- Birth Date
- 22 May 1826
- Death Date
- 7 December 1854
- Age at Departure: 22
- Bates, Joseph William, Autobiography, 3, in Harriet May Bates Francom, [Biographical sketch of Joseph W. Bates, n. d.].
- John Borrowman diaries, 1846-1860, Diary, 1848 July-1860 June.
- Ricketts, Norma Baldwin, The Mormon Battalion: U.S. Army of the West, 1846-1848 , , 222-23.
- Ricketts, Norma Baldwin. The Mormon Battalion: U.S. Army of the West, 1846-1848, Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press, 1996, 23.