Edmund Ellsworth Company (1856)
- Church Train
- 9 June 1856
- Departed From
- Iowa City, Iowa
- 26 September 1856
- Edmund Lovell Ellsworth
- Number In Company
1st handcart company had about 280 individuals, 56 handcarts, and 3 wagons when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Iowa City, Iowa.View Summary
- "Account of His Mission," Deseret News, 8 October 1856.
- Ann Ham Hickenlooper, Diary of Ann Ham Hickenlooper, wife of William Hanney Hickenlooper, crossed the plains with the first handcart co., arrived in Salt Lake City 26. Sept., 1856 and record of work done for the dead (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957).
- Argyle, Joseph, Reminiscences and journal, 1870 May-1894 Oct., 63.
- Armstrong, Thomas Columbus, Autobiographical sketch, in 85th Quorum, Biographies, 1844-1894, reel 36, 14, in Seventies Quorum Records, 1844-1975.
- Attley, Henry William, Reminiscences, in Papers, 1858-1910.
- Barker, Margaret Stalle, Reminiscences, 8, in Rebecca Cardin Hickman, "History of Susanna Goudin Cardon," item 2, in [Biographical sketches of the Cardon family, 1934-1960].
- Bowen, David, [Autobiographical sketch], in Raymond R. Martin and Esther Jenkins Carpenter, comp., The Samaritans , 74.
- Bridges, Charles Henry, Autobiographical sketch [ca. 1885], 2.
- Bridges, Charles Henry, Journal [ca. 1867-1905], 1.
- Brigham Young, "Remarks," Deseret News, 12 November 1856, 283.
- Bullock, Thomas, "Interesting from our Missionaries on the Plains," The Mormon, 15 November 1856, 2.
- Bullock, Thomas, [Letter], Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star, 20 December 1856, 811-13.
- Butler, William, Journal, in Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Collection, 1828-1963, reel 11, item 3.
- Card, Charles Ora [Autobiographical sketch], in Andrew Jenson, comp., Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, , 1:296-297.
- Daniel Spencer letter to Franklin D. Richards printed in "Foreign Correspondence," Millennial Star, 2 August 1856, 489-90.
- Edmund Ellsworth Emigrating Company papers, 1856, Folder contents: (1) Journal, 1856 June-September.
- Ellsworth, Edmund, [Reminiscences], in "Utah Pioneer Biographies," 44 vols., 9:62.
- Ellsworth, Mary Ann Jones, [Reminiscence], in “Handcart Pioneers to Begin Regular Meetings,” Deseret Evening News, 10 September 1910, 24.
- Ellsworth, Mary Ann Jones, Diary of Mary Ann Jones (Age 19) on Her Trip Across the Plains.
- Ellsworth, Mary J., Reminiscences, 1910, [1-2].
- "Emigrants for Utah," Deseret News, 6 August 1856, 176.
- "Emigration to Utah," The Mormon, 22 Nov. 1856, 2.
- Galloway, Andrew, Autobiographical sketch, in 22nd Quorum, Biographies, 1845-1859, vol. 1, 31, in Seventies Quorum, Records, 1844-1975.
- “Handcart Pioneers Are Now Organized,” The Journal, 20 September 1910, 3.
- Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 7.
- Hanson, Frances Hiley Booth, Autobiography 1909, [2-3].
- Huntington, Oliver Boardman, Diary and reminiscences, 1843 June-1900 January [transcript], 105-107.
- John Jaques, "Some Reminiscences," Salt Lake Herald-Republican, 29 December 1878, 1.
- John Oakley journal excerpt, 1856 June-August.
- Josiah Rogerson, "Tells Story of Trials of the Handcart Pioneers," Salt Lake Tribune, 30 November 1913, 11.
- Kettle, John, [Diary], in Jesse Lenard Warner, The Protecting Warrior , Book 1 , 20-22.
- Kettle, John, Journal, 1856, 2-3, MSS SC 1688.
- Kimball, Heber C., "Remarks," Deseret News [Weekly], 8 Oct. 1856, 244.
- Latey, J. H., "Correspondence from the Camp at Florence," The Mormon, 30 Aug. 1856, 2.
- Moyle, John Rowe, Journal [1856-1858].
- Phillips, Jonah. Historical Journal of Jonah Phillips.
- Sabin, Mary Powell, Autobiography 1926, 10-14.
- "The First Hand-Cart Companies," Deseret News [Weekly], 1 Oct. 1856, 236.
- Treseder, Charles M., "Correspondence from Great Salt Lake City," The Mormon, 29 Nov. 1856, 3.
- Walters, Archer, Diary 1856 Mar.-Sept., 9-16.
- William Woodward letter to Heber C. Kimball, 11 June 1856.
- Woodruff, W., "Correspondence from Utah," The Mormon, 15 Nov. 1856, 3.
- Woodward, William, "Iowa Correspondence," The Mormon, 28 June 1856, 2.
- Young, Brigham, "Remarks," Deseret News [Weekly], 26 Nov. 1856, 298.
- Young, Brigham, "Remarks," Deseret News [Weekly], 8 Oct. 1856, 242-43.
|Argyle, Alonzo Lorenzo||3||26 October 1852||26 January 1940|
|Argyle, Benjamin James||12||17 August 1843||6 April 1917|
|Argyle, Frances||5||20 September 1850||17 May 1938|
|Argyle, Joseph||14||25 February 1842||8 February 1927|
|Argyle, Joseph||37||12 September 1818||26 September 1905|
|Argyle, Mary Ann||10||16 February 1846||5 April 1922|
|Argyle, Priscilla||1||2 November 1854||24 December 1932|
|Argyle, Rebecca Jane||34||1 March 1822||22 February 1890|
|Armstrong, Eliza||63||10 August 1792||11 October 1860|
|Armstrong, Thomas Columbus||38||9 September 1817||23 November 1900|
|Armstrong, Thomas Columbus, Jr.||13||25 November 1842||27 April 1892|
|Ash, Elizabeth||1||20 December 1855||5 January 1857|
|Ash, Ellen Matilda||1||28 October 1854||11 April 1954|
|Ash, John||36||10 February 1820||13 January 1915|
|Ash, Joseph||9||13 April 1847||21 April 1937|
|Ash, Sarah||59||3 March 1797||24 April 1863|
|Ash, Sophia||27||24 April 1829||24 November 1863|
|Attley, Christina||30||1826||11 April 1913|
|Attley, Henry William||24||4 February 1832||30 May 1911|
|Bailey, Alfred||17||26 February 1839||28 June 1908|
|Bailey, James||52||1 September 1803||7 April 1871|
|Bailey, John||21||16 January 1835||December 1872|
|Bailey, Louisa||12||3 March 1844||23 January 1916|
|Bailey, Mary Ann||15||4 June 1841||21 August 1898|
|Bailey, Mary Ann||51||16 October 1804||13 August 1886|
|Bailey, Thomas||19||16 March 1837||4 April 1907|
|Baker, Emma||17||26 May 1839||1 January 1888|
|Baker, George||14||28 December 1841||9 April 1861|
|Baker, Harriet||11||16 October 1844||18 March 1882|
|Baker, John||19||16 October 1836||About 1896|
|Baker, Mary Ann||45||2 February 1812||9 August 1873|
|Baker, Wilford||5||29 January 1851||About 1883|
|Baldwin, Hannah Matilda||18||28 March 1838||5 May 1906|
|Ball, Eliza||21||2 January 1835||9 December 1887|
|Bates, Mary Ann||21||16 October 1834||24 April 1918|
|Beus, Anne||17||15 November 1838||5 April 1905|
|Beus, James||15||15 December 1840||3 May 1911|
|Beus, John||12||11 December 1843||23 October 1899|
|Beus, Louis Phillipe||6||5 July 1849||12 August 1927|
|Beus, Magdalena||2||17 July 1853||1 March 1944|
|Beus, Marianne||43||7 March 1814||10 May 1910|
|Beus, Mary||5||17 February 1851||6 February 1936|
|Beus, Michael||10||22 November 1845||21 September 1879|
|Beus, Michael||45||23 February 1811||30 May 1888|
|Beus, Paul||9||19 March 1847||19 April 1931|
|Birch, Edward James||2||7 July 1853||5 June 1913|
|Birch, Elizabeth||40||5 February 1816||4 December 1903|
|Birch, James||28||21 March 1828||17 September 1856|
|Birch, Mary Ann||6||21 April 1850||23 November 1919|
|Birch, Mary Ann||28||23 December 1827||6 June 1887|
|Birch, Thomas||7||29 June 1848||29 June 1900|
|Birch, William||67||2 September 1788||29 November 1856|
|Bond, Elizabeth||55||18 September 1801||5 December 1876|
|Bond, Samuel||61||21 October 1795||27 September 1856|
|Bond, Samuel||25||About 1831||About 1905|
|Bond, William||23||About 1833||Unknown|
|Bourne, Elizabeth||34||10 June 1822||3 January 1878|
|Bourne, James||17||10 January 1839||6 February 1893|
|Bourne, John William||7||7 May 1849||20 July 1933|
|Bourne, Louisa||12||27 November 1843||7 February 1922|
|Bourne, Margaret||20||5 May 1836||6 January 1857|
|Bourne, Margaret||49||24 March 1807||30 July 1888|
|Bourne, Mary Ann||22||1 December 1833||24 June 1887|
|Bourne, Priscilla||14||13 November 1841||23 January 1923|
|Bourne, Thomas Bradford||59||26 October 1796||12 November 1869|
|Bowen, David||18||18 June 1837||30 March 1910|
|Bowers, Abraham||15||26 December 1840||12 October 1911|
|Bowers, Isaac||14||6 November 1841||12 April 1912|
|Bowers, Isaiah||10||21 April 1846||17 November 1926|
|Bowers, Jacob||12||10 March 1844||29 April 1934|
|Bowers, James||45||27 January 1811||21 June 1856|
|Bowers, Maria||49||3 November 1806||8 November 1889|
|Bowers, Sarah||18||13 July 1837||19 February 1872|
|Bowers, Shadrach||7||25 June 1849||27 June 1902|
|Bridges, Charles Henry||20||9 August 1835||6 January 1913|
|Brough, Alice||68||28 March 1788||26 October 1864|
|Brough, William||31||1 May 1825||Unknown|
|Bunney, Ann||26||5 May 1830||1 May 1920|
|Bunney, John||28||15 October 1827||21 June 1913|
|Butler, Emma||22||10 November 1833||28 December 1907|
|Butler, William||28||15 August 1827||30 May 1905|
|Card, Charles Ora||16||5 November 1839||7 September 1906|
|Card, Cyrus William||42||28 June 1814||4 September 1900|
|Card, Matilda Frances||3||13 October 1852||6 July 1875|
|Card, Polly Caroline||14||31 October 1841||2 July 1856|
|Card, Sarah||63||25 May 1793||August 1864|
|Card, Sarah Angeline||1||23 February 1855||11 September 1871|
|Card, Sarah Ann||37||14 May 1819||11 May 1894|
|Cardon, Susannah||22||30 July 1833||8 December 1920|
|Carlisle, H. W.||Unknown||Unknown||1856|
|Chapman, John||58||About 1798||unknown|
|Chatelain, Henriette||29||8 February 1827||27 June 1912|
|Chatelain, Madeline||21||2 June 1835||20 December 1881|
|Chatelain, Pierre Louis||31||24 October 1824||18 July 1900|
|Chester, Ann||20||12 February 1836||3 March 1918|
|Chester, Hannah||43||2 March 1813||15 February 1898|
|Clarke, Charlotte Ann||19||2 August 1834||20 December 1888|
|Clarke, George||54||10 December 1801||10 July 1873|
|Clarke, Hannah||6||19 February 1850||About 1864|
|Clarke, Mary Ann||53||20 August 1803||About 1875|
|Clarke, William Mitchell||14||11 February 1842||22 July 1924|
|Commander, James||35||28 October 1820||14 July 1902|
|Commander, Mary Ann||25||14 September 1830||14 January 1919|
|Devereaux, John||51||1 June 1805||9 February 1895|
|Doney, Ann Temperance||24||28 November 1831||15 June 1910|
|Doney, John||35||3 May 1821||4 October 1899|
|Doney, Mary Jane||Infant||29 July 1856||12 January 1937|
|Eldridge, Charlotte||2||7 May 1854||31 August 1935|
|Eldridge, Charlotte||24||3 February 1832||7 March 1912|
|Eldridge, Thomas||25||19 April 1831||30 September 1889|
|Ellsworth, Edmund Lovell||36||1 July 1819||29 December 1893|
|Fowler, Thomas||19||28 May 1837||14 February 1901|
|France, Joseph||42||9 September 1813||6 June 1886|
|Francis, Catterina||18||20 April 1838||5 March 1875|
|Franklin, Elizabeth||59||About 1797||Unknown|
|Frisby, Absalom||21||29 January 1835||Unknown|
|Frost, Edward||32||10 April 1824||7 November 1870|
|Frost, Eliza Louisa||27||2 November 1829||13 January 1904|
|Frost, Isabella||7||13 November 1848||27 June 1860|
|Frost, John Franklin||4||16 August 1851||16 March 1937|
|Galloway, Andrew||29||23 April 1827||15 February 1904|
|Galloway, Ann Eliza||3||8 October 1852||16 August 1917|
|Galloway, Jane||25||8 May 1831||14 January 1901|
|Gaudin, Catterina||22||About 1834||Unknown|
|Goodworth, Frederick||6||20 July 1849||12 March 1869|
|Goodworth, Joseph||9||15 February 1847||1870|
|Goodworth, Richard Brooks||10||26 March 1846||9 May 1896|
|Green, William||30||About 1826||Unknown|
|Ham, Ann||31||1 January 1825||17 February 1888|
|Hanson, Clara Jane||1||8 January 1855||23 May 1922|
|Hanson, Frances Hiley||24||9 June 1832||13 March 1914|
|Hanson, George||25||1 February 1831||9 July 1905|
|Harmon, William||52||About 1804||Unknown|
|Henwood, Elizabeth||43||12 August 1812||4 November 1893|
|Henwood, Elizabeth Tregenna||15||3 July 1840||8 January 1876|
|Henwood, John||47||1 January 1809||24 June 1874|
|Henwood, Richard||18||5 December 1837||18 April 1916|
|Hill, Eleanor||40||About 1816||Unknown|
|Hunt [or Hurst], Abraham||30||About 1826||Unknown|
|Hunt, Eliza||30||About 1826||Unknown|
|Ivins, Thomas||71||About 1786||Unknown|
|Jones, Anne||14||20 April 1842||2 March 1905|
|Jones, Daniel||12||6 October 1843||20 March 1916|
|Jones, Elizabeth Ann||36||20 April 1820||23 August 1906|
|Jones, Esther||29||About 1827||Unknown|
|Jones, Hannah||45||27 April 1811||4 August 1868|
|Jones, James||36||About 1820||Unknown|
|Jones, Mary Ann||19||9 May 1836||26 April 1925|
|Jones, Miriam||8||3 May 1848||Unknown|
|Jones, Rachel||15||11 July 1840||6 July 1931|
|Jones, Richard J.||3||23 June 1852||Unknown|
|Jones, Sabina||36||About 1820||Unknown|
|Jones, Sarah||1||26 June 1854||12 March 1886|
|Jones, William Daniel||42||27 December 1813||16 June 1858|
|Kettle, Eliza||12||24 November 1843||18 April 1930|
|Kettle, Hannah||1||16 September 1854||25 May 1943|
|Kettle, James Ward||9||22 September 1846||2 February 1920|
|Kettle, John||53||1 February 1803||11 October 1856|
|Kettle, Judith||43||28 July 1812||16 January 1888|
|Kettle, Robert||14||29 July 1841||7 November 1928|
|Kettle, Samuel||5||27 October 1850||17 June 1928|
|Lagaird, Giovanni||15||30 January 1841||10 April 1937|
|Lagaird, Pietro||50||5 May 1806||About September 1856|
|Lee, Chancey Charles||2||10 October 1853||4 June 1941|
|Lee, Elizabeth||10||1 December 1846||31 December 1891|
|Lee, Fanny||11||25 April 1845||11 October 1924|
|Lee, John||34||18 January 1822||18 June 1907|
|Lee, Samuel||4||13 October 1851||20 December 1929|
|Lee, Sarah||33||20 July 1821||14 September 1909|
|Lee, Sarah Ann||Infant||28 November 1855||12 July 1892|
|Lee, William||12||29 January 1844||14 June 1856|
|Leonard, Mary Ann||21||6 January 1835||21 October 1899|
|Lewis, Jane||29||1 January 1827||14 March 1890|
|Lewis, John||33||About 1822||13 October 1867|
|Lewis, John Samuel||8||1847||11 August 1902|
|Liddiard, George||35||21 January 1821||7 September 1856|
|Lloyd, Benjamin||23||20 October 1832||9 December 1856|
|Lloyd, Elizabeth||38||About 1818||December 1857|
|Lloyd, Jane||2||24 May 1854||13 August 1875|
|Lloyd, John||10||6 April 1846||17 July 1916|
|Lloyd, John||39||10 May 1817||22 November 1883|
|Lloyd, Martha||Infant||31 May 1856||24 November 1934|
|Lloyd, Mary||12||26 August 1844||11 April 1924|
|Lloyd, Thomas||6||19 August 1850||28 March 1918|
|Lloyd, Thomas||26||22 February 1830||2 May 1902|
|Lloyd, William||8||4 April 1848||27 January 1910|
|Marshall, Dauean Louisa||6||12 March 1850||5 May 1926|
|Marshall, George Thomas||4||9 November 1851||20 July 1931|
|Marshall, Lovinia||12||12 March 1844||12 December 1904|
|Marshall, Sarah||35||2 March 1821||23 April 1904|
|Marshall, Sarah Ann||2||11 January 1854||12 June 1917|
|Marshall, Selina||10||22 February 1846||1 January 1918|
|Marshall, Tryphena||8||4 February 1848||29 May 1922|
|Mayo, Mary Taylor||65||About 1791||13 September 1856|
|Middleton, Mary Ann||18||19 April 1838||16 February 1920|
|Moss, Henry||19||About 1837||Unknown|
|Moyle, Alfred||9||11 October 1846||16 December 1870|
|Moyle, Henry||12||3 January 1844||13 June 1925|
|Moyle, John Rowe||5||25 May 1851||27 November 1934|
|Moyle, John Rowe||48||22 February 1808||15 February 1889|
|Moyle, Phillipi||40||13 December 1815||21 January 1891|
|Moyle, Stephen||15||27 November 1840||29 October 1901|
|Murray, James||27||About 1829||Unknown|
|Neppress, George||23||About 1833||7 September 1856|
|Oakley, John DeGroot||36||12 November 1819||4 May 1890|
|Passey, Thomas||18||23 September 1837||10 December 1910|
|Phillips, John A.||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Phillips, Jonah||24||18 December 1831||3 September 1903|
|Powell, David||7||About 1849||Unknown|
|Powell, David Samuel||Infant||2 March 1856||26 March 1878|
|Powell, Elizabeth||6||6 August 1849||8 April 1908|
|Powell, Hannah Susan||4||6 May 1852||16 April 1916|
|Powell, John||42||9 July 1813||9 October 1856|
|Powell, Margaret Mary||8||12 March 1848||23 February 1925|
|Powell, Mary Ann||12||2 November 1843||8 January 1929|
|Powell, Sarah Elizabeth||34||12 October 1821||6 April 1890|
|Powell, William||14||28 January 1841||4 April 1899|
|Pratt, Caroline||31||About 1825||Unknown|
|Pratt, Eleanor Saline||12||About 1844||Unknown|
|Pratt, Emily||1||About 1855||Unknown|
|Pratt, George||9||About 1847||Unknown|
|Pratt, Orson||3||About 1853||Unknown|
|Pratt, William||31||About 1825||Unknown|
|Preator, Loran Isabella||2||12 January 1854||15 June 1856|
|Preator, Mary||31||7 September 1824||14 February 1878|
|Preator, Mary Salome||5||18 May 1851||17 October 1939|
|Preator, Richard||30||24 February 1826||11 March 1911|
|Price, Ann||46||1 December 1809||23 May 1888|
|Rasdell, Elizabeth||22||1 February 1834||17 August 1896|
|Rasdell, John Joseph||24||About 1830||Unknown|
|Rasdell, Mary Ann||Infant||About 1856||Unknown|
|Richins, Albert Franklin||1||30 January 1855||16 December 1940|
|Richins, Harriet||22||29 December 1833||14 May 1896|
|Richins, Thomas||30||6 June 1826||28 December 1896|
|Robinson, Clara Alice||1||12 April 1855||23 June 1943|
|Robinson, Eliza||26||About 1830||Unknown|
|Robinson, Elizabeth||21||11 October 1834||27 January 1929|
|Robinson, Emma||24||13 July 1831||9 June 1890|
|Robinson, John||46||22 February 1810||23 October 1883|
|Robinson, John||6||4 May 1850||8 March 1920|
|Robinson, Sarah Naomi||19||23 August 1836||1 April 1930|
|Rochon, Elizabeth||14||3 November 1841||1 March 1891|
|Rochon, Jean Michel||46||11 September 1809||22 September 1856|
|Rochon, Jean Michel||1||About 1855||About 1856|
|Rochon, Jean Pierre||11||6 May 1845||October 1898|
|Rochon, Marie Marguerite||7||5 October 1848||Unknown|
|Rochon, Suzanne||36||29 June 1819||18 March 1899|
|Sanders, James||16||5 November 1840||Unknown|
|Sanders, John||12||About 1844||Unknown|
|Sanders, Mary||19||3 April 1838||Unknown|
|Sanders, Thomas||10||About 1846||Unknown|
|Sanders, Walter||63||2 February 1793||1 September 1856|
|Sheen, Ann||4||9 February 1852||30 September 1906|
|Sheen, Ann Eliza||Infant||14 February 1856||Unknown|
|Sheen, Eliza Elizabeth||29||1 August 1826||17 September 1901|
|Sheen, Ellen||18||14 February 1837||18 December 1917|
|Sheen, Emma||2||2 June 1854||26 June 1856|
|Sheen, Hannah||22||6 December 1833||1 December 1908|
|Sheen, James||26||5 January 1830||22 April 1927|
|Sheen, James||60||25 February 1796||29 September 1856|
|Sheen, Louisa Eliza||6||4 February 1850||2 April 1919|
|Sheen, Mary||8||15 June 1848||8 July 1926|
|Sheen, Mary Shields||23||21 March 1833||9 June 1866|
|Sheen, Robert||30||22 December 1825||30 October 1894|
|Sheen, Sidney||Infant||17 April 1856||24 June 1856|
|Shelton, Richard||18||7 November 1837||2 May 1906|
|Smith, Mariae||25||16 May 1831||After 1880|
|Sprig, Sarah Ann||18||About 1838||Unknown|
|Stalle, Bartolomi Daniel||18||2 June 1838||15 January 1912|
|Stalle, Jean Pierre||52||25 December 1803||17 August 1856|
|Stalle, Jeanne Marie||45||15 May 1811||31 May 1898|
|Stalle, Marguerite||5||28 October 1850||9 April 1938|
|Stalle, Marie||10||15 August 1844||28 January 1929|
|Stalle, Susette||19||12 February 1837||19 July 1923|
|Stevenson, Alexander||36||About 1820||Unknown|
|Stevenson, Alexander||7||About 1849||After 1920|
|Stevenson, Isabella||28||About 1828||Unknown|
|Stevenson, John||13||About 1843||About 1920|
|Stevenson, Joseph B.||3||About 1853||About 1920|
|Stevenson, Magdalene||11||About 1845||Unknown|
|Stevenson, Magdalene||35||About 1821||Unknown|
|Stevenson, Maria||1||About 1855||Unknown|
|Stevenson, Orson||5||About 1851||After 1920|
|Stoddart, Caleb||18||22 July 1837||2 April 1925|
|Stoddart, Dinah||6||16 May 1850||14 June 1911|
|Stoddart, Hannah||8||24 October 1847||20 June 1919|
|Stoddart, James||14||7 April 1842||30 March 1917|
|Stoddart, Jane||12||8 July 1843||31 October 1935|
|Stoddart, Margaret||1||3 December 1854||27 April 1933|
|Stoddart, Margaret Mariah||38||3 March 1818||8 August 1882|
|Stoddart, Margaret Mariah||40||28 November 1815||15 July 1899|
|Stoddart, Mary||11||28 January 1845||22 December 1909|
|Stoddart, Mary||3||9 October 1852||3 April 1870|
|Stoddart, Robert||16||9 July 1839||9 November 1893|
|Stoddart, Robert||51||19 May 1805||31 August 1856|
|Stoddart, Sarah||10||7 October 1845||26 February 1872|
|Stoddart, William Bell||43||4 June 1813||22 September 1892|
|Taylor, Elizabeth||21||6 November 1834||23 November 1862|
|Thompson, Emma||20||27 April 1836||18 February 1897|
|Vaughan, Elinor||66||25 December 1789||About 1861|
|Walker, Elizabeth||16||17 October 1839||15 March 1918|
|Walker, Elizabeth||24||5 February 1832||7 September 1908|
|Walker, Emma||21||15 March 1835||3 December 1922|
|Walker, Henry||51||6 April 1805||26 July 1856|
|Walker, Isabella||62||About 1794||21 May 1881|
|Walters, Archer||46||29 July 1809||14 October 1856|
|Walters, Harriet||46||21 October 1809||30 September 1883|
|Walters, Harriet||14||8 August 1842||1 June 1912|
|Walters, Henry Archer||15||14 October 1840||18 May 1927|
|Walters, Lydia||6||23 September 1850||Unknown|
|Walters, Martha||11||9 September 1844||28 April 1908|
|Walters, Sarah Ann||17||16 November 1838||1 March 1915|
|Wareing, George||18||5 March 1838||7 March 1884|
|Warner, Ann||51||27 January 1805||9 October 1865|
|Warner, James Constable||61||11 September 1794||27 February 1863|
|Warner, Sarah Jane||14||1 July 1841||23 November 1902|
|Watts, Eliza||34||5 January 1822||9 January 1863|
|Watts, Henry||39||5 January 1817||24 July 1885|
|Watts, Joseph||45||27 June 1810||27 November 1899|
|Webb, Eliza||16||24 November 1839||12 April 1879|
|Webb, Elizabeth||19||12 January 1837||16 March 1861|
|Welling, Frances Elizabeth||25||14 August 1830||29 December 1865|
|Welling, Job||23||9 January 1833||7 March 1886|
|Welling, Job||Infant||20 October 1855||17 June 1856|
|Williams, George Abraham||17||4 November 1838||23 December 1907|
|Yeo, William||17||22 November 1838||Unknown|
While a missionary in England, Edmund Ellsworth a son-in-law of Brigham Young had a recurring dream about leading a handcart company to Utah. Although this method of emigrant transportation had never before been used, he began advocating it as an inexpensive method whereby the faithful poor could gather to Zion. Simultaneously, Church leaders in Salt Lake were officially adopting this scheme to help Perpetual Emigration Fund passengers. When his call to lead the first handcart company actually came, Ellsworth readily accepted the assignment. On March 21, he left England aboard the ship Enoch Train with 534 Saints, arriving in Boston on May 1. From there the emigrants traveled by rail to Iowa City, where they camped for over a month awaiting completion of their carts.
Finally, on June 9, the great handcart experiment began. With buoyant spirits and an enthusiastic send off, they set out across Iowa. There were about 280 people, including a man age 71 and the youthful Birmingham Brass Band. Each traveler was allowed only 17 pounds of luggage (clothing, bedding and utensils). If they had additional baggage, they had to pay for it to be transported later by ox-trains. Those who could not afford the freight costs sold what they could and simply abandoned the rest. The wagon assigned to the handcart company hauled supplies. There was a tent for each 20 people. The first day the emigrants traveled only four miles. Then, they had to remain idle for a day while the men searched for strayed oxen. Animals recovered, the company again set out, only to have two of the poorly constructed handcarts break down (repairing carts became a frequent necessity). On June 12 a young boy died-soon to be followed by the deaths of other children and adults. The company passed through Newton, Iowa, and near Fort Des Moines on June 23. Repeatedly wracked by wind and rainstorms, on July 8 they arrived at and ferried across the Missouri River. They then went to the campground at Florence, Nebraska Territory, where they spent 10 days repairing carts and getting ready to continue.
Initially their progress had been slow, but the pace increased. They averaged seven miles a day the first week, almost 13 miles per day the next week and hit their stride before reaching Florence at which time they were covering up to 20 miles a day. Hunger, fatigue, fainting, and illness were commonplace. Daily food rations for adults were between one-half and one pound of flour, plus two ounces of rice, three ounces of sugar, and one-half pound of bacon per week; children got less. At Kanesville, Iowa, they purchased two more wagons and additional livestock. A few members of the company dropped out along the way while others decided to stay in Florence. At Florence 30 Italian Saints joined the company. Much of the time was spent making major repairs to the carts, which had been made of green lumber with no skeins on the axles and no boxes in the hubs. To minimize wear, workmen installed tin boxes in the hubs and thick iron hoops around the axles.
Finally ready, they left Florence on July 20 with 55 handcarts, each laden with up to 500 hundred pounds of supplies and luggage). There were also three wagons, three mules, one horse, and six yoke of oxen. They ferried across the Elkhorn River and followed the Loup Fork River for two days before crossing it via a rickety ferry-boat (after that, most streams had to be forded). Prairie thunderstorms were terrifying; on July 26 lightning killed one man, knocked down two other adults, and burned a boy. The road was sometimes muddy, often sandy and hilly. The men carried the carts across Prairie Creek (even the wagons had difficulty crossing); later they crossed Wood River on a good bridge. When an ox died, they replaced it with a wild steer that was providentially supplied. Once they waited more than an hour for a buffalo herd to cross the road. Hunters killed some of the buffalo for food. Occasionally they slaughtered one of their beef cattle. On the plains, they cooked with buffalo chips and once drank water from a buffalo wallow, which caused widespread diarrhea in the camp. On August 8, a man turned up missing and was not found until the next day, five miles ahead of the company.
After traveling on the north side of the Platte, they forded it at Fort Laramie on August 26. They then crossed the North Platte to the north side near present-day Orin, Wyoming, and recrossed it back to the south side above Douglas. On August 31 they reached Deer Creek (near present-day Glenrock, Wyoming), where they met five supply wagons that had been sent from the valley to assist them. On September 3 they forded the Platte for the last time below the Upper Crossing, at present-day Casper, Wyoming. The next day the weather turned cold. That day and the next it rained and snowed, keeping the company in camp and making it impossible to start fires. Then to make matters worse, 24 head of cattle strayed, so the men spent a day recovering them. The company reached Devil's Gate and passed by the old Fort Seminoe trading post on September 8. On September 11 they took the Seminoe Cutoff, an alternate route that tracked south of Rocky Ridge, bypassing it and four crossings of the Sweetwater.
Ellsworth had taken this cut-off in 1854 when traveling to serve a mission in England. After traveling nearly night and day to overtake them, Daniel McArthur's handcart company pulled in at almost 11:00 p.m. and camped beside Ellsworth's company at present-day Alkali Creek on the cutoff. On September 13 at Pacific Springs they found John Banks's wagon train; it had left Florence 10 days ahead of them. Handcarts regularly arrived in camp long before accompanying wagons, and handcart captains often complained that wagons slowed them down.
On September 18 they forded Green River. An eastbound missionary company saw them there as they were descending the ridge to the river. It was an impressive sight and they got out of their wagons and formed a line for the oncoming handcarts to pass through, cheering them with a hosanna shout. Three days later Ellsworth's company camped at Fort Bridger. Even through the mountains, where they were beset by cold and thunderstorms, they averaged over 20 miles per day. Proving their fitness, they climbed up and over Big Mountain in less than three hours. They camped at the foot of Little Mountain and the next day, September 26, entered the Salt Lake Valley. There, a welcoming committee headed by Brigham Young met them and treated them to a melon party. While Ellsworth's group feasted on melons, McArthur's handcart company pulled up and the two handcart groups joined the First Presidency, the Nauvoo Brass Band, H. B. Clawson's company of lancers, and many local citizens in a grand parade into the city. Hundreds of citizens joined them and spectators cheered.
Sixteen persons had died. Some had questioned the ability of women and children to travel by handcart. Numerous children walked the whole way and Ellsworth said that women withstood the rigors of the trail better than men of comparable age.