Transcript for Isaac Clarke Emigrating Company journal, 1849 July-October
Journal of the Camp. No. of Israel from Missouri River to the Salt Lake City. Calaf
Wm. I[vins] Appleby, Cl[er]k
Elk Horn River, I. T
July 16th 1849
G. A Smith & Ezra T. Benson (of the Twelve) Company, Organized as follows.
Isaac Clarke, President
W[illia]m I Appleby Counseler
W[illia]m Draper, Counseller
Elisha Averett, Capt of 100s
Charles Hopkins, Capt over 50
Miram [Myron] Tanner, Captain over Ten
Azael [Asahel] G. Talcott, Captain over Ten
Elisha Wilcox, Captain over Ten
Gashum C. Case, Captain over Ten
Sherman Gilbert, Captain over Ten
James Cragan, Marshal
Sam[ue]l Malin, Sergeant of the Guards
Rules and Regulations of Prest. B. Young’s Camp, in traveling from Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake City. In the year 1848—And adopted for the benefit of the Camp of Israel. Whereof Isaac Clarke is President in traveling the same route. This 16th day of July 1849.
1st That each Ten shall travel ahead alternately according to their numbers,
2nd That all lost property when found shall be brought to Captains of Fifty’s Quarters,
3rd That all dogs shall be tied up at dark to prevent the annoyance of the Guard,
4th That no man be allowed to leave the Camp by himself nor without the consent of his captain
5th That it shall be the duty of the Captains of Ten to instruct their men to attend to their family prayers, at the sounding of the horn
6th That it shall be the duty of the Captains of the fifty to see that the Guard shall be placed around the Camp at half past eight O,clock of each night to relieve the Captain of the Herd, whose duty it shall be at the sound of the Horn in the morning with the men and boys, exempt from Guard duty to take charge of the Herd until the night Guard are again posted
7th That the sounding of the Horn in the Morning shall be the signal for the Camp to arise and attend to the duties of the morning.
8th That the Camp shall be ready to start each morning at half past seven O,clock
9th That implicit obedience to the officers be required of every man in the Camp
10th That each man owning Horses or Mules be required to bring them into the Caral at sundown. And make them fast
11th That it shall be the duty of each Teamster when the Herd is driven in at night to see that his Team is on hand, or in the Herd without fail
12th That every member of the Camp be at their Quarters at 9. O clock and that the Guard cry the correct time without making any unnecessary noise,
Isaac Clarke, President
Wm. I Appleby[,] Clerk
Statistics of the Camp. Including Capt Dan Jones. Welch Company—Elk Horn River[,] July 17[,] 1849—
35 Lo[o]se Cattle
Found in the Post office at the Elk Horn. A letter from Capt. Allen Taylor . stating his company of 100. left the Horn July 11th in good health and spirits. One also from Capt Silas Richards with a Company of fifty that left the Horn. July 13th and encamped about three miles off. And when we found on our arrival at the Horn. waiting our animals, as also Capt Dan Jones with the Welch Company.
17th Wrote a letter to Elder O. Hyde giving him. the Statistics of the Camp. organization &c for to publish in the “Guardian.[”] for the benefit of all whom it may concern. Also <a list of> the names of all persons in the Camp over 12 years of age. Sent to Evan M Green recorder at Kanesville in order to forward letters on to them if any should arrive at Kanesville directed to them.
Capt Wilcox’s Company paid towards.purchasing—a Blacksmith’s Bellows. for the use of the Camp. $2.45 Viz
W I. Appleby, $ .50
Alfred Lee, $ .45
Charles Hopkins $ .50
Thomas Spicer, $1.00
G.A Smith’s Co paid [fu. do] $2.00
E.T Benson Co paid $2.55
Wm Patten Co paid $ .50
Statistics of Each Captain over Tens Company
Capt Talcotts Co., 15 Waggons, 37 Souls, 4 Horses, 1 Mule, 67 Oxen, 16 Cows, 2 L. Cattle, 44 Sheep, 18 Chickens, 2 Cats, 2 Dogs, 4 Ducks, 2 Turkies, 11 Guns, 6 Pistols
Capt Tanners Co, 12 Waggons, 30 Souls, 3 Horses, 2 Ponies, 48 oxen, 15 Cows, 4 L. Cattle, 23 Sheep, 2 Cats, 1 Dog, 8 Ducks, 12 guns, 4 pistols
Capt Wilcox Co., 20 Waggons, 61 Souls, 2 Horses, 1 Pony, 74 Oxen, 44 Cows, 10 Sheep, 6 Chickens, 1 Cat, 3 Dogs, 8 Ducks, 2 Turkies, 18 Guns, 5 Pistols
Capt Gilbert Co, 14 Waggons, 43 Souls, 1 Horse, 57 Oxen, 18 Cows,
11 Sheep, 2 Pigs, 4 Chickens, 1 Cat, 2 Dogs, 15 Guns, 3 Pistols
Capt Case Co, 17 Waggons, 61 Souls, 2 Horses, 54 Oxen, 27 Cows, 4 L. Cattle, 18 Sheep, 1 Pig, 29 Chickens, 3 Cats, 3 Dogs, 3 Ducks, 1 [C…s], 10 Guns, 3 Pistols
Capt D Jones Co., 40 Waggons, 138 Souls, 8 Horses, 177 Oxen, 94 Cows, 25 L. Cattle, 13 Sheep, 9 Pigs, 24 Chickens, 4 Cats, 9 Dogs, 2 Doves, 65 Guns, 6 Pistols
Total, 118 Waggons, 370 Souls, 20 Horses, 1 Mule, 3 Ponies, 477 Oxen, 214 Cows,35 L. Cattle, 105 Sheep, 12 Pigs, 81 Chickens, 13 Cats, 20 Dogs, 23 Ducks, 4 Turkies, 2 Doves, 1 [C…s], 131 Guns, 27 Pistols
17. Brs. Wilkinson Hewitt accompanied by Brs. Ephraim Luce,. John Turpin. Wm Box, Charles W Player[,] Wm. Smith IIId & Henry Emery paid us a visit yesterday. Tarried until to day. Assisted us in crossing over the River, and returned back for Kanesville this afternoon. Br. Hewit taking back. Our letters[,] Communications, etc. for which the Camp tenders them their thanks—.
18 All the Waggons and Cattle being got over the Elk Horn River. In the afternoon the Camp moved about three miles, and encamped for the night. About 12 O,clock something frightened the Cattle and a general rush by the Guard ensued. Every man in Camp was summoned. to rise, and be on duty[.] After an hour or two the Cattle were headed. brought back, and secured with additional Guards[.] In the morning, none were found missing— but all recovered—
19. We arrived at the Liberty Pole on the Platte River 39 miles from Winter Quarters, having traveled as follows. 14th about 6 miles. 15th 21 miles. arrived. At the Elk Horn River,—on wednesday following 18th (The Camp having all been got over) traveled about 2 miles and Encamped for the night. Thursday 19th moved forward—about 10 miles—to Platte River making altogether 39 Miles[.] Had a reorganization. as follows.
Captain of 100, Elisha Everett [Averett]
Captain of 50. in the Welch Company. William Patten
Asael Thorn. Captain of the Guard in the Welch Co.
Capt. Dan Jones. Marshall
Thomas Jeremy and Daniel Daniels. Captains over Tens
Caleb Par[r]y, Clerk
G.A Smith, (of the twelve) Prest Isaac Clark, W.I Appleby & W[illia]m Draper, his Counsellors—Capt Case, with two Tens came over from the former Camp and Joined the Welch Camp. So as to have the Camps more equally divided, In the evening had a shower. Of rain.
20. Camp all enjoying tolerable health, and spirits, moved forward quite early, traveled 13¼ miles, and encamped on the Banks of the Platte. Stating he left the place. this morning, having encamped here over night, That some of his Camp were sick. Some serious that it required all the well men and boys to, drive the Teams and attend to the Cattle. That their progress was slow, &c, and requested some of our Camp to be sent on to assist him &c
21. Travelled 10 miles & encamped at Shell Creek, Captain Richards Company. having left. there in the morning. Information was written on a tree, near the Bridge over the Creek.
22. Sabbath. Last evening it commenced, raining and continued through the night, and a part of to day, when it discontinued—<Camp> did not move—had meeting in the afternoon. Bro. G.A Smith & E.T Benson. gave much good council and instruction in regards to our duties towards our God, and also in protection of the Camp, Cattle &c[.] President Clark, his counsellers, and Capt Dan Jones spoke also[.] Another stampede occurred last evening in Br. Bensons Camp[.] Several from each Camp. turned out on horseback, & after a short time, they were brought back without loss.
A Birth occurred while we were encamped at the Liberty Pole on the Platte [.] Sister Lucy [Elzada Hardy] Cheney—was delivered of a daughter [Elliza Ann] and two weddings took place in Elder Bensons Camp since we left the Elk Horn, viz. Tho[ma]s Lee to Harriet Wilkes & Capt. S[herman] Gilbert to Miss Elizabeth Glover[.] Capt Silas Richards. paid us a visit to day and reported his Camp 12 miles ahead. the sick in Camp getting better but lost the evening before some of their cattle, which they had not recovered yet.
23dTraveled about 12 miles and encamped on the Banks of the Platt[e] having passed through a very wet muddy and sluicy [slushy] Road
24. Camp moved forward about 12¼ miles to the Loup Fork of the Platte opposite to where the Pawnee Village was located in the spring of 1847, and encamped for the night—plenty of wood and water, The day was very hot, roads muddy. on account of the previous rains—Cattle fatigued very much, rested often, got through safe, A Son of Capt Case fell under the wagon & one wheel passed over him but did not injure <him> it is believed seriously.
On account of the further organization of the Camp, and appointment of officers at Platte Liberty Pole and some, officers, with Captains of Tens with their Companies. Joining the Welch Camp, it became necessary to make out a new list, of the Statistics of the Camps, including each Captain of Tens, Company &c
The Camps, under the present organization consists of the following officers. In G.A. Smiths Camp viz.President of both Camps—Isaac Clarke [Clark]
W. I. Appleby and Wm Draper, Counsel [at] larg[e]
Elisha Everett, Captain of 100
William Patten, Captain of fifty
Asael Thorn, Captain of the Guard
Capt. Dan Jones, Marshall
Thomas Jeremy, Captain of a Ten
Daniel Daniels, Captain of a Ten
Lisander [Lysander] Gee, Captain of a Ten
Gashum C Case, Captain of a Ten
Miram [Myron] Tanner, Captain of a Ten
Caleb Parry, Clerk
In E.T. Bensons Camp as follows viz
Charles Hopkins, Captain of fifty
Samuel Malin, Captain of the Guard
James Cragan, Marshall
Azael T. [Asahel G.] Talcott
Elisha Wilcox, Captain of Ten, Resigned his office, and Alfred Lee appointed in his place
Sherman Gilbert, Captain of Ten
Christian Hyer, Captain of Ten
Henry Boley, Captain of Ten
W[illia]m I[vins] Appleby, Clerk of the Camps
The above comprises a true list of the organization and names of officers, in the Camps—
The following comprises a true list of the Statistics of the Camps and also of each Captain of Tens Company, individually, or respectively—
GA Smiths Camp including the Welch Company
Capt Jeremy Co., 8 Waggons, 34 Souls, 12 Men, 32 Oxen, 12 Cows, 3 L[oose]. Cattle, 8 Chickens, 3 Dogs, 10 guns, 1 Pistol
Capt Daniels Co., 7 Waggons, 32 Souls, 11 Men, 28 Oxen, 16 Cows, 3 Pigs, 10 Chickens, 2 Dogs, 15 Guns, 2 Pistols
Capt Gee’s Co., 9 Waggons, 59 Souls, 11 Men, 4 Horses, 40 Oxen, 20 Cows, 19 L. Cattle, 13 Sheep, 6 Pigs, 10 Chickens, 1 Cat, 4 Dogs, 13 Guns, 1 Pistol
Capt Case Co., 17 Waggons, 79 Souls, 13 Men, 4 Horses, 51 Oxen, 45 Cows, 6 L. Cattle, 16 Sheep, 5 Chickens, 8 Cats, 5 Dogs, 2 Doves, 2 Births, 17 Guns, 6 Pistols
Capt Tanners Co., 14 Waggons, 40 Souls, 17 Men, 3 Horses, 2 Ponies, 60 Oxen, 20 Cows, 4 L. Cattle, 23 Sheep, 2 Cats, 1 Dog, 8 Ducks, 13 Guns, 3 Pistols
Totals, 55 Waggons, 244 Souls, 64 Men, 11 Horses, 2 Ponies, 211 Oxen, 113 Cows, 32 L. Cattle, 52 Sheep, 9 Pigs, 33 Chickens, 11 Cats, 15 Dogs, 8 Ducks, 2 Doves, 2 Births, 68 Guns, 13 Pistols
Br. Lauson [John Lawson] from Capt. Richards Camp, 2 Waggons, 11 Souls, 3 Men, 8 Oxen, 5 Cows, 4 L. Cattle, 3 Cats, 1 Dog, 6 Guns
[Total] 57 Waggons, 255 Souls, 67 Men, 11 Horses, 2 Ponies, 219 Oxen, 118 Cows, 36 L. Cattle, 52 Sheep, 9 Pigs, 33 Chickens, 14 Cats, 16 Dogs, 8 Ducks, 2 Doves, 2 Births, 74 Guns, 13 Pistols.
E. T. Bensons Camp. Including the Norwegian Company.
Capt [Asahel G.] Talcotts Co., 15 Waggons, 36 Souls, 14 Men, 4 Horses, 1 Mule, 67 Oxen, 16 Cows, 3 L. Cattle, 43 Sheep, 10 Chickens, 2 Cats, 2 Dogs, 3 Ducks, 2 Turkies, 15 Guns, 12 Pistols
Capt Gee’s Co., 11Waggons, 31 Souls, 10 Men, 2 Horses, 45 Oxen, 17 Cows, 6 Chickens, 4 Dogs, 6 Ducks, 2 Turkies, 1 Marriage, 1 Birth, 12 Guns, 4 Pistols
Capt. Gilbert Co., 13 Waggons, 43 Souls, 14 Men, 1 Horse, 57 Oxen, 23 Cows, 2 Pigs, 9 Chickens, 1 Cat, 2 Dogs, 1 Marriage, 15 Guns, 3 Pistols
Capt. Hyer Co., 14 Waggons 39 Souls, 15 Men, 4 Horses, 65 Oxen, 34 Cows, 29 L. Cattle, 1 Dog, 29 Guns, 4 Pistols
Capt Boleys Co., 10 Waggons, 33 Souls, 8 Men, 1 Horse, 36 Oxen, 12 Cows, 2 L. Cattle, 5 Sheep, 1 Pig, 22 Chickens, 2 Dogs, 2 Ducks, 6 Guns, 1 Pistol
Total, 63 Waggons, 182 Souls, 61 Men, 12 Horses, 1 Mule, 270 Oxen, 102 Cows, 34 Loose Cattle, 48 Sheep, 3 Pigs, 47 Chickens, 3 Cats, 11 Dogs, 11 Ducks, 4 Turkies, 2 Marriages, 1 Birth, 77 guns, 24 Pistols
Grand Total, 120 Waggons, 437 Souls, 128 Men, 23 Horses, 2 Mules, 2 Ponies, 489 Oxen, 220 Cows, 70 L. Cattle, 100 Sheep, 12 Pigs, 80 Chickens, 17 Cats, 27 Dogs, 19 Ducks, 4 Turkies, 2 Doves, 2 Marriages, 3 Births, 151 Guns, 37 Pistols
Sister Spicer was delivered of a daughter a few days ago. (in Go. [George] A[lbert] Smiths Co.) both doing well. Father [John] Parry has been quite sick for several days, but symptoms are favorable at present.
[July] 25. Travelled about 13 miles. day very warm & encamped about dusk. a few miles from Beaver River. on the open Prararie [prairie]—without wood or water, only what the camp had with it[.] Elder Benson, encamped something like one & half miles ahead. In the evening, we had a heavy shower of rain, thunder & lightning—
26. Moved forward about 11 miles and encamped for the night on the west side of Plum Creek a good camping place. grass good and tender[.] wood and water plenty— being near the Pawnee mission. We found in the wooden Post Office at Beaver River, a letter from Capt Silas Richards. Stating that his company passed over there July 25 th, 1849—at 10 Oclock A.M. all well
27. Camp passed on about ten miles and encamped on the Praries. near the Loup Fork of the Pllatte [Platte], about 4 miles beyond Cedar Creek. Elder Benson encamping some distance ahead. The fording of Cedar Creek was somewhat difficult on account of the High Stage of the water being swollen by the recent rains. One wagon was ran into by another, and one wheel broken. It was soon repaired and the Camp proceeded on its jou[r]ney, all enjoying tolerable good health.
28. Travelled about 6 miles and Forded the Loup Fork of the Platte opposite to
where the old Pawnee village. being a new Ford discovered by Br. Richards Company, it being the best Ford yet discovered on the River. Capt Richards company all passed over the day before safe and was encamped on the opposite side of the River when our Camp arrived at the Ford, which was about 11 Oclock A.M[.] Elder Bensons Camp being ahead and part over the River—upon our arrival, All the Camps crossed over together with the Cattle, the same afternoon, and encamped near Capt Richards Camp. In the evening is Capt Richards Camp, was a "trip of the light fantastic toe"
<:Sabbath> 29. Lent out some men to spy out the road towards the Platte, as it was a new road the camp had to travel. Had meeting in the forenoon. Br. Benson & G. A Smith, addressed the congregation, and gave much good council & instruction,
A part of each camp being present, while the women were busily engaged in washing, baking, &c In the afternoon by request Elder W I Appleby addressed the Camps on the Political State of the world, including Jew & Gentile, and the Signs of the times.
30. All the Camps moved forward this morning—Capt Richards Company ahead breaking a new Road, found the road quite good except in one place, where one or two waggons, were mired down and broke. However they were soon repaired, and the different companies proceeded on their Journey. between the Loup Fork and the Platte River for about ten miles. and encamped about 6 Oclock P M. on the open Prarie. Good pasture, water quite plenty but no wood except what the Camp carried with them. The day was fine and beautiful for driving Cattle, the previous afternoon and night being quite cool—
31. Camp moved early, traveled about 21 miles through sandy & muddy Roads. encamped at Prarie Creek—No wood only what was carried along with the Camp, several of the Teams got mired, but all got out safe. A Dog was bitten the evening before by a Rattle Snake, but did not prove fatal. The Road in the sand was very dusty, which rendered it bad and disagreeable to the eyes—we ascertained afterwards than an Axletree & Waggon Tongue were broken. Saw several Antelope, one young man in Br. G[.]A.S. Company killed one.—
Aug. 1—Moved forward 12 miles to Wood River near the Platte, plenty of wood & water. Crossed several bad muddy sliuces [sloughs] —In the Morning a Company of Gold Diggers bound for California came up with us consisting of 14 men under Capt Cane [Kane], 7 Carts, 1 waggon & 17 Horses. They brought several letters to Br. Smith & Benson from Elder O. Hyde, and a letter of Recommendation from him. as they passed through Kanesville, one letter gave a brief description of events transpiring in Europe. The Cholera along the Western Rivers & Towns of the United States &c At Prarie Creek, we discovered two graves—one A[mbrose] Kellogg – who died of Cholera on the 23d of June, last, a member of Capt Gulley [Samuel Gully] Company aged 23 years. The other a Son of Joseph Egbert, in Capt Alreds Company [Capt. Allen Taylor’s Company]—who died July 27, 1849. Age 7 months, as the Head boards informed us. We also found two pieces of writing enclosed in Cloth & Paper, extended on a Rod at the Head of the Infant giving us further information.
2. Travelled about 14 miles and encamped near the River. The roads being quite good[.] had a hard shower in the evening of wind Rain—thunder & lightning &c We received a note by the hand of some Gold Diggers[,] before refered to[,] ahead of us from Captain Allen Taylor written a few days before and left on the guard of a Gold Digger, that died of Cholera a month or so ago and lies buried here. That their Company had found 51 Head of Oxen & Steers & 4—Cows, on the Plains. wishing we had some of them as our teams were heavily laden, we thought best to send ahead after a few yoke, which would be of great service. Br. Moses Clausen [Clawson] from Capt. [Silas] Richards Company came over & Joined G.A Smiths Camp this morning, as lead teamster, which encriased [increased] our statistics.
4 Loose Cattle
3. Made about 12 miles some part miry Roads, and encamped early in the afternoon on a high Prarie. water in sluice [slough] near by but no wood near, but the camp brought wood along with them. pasture midling—Near by where we encamped, was a place, called Dog Town from the number of Prarie Dogs that resides there where we discovered two Graves neatly padded over and Boards at the Head with inscripting upon them, from which we learned with regret that one was Br. Samuel Gulley, Captain of 100 in Br. Orson Spencers Company of Saints, on their way to Salt Lake Bound. Died July 5, 1849 of Cholera, Aged 39 Years[.] The other Henry Vanderhoof a Gold Digger, bound for California. a man of talents, Dedicated for a clergyman as Br. O. A. Smith was acquainted with him[.] Died July 4th 1849. of Cholera.
Capt. W. Patten, & three or four others
4. Travelled about 12 miles through some very heavy muddy roads, rendered so by a very heavy shower of Rain. Thunder. lightning. & hail in the morning. some of the hail stones supposed to be 1½ Inches in diameter[.] we encamped near the River a few miles above Fort Childs, being 208 miles from Winter Quarters—
Camp. with one or two exceptions[,] the camp we [are] enjoying tolerable health and spirits.—. several men went from the Camp to the Fort, and was informed then that Capt Taylors Company had found some 50 head more of Cattle, between the Fort, and where the first was found[.] when opposite the Fort the Company stopped, and sent to enquire of the officers if the Cattle thus found belonged to the Fort. They was informed in the negative wher Capt Allen proceeded on with the Cattle
5. Sabbath, Did not move forward, wrote a letter to Elder O Hyde for "Guardian" giving account of our travels &c and sent it to the Fort to be forwarded on to him—Meeting in the afternoon E. T. B[enson]. & G[.]A.S. Spoke, Camp busy in washing baking, Mending Ox Chains &c &c
6. Pursued our Journey 13 Miles to Elm Creek road. tolerable good. encamped on the South side of the Creek, Water plenty but not very good[.] wood plenty[.] Br Richards Company 13 miles ahead, as they travelled on Sabbath. It is remarkable that we have not saw an Indian since we left Winter Quarters, they are away we suppose hunting.
7. Moved forward about 12 miles. Capt Patten &c returned to Camp this morning. from Capt Allens Camp, where he had been sent after the Cattle found[,] before refered to, He returned without any as ther owners, (a Company of Gold Diggers under Capt Owens) had returned and claimed the Cattle. They had stampeded broke loose and travelled in 36 Hours 130 miles—we also learned with regret that Capt Gullys company[,] whose death we before refered to last[,] before arriving opposite of Fort Giles. 6 men [died]—4 of Cholera. 1 drowned at the Crossing of the Loup Fork, & 1 shot by the Indians—and two others we learn have since been severely injured by the Cattle[.] Capt Patten brought us a very kind and interesting letter from Capt Allens Camp. Signed by President A. H Perkins & council. Last night for the first time the Indians endeavored to make their way into the Caral, but a guard observed them, and the Click of his Gun when he cocked it was the signal for the Indians (two) to make good their retreat. No wood where we encamped to night[.] Slough water.—day quite hot.—
8. Journeyed 15 miles. encamped on the banks of the Platte. No wood, plenty of Mesquettoes & water[.] Saw a fine herd of Buffalo on the opposite side of the River. Capt Patten with three or four others went out hunting Buffalo for the Camp—Shot one fine Bull, and drove a fine Pony (they found on the Prairie) into Camp. and caught him— They also killed an Antelope. Capt Patten after catching & saddling the Pony, returned back into the Prairie expecting to find the other hunters, and the Buffalo. It being dark when he arrived (after three miles travel) at the Buffalo. The hunters had gone and left it[.] he endeavored to make his way to Camp but got lost on the Prairie, about 15 miles from Camp and had to tarry all night without arms—the other hunters tarried out also.
9. Sent out a Waggon, after the Buffalo, that had been skinned, and cut up nicely covered over with a blanket. when they arrived there, they found the Buffalo eaten up by the wolves—However we had an antelope. Travelled 12 miles[.] roads good, but dusty. weather Hot[.] encamped without wood. Only Buffalo Chips. Dug several wells and found a supply of quite good water[.] Passed the grave of a Gold Digger. and from the writing found on his grave we learned his name was Edward Haggard <of the Hasekey—Company that drove Bro. Tenile from [illegible] at the Territory the [Ba…t] at the Elk Horn> from Askalousa Iowa died in June last of Diahaeie contracted at the Loup Fork—
10. Travelled about 12 miles some part Sandy roads[.] a heavy shower coming on[.] we encamped early near Low Sandy Bluffs. From about 5 O clock P. M. until midnight there was a constant and incessant falling (as it were) the rain falls in torrents. The lightning flashed in vivid glare. the thunder rolled in rumbling and terrific [.ials] the winds howled through our Camp of Carriages stretched to the enraged elements. and many were the mother and infant that received the cold days through their frail covering, and reposed in their saturated beds without murmuring as it was Heavens will. The Cattle bent to the storm, as they stood
up upon their feet and sometimes gently tried a Chain or rope by which they were made fast. The Guards wet and dripping, paced the Camps in their several rounds crying the Hours, exposed to the fureris [furries] and [..eteless] storm. However, after about 7 hours the Elements having Spent their furry a calm subsided and in the morning the Camp arose to behold a beautiful clear sky. a shining sun, cattle all safe—and cheerful and smiling countenances in the Camp. and plenty of water and wind the same
11. The road being very wet and muddy and the weather exceedingly hot. the camp moved only about three miles and encamped by Skunk Creek. plenty of wood and water. The Camp was busy in drying articles that had got wet[,] baking[,] washing &c In the evening some of the young men & girls had a "trip in the light fantastic toe" Three or four men from Elder Bensons Camp went on a gunning excursion and killed four or five antelope.
12. Sabbath, Camp did not move, cool in the Morning with thunder showers, ceased about noon, Clerk wrote a letter to O[rson] Pratt. England, Elder Benson quite indisposed annointed and administered to. Had meeting in the afternoon. Elders G A Smith & W.I. Appleby addressed the meeting[.] one or two went out from the Camp and killed antelope.—
13. Travelled only about 5 miles, and encamped near Skunk Creek Crossing. did not leave until late—as Elder Benson was very sick, with Cholie [cholera], and had been sufron [suffering.] Saturday evening, However, he was anointed from head to feet, and administered to in the name of the Lord and before Elder G A Smiths Camp left[,] he was better[.] Elder Bensons Camp tarried behind, and did not move.
14. Camp did not move[,] was busy in mending chains &c and waiting for Elder Bensons Camp to come up, as he was better. His Camp came up in the afternoon and encamped near by. G.A. Smiths. We were informed that Capt Richards Company some 15 miles ahead killed three Buffalo on Saturday last, and on monday, following, Elder Bensons Company killed one.
15 Eleven miles, through very muddy & heavy roads, and a hot day completed our days Journey. Encamped at night at Carrion Creek. no wood near. we passed two fine cold sweet and clean Springs of water during the day[,] the finest we have tasted since we started on our Journey[.] Clerk wrote a letter to Capt Richards & Company[.] Had an inspection of arms and met in both Camps on the evening of the 14th Elder Bensons Camp numbered 53. able and efficient men; G.A Smiths, 55—
16. Pursued our Journey only about 5 miles. muddy roads, weather exceeding hot, and encamped near the River, where we could get plenty of wood, and lay in a supply for our future Journey, as there was scarcely any more wood for two hundred miles. Buffalo chips excepted. Some hunters from Elder Bensons Camp shot two Buffalo and <one> from G.A. Smiths camp shot one.
17. Eleven miles completed this day's Journey[.] weather exceeding hot[.] roads muddy & Sandy. in the Evening we experienced a heavy shower of thunder lightning rain and very large hail, Elder Bensons Camp one or two miles ahead.
18. Thirteen miles. Through rivers, and over sandy Bluffs completed the days Journey, water scarce for drinking purposes where we are encamped—Buffalo Chips for fuel[.] Last evening we experienced another heavy Shower. <We refered to it in the Journal of yesterday, but thought after to give a description of it here>. It came on just as the Camps were tying up their cattle. A dark cloud had been observed for some time before[,] lying off South of the Platte (near by which we were encamped)[.] after some time it appeared to separate, one part past East of us[,] the other a short time after[,] came over us, and saturated our canvas well, and made them that were tying up their cattle expedite the business, or else take the cold and large drops. However it soon passed over and appeared to follow the one gone east, as if to wage a battle, as both seemed prepared. after sometime they appeared to meet, and both united, bent there way to give the Camp a trail a round of their artillery[.] on they came, riding upon the wind with the speed of the same, over the Prairies. roaring & rumbling. charged with electricity the lightning flashed and presented their arrival glare through the darkness of the night and storm. Sometimes, a shaft would descend to earth followed by rumbling and exploding peels of thunder. that caused the earth to tremble, at length they reached the Camp. and as if to defeat us. if we undertook to keep them at bay they first gave us a fine drenching perhaps to wet our amunition, except there[,] where canvas covering was thick enough to repel the force of the storm. After a few minutes their battles were opened indeed. first, Canister then grape afterwards the half pounder[.] some of the hail would weigh nearly that[.] not hot shot. but Cold and hard, was poured into the Camp—The plain and distant hills reverberated with the sound of the artilery of Heaven. The cattle being made fast, withstood the storm. Without seeking for she[l]ter except the Lone cattle in the carals, The Guards in the midst of the battle, cried the hours, as the hail fell upon them sometimes striking them on the head nearly stunning them, and cracking like shot gun balls when striking the waggon bows and striking the inmates of the waggons when striking their canvass covering—and rebounding to the ground. However after a while—appearing to have spent their furry[,] they retired leaving the Camp master of the ground and a considerable quantity of their large shot behind lying in and around the camp—which some gathered and put into some water, and made a pleasant beverage. The Camp after their retreat, reposed in sleep, the sentinel passed their rounds and in the morning all was well[.] no one hurt, Killed or wounded, no cattle missing and not an enemy <or shot> lying on the field of battle.
19. Sabbath. Travelled six miles, over very heavy sandy bluffs—and encamped near a beautiful creek of running water. Elder Benson being quite unwell again this morning, his Camp did not move. when G[.]A. S[mith] did. However in the afternoon he was better and his Camp came up. Had a meeting of Speaking singing and prayer in his behalf. one or two hunters killed an Antelope and a Buffalo Calf—for the Camp, and one Buffalo, and antelope on Saturday—and was brought into camp in the evening.
20. Travelled 13 miles over Sandy Bluffs &c weather very hot. cattle much fatigued and encamped at Spring Creek. 345 miles from Winter Quarters[.] Saw hundreds of Buffalo to day—
21. Br. A W Babbitt came into Camp this morning. 26 days from Salt Lake, with Despatches mail &c Camp did not move to day to pursue their Journey. but attended examining letters reading Despatches, writing letters &c
22. Day very hot, tried our cattle much. traveled 14 miles. Elder Babbitt left us this morning and pursued his Journey[.] Br. Cammele who accompanied Br. Babbitt from the Salt Lake, turned about and tarried with us until we got our despatches ready to send by him to the Salt Lake ahead of us.
23. A little over 11 miles completed our Journey for this day. weather very hot. roads very heavy over the Sandy Bluffs—Cattle much fatigued some very near giving out. A waggon in the Welch company was upset, in a mire hole. in crossing a Creek one came near being run into the River by the Cattle attached to it. A Boy by name of [Phineas] Daily in G A Smiths family got hurt. by evening a Welsh woman had her foot nearly mashed. & another, was bitten by a Dog belonging Br. [William B.] Simmons.
24. Ten miles and a half[.] camp moved to day. roads pretty good. pasture middling, encamped opposite Ash Hollow, washing in [and] writing and preparing a mail for the Salt Lake, to send by Br. Robert Campbell, and his associate, Br. Wm. W Palier and Bradford W. Elliott
25. Travelled about 12 miles, weather very hot, saw the grave of Sister Margaret Hawke that got killed a few days before by a Stampede of the cattle in Capt. Taylors Company[.] gen[eral] express for the valley carried a letter to Capt Taylor &c Sympathizing in the sorrowful accident—Had a shower in the evening, and cleared away quite cool, which was very acceptable to our cattle
26. Sabbath. 8. miles passed by the camp[.] completed the days Journey. roads tolerable good. A Large Company of Sioux Indians with their mules[,] Ponies & Horses, were encamped with their Tents, on the opposite (South) side of the River Platte. we coralled nearly opposite to them. Several of them mounted on their ponies, men & women, together with their chief <paid us a visit—>They hoisted a white flag, smoked a pipe of peace[.] The camp traded with them, Beans, meat, Bread, Calico &c in exchange for Buffalo Robes, & Moccasins[.] They were the finest, nicest best dressed Indians I ever Saw. Gen[eral] Express for the valley left camp this morning—
27. Fifteen miles completed this days Journey over Sand Bluffs. dust plenty[.] pasture inferior and encamped near Ancient Bluff Ruins. Several of our cattle appears to be failing—feet necks & shoulders getting sore—
28. We moved forward 13 miles—through very Sandy and dusty roads. part of the day very hot, but towards evening, it became quite cool. Pasture quite inferior to what we have had here to fore. A gun was accidentally discharged this morning, in a waggon belonging to the Welch Company. However it did but little damage, grazed the leg of a Welch Brethern and several shot past through the hat of another one Just clearing his head—
29. Travelled about 15 Miles—weather very cold[.] our cattle withstood the travel well. encamped near Saleratus Lakes a few miles east of chimney Rock. Ice froze one inch thick.
30. About 17 miles, completed our travels for today. roads very dusty, weather quite warm, encamped about dark, not far from Scotts Bluff. Killed a Buffalo, in the afternoon. Elder Bensons Camp some two miles ahead. Pasture quite good left our cattle [to] feed all night and omitted tieing them up.
31. Fourteen miles were completed for this days travel. being between the places and distances noted on Claytens guide, and no means of ascertaining the exact distance[.] we had to guess at it, as near as we could[.] Roads good, but very dry and dusty—encamped a short distance beyond Scotts Bluffs [Bluff]
[Sept.] 1. Thirteen miles passed over. Roads very dusty and Sandy. one ox very sick for a Short time, but soon got better. A sheep was ran over and hurt very much and had to be slaughtered. In the evening while coralling, a fight took place, about watering some cattle, between Br. Cadwalader Owens (Welch) and Robert Barrett Jur [Robert Berrett, Jr.]—some threats were used by Robert Barrett [Berrett] Sr. &c All three were brought before President Clark and his Counselors[.] a suitable reprimand were given each. a fine imposed upon them, by driving the duty as Guard. They made confession[,] asked forgiveness, promised to do better, and was restored to fellowship.
2. Sabbath. Had meeting about ten O clock in the morning. (after bringing up the cattle which had ran loose through the night on account of pasture) G. A S. gave much good council & instruction after meeting. Several were rebaptised viz. Cadwalader Owens, Robert Barrett Jr[,] Elizabeth Cheney, Isaac [Bartlett] Nash[,] Thomas John, W[illia]m. Lewis, Jane [Melling] Jones & Elizabeth [Jones] Lewis. We then moved, (after confirmation) about 4½ miles to a good herding & camping ground. and terried over night—in the evening several more were rebaptised[,] viz[,] Thomas Lewis, Elizabeth [Jones] Lewis, Margaret Davies—Elizabeth Nash, Anne Davies [Ann Davis], Sarah Davies [Davis], John Jones, Riley Jones, Thos. Jeremy, Reese [Rees] Thomas[,] Margaret Thomas, Andey Mathias, David Daniels, Elizabeth Thomas, Dan Jones, Anne Jones, Charlotte Evans, Mary Evans.
3. Crossed over the North Fork of the Platte. travelled about 12 miles to Renshaws trading post among the Sioux Indians. We saw hundreds of them, here. and plenty of Tents covered with skins erected. Several visited our Camp and made some small trades with us—
4. Started early this morning. travelled about 4 miles overtook Br. Bensons Camp. terried over the day. in Setting waggon tire—Washing, Baking &c Made some trades—we purchased some Buffalo Robes, of the Indian Traders—Pasture very poor, was informed that some fifteen hundred Indians had died of Cholera the present year
5. Travelled about 15 miles. passed some traders encampment. Set 3 Waggon Tire, and encamped about 2 miles beyond Fort Laramie. During the day we passed the graves of the Gold Diggers. One it appears the Wolves had disterred [disturbed], all were from the state of Missouri. Stones, Plireghs, pieces of waggon iron &c, lies strewed along the way[.] wrote a letter in the evening to Elder Hyde, and sent it to the Fort to send by an Express to leave for the States the following day—
6. Ten miles completed our Journey for this day[.] roads tolerable good except some very steep descents. pasture quite indifferent, passed two more graves of the Gold Seekers. The wolves had made inroads upon them, but cattle appear to withstand the Journey very well, and all the Camp enjoying tolerable good health.
7. Journeyed about 12 miles, roads very hilly and rough in some places. being a new road from the one travelled by the Pioneers in 1847—we took it in order to shun the Black Hills[.] Keep near the River obtain pasture &c[.] Passed the graves of a Mrs. Moss, from Galena, Ill. Died July 12, 1849, aged 25 yrs[.] Pasture quite indifferent.
8. Set 4 waggon Tire this morning, and started quite early, travelled about 10 Miles[.] overtook Capt S[ilas]. Richards company encamped by the North Fork of the Platte, repairing their wagons &c We passed them, and encamped about 4 miles beyond them, where pasture was quite good near to a Bold and commanding Ridge of Bluffs and two Excellent Springs of pure running water, which the Clerk of the Camp, (Br. Appleby) christened with names by "Clarkes Bluffs" in honor of the name of the President of the Camp, and "Welcome Springs" as pure water was welcome indeed to the Camp
9. (Sabbath) Last evening about dusk it was discovered that Br. Hugh Davis (welch) an aged an infirm man of about 70 years was missing from the Camp. Capt Jones with about a dozen others immediately started in pursuit where he was last seen, on the Mount near by the Camp with Lanterns. built large fires on the Mount nearby and rode several miles along the roads, and returned to Camp about 3 O clock the following morning without any tidings of him. Early this morning several others volunteered from each company of ten, and com[b]ed the Hills in pursuit, without success. when about noon word was conveyed to us, from Br. Richards Camp which had passed on ahead of us, that Bro. Davis had been found by them, well, about 5 miles ahead having passed the night alone on the Hills, opposite the Indians Wolves Bears &c That roam over and inhabit these vast plains and hills. seeking for prey &c Camp moved about 3 miles and encamped on account of pastures &c It is said misfortunes never come singly, and it appears the truth of the adage, has been verified since last evening. By the wandering away of Br. Davis, a waggon cover taking fire from a Candle, and a Pistol being accidentally discharged this morning by Sister Pisals, The ball passed through the waggon of Sister [Abigail Smith] Abbott, Just clearing one or two of the inmates head's. Set 4 waggon tire this morning early. Had meeting in the evening
10. Made preparations for starting early, but just as the first Ten were rolling out, Thomas Adadge [Adshead] of G A Smiths family ran into Capt Dan Jones Carriage, and broke an arm of the Axle off. which detained G. A S. Ten some two hours. the rest of the camp chiefly pursued their Journey. Travelled about 6 miles, after repairing—came up with the Camp gone ahead. Met with Br. [Albert Perry] Rockwood from Br. S. Richards Camp (which was some 7 miles ahead) with Br. Hugh Davis the Brother that had stayed away from Camp Saturday evening. In the afternoon we continued our Journey some 6 miles further, and encamped on the Banks of the Platte where we found good pasture, wood &c Rained in the afternoon and evening, and was quite cool next morning, Our travels for the day was calculated at 12 miles—
11 Crossed the North Fork of the Platte this morning and travelled about 15 miles, over a stony, and very rough road. came in sight of Capt Richards Company. Just before we caraled. found pasture middling—Killed one Antelope & a Deer yesterday, & one antelope to day. Set 6 waggon Hoops this morning—
12. Thirteen miles was supposed made to day. Crossed the River Platte again, and encamped near by Capt Richards Camp, on the Banks of the Platte. plenty of wood and good pasture, two antelope killed by the camp to day
13. We are Still encamped as above, being a good place for our cattle, camp busy in washing unloading, cleaning and repairing wagons &c[.] Set 24 waggon Tire. Cap Richards Company moved early this morning, & Elder Bensons passed us this afternoon. Our camp enjoys in general good health and our Cattle Stands the Journey very well. not a single death, either, man or beast has occurred among us—indeed we have reason to be thankful—we are now about 600 miles from Winter Quarters
14. Day quite warm, roads dry & dusty, travelled about 11 miles and encamped near Deer Creek[.] pasture poor indeed[.] cattle inclined to roam. Killed two Antelope & a Buffalo the day before and was brought into Camp. after dark—while the President and his Counselors were determining the case between Phineus Daily & Isaac Nash. after that was decided, President Clark Joined in the Bands of Matrimony. William Clarke to Miss Eliza Thomas both Welch–
15. Eight miles, travelled—pasture poor—cattle looks hollow & lean, found a tolerable good place for camping on the Banks of the Platte about 3 miles beyond Deer Creek. where some of the Gold Seekers had been before us. waggon wheels, axles, tire Bands &c lied in profusion strewed over the ground. gathered two waggon wheels and fitted to a waggon in the Camp, in place of two quite worn out. In the evening Br. G A S. delivered a short discourse to the camp. Elder Bensons Camp some 1½ miles ahead.
<Sabbath> 16. About ten miles Camp moved to day. quite warm. and dusty, found a good place to encamp, on the Banks of the Platte, pasture quite good for the Country. Br. [William Haynes] Hamblin & Stoddard tarried all <last> night on the Prairie, having been out hunting, killed an Antelope & One Deer, which we got to day where they had left them. Had a meeting of business in the evening. before the President and his Counselors—
17. Fifteen miles. very dusty, encamped at the Upper Crossing of the Platte near Elder Bensons Camp[.] cattle herded together[.] saw the graves of some gold seekers. The wolves had desinterred one. his Skull and several other bones lied strewed around the graves. a melancholy sight and reflection to dwell upon indeed—A daughter [Martha Ann] of Elder W I Appleby (Clerk of the camp) was ran over to day by a fore wheel of one of his waggons. quite heavily loaded. Her clothes catching in the tongue bolt, as she was endeavoring to get out of the waggon and threw her under the wheels. It passed over both her legs. Just below the hips, without hurting her scarcely any, only greening the skirt[,] a Providential escape indeed—she was about 14 years old and large of her age— some two thousand lb. weight on the waggon—
18. Took a new road this morning (after crossing the upper Platte Ferry) along the River in order to pursue pasture for our cattle, and their the Alkali springs on the old road. Found excellent pasture—but roads quite rough and sandy[.] A girl of Capt Case was ran over by a waggon. both wheels passed over her[,] bruising her head, arm, and leg but not dangerous. Elder Bensons Camp tarried at the Ferry to set waggon tire &c We encamped in the evening near Capt Richards Company having travelled about ten miles. very windy and dust flying through the day[,] nearly blinding us. Capt. Averett waggon got broke. we soon repaired it—camp enjoys quite good health, & Cattle looks tolerable well.
19. 18 miles was calculated for this days travels without food or water for our cattle. over Sandy and dusty roads, and encamped at the Willow Springs, about 8 Oclock in the evening. a young steer of Br. Appleby's gave out. had to leave it about five miles behind. the following morning when he returned for him, found him dead, and partly devoured by the Wolves. The Bones of the Gold Seekers cattle lies through there, Strewed along the road
20. 16 <mi> made. on our Journey. Roads very sandy cattle quite tired. no feed during the day encamped at night on Grease Wood Creek. Capt Richards, Camp, near by. pasture middling
21. Moved, about 4 miles [illegible] the Banks of the Sweet Water, where pasture was better and encamped with Capt Richards Company. the celelrates (saleratus) "Independence Rock" near by. in the afternoon had meeting in the carel, and a Dance before the Lord Being a time of rejoicing. as the Presidency at the Salt Lake City had sent Br. David Fulmer, in charge of some 15 waggons & sixty odd yoke of cattle with Teamsters to meet and assist us on our Journey. indeed they came in season and made our hearts rejoice. Several yoke of cattle, waggons & teamsters were left to recruit at the 3 Crossing of the Sweet Water until the Camp arrived
22. Early this morning several yoke of Cattle were sent from G.A.S. & Capt Richards Camp to meet Br. Bensons Camp (who were some six or eight miles behind) and assist him into camp. They arrived in Camp in the afternoon. Another fine ox belonging to Br. Appleby died suddenly this morning, supposed cause Alkali. The relief Company from the valley, lost, 11 head of their best cattle before reaching us. Several other Cattle in our camp were sick, but by good nursing recovered, meeting in the evening—
23. (Sabbath). All three of the camps moved about 60 miles to Independence Rock, after making a desposition of the cattle and waggon &c[.] the relief sent from the valley, G. A S Camp received 6 waggons 25 Yoke cattle, and, 8 Teamsters. E. T Bensons Camp received 6 waggons 23½ Yoke Cattle and 7 Teamsters. Capt Silas Richards Camp received 4 Waggons 19 Yoke Cattle and 7 Teamsters. Three waggons, fifteen head of Cattle and five teamsters of the recruits were left, at the 3d. crossing of the [illegible] water to recruit by the time the Camp came up. hurt Co. The day was hot and dusty roads—gathered plenty of Saleratus at the Lake. encamped at night by the west side of Independence Rock. Elder Bensons Camp being a short distance ahead. Capt Richards in the middle, & G. A Smiths in the rear.
24. Made out the Statistics of the Camp, with dispatches &c [.] Br. David Tullmire and Joseph Young left for the Valley with the same. Last evening about 28 Head of Cattle strayed from the Camp and turned back. Capt Averett, pursued and found a part, and returned the balance he did not overtake. In the Evening three Horsemen were sent to receive the rest. Camp did not move. Elder Bensons & Capt Richards Camp moved forward in the morning. Some of the Relief cattle from the valley were among the missing—
25. Camp moved forward about 7 miles—past near Devil's Gate, and encamped where feed was better, as we came near having a stampede last evening about 11 'Oclock. The cattle were moved into the caral. Yoke chained up &c, afterwards they were quiet. Br. Trapes Cow died in the night
26. About Ten miles, found quite good pasture, but the road sandy and heavy. day hot. but socold [so cold] at night, it froze milk under the waggon. Camp all enjoying tolerable good health.
27—12 miles computed for our travel to day. part on making a new road in order to Have the Sandy roads, on the old route. but found the new one quite heavy rolling. Col. Rockwood from Capt Richards Camp returned unto us and acted as Pilot, or directed our Captain in regard to the new route, as he had travelled it in the morning, encamped at night on the Sweet Water. Capt Richards Camp some two miles ahead. E. T Benson a few miles ahead of him. Men that returned after the Stray cattle[,] not yet returned.
28. Camp moved through a new route up the Sweet Water about 3 Miles and encamped where the pasture was plenty, to let our cattle feed and recruit. The Camp was busy in washing &c Capt Kase & Elder Appleby went fishing with some others and caught a fine lot of beautiful ones. and divided the same in camp. Had a discourse from G A Smith in the evening. Rained a little in the evening.—
29. Ten miles Rolled to day. found pasture quite pore, roads sandy, encamped on the Banks of the Sweet Water, wind arose in the evening and blew quite a gale from the West
[Sept.] 30 (Sabbath) Camp arose and moved early, quite cool wind blowing hard from the west. soon after it shifted to the North by East, blew, rained, Snowed &c which rendered the travelling cold and disagreeable. However in the afternoon it cleared off. the sun shone warm and we encamped at the No. 5 crossing of the Sweet Water, having travelled about 18 miles and 759 m from Winter Quarters.
Oct 1—Moved about 9 miles. weather quite cold this morning[.] alittle past 12, Br. Stoddard, and Companion returned with all the lost or stray Cattle except Br. Appleby's cow which they did not find, having travelled some 150 miles in going and returning—made about 10 miles. weather quite cool.
2—Started quite early this morning. travelled about 14 miles, wind high, and cold, we being near the wind River Chain of Mountains. Just before we Caraled, it commenced snowing quite fast from the North-East, and soon increased to a terrible storm, of Wind, snow, and ice. freezing as it fell on the clothes and blowing in every direction and continued without intermission for near 30 hours. Indeed it was a time of trial, unable to build fires to keep warm, dry, or cook food except some, with Stoves in the waggons, others with small children and infants had to tie in bed in there waggons with their frail coverings of canvas to shelter them from the terrible storm. it keeps them from perishing, with a few Crackers or a piece of bread perhaps to subsist upon. The cattle being turned loose, roamed five miles for food and shelter. 23 Head perished in G A S. Camp 17 Head in E. T Bensons & 22 Head in Capt Richards They being two or three miles ahead of G A. S camp. The Snow in some places was three feet deep [word covered] Wilcox had a child 6 years old died during the [word covered] [storm.]
4. The Storm having abaited this morning, Several Started in pursuit of the Cattle, found the chief of those that survived on the Sweet Water about five miles off. Indeed it was a sorrowful sight to be hold the Cattle lying in the Willows dead[,] perished in the Storm, chickens, Pigs & [..e.she.] also—
5. Having collected our Cattle together belonging to G A S Camp, we moved through the snow and over the mount, about 5 miles to the Sweet Water, where there was a little pasture, for our weak, and nearly exhausted Cattle.
6. Camp moved about 6 miles, and karalled on the South of the Sweet Water. on the Plain where the snow had melted, and grass for the cattle, Sage Roots for fuel. Capt Case had a fine Ox that died last night. weather so cold that the Sweet water River was frozen so hard it bore men this morning to walk over it.
7. Sabbath. Weather more moderate. Cattle little improving, travelled about 14 miles[.] crossed over the South Pass and encamped about 3 miles beyond the Pacific Springs—Cattle much exhausted. Saleratis Water issuing from Spring. here is plenty, We here <saw> the Grave of one E. Dodds (so said the head boards lying near the grave) A Gold Digger from Gallatin Co. Mo. Died July 19th 1849 of Typhoid Fever. The wolves had completely disinterred him. The Pantelouns, vest &c in which he had been buried lied strewed around the Grave—His under Jaw bone lied in the grave the only remains discernable of him. It is believed he is the same Dodd that took an active part and was a prominent Mobocrat, in the murder of the Saints at Hauns Mill in Missouri[.] if so it is a righteous retribution
8. Moved slowly 8 miles, and encamped on Dry Sandy. also E.T Bensons camp. Capt Richards Camp behind. pasture tolerable. Cattle weak from the effects of the Storm. Water poor being so inpregnated with Alkali. Another of Br. Applebys Cattle fell down in the Yoke through fatigue and weakness to day.
9. Travelled 14 miles, encamped on Little Sandy. E. T Bensons Camp near by. day quite warm, no Snow only on the mountains, water good, and willows for fuel. We here give the Statistics, and individual loss of Cattle &c occasioned by the Snow Storm in the Three—Camps as far as ascertained
Asael Thorn, 2 cows
W. I. Appleby, 1 oxen, 1 cow strayed
G. Case, 1 oxen
W. B. Simmins, 2 horses, 1 oxen
W. A. Simmins, 1 oxen
Tho[ma]s Jeremy, 1 cow
David Peters, 2 oxen
Robt Berritt [Berrett], 1 cow
John Gribble [Gripple], 1 cow, 2 strayed cow
Daniel Daniels, 2 chickens, 1 pig
David Philips, 2 chickens
Sarah Davies [Davis], 2 chickens, 1 dog
Dan Jones, 3 oxen, 1 cow, 3 strayed cows, 8 chickens, 1 pig,
Totals[:] 2 horses, 9 Oxen, 6 Cows, 6 Strayed Cows, 14 Chickens, 2 Pigs, 1 Dog, 1 strayed Cow
Lost 17 Head. The individual report was not handed in. W.I.A.
Lost 22 Head. The individual report was not handed in.
[Oct] 10. Camp moved 8 miles encamped on Big Sandy. G. A Ss. being in the rear. E. T. Bensons ahead[,] Capt Richards also. This morning E. T Bensons—Camp broke up into Tens, in order to facilitate them travelling through the Kanyons of the mountains[.] one Ten (Capt Case) called out of Br G. A S. Camp[.] weather quite pleasant[,] snow all gone except on the Mountains—A Child by name of Wilson aged about 2 years died in E. T. B. Camp a few nights ago—
11. About 14 miles completed this days Journey and Karaled with Capt Richards Camp near Big Sandy, Experienced the slight shower of thunder[,] rain and hail during the day—Sent B. T Stuarts & John Lawson to the Valley this forenoon with Dispatches from the Camp to Prest. Young—E.T. Bensons Company ahead some miles—
12. Camp moved some 13 miles—snowed in the morning, wind blew high from the North, weather quite cold. Crossed Green River and Karaled both Camps in Richards & G. A S together again on the Banks of the Green River, about 1½ miles below the crossing—G. A. S. addressed the Camp in the evening
13. Only 6 miles to day on account of feed, moved by the Camps. Karalled together again on the Banks of Green River. The morning was quite pleasant but the wind soon arose and blew quite hard from the West and continued to increase in getting Cold until night fall. We had a slight snow and Sleet[.] One of G. A. S. finest Oxen was found dead this morning. caused by the bloody thin air—
14. Ground this morning covered with snow, but the sun shining soon made it disappear. Travelled 15 miles and encamped on Black Fork with Capt Richard's Camp again.
15. Weather cold this morning—wind high. G. A. S Camp moved about 6 miles & encamped in Blacks Fork. Capt Richards Camp broke up into Tens this morning and went ahead. E. P. Bensons companies some 15 miles ahead
16. After travelling about 15 miles we encamped on Blacks Fork again. weather rather pleasant, roads good, Cattle improving, a great many Wild Geese flying towards the West. plenty of snow to be seen on the Mountains. Mountain grass quite plenty and hearty for cattle.
17. We started early travelled 15 miles. weather Cold, encamped near Bridger Fort. found some of E. T Bensons Company there. The remainder of his company having left during the day. also Capt Richards Capt Ludington of Richards Co. being behind came up in the evening with his Ten and camped near by. Bridger also. In the evening by an invitation of Mr. Bridger. Several of the Boys and girls from the Camp went to Mr. Bridger and had a trip on the Fantastic toe. He treated them kindly, raisins tea sugar Hot punch &c
18. Left Bridger early this morning. weather quite pleasant. travelled about 13 miles and encamped near Muddy Fork. Roads rough, Mountainous and stony[.] all the other Camps [are] ahead of G.A.S'[.] Mountains on our left covered with snow and towering into the clouds
19. Travelled about 17 miles over the Mountains at an altitude of upwards of 8,000 feet. and encamped in the evening on Sulphur Creek, where we found one Ten of E.T.Bensons Co—& one of Capt Richards own Cattle quite fatigued, and some with their feet sore[.] Last evening and this morning G.A.S. and W S A. write an article for courier for the Guardian at Kanesville giving a description of our Journey &c to send to the States, as we expected to meet the Express from the valley in a day or two. The day quite pleasant, and warm, but the night very cold freezing hard.—
20. Travelled about 7 miles, and encamped early near the Cold Spring, in order to rest our Cattle[.] pasture plenty. Having crossed Bear River on our Journey—Day fine, and warm. This evening Brs. Robert Piersen[,] P.Sessions & [H.le] arrived at our Camp from the valley with Team & Horses on their way to the states. Tarried over night—and next morning pursued their Journey.
21. (Sabbath) Moved about 14 miles, encamped in the Prarrie that leads into Weber River, near the Cold Spring on the South side of the Road[.] day beautiful and warm. passed Reddings Camp to day. Meeting in the evening—
22. Rolled forward about 12 miles. Karalled in Echo Kanyon[.] day fine. Cattle tired. passed one Ten of Br Bensons, encamped near where we did[.] Roads very bad, Prarries, ditches, mud and mire plenty.
23. Moved early. G. A. S. being a few miles ahead with some of the Twelve on missions to Europe and others from the Valley, bound for the States. After travelling a short distance we met. Several Teams, and brethren, consisting of Brs Hunter, Grant, Wooley, Smoot, & others bound for the states, and Shortly after met Brs J. Taylor, E. Snow, L Snow, & T D. Richards of the Twelve together with Br. Pack, Greer &c Some for England Ireland, Scotland & Wales. Sweden, Denmark &c Italy & France. We paid our congratulations. They addressed the Camp, a short time, they received our parting blessing, and prayers for their Welfare and they pursued their Journey, and we ours[.] passed out of Echo Kanyon, on the Weber River[,] Crossed the same, and Karalled a short distance beyond the Ford, having travelled about Ten miles. day beautiful and warm. being about 40 miles from the Salt Lake City.
24. Made some 10 miles passed over mountains rough and sideling roads. overtook E.T.B. Camp—Just before night we met a recruit of Cattle from the Valley, which was sent on to those of different Companies behind—encamped on Kanyon Creek, where we met another recruit of Cattle from the Valley. G. A. S. Brethren arrived with some potatoes and other vegetables from the valley for him—
25. Camp moved up Kanyon Creek (over very rough Roads, through creeks &c surrounded with high mountains on either side) about 8 miles, and encamped where the road leaves Kanyon Creek for the Mountains. Sent Capt Dan Jones. on ahead in the morning with a short despatch to President B. Young—Day beautiful and warm again, like summer.
26. Travelled about 10 miles up the Kanyon from Kanyon Creek over and up tremendous rough roads with steep ascents, and crossed the highest mountain on our Journey. Altitude 7,245 feet. encamped on Browns Creek near the foot of the last mountain that intervenes between us, and the Valley—
27. Camp moved early over the Mountains, and down the Kanyon. Roads were rough and dangerous, one wagon in the Welch C
o. was upset, and one Axle belonging to G. A S. was broken, none hurt. after travelling about 8 miles overtook E T. Bensons C o encamped at the mouth of the Kanyon, about 4 miles from the Salt Lake City, where the Welch Company with some others encamped with the exception of G I S. Teams &c that rolled into the city the same evening—on Sabbath morning (28) E T Benson Camp rolled into the City and on [--]
29. The Welch Co followed in the train. All happy and thankful for our safe arrival at the place of our destination. For the preservation and care of our Heavenly Father, and in meeting with our brethren in a land of peace, and a city of rest for the Saints where we can rejoice together. Build up the Kingdom of God, roll it forth to the nations of the earth and receive counsel and instruction from those holding the Keys of the Kingdom of God. Amen