- Birth Date
- 9 November 1842
- Death Date
- 23 November 1918
Birth and death date is confirmed by his death certificate and Find A Grave website.
- Age at Departure: 10
- 1860 California Census.
- 1870 Utah Census, Tooele County.
- Daughters of Utah Pioneers. History of Utah's Tooele County: From the Edge of the Great Basin Frontier (Tooele, UT: Transcript Bulletin Publishing, Inc., 2012).
- Find a Grave (Website)
- "List of Persons Sent from Great Britain by the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Co., in the Months of January and February 1852, by Franklin D. Richards Agent at Liverpool," Deseret News, 21 August 1852, 3.