Transcript

Transcript for Millen Atwood journal, 1847 April-July

I left Winter Quarters April 7th 1847 for the Rocky Mountains in company with 8 of the Twelve and others as a pioneer{.} campt 7 miles from the city.

on the 7th left there for the Elk horn

the 9th arrived at Elk horn, and crost over {{on a raft }}

the 11th there we staid over night

the 12th the twelve and others started back for Winter Quarters{.} the remainder of we the camp drove 14 miles and campt on plat{te} river until the twelve returned

13th set up 3 smith shops and went to setting tire and rapairing {repairing} wagons

14th the same work was a going ahead on

we{d}n{e}sday the 15th the twelve returned back to the camp of Israel with several others{.} Bro {Jesse C.} Little ar{r}ived in the evening {.} in about an hour afterwards the camp was called together as usual for to pick out guards{.} the camp was slow to come together{.} Pres Young the{n} got up on the wagon tung {tongue} and called them together{.} they gathered quickly{.} Bro Young then stated to them that when that he was going to have the bugle to blow when he wanted them together{.} then he stated that he wanted them together immediately{.} stop for nothing{.} he then told them that the bugle would blow when it was bed time and then he wanted every man to go to bed except the guard and pray to your heavenly Farther {Father} before you sleep so as to all pray together{.} he also said that the bugle would blow  when it was time to get up{.} then he stated that he wanted all the bretheren to arise dress themselves and pray to your heavenly Farther {Father} before you get out of your wagons{.} he then stated that in the morning at 8 Oclock he wanted us all to meet together for he wanted to pick out regular guards and enough to take turns for to stand at night{.} he also stated that he wanted to organize and make regulations for traveling {.} he then told Col. {Stephen} Markum {Markham} to select out his guards for tonight and the meeting was dismis{s}ed{.} the bugle blowed and we all went to bed except the guards

friday 16th the bugle blowed at the appointed hour{.} Pres{.} Young opened the meeting by prayer Elder H. {C.} Kimball{,} G. A. Smith and whitney all spoke{.} very interesting{.} they told us to obey council council then every thing would go right{.} we will not be disturbed by the Indians if we would only obey council and do as you are told. organizeing then took place{.} we organized into companies of hundreds of fiftys and of tens{.} then there was Captains appointed over the hundreds fiftys and tens{.} Bro Luke Johnson was appointed captain over our ten{.} then Bro Young rose up and (told Col Markum to pick out 50 men to stand as a regular guard and take just such men as he wants) stated that he wanted 50 of those best men to start as a regular{.}  10 on{e} half of the night{.} he then asked the bretheren who they would have for their captain{.} he told them to appoint one{.} they appointed Col Markum {Markham}{.} Bro Young then told Col Markum to pick out fifty of those men to stand guard and pick out just such ones as you want and appoint a captain over each ten. It was done so meeting was dismised{.} Bro Little and Bro Rockwell began to make ready to start back to Winter Quarters on buisness {business}{.} the camp also began to make ready to march ahead{.} left there about noon{.} Br Little had then started back{.} we traveled 5 miles and campt {camped} for the knight {night} on plat{te}

left there  the 17 and traveled 7 miles and campt on plat{te} river{.} we were called together in the evening at the sound of the bugle for the purpose of forming into a military body{.} then Bro Young proposed that Col Markam should be our Capt{ain}{.} it was secon{d}ed and and put to vote{.} it was carried una{n}imously{.} then there was two majors appointed{.} Bro Young then rose up and motioned that we he would be our General{.} it was motioned and seckonded {seconded}{.} Bro Kimball then rose up and said it was motioned in seckoned {seconded} that Bro Brigham Young should be our General{.} it was put to vote and carried unanimously{.} then Bro Young said that he wanted every man to know his place so as if we got into any dif{f}iculty with the Indians that they may be ready in a moments warning{.} he then told the capt{ain}s of tens that they s{h}ould not let a man leave their ten after this to shoot prairie chickens ducks or deers lest the Indians will get them and strip them of everything they have and they have to come back naked{.} he then stated that there would be meeting to morrow and we were dismised

Sun the 18th{.} no meeting on account of its being snowy blustery and cold

Monday the 19th orders came around that when we started and numbers of the tens of each division was to turn into the right hand side of the other ten and travel double bre{a}sted so as to be more together{.} we then started crost shell creek on the left there Monday the 19th and{.} traveled 22 miles and campt on plat{te} river

tues the 20th{.} left there crost {crossed} shell creek traveled 20 miles and campt {camped} on plat{te} river

left their {there} on wens the 21{.} traveled several miles and met with the pawnees{.} past the pawnee vil{l}age and stopt for noon{.} the Chief and a good many others came up to us{.} they were very friendly with President Young and all of us{.} Bro Brigham then told the camp that if they had any thing to give them to come and give it to the Chief{.} he thought that if  {we would give} them a little why it would be well for us{.} there was a cleaver file brought them and give to the chief{,} but the Chief thought it was not much and it made him angry because he could not get more and refused shaking hand with Pres Young and told us that we should not go on that we should go back for we would kill their buffalo and clear them of{f}{.} there was a young Indian amonghts {amongst} them that could talk some English{.} he told us that we did not give them enough for we were rich and said several times that we should not go any farther but go back for we would eat up and drive away their buffalo{.} the camp harnessed up and started{.} they looked very angry at us{.} we traveled 10 miles and campt on plat Luke {Loupe} forks that night{.} the camp was called together by the sound of the bugle for to get 100 volenteers {volunteers} to stand guard but no discovery

thurs the 22nd{.} left there forded sheel {shell} lookingglass creek and beaver creek{.} traveled 20 miles and campt at the old farming houses{.} there we had plenty of hay and fother {fodder}

left their {there} on Fri 23rd about noon{.} forded plum creek and traveled 7 miles and arived at luke {Loupe} forks{.} that night one of the brother Youngs horses died and one of my mules got stifled{.} sues {she's} my off hind mule{.} I left her go without work for 3 days{.} we harnessed her up{.} it slipt {slipped} out once that day but it slipt {slipped} back again without much trouble and it has only slipt {slipped} out 2 or 3 times since{.} she is now pretty sound

on Sat the 24th we commenced on loading and make preparations to cross luke {Loupe} fork{.} we sent our goods over on the leather boat{.} then my mule being hurt I had to double teams with Alva Hanks so we all got over safe and loaded up again by the middle of the after noon{.} then the camp started{.} drove 3 miles to get a good camping place for Sunday

Sunday morning there was word give out that there would be meeting at 4 Oclock{.} the camp not together at the time{.} meeting was opened by Prayer{.} Pres Young spoke to us very interesting he wanted the guard to tend to their bu{s}isness bet{t}er and see that no more horses gets chocke{ed} or tangled{.} meeting was dismis{s}ed{.} the camp was called together again about sunset for the purpose of selecting out men for hunting, &tc{.} there was 15 or 20 picked out for hunting. Pres Young then stated that no man must leave the camp but those men{.} he then stated it was time the guard was out so the meeting was dismissed{.} the bugle blowed and we all went to bed{.} about 3 Oclock the guards perceived 6 Indians making for the camp as fast as possible{.} the guards stept out of the way until they crept up close to the camp{.} the guards then fired twice snapt {snapped} a pistol around wonce {once} but did not hurt them{.} they retreated back{.} suddenly the bugle gave the alarm{.} every man in the camp was soon up with his rifle{.} Col Markum then ordered a strong guard to be placed around the camp{.} it was done so{.} day light appeared{.} no more Indians seen

left their {there} on Mon{day} the 26th{.} started over the undernet {unturned} prairie making the first tracks{.} traveled 16 miles and campt {camped}{.} about an hour before the sun went down our teams was turned out to eat{.} all was peace until about dusk when word came into the camp that the Indians was steeling {stealing} horses{.} Bro{ther} {Willard} Richards and Bro{ther} Littles horses was missing{.} men was sent after them immediately but could not over take them

next morn it was the 27th{.} Porter Rockwell, {Nathaniel} Thomas Brown, John {S.} Eldrige {Eldredge} and Joseph Matthews started back in search for them and the camp started on their journey a south eastern cource {course}{.} we traveled about 18 miles and campt {camped} on prairie creek{.} those men returned in about 13 minits {minutes}{.} they then stated that they had seen the horses followed up the horses tracks by the drag of the rope and chain about 16 miles & when they took notice of something Black on the just ahead of them in the {old}deep grass{.} they could not make out what it was when Porter said hand me the rifle and I will shoot at it{.} any how he took the rifle and leveled it at the spot when 15 Indians jumped up quickly{.} they tried to get them prisoners but they found they could{n't}{.} they shot at them 6 times but all was in vain{.} the brethren judged that they had had the horses{.} {the}Indians had their poneys over the hill out of sight and was not for letting our folks go there{.} and our men knowing that they had not enough of shooting instruments with them to go by force they returned back speedily that evening{.} about dusk there was a gun went of{f} accident{al}ly in one of the wagons in Bro{ther} Kimballs division and that one of the best horses we had in the camp for pulling the horses belonged to Bro{ther} {Lewis} Barney{.} the ball went through the right foreleg and broke it cleer of{f}{.} they let it remain so until morning

next morning the 28th Pres Young authorized Luke Johnson to go and shoot the horse and put him out of his misery{.} he done so{.} the camp started crost Prairie creek{.} traveled 28 miles and campt by Grand Island

left there on thurs the 29th{.} forded wood creek{.} traveled 20 miles and campt by Grand Island left there on Fri the 30th{.} traveled 20 miles and campt {camped} on the open prairie without wood or water

left there on sat. the 1st of May {.} the hunters perceived 2 or 3 heards {herds} of buffalo{.} the hunters started out the bluffs looking nearly black with them{.} they killed 3 buffalo 6 calves{.} they came to the camp and reported how many they had killed and wagons was unlo{a}ded immediately and sent after them{.} the camp drove down neer plat{t} river and campt making 18 miles{.} in about an hour the buffalo meat came in{.} it made a good supply for all the camp{.} about 8 Oclock there was two large buffalo calves came to the camp{.} one of them was caught alive{.} the other one ran off and it being dark we could not find it

left there on Sun the 2nd about 2 Oclock and drove 2 miles and campt by a slew {slough} on plat{te} river

on Monday the 3rd word came around that we{we} {morn} that we probably would not leave here to day that the hunters must go out and kill some more buffalo and some of the brethren wants to do some washing{.} after they had started of{f} it Pres Young wanted 18 or 20 men on good horses or mules to go up the river about 15 miles and see what those fires means and how many Indians you can see{.} they strated {started} about 2 Oclock{.} they returned{.} they stated that they went about 12 miles up the river and seen 2 antelope{.} Bro{ther} {William A.} Emp{e}y being on one of the smartest took after them{.} he ran them up on the bluffs{.} they then ran into a large hollow and crost a small creek{.} he then left them and got up on the hill and seen 12 more{.} he took after them and as he was a running them he looked down on the flat in a large hollow and saw a large number of Indians he supposed about 300{.} some was on their poneys {ponies} and some was a standing by them with the bridles in their hands a waiting for (as he supposed) the brether{n} to come up{.} he than returned to the rest of them and told them the circumstances{.} they then returned to the camp as fast as pos{s}ible{.} they then related the circumstances to Bro Young{.} he then wished for 13 men to go and hunt them up that went to kill buffalo{.} there was soon 13 gethered {gathered} up and out we went{.} we returned to the camp about dusk with 4 or 5 buffalo calves and 1 antilope {antelope}

left there on Tues the 4th{.} the camp was called together for to regulate the cannon concern and to pick out 10 more guards Etc.{.} Pres Young then spoke{.} very interesting{.} left there about 11 Oclock{.} we traveled about 3 miles and spied 3 wagons on the other side of the river mooving down stream{.} they seen us and stopt{.} we traveled on{.} presently there was one came across {the river} and over took us{.} he stated that he wanted to see a white person once more and they had been up at Fort Larima {Laramie} about 2 years and had not seen neither bread or salt since they ar{r}ived there and he wanted to get some bread of us and pay us in buffalo robes{.} the brethren got 3 robes for a very little bread{.} Pres Young then asked him if he would carry down some letters to Winter Quarters if we would write them for him{.} he said he would try and get them there for us but we would have to write them in 5 minits {minutes} for he could not stay long{.} there was about 50 letters wrote andas 6 1/2 minits {minutes}{.} they were handed to him{.} he then started{.} 3 of the brethren went over with him to get those robes{.} the camp started ahead{.} stopt one hour for noon{.} the brethren returned with those robes{.} left there traveled 7 more miles and campt {camped} for the night on grand creek making 10 miles

crost grand creek we{d}n{e}s{day} morn the 5th{.} the hunters started{.} out {killed}buffalo 5 calv{e}s{.} they came to the campt {camp} after a wagon to bring them in{.} we traveled 14 miles {to}day and campt for the night on plat{te} river{.} the buffalo and calves was brought in

left there on thurs the 6th{.} buffalo to be seen in all direction{.} Pres Young then said that no more buffalo xxx nor game of any kind was to be shot until all the meat was eat up that is in the camp{.} the buffalo became very tame{.} the brethren would go to them when they would be lying down and stroke them of{f} with their hands and play with their calves but the coun{cil} was to not kill them{.} we traveled 15 miles and campt for the night on plat{te} river

fri morn the 7th the camp was called together{.} Pres Young then told them the brethren that he wanted them to put in some 1 or 2 of those extra horses into the canon {teams pulling cannon} for he wanted his horses in his own wagons for his teams were a giving {out}on the account of scarcity of feed{.} he then cautioned them to beaware {be aware} of the buffalo and not go among them a foot as you did yesterday lest they take after you and kill some half dozen of you{.} now mind I have cautioned you of it so let the calves and buffalo alone{.} left there about 11 Oclock traveled 8 miles and campt on plat{te} river

left there Satturday morn the 8th{.} traveled 14 miles and campt that night on plat{te} river{.} more buffalo seen that to day than we ever seen cattle in our lives all together

left there Sun morn the 9th{.} traveled 4 miles{.} campt about 11 Oclock on the banks of the plat{te} river{.} word came around that there would be meeting at 4 Oclock{.} Eld{er} A{masa} Lyman opened the meeting by prayer{.} Elder W. Woodruff{,} Eld{er} O. Pratt{,} Eld. E. Snow and Elder E. T. Benson all spoke{.} very interesting{.} Brother {Thomas} Bullock the clerck {clerk} then read the minits {minutes} of the last meeting{.} Elder Woodruff then rose up and dismissed the meeting

left there mon{day} the 10{.} traveled 11 miles and campt on plat{te} river

left there on tues{day} the 11th{.} traveled 8 miles and campt for the night on the open Prairie

left there wen{dne}s{day} the 12th traveled 12 miles and campt for the night on plat{te} river

left there on thurs{day} the 13th{.} traveled 10 miles{.} forded Injunction river and campt for the night on the banks of it

left the fri morn the 14th drove 8 1/2 miles and campt for the night on plat{te} river

left there on sat the 15th traveled 7 1/2 miles and campt on the banks of the plat{te} for over Sun,

Sun the 16 went over fine{.} killed 1 antilope 2 buffalo

left there mon{day} morn the 17th killed 3 buffaloes 2 antilope{.} traveled 13 miles and campt for the night neer plat{te} river

on tues the 18th the camp was called together for to get instructions{.} Pres Young then stated that he wanted no more buffalo killed now any thing not even a duck{.} save your powder and lead and let the game alone{.} he then told the captains of tens to see to their men and mind that they obey orders{.} meeting was dismissed the teams was harnes{sed}; up and the camp started traveled 15 1/2 miles and campt for the night on the banks of the plat{te}

left there on we{d}n{e}s{day} the 19th traveled 8 miles and campt for the night on the banks of the plat{te}

left there left there on thurs{day} the 20th{.} crost castle creek traveled 15 3/4 miles and campt for the night neer plat{te} river

left there on fri{day} the 21st traveled 13 1/2 miles and met with 3 of the sue {Sioux} Indians{.} they stated that they were the cut throat sue {Sioux}{.} they were with us about one half hour and then they left{.} we drove down neer the plat{te} and campt for the night

left there on Sat the 22nd and drove 15 1/2 miles and campt on the banks of the plat{te}{.} there we put up for over Sun{.} about 20 minits after campage {camping} Bro{ther} Grant brought a young gra{e}y Eagle to the camp it was quite a curiosity{.} it was about 4 weeks old he concluded to keep it and raise it{.} brother {Sylvester} Earl also brought a stone up to the camp which was wonce {once} a bone of an animal{.} it measured 16 inches round it 5 1/3 inches through it

Sun morn the 23rd word came around that there would be meeting at 11 Oclock{.} the bugle blowed at the time and we all we{n}t to gether{.} Pres Young opened the meeting by Prayer{.} Br{other} {Erastus} Snow{,} Pres{ident} Young{,} Eld{er} {Amasa} Lyman and others spoke very good{.} Bro Snow rose up and dismis{s}ed the meeting{.} thunder storm came up in the evening rained and blowed very hard

on {Mon} {the 24th} morn very cold with a north eastern wind and some snow{.} we harnes{s}ed up and started traveled 10 miles and stopt {stopped} for dinner{.} in about 5 minits {minutes} there was two Sue {Sioux} Indians very nice looking young men came to the camp{.} we gave them something to eat{.} they ate it and then shook hands and left{.} we harnes{s}ed up in about an hour and traveled 6 1/2 miles making 16 1/2 miles to day and noticed 35 Sue {Sioux} Indians on the other side of the river they had their white flag raised{.} we stopt and campt for the night on the banks of the plat{te}{.} Bro{thers} Rockwood{,} Sherwood and S{c}ofield took our white flag and went about 1/2 mile from the camp and raised it{.} they all flocked to it{.} Bro Young gave consent for 5 to come to the camp, the Chief and 4 others{.} they were very friendly the camp gave them their suppers all round{.} pitched a tent for the Chief and his Squaw to sleep in{.} the bugles blowed and we all went to bed

tues{day} morn{ing} the 25 very ple{a}sant{.} Indians all around, the camp gave them their breakfast the brethren bought 2 or 3 robes of them{.} they then started for home we harnessed up and started traveled 12 1/2 miles and campt for the night on the open Prairie little below the rock Chimney

left there wens {Wednesday} morn the 26th{.} traveled 12 miles and campt for the night on the banks of Plat{te} river{.} shot 4 antilope{.} during the day

left there thurs morn the 27th traveled 13 3/4 miles shot 3 antilope{.} campt that night on plat{te} river

fri{day} morn the 28th rainy{.} broke away about 11 Oclock{.} we harnessed up and started traveled{.} 11 1/2 miles and campt {camped} for the night on plat{te} river

Sat morn the 29th rainy{.} broke away about 10 Oclock{.} the camp was called together to get instructions{.} the clerk then called the roll to know if every man was there{.} there was 2 mis{s}ing{.} they were of{f} on a hunt{.} Pres Young then arose and spoke very interesting{.} told us what would become of us if we did not quit card playing{,} checkards {checkers}{,} dice{,} dominows {dominoes,} loud laughing and all foolish mean corruptable mean devilish nonsense and devilish principles says he if you do not quit it and turn to serving the Lord more up rightly and Prayerful that we would all be destroyed in a body{.} he then stated that he had a heard some sw{e}aring in the camp and says he you shall quit it or you shall be cursed by the power of the Almighty God and dwindle away in unbelief an{d} deny your Heavenly Farther and go to serv{ing} the devil{.} he then stated that he was not going another step with us until we humbled ourselves and coven{e}dted {covenanted} to forsake those foolish principles that is a leading our minds away to the devil, he then asked us if we were willing to quit and turn our minds to being more  {at} study and Prayerful and strive to serve our Heavenly Farther instead of the devil{.} nearly all the camp answered yes he then said all you that are willing to quit these foolish nonsense and turn your minds to serving the Lord will make it manifest by raising your right hand{.} every right hand was raised he then motioned that we would have a fasting and prayer meeting to morrow{.} it was seconded Pres Young then said it was motioned and seconded that we should have a fasting and prayer meeting to morrow{.} all you that are in favour of it will make it manifest by raising your right hand{.} the whole camp voted for it{.} lots more he spoke concerning it which I have not time to write{.} Bro Kimball{,} Br Pratt and Bro Woodruff all spoke very interesting on the same principles{.} Pres Young then told the brethren to go and make ready and we would start{.} left there about 10 Oclock{.} traveled 8 1/2{?} miles campt {camped} for over Sun on plat{te}

Sun morn the 30th pleasant and warm{.} great alteration in the camp{.} all was qui{e}t{.} no cooking going{.} no breakfast getting ready no hard words but all was peace{.} Prayer meeting commenced at 8 Oclock{.} dismissed quarter past 10{.} Col Rockwood then stated that there would be {preaching} meeting at 11 Oclock{.} they met together at the time appointed{.} meeting was opened{.} singing and prayer{.} there was several spoke{.} it began to rain{.} meeting was dismissed.

left there mon{day} the 31st{.} traveled 17 1/2 miles and campt {camped} for the night on raw hide creek within 12 miles of Fort Larima {Laramie}

tues{day} June 1st{.} left there and traveled 12 miles and arrived at Fort Larima{.} campt on the opposite side of the river plat{te}{.} there we met with 3 mornon {Mormon} famil{i}es{.} 9 men and 5 women and 3 children making 17 persons{.} they were from Purbalo {Pueblo}{.} they had been waiting at Larima several days for us to come on{.} they attached themselves to Bro Kimballs Division

traveling wens {Wednesday} the 2nd{.} 28 men sent out to guard teams whilst others were making ready for cros{s}ing getting the flat boat digging down the banks &tc Col Rockwood hired a boat at the Fort for 15 dollars to take us all{.} over it came to about 20 cents per wagon

thurs{day} the 3rd crost over{.} 32 wagons on the flat boat leaving 23 on the other side

fri{day} 4th crost{.} the remainder of the wagons left there about 12 Oclock traveled 8 1/2 miles and campt for the night on the banks of the plat{te}

left there Sat{urday} morn the 5th and took our march into the bluffs very hilly and rough{.} we passed warm springs about 1 Oclock{.} traveled 17 miles and passed 10 wagons{.} Oregon company{.} we campt {camped} for over night a few rods beyond them

Sun{day} the 6th fasting and Prayer this Co. of ten wagons passed us in the morning before meeting{.} Prayer meeting commenced at 8 Oclock and was dismissed in about 2 hours Bro Lewis then stated that there would be preaching meeting in 1 hour{.} the camp met together at the appointed time{.} Eld{er} Benson opened the meeting by Prayer{.} Bro Pratt then arose and commenced Preaching very interesting{.} there came up a thunder storm and began to rain{.} Br Young jumped up and said every man go home out of the rain{.} it rained very hard{.} in about 1/2 an hour there was another Oregon Company of 21 wagons 72 yoke of oxen{.} some wagons had on 5 yoke of cattle{.} we harnes{s}ed up and left there about 1 Oclock pased the Oregon Co. had campt {camped}{.} we passed them and campt 1/2 mile beyond making 5 miles{.} they came up and got considerable of blacksmithen {blacksmithing} done

mon morn the 7th{.} the emigrant Co passed us before we started{.} Bro P. Young bought a cow of{f} them very cheep{.} we then harnesed up and started{.} whilst they were passing by we then harnessed up and started traveled about 4 miles and seen snow on the mountain 35 miles from Larima called Larima P{ea}k{.} traveled on 5 miles more and campt for noon{.} another Oregon Co. of 13 wagons passed us{.} we harnessed up in about 1 hour and started travel {?} 4 miles and campt for the night on horseshue {Horseshoe} creek making 13 miles

left there on tues{day} the 8th{.} traveled 15 1/2 miles and campt for the night on big timber creek{.} feed scarce

left there on wens {Wednesday} the 9th before breakfast for good feed{.} traveled 1 mile then met with some traders{.} they were on their way to fort Larama{.} we tra{v}eled on 1/2 mile and stopt for breakfast{.} plenty of good feed{.} some of the brethren went back to those traders and bought some robes very cheep{.} he allowed 1 dollar for 1 pint of sugar or coffee{.} he then told Bro Brigham that he had a small flat boat at the cros{s}ing place of the plat{te} and that we could use it first if we got there before the other companys{.} Bro Brigham then told Col Rockwood to select out 20 such wagons and let them go ahead of us and get to the cros{s}ing place ahead of them and lay a claim to the boat until we came on{.} he done so they then started{.} we harnesed up and started in a little while after traveled 19 1/4 miles and campt for the night on alafira creek

left there on thurs{day} the 10th{.} forded forseebosee {Fourche Boise} creek traveled 17 3/4 miles forded deer creek and campt for the night on its banks

left there fri{day} the 11th{.} snow in sight on the mountains pret{t}y much all the day{.} traveled 17 miles and camped for the night on plat{te} river

left there Sat{urday} morn the 12th{.} pas{s}ed the Oregon company of ten wagons{.} traveled 12 miles{.} snow to be seen on the mountains any quantity of it{.} we campt for the night on plat{te} river about 1/2 mile below the cro{s}sing place{.} the Oregon company was nearly all over{.} the brethren feryed {ferried} them over with our leather boat them that went ahead for 1.50 per wagon and took their pay in flower {flour} and bacon 2.50 was the price of flower per cwt 3 and 6 cents per lb was the price of bacon

Sun the 13th{.} the meeting at 11 Oclock opened by singing and prayer{.} Eld{ers} Kimball{,} Pres Young and Eld{er} Pratt all spoke very interesting{.} meeting was dismissed about 1 Oclock

mon morn the 14th{.} commenced cros{s}ing{.} very slow work{.} we had to unload all our wagons and take the goods over in the leather boat our teams{.} we had to swim our wagons we had to get over the best way we could{.} some would take them over on a raft and some would have a long enough a rope to reach crost {across} the river and tye {tie} it on the opposite side and swim their wagons over{.} but their was a good many got their bows broke out by the wagon upsetting{.} I swam mine over but took the cover and bows of{f}, it turned clear over twice and came out right side up nothing broke but the tung {tongue} bolts that broke into {in two} to and half lost{.} came up a thunder storm in the evening{.} rained hailed and blowed very hard{.} a good many of their goods got wet I had mine all loaded up{.} there was 11 wagons swam over and 13 crost {crossed} on a raft making 24 wagons

to day tues morning the 15th{.} very windy blowing down stream{.} no cros{s}ing done until after dinner{.} wind changed{.} we commenced cros{s}ing crost {crossed} over 20 wagons on a raft{.} one horse drowned by swimming

wens {Wednesday} morn{ing} the 16th{.} commenced cros{s}ing early{.} their {there} was 2 wagons and teams sent of{f} down the river about 9 Oclock after {2} large loges {logs} for to be dug out to make a flat boat for the purpose of cros{s}ing wagons{.} crost 19 wagons on the raft{.} commenced blowing{.} cros{s}ing stopt the loges {logs}{.} was brought to the camp in the evening

thurs{day} the 17th{.} got done cros{s}ing all except brother P{hineas Howe} Youngs wagon{.} it is of{f} to the mountains and did not return until night{.} we then commenced cros{s}ing the emigrants at 1.50 per wagon and got our pay in flower {flour} and meal flower at 2.50 per cwt{.} meal 5 cwts per bushel

fri the 18th{.} crost over P Youngs wagon{.} about 11 Oclock another Emigrant company of 10 or 12 wagons came up to be crost over we joined to and crost them over at the same price{.} finished the flat boat about 2 Oclock{.} they named it the black hills{.} she runs fine{.} crost over several wagons that evening with it

we started our line of march Sat{urday} morn{ing} the 19th left 9 men at the Platt{e} to cross over the emigrants until the mormon camp comes up{.} we traveled 21 1/2 miles and campt among the black hills without wood or water that was fit to use{.} feed scarce{.} very miery {mirey}

left there Sun{day} morn{ing} the 20th before breakfast for bet{t}er feed{.} traveled 3 3/4 miles{.} pret{t}y good feed{.} cooked our breakfast with wild sage roots{.} left there in about one hour{.} traveled about 5 miles and passed willow springs{.} traveled on 11 1/4 miles making 20 miles for the day{.} very sandy and dry roads{.} campt for the night on a small stream among the hills{.} pretty good feed{.} done our cooking with buffalo chips (as modest foleks {folks} calls it)

left there mon{day} the 21st{.} traveled 7 1/4 miles{.} stopt for noon on sweet water about 1 mile below the rock of Independence{.} left there in about 2 hours{.} passed the rock of Independence{.} traveled about 2 miles{.} forded sweet water {Sweetwater}{.} traveled on 5 3/4 miles and campt {camped} for the night on the banks of sweet water making 15 1/4 miles

left there on tues{day} the 22nd{.} traveled 10 miles{.} campt for noon on sweet water{.} Oregon Co. of ten wagons passed us{.} we harnes{s}ed up and started traveled about 5 3/4 miles and campt for the night on sweet waters making 20 3/4 miles{.} abundance of snow to be seen on the mountains all the time

left there on wens {Wednesday} the 23rd{.} traveled 17 miles and campt on sweet water

left there on thurs 24th passed ice springs about 8 Oclock{.} passed Oregon Co. of 12 wagons about 10 traveled 17 3/4 miles without feed or water and campt for the night on sweet waters{.} about 3 Oclock, this company of 12 wagons passed us, in a few minits {minutes} afterwards John Holeman {Holman} shot a gun of{f} accidently about sun set and shot Br Brighams John horse the best horse there was in the camp for any thing{.} he died in a few hours

left there on fri{day} the 25th{.} forded sweet waters the 2nd time{.} traveled about 15 miles{.} passed Oregon Co of 25 wagons traveled on 6 1/4 miles and campt for the night on a small stream neer the mountains making 21 1/4

left there on Sat{urday} 26th{.} traveled about 4 miles{.} forded Sweet waters the 3rd time{.} traveled on about 5 miles{.} forded sweet waters the 4th time{.} stopt there for to feed by the side of large snow banks{.} the boys went to snow balling{.} pret{t}y good feed along the river{.} left there in about one hour{.} traveled on 7 3/4 miles{.} campt for the night on sweet waters making 18 3/4 miles

left there on Sun{day} the 27th about 9 Oclock{.} crost Over mountain ridge about 10 Oclock where the water runs the other way{.} we then traveled down hill instead of up all the time traveled 15 3/4 miles and campt for the night on dry sandy creek

left there on mon{day} the 28th{.} traveled 13 1/2 miles{.} stopt for noon on little sandy creek{.} left there in about 2 hours{.} forded little sandy{.} traveled 2 miles down the stream and campt for the night making 15 1/2

left there on tues{day} the 29th{.} traveled 6 3/4 miles{.} campt for noon on big sandy creek left there in about 2 hours{.} very hot and dry several were taking sick{.} among the rest {Jacob} Weiler and {William} Dykes with a pain in their back and head{.} we traveled 17 miles and campt for the night on big sandy creek making 23 3/4 miles

left there on wens {Wednesday} the 30th{.} traveled 8 miles and arrived at the cros{s}ing place of Green river about noon{.} the brethren then began to make preparations for cros{s}ing building a raft making wharfs &tc{.} Bro Samuel S Brannan in company with two others arrived at our camp about 2 Oclock from the Ocean {with} some of those that went around by water{.} he brought a good many news papers that was printed since they stopt

thurs{day} morn{ing} July 1st{.} commenced cros{s}ing{.} crost over 6 wagons{.} wind commenced blowing{.} stopt our cros{s}ing until evening {.} I was taking sick about 9 Oclock{.} about noon I was very sick with pain in my head and back {.} Bro Dykes began to get a little better so as to be out so I took his place in the wagon{.} Weiler is very sick{.} there is about 20 sick persons in the camp now with the same complaint{.} some is a getting better and others taking sick as fast{.} they commenced cros{s}ing again in the evening{.} crost over 5 wagons more making 11 wagons for the day

fri morn the 2nd{.} pleasant morn{.} more taking sick{.} I am a getting better{.} Weiler is no better{.} Dykes is quite smart{.} they crost over about 50 wagons on the rafts

to day Sat{urday} morn{ing} the 3rd crost over the remainder of the wagons{.} we left there about noon drove 3 miles and campt on Green river for over Sun{day}{.} the same evening the camp was called together for to know who had famil{i}es a coming on in the next company and how many wanted to go and meet them {.} there was 4 or 5 wanted to go back and meet their famil{i}es {.} then Pres Young stated all of you who have famil{i}es a coming on and want to go back and meet them why go and gal{l}ant them {.} show them the camping places &c and says he I would rather 10 or a dozen of you would go than 3 or 4 {.} then I would feel more easy about you{.} he then stated that he was a going with them to morrow morning back as far as the river to see them acrost and there would be meeting here at 9 Oclock and it would be in the hands of the bishops{.} and says he I want every man to be at meeting {.} and says he I want to have you to Pray a little and talk a little and sing a little and have a good long meeting, all except those who guards the teams{.} says he I want them to mind their work

Sun morn{ing} the 4th{.} more taking sick and some is a getting better{.} Weiler is a getting quite well{.} I have got quite smart{.} 15 of the brethren started back about 11 Oclock to meet the other camp{.} Bro Young and several others went back with them as far as the river to assist them in getting acrost{.} there they met with 12 of the Army brothern {brethren} they were glad to see them{.} Bro Young accompanied them up to the camp{.} there was shaking hands to perfection{.} the camp gave 6 cheers

left there mon{day} morn{ing} the 5th{.} the army brethren with us{.} in about 1/2 an hour I was taking very sick again with a pain in my heaad {head} and back {.} we traveled 20 miles campt for the night on Plum forks

left there tues{day} morn{ing} the 6th{.} traveled 18 1/4{.} forded black forks{.} there we campt over night

left there wens {Wednesday} the 7th{.} traveled 17 miles{.} arrived at fort Bridges {Bridger}{.} campt 3/4 of a mile above

thurs{day} morn{ing} the 8th{.} I began to get better{.} before night the pain had pretty much all left me{.} the water froze 1/2 an inch thick in the camp last night{.} the brethern traded considerably with those men at the fort for horses{,} robes{,} deer skins &ct

fri{day} the 9th{.} we harnes{s}ed up and left traveled 13 miles{.} campt for the night on mud{d}y creek

left there Sat{urday} morn{ing} the 10th{.} traveled 18 miles{.} campt for the night on a small stream neer Bear river for over Sunday

Sun{day} morn{ing} the 11th{.} very pleasant{.} Br{other} Young{,} Br{other} Kimball and others started over to bear river returned in the evening

left there mon{day} morn the 12th{.} traveled 1 1/2 miles{.} forded Bear river{.} traveled on 8 1/4 miles{.} campt for noon{.} Br Brigham was takeing very sick{.} he was not able to travel{.} we stopt about 2 hours{.} Bro{ther} Brigham then requested the camp to go ahead{.} the camp started all except the Bro Brigham{,} Brother Kimball{,} Bro Benson and Brother Lorenzo and their wagons and teamsters{.} we traveled 6 3/4 miles{.} campt for the night on a small stream among the mountains making 16 1/2 miles

tues{day} morn the 13th some of the brethren started back to meet them{.} they returned back to our camp about noon Bro Kimball with them{.} the camp was called together immediately{.} Bro Kimball then stated to us that Bro Brigham was very sick and that he would not be along to day{.} he then stated that brother Brigham wanted about 20 wagons with good able bodied men to go ahead and make the roads so as when he gets well the camp can go right ahead and over take you{.} there was 38 wagons started about 2 Oclock{.} Kimball then returned back to their own camp

wens {Wednesday} morning the 14th{.} Bro Woodruff and Bro Adams started back to see Bro Young{.} they returned in the evening about dusk{.} Bro Woodruff then stated that the sick was a getting quite smart all excepting Col Rockwood{.} he is very sick{.} Pres Young is a good deal better{.} he then stated that they were a coming on to morrow and that he was a going in the morning with his car{ri}age after the sick

thurs noon the 15th Bro Woodruff started back with his car{ri}age after the sick{.} they came up to our camp 1/2 past 11 Oclock{.} we rejoiced to see them in our mised {midst} once more{.} we took our line of march in about 1 hour{.} traveled 4 1/2 miles{.} campt for the night by the side of a large cold spring in the mountains

left there fri{day} morn{ing} the 16th{.} traveled 16 3/4 miles{.} campt for the night on a small stream neer weavers {Weber} fork

left there sat{urday} morn{ing} the 17th {.} Pres Young was taking very sick again{.} we traveled 2 3/4 miles{.} campt and {at} weavers {Weber} fork for over Sunday

Sun{day} morn{ing} the 18th{.} the Pres{ident} no better{.} we had fasting and Prayer meeting in the forenoon{.} took Sacrament in the afternoon

mon{day} morn{ing} the 19th{.} the Pres. some easier but not able to travel{.} he requested the camp to go ahead{.} it was done so the camp started about 9 Oclock leaving the Pres{,} Eld{er} Kimball{,} Eld{er} Woodruff{,} Eld{er} Benson{,} Lorenzo Young and 1 or 2 others and all their wagons and teamsters{.} we traveled about 1 1/2 miles{.} forded weavers {Weber} fork{.} traveled on 1 1/4 miles{.} arrived at Pratts pass{.} we turned to the left and took Pratts Pass to avoid the 2 kanions {canyons}{.} traveled 11 miles and campt for the night on kanion {canyon} creek among the mountains making 13 3/4 miles{.} very hilly sydling {sidling} and rough roads

left there on tues{day} the 20th{.} traveled 7 1/4 miles up kanion creek{.} campt for the night on its banks

left there wens {Wednesday} morn{ing} the 21st{.} traveled 13 miles campt for the night on a small stream within 1/2 a mile of Eld{er} Pratts camp

left there on thurs{day} the 22nd {.} overtook Eld{er} Pratts camp{.} traveled about 3 miles down the hollow and arrived into the Salt Lake valley {.} traveled through the valley about 3 miles{.} campt for the night on valley creek

left there on fri{day} the 23rd{.} traveled 2 3/4 miles north{.} there we concluded to stop and put in our crops making 1066 1/2 miles from Winter Quarters{.} Bro Brigham camp came up on Satturday the 24th of July about noon{.} Capt Browns Co of the army arrived on Thursday the 28th of July in the evening

 

;