- Birth Date
- 27 May 1846
- Death Date
- 3 May 1888
- Age at Departure: 10
- Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 7.
- Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 30 November 1856, 61.
- Perpetual Emigrating Fund, Financial Accounts 1849-1886, Ledger B, p. 240.
- Saints By Sea: Latter-Day Saint Immigration to America