Daniel D. McArthur Company (1856)
- Church Train
- 11 June 1856
- Departed From
- Iowa City, Iowa
- 26 September 1856
- Daniel Duncan McArthur Sr.
- Number In Company
2nd handcart company had about 220 individuals, 44 handcarts, and 2 wagons in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Iowa City, Iowa.View Summary
- Bermingham, Twiss, "To Utah--By Hand," American Legion Magazine , July 1937, 27, 58-61.
- Brigham Young, "Remarks," Deseret News, 12 November 1856, 283.
- Bullock, Thomas, "Interesting from our Missionaries on the Plains," The Mormon, 15 November 1856, 2.
- Crandal, Mary B. "Autobiography of a Noble Woman," Young Woman's Journal, Feb. 1895, 266-67; ibid., Apr. 1895, 320-23; ibid., May 1895, 387-88; ibid., June 1895, 427.
- Daniel Duncan McArthur Emigrating Company journal, 1856 May-September.
- Daniel Spencer letter to Franklin D. Richards printed in "Foreign Correspondence," Millennial Star, 2 August 1856, 489-90.
- Dedrickson, Theodore, A brief story of Theodore Dedrickson's voyage from Iceland to Utah, 1855-56, reel 12, item 8, 5-6.
- "Emigrants for Utah," Deseret News, 6 August 1856, 176.
- Ferguson, Phyllis Hardie, [Reminiscences], in Lydia D. Alder, "The First Handcart Company," Improvement Era , July 1909, 721-23.
- Gardner, James, [Reminiscences], in "Utah Heroes Who Pulled Their All Across the Plains," Deseret Evening News, 1 Sept. 1906, 20.
- Granger, Walter, Temple record [ca. 1877-1891], 102.
- Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 7.
- Hardie, John, Journal, box 12, fd. 12, 1.
- John Ellis autobiographical sketch, 1899
- John Jaques, "Some Reminiscences," Salt Lake Herald-Republican, 29 December 1878, 1.
- Kimball, Heber C., "Remarks," Deseret News [Weekly], 8 Oct. 1856, 244.
- Latey, J. H., "Correspondence from the Camp at Florence," The Mormon, 30 Aug. 1856, 2.
- McArthur, Daniel D. Reminiscences, in Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 26 Sep. 1856, 3-6.
- Meeks, Mary Jane McCleve, [Reminiscences], in Juvenile Instructor , Mar. 1932, 136-37.
- Meeks, Mary Jane McCleve, Biography, "Personal Recollections of Mary Jane McCleve Meeks of Her Life 1840-1933," 9-18.
- "Minutes of the Semi-Annual Conference," Deseret News [Weekly], 15 Oct. 1856, 256.
- Smith, Andrew, Diaries, 1853-1856, fd. 2.
- "The First Hand-Cart Companies," Deseret News [Weekly], 1 Oct. 1856, 236.
- Treseder, Charles M., "Correspondence from Great Salt Lake City," The Mormon, 29 Nov. 1856, 3.
- [William Knox Aitken], "Adventures of a Mormon," London Advertiser, 9 Aug. 1857.
- William Woodward letter to Heber C. Kimball, 11 June 1856.
- Woodruff, W., "Correspondence from Utah," The Mormon, 15 Nov. 1856, 3.
- Woodward, William, "Iowa Correspondence," The Mormon, 28 June 1856, 2.
- Young, Brigham, "Remarks," Deseret News [Weekly], 26 Nov. 1856, 298.
|Aitken, Cecelia V.||14||About 1842||Unknown|
|Aitken, Thomas||10||24 July 1845||22 December 1934|
|Aitken, William Knox||36||22 July 1819||25 February 1864|
|Anderson, Agnes||52||5 May 1804||19 August 1891|
|Anderson, Archibald Adamson||20||27 March 1836||2 December 1892|
|Anderson, James||13||3 October 1842||27 January 1922|
|Anderson, John||15||28 July 1840||27 May 1900|
|Bell, James Ross||17||24 November 1839||Between 1915 and 1920|
|Bell, John||58||12 August 1797||Between 1856 and 1860|
|Bell, Maria||55||About 1801||Between 1870 and 1880|
|Bell, Samuel||16||17 April 1840||Unknown|
|Bermingham, Catherine Elizabeth||24||About 1832||Unknown|
|Bermingham, Edward L.||4||About 1852||Unknown|
|Bermingham, Jane E.||3||About 1853||Unknown|
|Bermingham, Mary Katherine||Infant||June 1856||Unknown|
|Bermingham, Patrick Twiss||26||About 1830||Unknown|
|Blackhurst, Isabelle||19||6 April 1837||6 January 1873|
|Bone, Mary Ann||10||22 August 1845||9 January 1875|
|Bowring, Ellen Mary||16||30 January 1840||2 October 1909|
|Bowring, Henry Ebenezer||34||11 March 1822||3 March 1906|
|Bowring, Wallace Crocker||3||18 May 1853||15 April 1930|
|Branagan, Mary||21||25 August 1834||28 March 1919|
|Burdett, Elizabeth||66||29 January 1790||Unknown|
|Burdett, Mary Ann Emma||18||13 November 1837||5 September 1918|
|Cardon, Anna Regla||30||15 March 1826||25 August 1907|
|Chambers, David||54||About 1801||16 February 1878|
|Chambers, David||15||16 June 1841||27 January 1897|
|Chambers, Mary||54||About 1802||14 February 1872|
|Clotworthy, Hugh||29||25 February 1827||9 February 1859|
|Clotworthy, Janet||9||4 September 1846||20 February 1871|
|Clotworthy, Jean||37||1 August 1819||7 September 1891|
|Clotworthy, Margaret||Infant||29 November 1856||1 January 1879|
|Clotworthy, Mary||7||22 July 1847||3 August 1889|
|Clotworthy, Thomas||4||18 May 1852||23 August 1905|
|Crandall, Spicer Wells||33||31 December 1822||14 May 1879|
|Crawford, James||23||About 1833||Unknown|
|Darroch, Elizabeth||4||1 January 1852||9 June 1937|
|Dechman [or Dickman], James||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Dedricksson, Thordur||28||26 March 1828||9 September 1894|
|Draney, Isabella Gray||Infant||28 November 1855||14 January 1946|
|Draney, John Pentland||31||17 March 1825||4 December 1893|
|Draney, Mary Jane||28||17 September 1827||16 January 1905|
|Draney, Samuel Park||2||8 October 1853||8 February 1903|
|Eardley, Bedson||23||20 November 1832||9 December 1894|
|Eardley, Louisa||26||14 July 1829||14 April 1914|
|Elliker, Barbara||24||18 July 1832||9 February 1911|
|Elliker, Conrad||21||5 January 1835||2 September 1856|
|Elliker, Elizabeth||22||29 October 1833||15 July 1856|
|Elliker, Hans Henry||59||26 February 1797||20 September 1856|
|Elliker, Heinrich||27||23 September 1828||26 March 1914|
|Elliker, Johannes||13||30 January 1843||14 July 1925|
|Elliker, Margaretha||18||28 December 1837||8 January 1898|
|Elliker, Margaretha||53||18 October 1802||22 May 1890|
|Elliker, Susanna||14||21 October 1841||17 August 1856|
|Ellis, John||28||5 January 1828||25 September 1901|
|Ellis, Mary Ann||33||3 October 1822||28 July 1903|
|Ellis, Sarah Emmett||Infant||15 January 1856||8 October 1865|
|Emmett, Ann||26||23 April 1830||1 April 1918|
|Ferguson, James||28||23 February 1828||30 August 1863|
|Findley, Linzy Hannah||46||7 June 1810||25 February 1889|
|Findley, Sarah L. Ann||16||3 November 1839||17 February 1918|
|Findley, William||46||4 July 1809||15 June 1887|
|Fraser, Elizabeth||29||17 March 1827||18 August 1892|
|Frew, James||9||30 May 1847||12 June 1923|
|Frew, Jane||35||10 June 1821||30 March 1872|
|Frew, Janet||7||31 January 1849||6 September 1884|
|Frew, John||29||17 June 1821||22 February 1904|
|Frew, Mary||1||27 August 1854||7 April 1935|
|Frew, William John Daniel Thompson McCallister||Infant||10 June 1856||5 June 1936|
|Gale, Mary||47||7 March 1809||8 May 1876|
|Gallop, Agnes||36||About 1820||Unknown|
|Gallop, Thomas||39||About 1817||Unknown|
|Gardner, Agnes||20||21 October 1835||About 1899|
|Gardner, Alexander||15||17 March 1841||17 March 1860|
|Gardner, Ann||51||27 April 1805||1 June 1895|
|Gardner, Elizabeth||13||28 January 1843||6 June 1872|
|Gardner, James||17||9 December 1838||5 May 1921|
|Gardner, Walter||8||22 October 1847||20 January 1928|
|Granger, Alexander Fullerton||9||7 March 1847||20 October 1938|
|Granger, Catherine||20||About 1836||Unknown|
|Granger, Catherine||37||19 January 1819||23 September 1894|
|Granger, Catherine McDonald||6||21 December 1848||1 April 1922|
|Granger, John Walker||2||July 1853||About 1864|
|Granger, Robert||14||18 January 1842||1 January 1882|
|Granger, Walter||5||14 April 1851||30 September 1865|
|Granger, Walter||34||4 August 1821||6 May 1904|
|Gray, Franklin Dewey Richard.||4||23 March 1852||26 May 1912|
|Gray, Jane||22||20 August 1833||18 August 1863|
|Gray, Jane||28||18 November 1827||16 July 1890|
|Gray, John||50||23 October 1804||24 January 1891|
|Gray, Mary||2||25 January 1854||31 December 1930|
|Gray, William Jaap||Infant||26 January 1856||Unknown|
|Hall, William||29||About 1827||Unknown|
|Hardie, Agnes Downie||22||24 October 1834||13 September 1920|
|Hardie, Grace||13||14 December 1842||14 March 1908|
|Hardie, James McDonald||10||13 November 1845||23 January 1905|
|Hardie, Janet||46||8 April 1810||2 June 1872|
|Hardie, John Francis||15||5 November 1840||22 January 1907|
|Hardie, Phyllis||23||1 September 1832||23 September 1921|
|Hargraves, Agnes||34||22 December 1821||17 February 1903|
|Hargraves, Elizabeth Ann||4||29 December 1851||27 January 1939|
|Hargraves, Enoch Trane||Infant||22 March 1856||23 November 1932|
|Hargraves, Jane O'Connor||16||4 January 1840||18 October 1877|
|Hargraves, Janette||11||14 April 1844||15 May 1897|
|Hargraves, John||9||14 February 1847||9 June 1927|
|Hargraves, Margaret||2||8 April 1854||19 April 1935|
|Hargraves, Mary||12||20 December 1843||29 May 1890|
|Hargraves, Samuel||44||22 June 1811||2 June 1871|
|Heaton, Christopher Beilby||4||17 May 1852||12 November 1895|
|Heaton, Esther||25||19 November 1830||11 October 1875|
|Heaton, William||29||10 March 1827||22 September 1877|
|Heaton, William McDonald||Infant||13 September 1855||26 September 1856|
|Hillhouse, David||11||About 1845||Unknown|
|Hillhouse, Elizabeth||6||About 1850||15 February 1897|
|Hillhouse, Jeanette||Infant||1 January 1856||17 April 1937|
|Hillhouse, Jeanette||24||9 February 1832||7 April 1903|
|Hillhouse, John||22||15 February 1834||1 August 1892|
|Hillhouse, Margaret||52||About 1804||unknown|
|Hillhouse, Mary||15||15 April 1841||Unknown|
|Hillhouse, Robert||13||15 March 1843||21 March 1921|
|Hillhouse, William||46||5 January 1810||1 June 1857|
|Hillhouse, William A.||2||9 February 1854||10 December 1927|
|Hodgetts, Hannah||18||May 1837||February 1864|
|Ipson, Georgine Maria||28||18 March 1828||28 April 1919|
|Ipson, Neils Peter||23||16 March 1833||20 January 1910|
|Johnston, David||7||About 1849||Unknown|
|Johnston, Elizabeth||21||About 1835||Unknown|
|Johnston, George||39||9 February 1817||27 March 1884|
|Johnston, Isabella||5||19 June 1851||9 June 1906|
|Johnston, Janet||14||25 November 1841||28 November 1914|
|Johnston, Richard||5||About 1851||Unknown|
|Johnston, William||3||About 1853||Unknown|
|Johnston, William||29||About 1827||Unknown|
|Jones, Eliza||20||17 May 1836||19 September 1900|
|Kennington, Eliza||11||24 August 1844||28 March 1924|
|Kennington, Mary Ann||2||20 May 1854||7 November 1908|
|Kennington, Mary Ann||46||1 April 1810||23 August 1900|
|Kennington, Richard||51||18 October 1804||12 October 1879|
|Kennington, Richard Davison||9||7 August 1846||4 October 1919|
|Kennington, Sarah Jane||16||29 September 1839||4 February 1898|
|Kennington, William Henry||13||7 August 1844||7 April 1914|
|Lane, Margaret||30||29 September 1825||23 March 1895|
|Lawrenson, Ann||52||1 February 1804||2 October 1897|
|Lawrenson, Jane||17||9 October 1838||7 July 1927|
|Lawrenson, Margaret||11||9 May 1845||1 December 1921|
|Lawrenson, William||55||20 September 1800||15 December 1876|
|Lawson, William||29||About 1827||Unknown|
|Leonard, Truman||35||17 September 1820||28 November 1897|
|Logan, Mary Bathgate||12||22 March 1844||25 August 1901|
|Lucas, Ann||21||About 1835||Unknown|
|Lucas, Anthony||58||About 1798||Unknown|
|Lucas, Elizabeth||26||About 1829||Unknown|
|Lucas, Martha||20||About 1836||Unknown|
|Lucas, Mary||14||About 1842||Unknown|
|Lucas, Mary||57||About 1799||Unknown|
|Lucas, Thomas||25||About 1831||Unknown|
|Ludert, Joseph Alphonse||6||1 June 1850||February 1901|
|Ludert, Josephine||43||2 February 1813||23 February 1878|
|Mathieson, Mary||21||16 November 1834||13 October 1857|
|Maxwell, Ann||13||5 April 1843||About 1872|
|Maxwell, Arthur||32||22 April 1824||30 October 1871|
|Maxwell, Catherine||27||27 April 1829||28 December 1922|
|Maxwell, Elizabeth||21||7 January 1832||21 January 1897|
|Maxwell, Elizabeth||51||28 December 1804||1 November 1856|
|Maxwell, Elizabeth||24||16 February 1832||10 November 1911|
|Maxwell, Ralph||19||30 April 1837||6 May 1901|
|McArthur, Daniel Duncan||36||8 April 1820||3 June 1908|
|McCleve, Alexander Gilmore||2||24 February 1854||18 November 1897|
|McCleve, Eliza Roxy||7||3 May 1849||31 August 1913|
|McCleve, Isabel Wilkins||13||29 January 1843||13 January 1918|
|McCleve, John||48||18 August 1807||24 September 1856|
|McCleve, John Taylor||11||27 March 1845||5 June 1867|
|McCleve, Joseph Smith||8||29 July 1847||18 November 1919|
|McCleve, Margaret Anne||17||17 September 1838||4 May 1908|
|McCleve, Mary Jane||15||21 August 1840||19 January 1933|
|McCleve, Nancy Jane||41||1 May 1815||24 April 1879|
|McDonald, Alexander||26||1 January 1830||15 November 1894|
|McDonald, John Wilson||23||6 April 1833||3 February 1913|
|McDougal, Joseph||26||21 March 1830||2 August 1904|
|McGowan, Mary||28||10 November 1827||30 July 1862|
|Meikle, James||17||6 July 1839||3 May 1924|
|Meikle, Margaret||57||19 July 1798||22 February 1887|
|Meikle, William||30||15 October 1826||Unknown|
|Muir, George||24||16 October 1831||24 May 1908|
|Muir, James Mountain||Infant||22 September 1856||20 October 1931|
|Muir, Jane Howie||Infant||5 July 1854||2 May 1927|
|Muir, Margaret||26||1 January 1830||10 August 1882|
|Muir, Mary||3||15 April 1853||20 March 1943|
|Park, Isabella||64||1 October 1791||20 December 1879|
|Parker, Ada||Infant||29 May 1856||7 May 1930|
|Parker, Ann Ruth||37||22 March 1819||25 January 1899|
|Parker, Arthur Hartley||6||18 April 1850||16 July 1869|
|Parker, Martha Alice||10||20 May 1846||17 December 1925|
|Parker, Maxmilian||12||8 June 1844||28 July 1938|
|Parker, Robert||36||29 March 1820||24 February 1901|
|Peacock, George||5||11 April 1851||Unknown|
|Peacock, George Martin||29||23 July 1826||29 March 1886|
|Peacock, Mary Ann||7||5 August 1848||Unknown|
|Ramsay, Elizabeth||33||21 March 1823||22 August 1901|
|Ramsay, John Smith||1||16 November 1854||27 June 1856|
|Ramsay, Ralph||32||22 January 1824||25 January 1905|
|Randall, Anna M.||31||9 December 1824||11 February 1878|
|Randall, Oscar Isaac||1||15 June 1854||5 September 1931|
|Richardson, Eliza||33||10 October 1822||Unknown|
|Richardson, Peter||24||About 1832||Unknown|
|Richardson, [Infant]||Infant||14 July 1856||15 July 1856|
|Russell, Ellen||23||About 1833||Unknown|
|Sanderson, Rebecca Wood||41||19 September 1814||15 September 1865|
|Sanderson, Rhoda||9||15 December 1846||21 October 1932|
|Sanderson, Sarah Ann||11||28 December 1844||19 September 1921|
|Schies, Anna Gossauer||38||6 October 1817||10 May 1886|
|Schies, John||39||About 1817||Unknown|
|Shields, Elizabeth||29||21 August 1826||19 September 1857|
|Smart, Sarah||50||About 1806||Unknown|
|Smith, Andrew||28||About 1828||5 August 1856|
|Stewart, Agnes Nancy||50||About 1806||About 1870|
|Stewart, Jane||18||22 May 1838||27 February 1921|
|Stewart, Margaret||13||May 1843||4 May 1926|
|Stewart, Matilda||16||26 February 1840||10 October 1924|
|Thomas, David Griffith||39||1817||unknown|
|Tweddle, Elizabeth||21||About 1835||Unknown|
|Wandless, Eleanor||29||29 September 1826||26 February 1864|
|Wandless, Eleanor Neil||7||28 April 1849||5 November 1928|
|Wark, Mary||59||26 July 1796||5 August 1884|
|Wright, Maria||24||3 June 1831||11 June 1911|
|Wright, William Tweede||24||15 September 1831||7 June 1920|
|Young, Mary||35||21 April 1821||16 January 1886|
Daniel D. McArthur, a returning missionary from Scotland, was appointed to lead the 2nd handcart company. Most of the people in this company crossed the Atlantic on the ships Enoch Train and S. Curling They traveled from New York City to Iowa City, Iowa, and there spent about a month getting the handcarts and supplies ready to set out. On June 11, they moved out, two days after Ellsworth's 1st handcart company had left. The two leading handcart companies seemed to be engaged in a friendly rivalry trying to best each other in being the first to get to the Salt Lake Valley. McArthur's company earned the name of "Crack Company" because they were a spirited and fit group and were highly regarded by all who met them en route.
The handcarts were poorly built and required daily maintenance to keep them repaired. It was easy to be discouraged pushing handcarts laden with up to 250 pounds of luggage; a few turned back and dropped out. For much of the way across Iowa, McArthur kept pace with and traveled close to Ellsworth's company. On or about June 18 an attempted aggravated kidnapping of a teenage girl in the company by two men in a fancy buggy was thwarted. The sweltering heat persisted for weeks and several fainted from exhaustion, causing a few more to drop out.[Ellsworth Ancestors, p. 97] In early July a terrible thunderstorm tore up tents and drenched everyone. They were also delayed looking for people who veered off the road. At one point an 8-year-old boy got lost on the road. They halted for a day to search for him but then had to move on, leaving the boy's father to continue the search alone. Four days afterward, a reunited father and son joyfully rejoined the company, waving a red shawl as they approached the camp. Hot days continued; more people collapsed and more families dropped out. Along the way "gentiles" and "apostates" harassed Ellsworth and McArthur, calling them "tyrants" and "slave drivers." On July 8, both McArthur's and Ellsworth's companies arrived at and crossed the Missouri River on a steam-powered ferryboat and moved on to the emigrant camp west of Florence, Nebraska Territory.
At Florence, enticing land and farm opportunities were tempting, causing a few in the company to drop out. The company spent more than two weeks here repairing carts, restocking supplies, and getting ready to continue. Several days after Ellsworth's company left, McArthur's company left on July 24. They numbered about 220 people (mostly Scots, a few Germans, and 30 children). There were 44 handcarts, 2 wagons, 12 yoke of oxen, 5 beef cattle, and 12 cows. Each person was allotted 55 pounds of flour. The supplies included rice, 550 pounds of sugar, 400 pounds of dried apples, 125 pounds of tea, 200 pounds of salt, and 12 tents. The food was supposed to last them 60 days; then they would be re-supplied from Salt Lake City. They crossed the Elkhorn River on a poorly constructed ferry and then had to travel 15 miles without water before reaching the north bend of the Platte River. Later they carried water with them over the dry stretches. At Loup Fork the women, children, and handcarts again used a ferry, but at least some of the men waded or swam across. Roads were often very sandy and in places cart wheels sunk up to their hubs. Many streams had to be forded. On August 3 rain fell in torrents all day and throughout the night. Weak from being on short rations, many suffered from severe fatigue. While traveling along the north side of the Platte, an elderly Scotswoman was bitten on the leg by a rattlesnake but survived (although at least seven Pioneers were bitten by rattlesnakes during the years of overland travel, none died). On that same day another old woman was run over by a fully loaded wagon; miraculously she suffered no broken bones. Two days before Chimney Rock, they were lashed by another drenching thunderstorm.
On August 28 they crossed the river to the south side and camped at Fort Laramie. Moving on, they skirted the Black Hills and followed the same course as the Ellsworth company just ahead of them. On September 2 they met the first supply wagons sent from Salt Lake. Two days later at Deer Creek (present-day Glenrock, Wyoming), they obtained more flour from five supply wagons. On that same day, 4 September they reached the Upper Crossing of the Platte, which they forded. The next day they stayed in camp because it had rained so much; snow covered the surrounding mountains. With plucky determination, they tried to keep up with or pass their friendly rivals in the Ellsworth company. Twice they covered more than 30 miles in a single day to catch up with Ellsworth. After traveling nearly night and day, on September 11 at almost 11:00 p.m. they pulled into camp beside Ellsworth's company on present-day Alkali Creek on the Seminoe Cutoff. This cutoff was an alternate route that tracked south of Rocky Ridge, bypassing it and four crossings of the Sweetwater. Ellsworth had taken this cutoff in 1854 when traveling to serve a mission in England. These two handcart companies were the first westbound Mormon emigrant groups to take the Seminoe Cutoff.
They pushed on over South Pass, forded Green River, and reached Fort Bridger on September 20. On September 25 they camped at the east base of Big Mountain. There, a number of friends from Salt Lake City met them, spent the night, and then took many of the women and children on into the valley by wagon. The men of the "Crack Company" now raced their carts to again try to catch up with Ellsworth. They came out of Emigration Canyon on September 26 to see Ellsworth's company feasting on melons with Brigham Young, who had come out to meet them with other dignitaries. After joining the party, both handcart groups paraded into the city in company with the First Presidency, the Nauvoo Brass Band, H. B. Clawson's company of lancers, and many local citizens. Ten had died in the McArthur Company during the journey.