- Birth Date
- 29 May 1831
- Death Date
- 12 July 1919
The family sailed to America in 1856 on the ship Horizon.
- Age at Departure: 25
- 1900 Utah Census.
- Eastern Idaho Death Records Database.
- Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 6.
- Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 30 November 1856, 20.
- Patience L. Archer reminiscences, undated, 57-92.
- Perpetual Emigrating Fund, Financial Accounts 1849-1886, Ledger B, p. 260.
- Saints By Sea: Latter-day Saint Immigration to America
- Stella Jaques Bell, Life History and Writings of John Jaques: Including a Diary of the Martin Handcart Company (Rexburg, Idaho: Ricks College Press, 1978), 118-22, 129, 134-37, 140-41, 143-44, 150.