the one that is passing and the following is the result

 

Saturday 19th June 1847
Erely this morning a heavy frost was on the serface[.] Recomncd our journe fro at the noth side of the Platt at 7 P M[.] traveled 12 miles halted for Noon at a sp[r]ing on our left—traveled on untill sunset camped on a small miry stinking Crick around which there was maney mire holes of the worst sort[.] this is 21½ miles from the Platt[.] it is above the Read butes [Red Buttes.] we suppose that we are in the immediate neighbourhood of the poison sping which are destructive to cattle if suffered to drnk the water[.] tied all our cattle & horses to keep them from the mire[.] one buffalow [was] brough in several antilope

 

Sunday 20 June 1849

Stated on our jouney before feeding our teams[.] traveld 3¾ miles & halted for feading on a good crik[.] in the afternoon the road wer sandy and consequenty hard wheeling[.] this is a barron county mostly covered with wild sage Rue &c[.] came in camp about dark after travling 20 miles[.] our fewell is buffalow dung[.] good feed and Water[.] this days travel makes us from Ft John 169½ miles

 

The return of the capt of tens show Brs Wilford Woodruff & John Brown to be missing[.] much anxiety in the camp for there safty

 

Monday 21 June 1847

Br Woodrough & Brown are yet among the missing[.] Br O P Rockwell has gon for them at the camp abov u[s] which we suppose is but a few miles[.] morng warm & plesant musketoes wer thick last night—

 

Traveled all the fournoon in sand and came to the sweat [Sweet] water which is 7½ miles from the incampment we left this morng on Crocked [Crooked] Crick[.] Br Woodrouff & Brown retured reported that they stade with the Oragan Emegrants on sweet water[.] passed liberty rock about 2 P M this is a huge rock rising from the bottom detached from the main chain at several hundred ft to its sumit near ½ mile long etc[,] is shaped like an oblong loaf of bread—on this rock is many names ingraved by the passing travelers[.] a four miles above this rock we forded the sweat water[.] road kep up the bottom so[o]n it passed between to [two] spers of the mountain which brought on the bottom of the river[.] at this place the river passes through a brak of the mountan about 3 rods wide and Freemont says it is 400 ft high[.] its is perpendicular on both sides of the river to the summit[.] traveled this day 15¾ miles making from F John 185¼ miles

Near our noon incampm the brothery geather several buckets of saliratus on the shore of a small lake[.] it is of a good quality and tons of it can be geather

Tuesday 22 June 1847
Weather mild and plesant[.] started from our last night incampnt which is [c]alled Devels [Devils] gate (it being a pasage through the mountain) at 7 o clok[.] at Noon a company of Eleven wagons passed us on ther way to Origon[.] two other Campanie in site

roads are sandy[.] land is mostly barrown covered with Sage & rue[.] Br Lorenzo Young brack his Axel tree which is the first that has broak down on our journey[.] traveld 20¾ mils making fro Ft John 206 miles

 

Wendesday June 23th 1847

Weather Cool and plesent traveled 8½ miles whch Bought us to the river about Eleven o clock[.] ther we took a short [route] acrost the prary and came to the rive agan in six miles[.] Traveled 17 miles this Makes from F John 223 miles[.] the mountain at the pass are visiable have not been out of Site of Snow on the mountans for more then 200 miles travel[.] camped between two Origan Compnes with[in] a few miles

 

 

Thursday 24th June

Camp started fifteen minutes past six[.] in about 5 miles we came to the ice Spings which was a bogy march for several roods [rods.] the Sping was a mudy, Sulfry, Cold black Nasty water that wozed through the mire and formed a small crick below

 

about ten inches below the surfis of the ground was a thick layer of Ice about 18 inches thick[.] the water made from this Ice is cler and puer[.] this I consider one of the greatest curiosities on our journey[.] a few rods west of ths is a small lake strongly pregnte with sulffer & Salarieatus[.] near this is another strange [stream] pregnated with Salt and alcoalie so much so that cattle nor horses would not drink it athough they wer verry dry[.] traveled acrost a barron roling pray most of the day and with out water until we came in to Nite Quarters which is on the sweet water 17¾ miles from last night incampnt[.] three Origan company traveled in campny with this day

240¾ mile from F John[.] While geathering the teams this Evening Br John Holmans gun axidentally went off a[nd] shot Br Youngs John Horse which is the best horse in the camp[.] Br H has gon to bed sick of the horrows[.] Br Young and I tried to comfort him but to little purpose[.] Br Young told him it was nothing but a horse &c[.] I told him it was luckey that it was not a good man &c & he aught to be thankful that it was no more for it will proberly be nothing but a mortal wond in a horse

 

Friday 25 June

About 4 miles from the river that we camped on last Nigh one branch of the road crossed the River the other wet up a bluff very rough and steap[.] a better road than Either could be verry Easily made at the foot of the Hill[.] this is worthy of Notice of Emignt that are in large Compnes 8¼ Miles from last night incampment[.] we left the river at [and] took to the mountains which for the most pat are Easey of assent—ledge of rock on some of the Sumits[.] Gravelly Soil, three small lakes in the sumite[.] feed and water Every few miles[.] Traveled 20¼ mile and camped on a small Crick snow banks near by

 

261 mile from Ft John

 

Satuerday 26 June

verry cold last night milk froze in my wagon[.] The Origan compny under Capt Merchant camped near us last night came up with us as we Started[.] roads good verry good this fornoon crosted a large branch of sweat water beside several small ones[.] at noon Br Glines one of the brothery left at the ferry over took us reported that the ferry was mved 8 miles below[.] At 4 P M we arrived to the divide between the Atlantick & Pasifick[.] tured to the right and camped on the Sweat Water[.] homened traveled 18¾

 

279¾ miles

Sundy 27th June
Passed the divide about one hour after sty [starting.] in about five miles we came in Compny with several people from Oregan bound to the States[.] Masah Laurace a mountain neer came on as a pilet for them [,] turns back at this place[.] traveled with us the balance of the day and camped with us this night[.] he sold Several Elk & Deer skin to the brothery[.] Traveled 15¼ miles making from Ft John 195

 

Munday 28th June 1847

Weather mild and pleseant crosted the on the little sandy river after traveling 133¼ mile from our last night incampment[.] this was without water [.] traveled this day 15¼ mile making from Ft John 310¼ mils[.] Jest as we came in camp Mr Bridger the praper [proprietor] of the traiding post met us on his way to Ft John

 


 

Tuesday 29 June

Weater Cool and pleseant roads good over Gravel Ground covered with sage[.] Camped on big Sandy River about 9 o clock P M[.] we crossed this river at our noon halt 17 miles back of our night incampmet[.] Traveled 24 miles from Ft John

 

334¼ miles Antilope verry thick and wild som Wild Gees & Ducks

 

Wednesday 30th June 1847

On the big Sandy river tributary to Green River morning wam and plesant traveled seven miles[.] then we came on Green river and took up an incampment in a cotton wood grove about Eleven A M[.] after dinner we proceeded to build t[w]o rafts to cross over on which wer compleatd before dark[.] here is plenty of wood & feed and Everything that could cheer the hart of a traviler[.] this afternoon Br Branneling [Samuel Brannon ] from the co[a]st of the pasifick came in to camp[.] he brought news for our brothery in Californes which was gladly received[.] Several of the brothery wer taking with the camp Feaver during the day

 

Thursdy July 1th 1847
Several more of the brotheriy taken with the camp Feaver[.] those that wer taken yesterday are mostly better[.] commenced fering about 10 A M[.] the first Division put over 9 wagons the seckont one then the wind blew so we quit of the day[.] the raft of the second was found to be unsaft so they built another which was nearly complet by night

 

Friday July 2

Weather mild & Plesand[.] commence to run the ferry about day that of the second division was launched about 7 A M[.] both Rafts put over 46 wagon during the day

 

 

Satuerdy July 3th 1847

Renewed the fering before sunrises quit Run about 12 noon[.] Wind ris about this time to Almost a gail[.] all over nothing lost[.] traveld three miles and took up camp

 

 

Sunday July 4

Camp Feaver is verry prevalent I have the simtums [symptoms.] four of our number retur to meet the next camp and the detachmt from Purbalow [Pueblo.] they meet 11 of the Purblow brothers at the river

 

 

Mondy 5th

I am verry sick of the feaver[.] traveld 20 miles

 

 

Tuesdy 6

My feaver has abated[.] I am verry weak[.] traveld 18 miles

 

 

Wendnesday 8th July

I am recovery sloly from my feaver[.] road horseback part of the day verry feable yet[.] traveled 17¾ mils which bing us to Ft Bridger[.] this place according to the rodeometer is 347 miles from F John

 

 

Thursday 8th July

we lay by to recrute the sick[,] sett tires &c

 

 

Friday 9 July

Renewed our journey my health as verry feable not able to keep a journal

 

 

Satuerday 10th July

Continued our journey over the ridge that leads to bear river vally this was a verry crooked road

 

 

Sundy 11 July

Lay in camp this day[.] was visited by some mountaineers one of whom has commenced a settlent on salt Lake[.] he directed us on our way as we are traveling almost with a trail[.] this proved to be of some service

 

Munday 12 th July
Continued our journe Br Schfield being sick I under took to drve his team[.] [t]his however provd quite to much for me in my feab state of health[.] halted for noon[.] Br B Young was taken verry sick wild & crasy the camp moved on with the Exseptions of Br Youngs[,] Lorenzo Young[,] E T Benson three of Br Kimbills and mine

this Evening I was attacted with the relaps feaver verry sick all night

Tuesday 13 Br Young is verry sick and much deranged[.] I had a hard feaver all day and night much deranged in my mind

 

Wendesdy 14

Br Young is a little better[.] the feaver rges harder than Ever on me[.] Br Lorenz Young and many others look upon me as dangereous ill[.] I so considered myself and so told the brotheryn tht if no relieaf came in 24 hour they mght dig a hole to put me in Br L Young gave me a lobelin Emetick this morng and in the afternoon a cathartic Each of which worked kind and well rested son [some] this night

 

 

Thursday 15th

Br Woodrough came back from the main camp whch was about seven miles ahead with his with a bed fixed very comfortable on which Br B Young and myself road to the man camp[.] I was verry weak & low not able to set up in the carage yet I stood the journey verry well so did B Young[.] in about 2 hours after we came up the whole camp that was at this placed moved on (22 wagons went on yesterday to prepare the roads) came in camp before nigh having traveld about 12 miles

 

Fridy 16
The whole camp moved on this morng but Br Young feaver raged so high that he could not travel[.] so 13 wagons stoped the rest went on

Satuery 17 Br Youngs heath would not admit of his journey so we lay by intill mondy morng

Monday 20 th Br Young healh is better mine[.] is also better yet I am verry weak

Tuesday 21
We lay in camp this day to recrute the sick having come up with 3 wagons that stoped from the main camp on account of sickness

Wendesdy <22> Thursdy <23> & Fridy <24> traveld a part of the day[.] my healh is so poor that I know but little of what pases

Satuerdy 25
My healh is much better I have rode horseback this day our travel is 10 miles[.] at 10½ AM we came in site of the salt Lake and the wide Exspance of valley is before us[.] the camp is in site about 4 miles from the mountan on [r]iver at the view of the vally[.] the Saints shouted haleluah[!] we arive in camp about 2 PM[.] Br Young and mysef very much Exausted by the fatuog [fatigue] of the day—

 

 

 

 

 

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