Transcript for Bay, James Willard, Diaries, 1850-1853, vol. 2

Tues. the 25 th [May 1852] I went to Kannesville [Kanesville.] day cloudy[.] walked near 10 ms. Camped in Br. John [Somers] Higbees Co.

Wed. the 26th fixing projectins and waggon boxs

Thurs. the 27 went a fishing in a sill and Br. Benson organized the 50 for starting to the valley[.] Br. John Higbee Cap. of the 50[.] Br Benson asked a blessing upon and then left[.] I went to the ferrey the names of the captens of 10s

1st ten James W. Bay
2nd Kelting Joseph
3rd S. M. Fernes<wer>oth [Stephen Martindale Farnsworth]
4th James Townsand [Townsend]
5th Robbert Caldwell
6th John Mc Neil
C[ommodore]. P[erry]. Liston Cap. of the guard

Friday the 28th drove team about 4 ms to the River where we are to ferrey[.] day pleasant[.] Camped near the River[.] stood on guard part the night quite warm[.] I felt greatly blessed

Sat. the 29th Crossed the River[.] Br [Josiah Guile] Hardys waggon came near going in but was saved[.] we drove a short distance[.] camped at old winter quarters all night[.] felt well in mind

Sunday the 30 reading and writing some and took a walk with my wife [Lucinda Sprague Bay] and others upon a high bluff or hill[.] saw some hansom country[.] at meeting in the P.M. Br. John Higbee spoke and gave some good instructions to the saints[.] I spoke and another Br. and peace was in our midst

Mo. the 31st travled about 6 ms[.] formed a carell [corral.] herded our cattle and at night tied them up.

Tues. the first of June travle abot 9 ms. camped at papped [Pappea] about 10 feete mid a bridge about one rod wide one waggon came near tipping over but was saved[.] took off the cattle lifted the waggon up and rolled it out[.] formed a carell on the bottom a pleasant place[.] guarded our cattle[.] out quite light near full moon

Wed. the 2nd rolled 9 ms. crossed the Elk <horn> River[.] ferried our waggons[.] swam our cattle[.] crossed in safety[.] camped in about <one> mild [mile] of the ferrey quite rainy through the night

Thursday the 3rd morn rainy[.] we moved our waggons to higher place of ground[.] took Breakfast[.] I hurded cattle in the morning[.] day cleared off[.] we travled 12 ms over a leavel road crossed a creek one rod wide 2 feet deep 2 ms. from Where we crossed the Elkhorn banks[.] not verry steep but quite muddy[.] we travled about 13 ms. camped near the River not much timber good grass in Claytons guide called the Liberty Roll

Fri. 4th travled 13 ms. Roads good[.] Camped near the river[.] guarded our cattle out without tying up[.] grass good

Sat the 5th travled near 22 ms. crossed Shel[l] Creek on a bridge [.] saw some Indians gave them some bread and passed Along in peace[.] camped near a slough or pond quite a peace from the river[.] the cattle were hurded or guarded out on the prairies. I stood 3 hours from 11 oclock until 2[.] moon light not verry cool[.] 8 out of our 10 guarded at a time

Sun. the 6th day pleasant I wrote some to my sisters[.] I hurded cattle a while[.] musqitoes verry bad[.] had meting with another capt[.] was appointed making up the vacancy of one co. that left[.] Br. John pack was nominated and voted to be Colonel of the company to assist Br. Higbee to hunt camping places.

Mo. the 7th went about 10 ms to the ferry of Loup fork but could not cross[.] we camped[.] some done a portion of their washing

Tues. the 8th Crossed the Loup fork Early in the morning and travled about 12 ms. hard day[.] camped near a clear stream of watter

Wed. the 9th travled about 15 ms <passed a few grave> took our wood and watter[.] camped about a mil from the Rive[r.] I and some of the Br went to the River got some wood and watter[.] the night cool[.] watter in swatlles for cattle[.] I and wife took a walk

Thurs. the 10th morning clear cool travled about 5 ms[.] came to a good creek of water passed 5 or 6 graves during the day[.] I too[k] a pall [pail] of water along after this it is about 30 ms. to praire Creek[.] no wood but plenty of watter[.] we camped at night[.] dug for watter to use cattle found <travled 15 ms> watter in low place

Fri. the 11th passed <near> 10 grave met some emigrants[.] they charged 12 cts per lb for pork and 40 cts per guire for paper[.] they wer backing out[.] some of their co. died during the hot weather a fewels, befor after leaving this camp[.] it is a leavle countrey for a peace and then came to heavy sandy hills for near ten ms, and about 20 ms. without watter[.] some mud in places. day cool the more part of it and camped on prairie Creek having traveled 20 miles or more and 228 soles in company[.] all seemed to feel well any good health

Sat 12th morn. pleasant[.] a good spirit in camp and health[.] we drove 13 ms. crossed wood creek or River near 2 ms—camped on wood River[.] plenty of wood for camping purpesses

Sunday the 13th some hurding cattle[.] Some washing some kooking and quite busy times but a good spirit in camp[.] we had meeting in the P.M. Had a good meeting felt untll

Mo. the 14th travled 22 ms. passed 17 or 18 grave near the Road[.] camped at a clear stream of watter[.] tide up the cattle

Tues. the 15th went about 22 ms. passed about 15 graves[.] camped near a slough[.] let our cattle run out without guarding[.] it rained some [.] had a good nights Rest[.] peace in the camp

Wed. the 16th pass 3 or 4 graves in the A.M. Crossed dry creek and Elm Creek[.] travled about 22 ms. passed 4 or 5 graves in the P.M. Camped some distence <from the R[iver]>

Thurs. the 17th morning foggy[.] Started early Roads muddy[.] at noon met 6 Elders from the Salt lake Citty on their way to England and gtily [gently] they sung Some good songs and true it was a pleasent meeting and the saints seemed to rejoice to meet together[.] we passed 4 or 5 graves during the day[.] traveled about 18 ms. camped about ½ a mile from the platt[e] River[.] some of the boys went to the River[.] Br. John nelson’s child had a waggon run over its leg and it was said to be broak[.] we annointed it with oill and laid hands on it and it seem [illegible] to releave it

the 18th it was [-.] Fri the 18th travled about 12 ms in the A.M. passed 4 graves and at noon baptised 2 persons a sister By the name of Job for her health[.] She had sickness of stomach vomiting[.] She was beatter after it and I baptised Br. Hardy’s Child name was Charles [William] Hardy and confermed him a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints. <passed 3 or 4 grave in A.M.>[.] we travled about 19 ms some mud[.] camped abot ½ mile from the River platt[e.] passed 3 or 4 grave in the P.M. all modling well

Sat. the 19th passed sevrel Co. of emegrants and 29 graves and up this date 109 graves since leaving Winter quarters[.] travled about 23 ms[.] passed a cold springs of watter[.] Crossed Skunk Creek[.] had some mud and heavy sandy roads[.] camped near the River[.] grass tolerbly good[.] guarded our cattle through the night

Sun. the 20th[.] mornig clear[.] day very warm[.] one Sister was quite ovrcome with the heat[.] I and Br. Higbee annointed and laid on hands and releaf was soon had[.] her name I have forgot[.] we and our cattle rested[.] had good feed[.] we had meeting at 4 o: clock P.M. Br. Higbee and others spoke at night[.] had prayer in our tent [ illegible] all felt well

Mo. the 21st we travled about 20[.] passed and saw 17 grave mos they died in June 1852[.] som in camp unwell but by annointing and laying on hands the sick were restored[.] camped on the prariy[.] I felt well to be here

Tues. the 22nd passed over some sandy bluffs[.] travled near 18 ms. Some <in camp> unwell but by annointing and laying on hands relief was obtained[.] prayer in the carell

Wed. <23rd prayer in the morning>[.] day cool[.] passed 15 graves and over some heavy sandy roads[.] Crossed sevrel creeks camped about ½ mile from the River[.] prayer at night in the carell[.] travled abou[t] 20 ms.

Thurs. the 24th[.] Cool[.] had some heavy wheeling[.] passed 16 graves in the A.M. travled 14 ms. camped near the River[.] passed a fewe graves[.] in the P.M. had prayers in the carell [corral.] Baptised my wife for her health[.] She was blessed

Fri. the 25th quite pleasent[.] travled about 20 ms. passed over 15 graves[.] some sand but the day cool and favorably for our teams[.] camped about ¼ of a mile from the River[.] all peace in Camp[.] I felt well

Saturday the 26th quite a shower of rain before starting[.] it laid the dust nicly[.] we travled about 10 ms. Stoped about noon for was hing had to use Buffalow Chips[.] we passed near 10 grave[.] had Some sandy roads day quite warm[.] some mud and sloughs to cross[.] travled near the River and camped <in a ¼ of a mi> camped

Sunday the 27th[.] morning Clear day quite warm[.] cattle grazing on the prairy[.] some of the camp playing on some instruments and peace in our midst[.] Lucinda[,] Laura and others walked out to the River before meeting[.] there came up a litle shour [shower.] it hindrd meeting a short time but met about ¼ past 5 oclock[.] singining and a prayer by Br. Higbee[.] had a good meeting[.] heard good instructions from Br. Higbee and Br. Mc. Neal[.] there is 53 Men women and children in the 1st 10 to day—Yesterday I and Br Hardy laid hands on a Sister for health[.] they were from germeny [Germany.] they joined our Co. today[.] health tolerbly <good> in the Co. I felt thankful to God for it

Mo. the 28th[.] day warm[.] passed 5 graves in the A.M. Some heavy sand roads to pass over[.] saw an express[.] sent 3 letters to the States[.] passed a few graves in the P.M. Camped about ½ mile from the River[.] travled near 19 ms. lots of wofs [wolves] is howling around

Tues. the 29th day warm passed 5 graves travled near 18 ms. or 20 ms. Camped about ½ ms. from the River[.] lots buffalow grass[.] passed a conciderably of sand during the day[.] prayer at night in the carel[.] good moonlight passed 5 grave

Wed. the 30th[.] day quite warm[.] traveled near 20 ms. passed a few graves[.] Camped near the River[.] Sister Laura [A.] beal was baptised for her health By Br. Hardy and confermed by Br. Higbee[.] she was reieved and quite well afterawrd

Thursday first of July travled about 10 ms. to Spring Creek[.] Stoped about 3 hours[.] quite warm[.] At noon took a walk with my wife and She read some in the new testament 11 and 12 chapers of Mark[.] passed 6 grave and a Co. that had the Smallpox in their midst it was said[.] travled abou 20 ms. Camped near the River[.] Some drift wood[.] had prayers at night in the Carell

Fri. the 2nd d[ay] warm[.] travled about 8 ms. to a creek of clear watter 200 yard south of the road[.] Passed 6 graves[.] saw some with currents[.] went up on some bluffss where I had a view of the platt[e] River and the bottom[.] Camped near the River[.] travled about 10 ms. I and my wife walked out on the bluffs near a mile from camp[.] read some in the testament and felt the Spirit of the Lord in reading and prayer[.] had prayer in the Carell.

Sat. the 3rd[.] day warm[.] was mooving my loading and getting watter for my wife to wash[.] some of the Brethren went a hunting[.] Br. Isaac Perrey [Perry,] Br. Josiah Hardy and Br. John P. Hide [Hyde] in the morning[.] I annointed a foot of Wm. Wesley Swadley[.] it was bitten by a spider[.] it sweled quite much but was relieved. and at night I[,] Br. Perrey [Perry] and Br. Hardy annointed and laid hands on it[.] we had prayer in th[e] Carell

Sun. the 4th of July the 76th yeaar of American Indipendience[.] we set up some green cotton wood trees for a shaid [shade] to meate [meet] in near the banks of the platt[e.] I asked Wm. Wesley Swadley if his foot was better[.] he said it was some[.] mottoes was written the first was

[1] peace and quietness is our motto on one sid[e] and on the other Remember the Lord by Henrey Hochhalter [Henry Buchwalter]

2nd Let kings be dettro [destroyed] and dominions cast down but the Latter day Saints of the lord forever shall stand[.] thes are the words of the gret I am and we are certain and shure [sure] by wise cuniel [counsel] proclaimed by George & Mary I [Mary Jane McGinnis] Laub

3rd Bear one anothe[r]s burdens and thus fulfill the Love of Christ

4th Let all the sons and daughters of columbia ever bear in mind that those men who declaired Indipendenc were Inspired from on high and may peace and Liberty triumph over all the world and may the <saints of> Latter days this day remember the God of Jacob and may peace forever be with all the Authorities of the Kingdom of God on Earth[.] May the glory of God Extend over all this saints this day in all the world[.] The Lamanites on who land we now are may they soon obey the gospel and remember <the> God Israel and may we be instruments in the hands of the God in bringing them to the knowledge of the truth

James W. and Lucind[a] Bay

we had a good meting[.] good instructions from Br [John] Pack[,] [John S.] Higbee[,] [James] Townesend and [Stephen Martindale] Farnesworth[.] I and Br [Isaac] Perry Sisten Baptised Sister philindia [Philanda] Keeler for the remission of her sins and her health[.] She was greatly relieved and blessed[.] I stood guard in the latter part of the night

Mo. the 5th[.] one ox got away and hindered the Co. near 2 hours but travled about 17 ms. had a good place to camp[.] passed a few graves

Tues the 6th[.] pas[s] Ft. Laramy [Laramie] traveled about 20ms[.] saw some corn growing[.] had a good place to camp

Wed. the 7th[.] <passed 13 or 14 graves> Crossed some part of the Black hills[.] Camped near ther[.] travled 16 ms[.] I and Br. [George] Laub laid hands on his wife [Mary Jane McGinnis Laub] for a pain in the shoulder and She was relieved[.] a few oxen got mired but were got out without much ingurey [injury.] had prayer

Thur. the 8th[.] day cold[.] left the River crossed the hills[.] travled about 4 ms. came to a dry creek[.] wood and grass no watter and then in about 2 ms. found grass plenty[.] travled 18 ms. camped about 1 mile from the River[.] found good running <watter> and good grass[.] passed 8 graves[.] crossed a small creek made of springs in the P.M. Some were shoeing oxen

Fri the 9th travled about 2 ms. came to a good streem of water[.] I and my wife took a walk over the bluff[.] saw some beautiful rolling hills some mountains & C. had a pleasent time[.] Stoped at noon on a creek about 8 ms. from the one we crossed in the A.M. grass poor[.] some springs[.] plenty of wood for camping[.] went about 2 ms[.] came to the River[.] wattered our cattle then went 3 ms. camped near the River[.] grass shoret[.] travled near 16 ms. <passed 7 graves>[.] saw a great many things throwed away irons about a waggon[.] we had prayer <heard to day that> on Tues. the 6th Sister Feilinda Fiele died in Br. James Townsends Co. at this date 23 head of cattle 12 wagons and 47 soules in all—

Sat the 10th traveled 4 ms. camped with Br. Higbee

Sun. the 11th[.] day pleasent[.] had a good meeting in the A.M. and Br. Higbee Started in the P.M. we had meting in our 10 in the P.M. at 3 oclock

Mo. the 12th we started travled 24 ms[.] poor grass the most of the way and where we camped roads rough and very hilley[.] some of our cattle crossed the River and in the morning we cros the rest of the cattle for better feed

Tues. the 13th[.] travled near 20 ms. some sand[.] camped about a ½ mild from the River[.] grass tolerbley good[.] Some Sandy bluffs near the R[iver].

Wed. the 14th[.] a Sister sick in camp name Sarah Buckwalter[.] had a kind of fit and was deranged during the day[.] I[,] Br. Isaac Perry[,] Br. Josiah Hardy and Br. E[a]by administred the ordinencs of the gospel annointed and laid hands on her[.] She appeared relieved we stopped at noon[.] set 2 tires to wagons had some heavy wheeling in sand[.] travled about 12 ms. camped near the R. good chance to camp

Thur the 15th[.] pleasent day[.] clear[.] laid by for sickness[.] Sarah Buchwalter still sick[.] the boys in camp went a hunting 7 of them[.] my wife washed some[.] we had a meeting and heard some good instructions[.] the[y] came in at night[.] brought Some antelope meete [meat] in to camp[.] they killed 4

Fri. the 16th travled about 12 ms. camped near the River[.] grass short[.] the sick better

Sat the 17 traveled near 20 ms. had good grass by crossing our cattle to the S side of the River[.] Captain Kelton [Joseph Ketting] stoped at the same place with us

Sun. the 18th travled abot 6 ms. camped near the River[.] Crossed o[u]r cattl[e] over the R. found good grass[.] the Boys killed a buffalow[.] got some meat it was a treat

Monday the 19th travled about 22 ms. passd the willow springs[.] camped on a small creek[.] our cattle wandered some distance from our camp

Tues. the 20th hunting our cattle[.] travled near 15 ms. finely they found them but did not move our waggons[.] I and Br. Isaac Perry found 3 boys from the valley[.] they lent me a horse[.] I road to <camp>

Wed. the 21st <passed> to Swetwatter [Sweetwater.] Indipen [Indian] camped with som[e] valley boys

Thur 22nd[.] <passed Indipendence [Independence]> Rock[.] stoped at noon I and <my> wife walked upon it and Laura A. Beal[,] Metilda Fear [Matilda Farr] and others[.] it was a majestic sight[.] a great many names on the Rock[.] passed the Devils gaite [Gate] before night[.] near all the Co. went up to see it and it is worthy of attentions[.] Some Rock near 400 feet high[.] the Sweetwater <R.> runs between the ledges of rocks[.] travled near 13 ms. camped on or near Sweetwatter [Sweetwater.] grass tolerbly good[.] I and Br. Perry guarded our cattle the fore part of the night and John Hight [John P. Hyde] and Festus Sprague in the latter part of the night

Friday the 23rd[.] traveled about 15 ms[.] camped in a hansome place

Sat. the 24th[.] travled about 18 ms. found good grass for our cattle[.] felt thankful

Sunday the 25 had a meetings one in the A.M. and one in the P.M. partook of the Sacrement in the P.M. had a good meeting in the evening[.] heard the Resurection Hymn <sung> By some boys from the vally go[o]d time

Monday the 26th sent to the mountains[.] got some wood[.] set 15 waggon tire[.] Some of the Brethren and myself we put whooping under the tire thick enough to tighten it[.] two oxen was shod before one with leather shoes and one with iron shoes[.] tied up our cattle at night

Tues the 27th started about 8 oclock [.] travled about 6 ms and Br. [George] Laub cracked one of his spindles by running over a rock[.] had to stop 3 hours[.] we travled about 14 ms. camped at near the River Sweet watter [Sweetwater.] poor grass[.] 17 head of cattle straid [strayed] off in the night had a guard out but by some means they got through

<Wed—28th> found the cattle in P.M. and travled 5 ms. to the ice spring[.] tied up our cattle[.] had prayer[.] Br. laub and myself stood guard[.] felt well to guard

Thurs. 29th travled about 18 ms[.] camped on sweet watter [Sweetwater] River[.] found Br. [Joel] Baum with 4 waggons [ blank space ] souls [ blank space ] cattle we tied up our cattle and guarded them[.] grass rather poor but glad it was so good

Friday the 30th travled near 15 ms and camped near Streaober [Strawberry] Creek[.] grass poor[.] passed over Rocky Ridge[.] it rained some at night

Sat the 31st travled 10 ms. to the last crossing of Sweetwatter [Sweetwater.] grass tolerably good[.] it rained and blew[.] some one ox died during the night[.] it appeared to be the meren [murrain]

Sunday the first of August Camped still on Swete watter [Sweetwater.] we had 2 metings one in the A.M. and one P.M. heard good instructions[.] felt well and thankful to God

Mo. 2nd went over the South pass[.] camped on Pacific cre[e]k 12 ms travle[.] now the watter runs west

Tues. the 3rd travled 22 ms[.] Campt on Little Sandy[.] grass poor[.] I stood on guard[.] let the cattle run out without tying up[.] they were very peaceable[.] I felt thankful

Wed. the 4 travled 8 ms. grass tolerably good[.] it rained some[.] camped on Big Sandy

Thurs. 5th travled 18 ms. camped on Big Sandy[.] tolerably good grass[.] tied up our cattle

Fri the 6th travled about 12 ms to green Rive[r.] Cross at the ford[.] good fording[.] camped near it[.] had a dance[.] some Boys from the valley with us

Sat the 7th the Boys from the valley went on and 2 of our Co. with them[.] we travled about 23 ms. Camped at Blacks fork[.] felt well I felt thankful to God

Sun. the 8th had meeting[.] it rained some[.] very good grass

Mo. the 9th travled about 14 ms. Camped at Blacks fork[.] good grass[.] felt well

Tues the 10th travled about 9 ms. camped on pleasent streem[.] my wife washed[.] stoped about noon grass good[.] I stood guard[.] Saw sevrel met[e]ors shoot and one was about half as light as the moon when full[.] it was a curious sight to be hold

Wed. the 11th travled near 9 ms. to ft. Bridger[.] camped[.] Saw a Br. from the valley By the name of Allen[.] he prayed with us at night[.] we had a guard out arround our cattle[.] it rained some in the night[.] felt well

Thurs. the 12th travled 13 ms. Camped on muddy fork[.] good grass up <on> the creek and a plenty of wild currents

Fri. 13th[.] travled about 20 ms. to Bear River[.] I stoped at the tar spring[.] got some tar[.] it was near 2 ms. from the River near the Sulpher springs. we had verry steep hill to go up and down before reaching Bear River[.] let our cattle go without guarding[.] the Brush was very thick

Sat. the 14th travled about 8 ms. camped on yellow creek[.] Saw 2 Brethren from the valley[.] I bought 4 lbs. of chees[e] of them at 30 cts. per lb. thy let us have some flour from the valley[.] we drove our cattle near the waggons and let them go without gurdingng [guarding.] the Brethren led a dance

Sun. the 15th[.] day clear morning cold and frosty[.] I and my wife walked out a while[.] about noon had a meeting[.] at 2 oclock heard good teaching from Br. [Joel] Baum[.] felt well to hear him

Mo. the 16th travled to Bear River near 20 ms. Camped at the oil Spring or tar-spring in Eco Canion [Echo Canyon]

Tues. the 17th went to weber River near 17 ms.

Wed. the 18th travled near 13 ms. Camped in Canion [Canyon] Creek

Thur. the 19th travled over the 2 mountain 13 or 14 ms. Camped on Browns Creek

Fri the 20th went in to the Citty saw Br Scever[.] had a good time[.] all well[.] 2 years and 4 months been gon[e]