- Birth Date
- 16 March 1826
- Death Date
- 1 June 1913
The inscription on his gravestone in Arizona confirms his birth and death dates, and his death certificate confirms his death date.
- Age at Departure: 26
- Head of Household
- 1850 Iowa Census, Pottawattamie County.
- "9th Company," Deseret News, 18 September 1852, 2.
- Arizona Death Certificate.
- Find a Grave (Website)
- Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Supplement after 31 December 1852, 56.
- Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia , 4:604.
- Overland travel 9th company diary of 1852.
- Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company general files, 1850-1887.