- Birth Date
- 1 May 1844
- Death Date
- 12 March 1942
The family sailed to America in 1856 on the ship John J. Boyd.
- Age at Departure: 12
- 1900 Idaho Census.
- Find a Grave
- Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 4.
- "Martin Handcart Company Survivor Taken by Death," Salt Lake Tribune , 14 Mar. 1942, 9.
- Patience L. Archer reminiscences, undated, 57-92.
- Saints By Sea: Latter-day Saint Immigration to America