Milo Andrus Company (1850)
- Church Train
- 3 June 1850
- Departed From
- Cainesville, Iowa
- 30 August 1850
- Milo Andrus Sr.
- Number In Company
206 individuals and 51 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Kanesville, Iowa (present day Council Bluffs).View Summary
- Andrus, Milo, [Autobiography], in " Utah Pioneer Biographies," 44 vols., 3:216-17.
- [Blurb], Deseret News, 10 August 1850, 69.
- [Blurb], Deseret News, 31 August 1850, 95.
- Daniel Stuart, "Life of Daniel Stuart, Written in His Own Words," 2. Trail excerpt transcribed from "Pioneer History Collection" available at Pioneer Memorial Museum [Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum], Salt Lake City, Utah. Some restrictions apply.
- "Emigration," Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star, 15 August 1850, 252-53.
- "From Elder Orson Hyde," Frontier Guardian, 2 October 1850, 2.
- John H. Krenkel, ed., The Life and Times of Joseph Fish, Mormon Pioneer (Danville, Ill: Interstate Printers and Publishers, 1970), 25-30.
- Joseph Fish collection, circa 1857-1969, Journal, circa 1857 - 1895. 18-19.
- Leithead, James, [Journal], in "Utah Pioneer Biographies," 44 vols., 42:18, 28-35.
- "Leithead, James, b. 1816," Andrew Jenson collection, circa 1841-1942.
- Milo Andrus letter to Brigham Young, 11 July 1850.
- Milo Andrus letter to Brigham Young, 21 August 1850.
- Milo Andrus letter to Brigham Young, 29 August 1850.
- Milo Andrus letter to Brigham Young, 8 August 1850.
- Milo Andrus letter to Orson Hyde printed in "From the Plains," Frontier Guardian, 2 October 1850, 3.
- Thomas Steed, The Life of Thomas Steed from His Own Diary, 1826-1910.
|Andrus, Milo||1||30 September 1848||20 March 1938|
|Andrus, Milo||36||6 March 1814||19 June 1893|
|Andrus, Sarah Ann||32||9 March 1818||28 November 1851|
|Baldwin, Allen||9||About 1841||Unknown|
|Baldwin, George||12||4 May 1838||18 January 1918|
|Baldwin, James||58||17 June 1791||15 February 1875|
|Baldwin, John||22||26 December 1827||26 April 1900|
|Baldwin, Rebecca||31||About 1819||Unknown|
|Baldwin, Robert||35||15 April 1815||23 August 1852|
|Baldwin, Sarah Ann||17||25 November 1832||23 May 1853|
|Behunin, Alma Moses||13||12 March 1837||4 February 1909|
|Behunin, Andrew Ira||14||14 August 1835||1869|
|Behunin, Elijah Cutler||2||7 November 1847||8 November 1933|
|Behunin, Elmina Polly||39||23 April 1811||29 September 1883|
|Behunin, Hyrum Smith||5||22 April 1845||7 July 1901|
|Behunin, Isaac||46||20 October 1803||15 May 1881|
|Behunin, Isaac Morton||18||9 September 1831||4 January 1910|
|Behunin, Mosiah Stephen||7||18 May 1843||6 April 1908|
|Behunin, Nancy Meribah||10||7 February 1840||18 October 1910|
|Behunin, Philo Marshall||22||4 February 1828||31 December 1891|
|Behunin, William Moronia||17||28 May 1833||September 1885|
|Benson, William C.||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Bird, Benjamin Freeman||72||19 January 1778||20 February 1862|
|Bird, Bradford Kennedy||10||26 January 1840||21 May 1918|
|Bird, Charles||46||19 September 1803||29 September 1884|
|Bird, Charles Henry||8||2 January 1842||3 December 1907|
|Bird, Eliza Jane||9||7 February 1841||2 October 1916|
|Bird, George Albert Smith||1||26 January 1849||8 May 1926|
|Bird, Henrietta||16||7 June 1833||3 May 1910|
|Bird, John Pratt Kennedy||22||24 August 1827||27 March 1886|
|Bird, Kelsey||13||11 January 1837||29 April 1909|
|Bird, Martin Lewis Dainey||3||8 January 1847||5 December 1920|
|Bird, Mary Ann||42||7 December 1807||1 October 1867|
|Bird, Sarah Ann||20||31 January 1830||27 June 1910|
|Bird, William||5||6 April 1844||7 May 1913|
|Cartwright, Caroline||Infant||28 April 1850||13 September 1892|
|Cartwright, Ellen||8||16 February 1842||7 November 1928|
|Cartwright, Jane||31||14 August 1818||11 June 1888|
|Cartwright, Joseph Hyrum||5||6 March 1845||7 March 1919|
|Cartwright, Mary Jane||3||6 October 1846||14 January 1900|
|Cartwright, Sarah Ann||10||12 January 1840||28 April 1885|
|Cartwright, Thomas Henry||1||6 September 1848||1 September 1923|
|Cartwright, Thomas Henry||35||23 December 1814||9 January 1873|
|Clinton, Jeter||37||17 February 1813||10 May 1892|
|Cook, Ellen||30||9 March 1820||Unknown|
|Cook, John||31||28 September 1818||3 January 1910|
|Cook, Richard||27||10 December 1822||23 May 1874|
|Crandall, Alice||2||2 December 1847||17 February 1929|
|Crandall, John A||27||20 August 1822||28 August 1856|
|Crandall, Mary Ann||29||1 August 1820||6 February 1897|
|Crandall, Milan Daniel||11||29 September 1838||6 March 1875|
|Crandall, Sarah||52||15 February 1798||Unknown|
|Crandall, Simeon||53||27 February 1797||23 April 1872|
|Crandall, Simeon||7||About 1844||1857|
|Daniels, Aaron||27||1 August 1822||1 August 1896|
|Daniels, David Charles||3||30 September 1846||30 November 1904|
|Daniels, Elizabeth||56||4 March 1794||26 January 1869|
|Daniels, Elizabeth Jane||20||28 April 1830||17 October 1884|
|Daniels, Hannah Caroline||23||20 March 1827||14 March 1915|
|Daniels, James Ephraim||25||9 February 1825||16 June 1903|
|Daniels, Joseph||16||17 March 1834||31 August 1910|
|Daniels, Laprele||Infant||23 July 1850||25 July 1929|
|Daniels, Maria Euphrasia||1||26 November 1848||23 August 1919|
|Daniels, Phoebe||9||2 August 1840||26 December 1901|
|Daniels, Thomas English||20||29 September 1829||6 November 1906|
|Driggs, Elizabeth Ann||28||29 November 1821||9 March 1906|
|Driggs, Hannah May||7||1 September 1842||4 February 1878|
|Driggs, Jane||Infant||28 December 1849||23 November 1917|
|Driggs, Louisa||7||18 September 1842||2 August 1923|
|Driggs, Maria||4||8 March 1846||11 January 1925|
|Driggs, Samuel||30||17 February 1820||16 January 1854|
|Earl, John||22||8 September 1827||13 July 1908|
|Earl, Rheumina||21||22 February 1829||16 December 1904|
|Earl, Sarah||14||2 July 1835||19 June 1927|
|Earl, Sarah Ferdon||54||16 February 1796||20 April 1884|
|Earl, William Henry||56||19 April 1794||15 January 1879|
|Fish, Anna Maria||8||14 May 1842||26 April 1905|
|Fish, Betsey Jane||13||9 August 1836||23 August 1919|
|Fish, Franklin Richards||2||12 April 1848||30 April 1927|
|Fish, Hannah||44||26 December 1805||5 November 1876|
|Fish, Horace||51||6 January 1799||6 July 1870|
|Fish, Joseph||9||27 June 1840||10 December 1926|
|Forbush, Lydia||20||5 January 1830||11 April 1900|
|Forbush, Rufus||62||5 July 1788||7 September 1875|
|Forbush, Susanna Polly||61||19 January 1789||22 August 1851|
|Fouk [or Fowk], Elizabeth||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Fouk [or Fowk], James||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Fouk [or Fowk], John||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Fouk [or Fowk], Mary||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Hamblin, Mary Amelia||18||10 February 1832||12 August 1893|
|Holsal, Isabella||37||28 July 1812||1900|
|Hopkins, Frances Adelaide||Infant||25 January 1850||3 August 1931|
|Hopkins, Richard Rockwell||28||25 December 1821||25 December 1882|
|Hopkins, Ruth||19||4 October 1830||2 November 1901|
|Hutchings, Emeline Jane||1||10 February 1849||4 August 1918|
|Hutchings, Ruth Chilson||26||29 January 1824||5 November 1882|
|Hutchings, William Willard||27||3 April 1823||15 September 1904|
|Lambert, Elizabeth||13||25 November 1836||24 August 1908|
|Lambert, Mary Ann||35||ca. 1815||Unknown|
|Lambert, Mary Ann||8||About 1842||Unknown|
|Lambert, Noah||34||28 November 1815||27 October 1894|
|Lambert, Noah M.||4||ca. 1846||Unknown|
|Lambert, Sarah||10||About 1840||Unknown|
|Lambert, Sophia||6||ca. 1844||Unknown|
|Leavitt, Amanda||24||17 September 1825||18 February 1884|
|Leavitt, Betsey Jane||12||12 May 1838||12 September 1917|
|Leavitt, Dudley||19||31 August 1830||15 October 1908|
|Leavitt, Nathaniel||Infant||5 October 1849||5 February 1929|
|Leavitt, Nathaniel||26||17 November 1823||7 April 1896|
|Leavitt, Sarah||51||5 September 1798||5 April 1878|
|Leavitt, Sarah Priscilla||9||8 May 1841||23 July 1927|
|Leavitt, Thomas Rowell||15||30 June 1834||21 May 1891|
|Leithead, Ann Cross||2||7 April 1848||20 July 1909|
|Leithead, Deborah||42||4 February 1808||29 February 1888|
|Leithead, James||33||14 June 1816||31 March 1908|
|Lunt, Henry||25||20 July 1824||22 January 1902|
|McGuffie, James||35||7 July 1814||16 September 1902|
|McGuffie, Joseph||3||6 February 1847||11 May 1923|
|Ormsby, Levi W.||14||About 1836||Unknown|
|Ormsby, William||46||About 1804||Unknown|
|Ormsby, William W.||15||About 1834||Unknown|
|Roberts, Orville Clark||16||1 September 1833||12 December 1912|
|Rogers, Emily Curtis||8||21 May 1842||17 April 1913|
|Rogers, Helen Moffett||28||21 July 1821||27 February 1871|
|Rogers, Joseph Knight||5||20 December 1844||17 December 1906|
|Rogers, Martha Elizabeth||1||22 November 1848||Unknown|
|Rogers, Ross Ransom||29||11 February 1821||13 March 1897|
|Steed, Caroline Rebecca||33||3 May 1817||11 June 1886|
|Steed, George Henry||Infant||11 March 1850||28 March 1921|
|Steed, Henry||33||24 May 1817||8 October 1890|
|Steed, James Henry||12||7 October 1837||1887|
|Steed, James Henry||5||27 June 1844||14 September 1885|
|Steed, John Wilford||3||9 November 1846||13 September 1940|
|Steed, Laura Lucinda||21||22 May 1829||22 November 1903|
|Steed, Lydia Rebecca||23||15 May 1827||17 May 1912|
|Steed, Mary Ann||11||23 November 1838||11 February 1906|
|Steed, Thomas||23||13 December 1826||26 June 1910|
|Sterrett, William Wilson||24||18 November 1825||30 December 1912|
|Stuart, Agnes||29||17 August 1821||3 July 1902|
|Stuart, Daniel||30||3 May 1820||21 August 1904|
|Stuart, George||5||27 February 1845||11 August 1919|
|Taylor, Lurana||24||7 March 1826||18 March 1884|
|Taylor, Norman Benjamin||21||15 September 1828||25 November 1899|
|Taylor, Norman Lester||Infant||1 September 1849||13 September 1903|
|Wiley, Robert||40||22 November 1809||30 June 1872|
|Wiley, William||11||8 May 1839||30 November 1863|
|Wilson, Calvin Clinton||7||25 December 1842||27 August 1913|
|Wilson, Jane Ann||9||17 August 1840||24 October 1895|
|Wilson, Jasper Green||22||6 August 1827||10 February 1878|
|Wilson, Marietta||13||20 April 1837||26 February 1907|
|Wilson, Martha Ann||15||20 May 1835||28 July 1862|
|Wilson, Mary Ann||45||15 November 1804||8 March 1892|
|Wilson, Victoria Elizabeth||5||15 November 1844||7 December 1930|
|Wilson, Whitford Gill||50||4 June 1799||26 November 1862|
In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River. By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side of the Platte River to the west.
The first company to depart from Kanesville was led by Milo Andrus. The company, composed of 206 people and about 55 heavily-loaded wagons, traveled 18 miles south on the east bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). There they crossed the Missouri River and spent a few days organizing the company. On June 3 they left their camp on the west side of the ferry and followed the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing Weeping Water Creek they forged a new trail west where they connected with the northward-arching new military road, which became known as the Ox-Bow Trail.
When they reached Salt Creek (near present-day Ashland, Nebraska), they found that high waters had washed out the bridge so they spent a few days building a raft on which they crossed with their wagons. At Salt Creek his place they also had a small outbreak of measles.
The Andrus company was the only 1850 Mormon company to take the original route of the military road that crossed the drainage now known as Wahoo Creek. Later Mormon companies in 1850 took a cutoff trail (near present-day David City and Bellwood, Nebraska) that saved them 12 miles. The Andrus Company passed a large Indian village at Linwood, Nebraska, and reached the Platte at Skull Creek (near present-day Morse Bluff, Nebraska). At this point they followed the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand Island where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from Missouri. They then continued 15 more miles to "New Fort Kearny", which they reached on June 23, although the army reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp within a mile of the fort. Continuing up the south side, they reached the Lower Crossing of the South Platte (in the vicinity of the present-day town of Hershey, Nebraska), where they began crossing over to the north side.
The Andrus company was the only Mormon company to ford here in 1850. On July 4, they succeeded in crossing the last of their wagons and traveled from there to Fort Laramie on the north side. On this side of the river they found that the grass was sparse. 1850 was a big year for overland travel as about 50,000 people bound for Oregon and the California gold fields started before the Mormon companies. They overgrazed the plains grasses, particularly on the north side of the Platte River. Cholera was epidemic among the companies bound for California and Oregon, and many graves lined the road. However, Andrus's company was spared and there was only one death in the company--a gold digger bound for California. They were fortunate too when a young girl survived a serious head injury after being run over by a wagon.
At the fifth crossing of the Sweetwater, they met four men who were sent out by Brigham Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to the Salt Lake Valley. Elijah Ward stayed with the company and guided them on some selected new routes. Their first departure from the established road bypassed the Rocky Ridges by veering to the north through a draw. It reportedly had an abundance of feed and water, but the ground was rough and it was only a mile shorter than the ridge road, which it rejoined just east of Rock Creek. The second departure took them on a straight course leading from a point three miles below Pacific Springs. Ward was supposed to guide them 10 miles to rejoin the old road where it crossed the Big Sandy. Unfortunately he deviated from the planned new route and the company had to travel an additional 20 miles without water. Generally they enjoyed good weather except for a severe snowstorm at Green River on August 17. When the wagon train exited Emigration Canyon and arrived in Salt Lake City on August 30, Andrus sported festive banners on either side of his wagon that read "Holiness to the Lord" and "Hail to the Governor of Deseret."