- Birth Date
- 1 November 1833
- Death Date
- 2 January 1904
Research gives different birth dates for him, but 1 November 1833 date has the most merit.
The family sailed to America in 1856 on the ship “Horizon.”
- Age at Departure: 22
- 1851 England and Wales Census.
- 1860 Utah Census.
- 1900 Arizona Census.
- Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 30 November 1856 p. 62.
- Perpetual Emigrating Fund, Financial Accounts 1849-1886, Ledger B, p. 234.
- Saints By Sea: Latter-day Saint Immigration to America
- Samuel Openshaw diary, 1856 May-November, 3-10.