Joseph W. Young Freight Train (1860)
- Freight Train
- 23 July 1860
- Departed From
- Florence, Nebraska
- 3 October 1860
- Joseph Watson Young
- Number In Company
About 100 individuals and 50 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Florence, Nebraska (now Omaha).
- "Arrivals," The Mountaineer , 26 May 1860, 158.
- "Arrivals from the Plains," Deseret News [Weekly], 10 Oct. 1860, 249.
- "Departure for the States," Deseret News [Weekly], 2 May 1860, 69.
- "Eastward Bound," The Mountaineer , 28 Apr. 1860, 142.
- Folsom, Hyrum P., "Pioneer Experience Confirming an Answer to Prayer," Improvement Era , July 1917, 784-85.
- "Large Train from Utah," The Huntsman's Echo , 21 June 1860, .
- "Late from the Plains," Deseret News [Weekly], 19 Sep. 1860, 229.
- "Late from the Plains," Deseret News [Weekly], 30 May 1860, 100.
- "Latest from the Plains," Deseret News, 8 August 1860, 180.
- "Local News: Emigrants," The Mountaineer, 8 September 1860, Supplement 2.
- "News From the Plains," The Mountaineer , 15 Sept. 1860, Supplement 3, 3.
- "The Outward-Bound Missionaries," The Mountaineer , 16 June 1860, 170.
- Watson, Helen, Letter excerpt.
|Bertelsen, Petrine||19||31 August 1840||31 January 1914|
|Bithell, Agnes||16||11 October 1843||25 April 1911|
|Bithell, Ann||21||30 June 1839||About 1886|
|Bithell, Hannah||18||28 November 1841||12 December 1884|
|Bithell, Joseph||14||10 July 1846||10 January 1902|
|Bithell, Mary||8||2 May 1852||29 January 1906|
|Bithell, Samuel||22||12 August 1837||29 March 1909|
|Bithell, Susannah||9||26 November 1851||About 1891|
|Bithell, Thomas||48||22 January 1812||10 September 1883|
|Bithell, Thomas||15||21 December 1844||29 March 1907|
|Bounyer [or Bunyer], Lucy||54||About 1806||Unknown|
|Coombs, John Mark||13||30 December 1846||16 August 1906|
|Coombs, Maria Louisa||10||9 May 1850||23 December 1949|
|Coombs, Mark Anthony||58||8 February 1802||25 February 1867|
|Coombs, Mary Jones||24||13 July 1836||1 February 1928|
|Evans, Catherine||26||18 December 1833||30 August 1910|
|Evans, Cornelius||22||6 December 1837||17 May 1913|
|Evans, Mary Caroline||2||26 March 1858||14 December 1937|
|Evans, Willard Cornelius||5||17 September 1854||26 April 1918|
|Fenn, Sarah Ann||29||6 October 1830||17 January 1896|
|Folsom, Frances Emily||6||20 September 1853||1 May 1935|
|Folsom, Harriet Amelia||22||23 August 1838||12 December 1910|
|Folsom, Hinman Day||11||17 February 1849||28 November 1925|
|Folsom, Hyrum Pearce||18||1 September 1841||23 September 1924|
|Folsom, Mary Louisa||4||9 October 1855||2 July 1948|
|Folsom, William Burdette||16||29 February 1844||23 November 1923|
|Folsom, William Harrison||45||25 March 1815||19 March 1901|
|Folsom, Zerviah Eliza||42||5 February 1818||16 August 1863|
|Glode [or Glade], Anna Maria||22||About 1838||Unknown|
|Glode [or Glade], Rudolf M.||22||About 1838||Unknown|
|Jorgensen, Rasmus||18||16 February 1842||28 March 1924|
|Lee, Ellen||41||15 January 1819||20 February 1896|
|Lee, John||11||22 November 1848||18 January 1868|
|Morley, Harriet||20||23 January 1840||10 February 1909|
|Olsen, Christian||34||25 October 1825||23 April 1896|
|Olsen, Lisbeth Pedersen||44||21 August 1815||29 April 1891|
|Olsen, Mary||Infant||3 March 1860||14 August 1945|
|Quinn, Isabella||11||About 1849||Unknown|
|Quinn, Joseph Hyrum||11||15 March 1849||4 December 1913|
|Quinn, Mary Ann||53||27 January 1807||1900|
|Quinn, William W.||54||31 January 1806||About 1862|
|Tarry, Harriet||23||8 January 1837||15 March 1927|
|Vandenburg, Helen Eliza||8||23 July 1852||23 November 1933|
|Vaughan, Jane||36||14 July 1827||14 March 1890|
|Wickham, Alice Maria||29||28 November 1830||14 March 1916|
|Wickham, William Tapscott||Infant||15 May 1860||12 February 1928|
|Woolley, John Wickersham||28||30 December 1831||13 December 1928|
|Woolley, Susannah||31||11 June 1829||20 November 1909|
|Young, Joseph Watson||32||12 January 1828||7 June 1873|
At the October 1860 General Conference, Joseph W. Young, a nephew of Brigham Young, reported on what he called “the science of ox-teamology.” He explained how, as an experiment to reduce Mormon emigration costs, he had driven oxen on a round-trip journey from Utah to the Missouri River and back in one season. Earlier practice had been for Church agents to purchase animals and equipment in the mid-west for Mormon emigrants to use to travel to Utah. This was expensive and Church leaders hoped Young’s experiment would succeed.
Young’s freight train, composed of thirty-one wagons and each pulled by a team of four oxen, pulled out of Salt Lake Valley and headed east on 27 April. John W. Woolley was Young’s assistant. Like Young, he had already crossed the plains several times. Milford B. Shipp was the clerk. There were seventy-eight people in the company. They went up Parley’s Canyon, traveled through Parley’s Park, and down the Weber River to Coalville, then up Chalk Creek. They did this to avoid the miry holes so prevalent in the early spring in Echo Canyon. Even so, they encountered some fairly steep hills near the coalmines on the Weber. At Muddy Creek, Edwin D. Woolley parted from the company with seven mule-drawn freight wagons. Woolley stayed on the established road while the Young blazed a new route down the Muddy, bypassing Fort Bridger. On 5 May a group of eastbound missionaries overtook Young’s company. They spent the night with them and followed them to the mouth of the Muddy. After that, the missionaries crossed the stream and moved on ahead, taking with them three men from Young’s train. It had been snowing a little, and they were buffeted by a cold wind. By 24 May the train was eight miles above the Three Crossings of the Sweetwater. On 22 June they had reached Wood River Center, Nebraska Territory. The local newspaper reported that the company consisted of seventy-five men and three women.
Young started from Florence, Nebraska Territory, on his return trip on 23 July. They headed out and traveled about five miles the first day. There were about one hundred people including emigrants, 340 head of cattle, and twenty-four horses and mules. Young hired emigrants as teamsters, cooks, and laundresses. They made their first camp at the Papillion. They reached Deer Creek on 5 September. On 3 October, fifty-one wagons arrived in Salt Lake City during a terrible wind and dust storm. Of the arriving outfits, thirty belonged to Young’s ox-drawn Church Train and nine were the mule-drawn freight wagons of E. D. Woolley. The other twelve wagons must have belonged to emigrants and at least four of the wagons belonged to William H. Folsom. Folsom was an experienced builder who replaced Truman O. Angell as Church Architect in 1861. He later played a major role in designing and building the Salt Lake Tabernacle. Young’s out-and-back oxen arrived in good condition despite pulling a heavy load that included twenty-two tons of machinery for a paper mill.