Henry Hobbs journal, 1859 May-1860 July.
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- Church History Library, MS 8477
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- George Rowley Company (1859)
- Related Persons
- William Adams
- Matilda Barrett
- Clara Bartlett
- Jane Wilde
- Ebenezer Beesley
- Sarah Ann Beesley
- Jane Hobbs
- Martha McKay
- Emma Booth
- Ann Rowley
- Jane Harris
- Emma Cook
- Frederick A. Cooper
- Richard A. Cooper
- Abraham Duffin
- Catherine Emma Wheelwright
- Catherine Fry
- Joseph Gilbert
- Ellen Gyde
- Anna Hansen
- Martin Hansen
- Maria Hanson
- Charles Edwin Harris
- Rebecca Harris
- Henry Hartley
- Ann Hibbert
- Henry Hobbs
- James Hobbs
- William Hobbs
- Mary Shanks
- Thomas Jarvis
- William Jarvis
- Jane Jarvis
- Sarah Pearson
- Ann Hansen Jensen
- George Richards Jones
- Richard George Jones
- Mary Kirkpatrick
- Peter Later
- Ellen Leishman
- Esther Leishman
- Mark Lindsey
- Charles William Mann
- Thomas Maycock
- Thomas McIntyre
- Mary McKinnon
- Frances Smith
- Jane Smith
- Richard Isaac Mills
- Edward Moor
- Hannah Moor
- Paul Henri Morel
- Henry Olpin
- Sarah Ann Olpin
- Frank Pitman
- George Reid
- George Rowley
- William Scoggins
- Edward Shanks
- Alexander Smith
- John Young Smith
- Martha Smith
- Mary Snelgrove
- Margaret Thornley
- Henry Fox Strugnel
- Elizabeth Watson
- Eliza Jane Wilde
- Henry Wilde
- John Frederick Wilde
- Mary Wilde
- Mary Elizabeth Wilde
- Sarah Elizabeth Wilde
- Thomas Wilde
- William Wilde
- Charles Wilson
- Hugh Wilson
- Esther Yeates
Wedensday the 8th [June] Took the names & ages of my Company[.] Assembled together with Elder Cannon Called over our Names at night we struck our Tents & went in to the valley a short distance from where we where[were] to day several young men arrived from the valley they where [were] well armed & looking healthy & strong they report much snow in the mountains. A danish Family sold their [illegible] & wanted them Back again. One or 2 of the wagons wanted repairing[.] These 2 circumstances probably prevent us going further at this time[.] to night 3 lbs of flower [flour] was Served out to each individual to last 8 days[.] to night I appointed 7 [illegible] men to go on watch.
Thursday the 9[.] Gather a few Strawberrys in the afternoon Br. Cannon adressed us & Said the Angels Should go before us & be round about us if we would be obedient to those over us. he Said he felt justified Before god & man of having done [h]is. Best in fitting us oute with provisions for the plains[.] Br. Neslen Spoke a Short time & then the following items where attended to. Henry Olpin[,] Chapplain for the English, Br. Tt. [William] Man[n] Capt of the guard & Br [Henry] Heartly [Hartley] Capt of the teamsters the meeting then Broke up & we started for [blank space] Spring [blank space] miles with 86 Hand Carts & 230 persons[.] it was a fine afternoon & the sun Shining Bright even old & young rooled [rolled] oute with their carts it was a sight which manny will not soon forget: we had some Steep Hills to Climbe on our way which Tryed the Strength of the strong Say nothing of the feeble the Halt & the lame[.] we arrived in camp at [illegible] being about 28½ hours making the trip[.] Some time after our arrival the Teamsters came in to camp[.] My brother reported that Hansons waggon had Broke down[.] a chain Belonging to another wagon Broke making the decent. I engaged in prayer & then laid me down to Sleep under the H[and].C[art]. with Jane. The Sisters Carred Cannon & Neslen to the dance[.] at 3 A.M.. was called to go on gaurd[.] there was a heavy dew & the night quite Chilly
Friday the 10 attend Prayer went for a Bathe Spent some of the forenoon getting provisions for my camp Note. I forgot to Say we passed a Mormon Burril [burial] ground near to Florence with lots of Boards up wich gives the names of manny of the Saints[.] 2 lbs of Bacon &1 of Suggar was delt out to day[.] this is the allowance for 2 persons for one Weak[.] The water where we are now is Excelent. Plenty of grass But we have a long way to go for fuell; Some indians in camp to day I had some fun with them. This morning 4 of the Bretherin Left for Florence who spent the night with us[.] they had been 4 weaks comming from the valley with muels. The Sun is very hot to day[.] in the heavening Several more of the Bretherin arrived[,] one named Daniel W. davis[.] they Spent the night with us[.] we had Some dancing the Band played &cet Br Cannon Neslen & Band left us[.] the Saints gave three cheers to George Q. Cannon for his kind & fatherly Care over us to night[.] Me & Jane Slept under our handcart
Satturderdy the 11 Started for Big Papier [Pappea] 6 miles had some Steep hills to climbe[.] one of our provisionWaggons Stuck in the mud & took some time to get oute. When we arrived at Papies Saw Some 5 thousand head of
cattle Sheep going to Callifornia. There is good water & fish here & very good feed[.] this afternoon Br Neslen arrived in Camp to do Some Buissness for Br Cannon[.] Br grau who Brought him went Back with the muels & Left Nelsen & Band to walk 10 miles. Went oute & picked Some gooseberrys to night we had our flower 7lbs for one Weak & a can of beens[.] Slept under our Carts at night
Sunday 12 our Luggage was weighed. Tea Served oute. Wrote Some Adminition to Mary Kirk Patrick [Kirkpatrick] & Left at aboute 12 O clock p.m. for Elk Horn 11 miles got a little water[.] 5 miles oute here there was a Deep decent & a …..& Several others on the way[.] we Should have Camped on top of the Hill when we reached E. Horn but there were 200 Souldiers there going through to Callifornia & as we did not like their Society we made a deep decent & camped near the river[.] as soon as we got there 4 waggons arrived from Deserett drawn by mules they had Traveled 40 miles to day[.] Br. Calkins wife was in the Company. here the muscatoes [mosquitoes] where very numerious & Scarcly a Soul Slept & all where bit very Severley[.] Some of their Eyes where closed up[.] I went on guard part of the night[.] at ½ 2 o Clock I went in to the river for a Bathe. Several Indians made haste from the Camp when they saw we were armed.
Monday the 13th Left at ½ 5a.m. for Freemont 16 miles did not get any water till we reached Fremont Farm[.] had much Sand to Travel over after Leaving Elk Horn & one Mud hole[.] Some of the Sisters where carried over & others had to take the roughs. the road was very rough & [...vel] the most of the day. The Sun very powerful & the Saints panting for Breath; when we got to [text missing] we rested 2 hours. Some laid in the dusty road Like so many bisen and Sheep[.] the most of the folk where [were] Hurrying having had no Breakfast as the Expected to have got it early, But there was no water or wood till we got to <Freemonts> Farm. Left [blank space] for Freemont 3 miles[.] Had a good place to camp & most of those who where Exausted & foot sore recruited themselves & felt Tollerably well by night. Lots of indinans enjoying themselves with us this afternoon; in the night the Lightening & Thunder was Terriffick Some raine with it[.] I & many more Slept under our Hand cart.
Tuesday the 14th Left at nine A.M. for North Bend <14 miles> we had a labourious Days work[.] Brother [Mark] Lindsey & Some of his Company where [were] Left Behind[.] Some of mine & some of Maccks [Maycocks.] we got very good water at a house at Freemonts prescint: we picked up a Sheep on the way & had a fine time of rejoicing over it[.] it was devided in Our Company
Wedensday the 15th Left at [text missing] A.M. for Shell Creeke 10 miles[.] Stuck a Sheep on the way & devided it among our Company[.] rested Several Hours 2 or 3 miles this Side Shell Creeke[.] there is good water at Shell Creeke Especially at a House near by[.] good feed for the Cattle; Br. John Smith Struck Henry Hartl[e]y for insulting Him &Turning his mother oute of the waggon. Hartly Said if he Struck him again he would put a Ball through him; in the name of the Lord & cetera[.] I was Like a coal of fire when I went to Bed Jane was much pained in her Stomach. To night we had some buns given to us.
Thursday the 16th I and Jane are much Better[.] a Little rain this morning Traveled to [blank space] 15 miles[.] Broke a waggon some 2 miles from where we camped[.] Some Brethren where [were] sent to watch it all night.
Friday the 17 Stayed all day to repair the waggon[.] went on guard at nigh,
Satturday the 18 Travled to Cleveland 10 miles[.] Br Browns Company of 60 waggons Camped near to us to night
Sunday the 19 Travled to Genoa Saw Mill about 3 miles from Genoa[.] Broke a waggon at Looking glass creeke. rested there Some time[.] Some waggons met us ...off & helped Some of the old & infirme along with Some of their Luggage[.] W[h]ile on our way from Looking glass Creeke there came a Treamendious Thunder Storm which wet us all through to the Skin[.] The H. Carts where very hard to draw the last 5 miles on account of the wet[.] Met with Meargrett Threlkeld at Looking glass Creeke[.] She gave me a pice of Corn dodger which was very acceptable. when we got in to camp I chainged my clothes & went with Brother Man to Genoa 3 miles & was Compleatly used up by the Time we arrived[.] Called at Br Joel Johnsons Prest. of the Branch[.] Slept at his house.
Monday the 20 Took Breakfast with Br Joel. My wife got Breakfast at his house too[.] She informed me that She had Slept in a very unpleasant place where Bugs was crawling aboute & cetera[.] This morning Br Johnson red me Some pices of his poetery which was very good. there are at the present in Genoa Some 80 or 90 Families. There is a Bowery in the Town with a publick Square of 10 acres[.] The streets are a good width. potatoes & wheate & other Things grow fine. walked to camp 3 miles[.] went with Br [William] Man[n] To Chop a Tree Through But when we had done it the 4 oxen could not draw it so we fixed <up> a Load of Branchies & Learnt one more lesson[.] in the after we had a meeting opened by prayer by myselfe[.] Sung 2 Hymns Oh My Father & Softly Beams the Sacred dawning. Br George Rooley [Rowley] then Said that there was much Stubbourness Manifested with Some parties when they where Called to go on gaurd. But that he Should See that the Law of the plains was put in force & such persons Should be Expelled from our Camp & carry their own provisions & that they may Either go before the Company or Behind[.] he Said that Unless we where united we never Should get to the valley. But if we would do rite Sickness Should Banish from us & we would become Strong[.] My Selfe[,] [Mark] Lindsey[,] [Thomas] Ma[y]cock & [William] Scroggins Spoke our feelings in favour of what our captain Said. a Collection was then Taken Up to pay for our Crossing 3 or 4 ferrys.
Tuesday 21 after Breakfast Struck our Tents walked Some distance to the ferry & Spent the day getting our waggons & Handcarts across: The rope Broke & Lots of the Boys went in naked & fixed it again went up to our <knees> in mud & water & for a half a mile[.] had a rough road to camp[.] a greate many muskeatoes round camp[.] Kept the most of them off by making good fires.
Wedensday the 22 Br. Browns Company have rooled off at [text missing] A.M. we left for at 3 p.m. [illegible] Loupe Fork a distance of 12 miles[.] it was wet when we got in Camp which made it dissagreable to the feet[.] Br Browns Company & Some [illegible] Callifornians Camped close by to night[.] a Small Bar of Soap was given to Each H. Cart to Last Through to the valley[.] by 5 am the Camp was roused & at ½ 7 we left for Loupe Fork 22 miles[.] Took our Carts Through 5 mud holes up to our knees[.] got But Little water on the way although there was boath wood & water at Some distance on the right and our waggons could not conveniently be Brought through the mud[.] So they camped 4 miles from us[.] 12 men where Sent from the camp to their assistance to gaurd the cattle[.] it was a Heavy dew & a cold night[.] I was on gard till 12 p.m. in my wet Things; had to go a long way for wood.
Friday 24 June This morning the waggons arrived all safe; flower & Backon was given oute to last for 10 days a Litt[le] Salt Tea & a few [illegible] of Suggar[.] I spent most of the day Sewing[.] In the Evening Br Lemmons Company of 16 waggons camped close by us P.M. This morning Cpt Browns Company Left camp[.] We Staid in camp all day by orders of the Capt probably to rest ourselves & the oxen. today the folks are cooking a Heap of Bread[.] today the folks are well & looking cheerfull[.] some few Sick[.] Brother Olpin among the rest[.] This morning I was Struck Blind & deaf for a few moments by the Sun
Satturday 25 June Traveled upwards of 20 miles mostly over Sand Banks. We arrived at Sand Bank Just at dark. The Strength of the Saints was <quite> Exausted with but a few exceptions. Br Lemmons's teamsters hitched Some of the H[and].C[arts]. on to the waggons. We could get no water Scarcley on the way & but very Little when we camped. passed Through 5 mud Holes[.] picked up Some Bones with writing on Stating that Capt Heights & Browns company had passed along on such a date & where all well
Sunday 26 June Traveled to [illegible] Creeke 15 miles. a rough road most of the way[.] At our journeys End we had quite a Time in gettin our carts over the creek[.] today we had a strong head wind. at night it sensed & commenced to Lighten & Thunder[.] The musketoes are very busy to night Sucking the Saints Blood[.] oh how the Saints scold them for making them so restless. I went on gaurd at 3 o clock this morning[.] I was very Tired
Monday the 27 June I went & had a good Bathe in the Creek & know it revived me much more than food; left this forenoon & Traveled 12 miles[.] camped at Wood river on a point of the Same[.] caught Some fish (had a meeting in the Evening. Brother Rooly [Rowley] gave Some good instructions about getting to the valley & working on our winters provisions. Spoke about going on gaurd, the importance of Keeping a Sharp look <oute> for the indians; to speak Kind to Each other & not Tread on Each others corns so much. Spoke aboute the captains keeping their H Car[ts] to gether w[h]ile Traveling for if one Stopped it would Throw all behind & cet
Tuesday the 28 of June Traveled Some 16 miles to Wood river Settlement[.] the roades where very dusty[.] Some of the Saints where nearly used up for the want of water[.] We passed by Emigration Spring on our way. Stopped & refreshed our selves for a few minutes. Broke one waggon at a Small creek near Wood river that we had to pass over; caught a few fish with some Crickets.
Wedensday the 29 June Br Rooly got his poney & a nice one it is[.] today we remained in camp wile the Broken Chains & waggons are repaired. The Sisters are washing[.] Most of the Boys are fishing. There are only a few familys Living here[.] they are well Supplied with water & wood but are Badley off for Clothing Suggar & cetera[.] Caught Some fish to day. the Bretherin at this Settlement are building us a new bridge that we might cross over the water in Safety
Thursday 30 Left Wood river & Traveled 11 miles to Nebraska Center[.] Camped by a good Spring of water caught some fish
Friday 1 of July Traveled 18 miles saw lots of Buffalo[.] we could have had Several had not Men women & children frightened them away. Wile Traveling to day we came across the Best part of a Buffalo killed by the Pikes Peakers the day before. Some portions of it Stunk being Exposed to the Sun. But many got a good Supper oute of it[.] I enjoyed mine well[.] Camped at the first point of the Plat[te] river[.] We Saw the Soldiers camp at Fort Carnie [Kearney] on the opposite Side of the river[.] a poor place for wood
Satturday the 2 of July Left at 6 AM and Traveled 20 miles[.] Camped for Several Hours at Carrion Creeke. we found Several good Springs close by also water for the Cattle where we camped at night[.] we obtained wood water & Buffalo chips[.] at night I took the first campgaurd from 9 Till 12
Sunday the 3 of July Started <5 am> & Traveled 12 miles. Met with a band of Indians who where well armed & plenty of Horses. they where called Sues [Sioux] & where expecting the Pawnees to Battle with them. they where quite friendly & Shook Hands with us & went & Killed a Buffalo for us & Brought the meet [meat] Several miles on their Horses & distributed it among the people. I & my wife had Several pounds which was Excelent, had an Excelent Testimony meeting in the evening. Some good Testimonys where borne & the [illegible] rejoiced. 2 of the Indians was at meeting in the night[.] 4 of the Indians came in to our camp[,] danced & yelled & made a fearful noise. Some of the Bretherin & Sisters where most Terribly Scared & thought the indians where upon them[.] others where calm & Sereene. This was only a little of their frollick. They would have Liked to have taken 2 or 3 of our Sisters for wives. Any of them took a Sisters portrait on a tin cup[.] it was Taken in the same stile as the herroglyphics in the pearl of greate prize [Pearl of Great Price]
(Monday the 4 of July Left at 7 AM. & Traveled 10 or 11 miles & then camped Several Hours to rest ourselves and to Bury an aged Scandinavian Sister which died in the waggon this morning.) We have no water & have come Several miles over Hills on Sand. This is rather Trying But all is rite[.] we will Learn Expeariance which will be good for us. there was a waggon Broke down yesterday which detained us conciderable, This morning the Indians where Loath to Leave us & followed us Some distance on their Horses & gave some of the Saints the ropes round their Horses necks & helped to draw the carts[.] Traveled this day 25 miles & camped by the plat[te] river with a company of pikes peakers. they gave us Some milk & cetera[.] today they have been keeping up the 4 of July
Tuesday the 5 of July Traveled 17 miles got But Little water & that was Bad[.] Camped by the plat river[.] at night 2 men came Back from the pikes peak camp which was 8 miles a Head of us & Told us they wanted 2 of our girls[.] Of course they had [made] their Journey for nothing.
Wedensday the 6 of July Traveled 10 or 11 miles a good portion of it Through Sand & water & mud[.] We had Some hard pulling to get Through[.] My wife found a Tortoise, Camped near to the plat river[.] a good Spring of water close by which was very refreshing[.] today the breezes are very reviving & takes away a good portion of the heart of the sun
Thursday the 7 of July did not Leave Till ½ 2 o clock as we had to waite for a waggon being repaired[.] today the Sun is very powerful[.] Traveled Some 11 miles Through a considerable deal of Sand[.] it was Hard pulling & at ½ 8 Some of the Saints complained aboute going 6 miles farther So Capt Rooly Stopped the camp where there was no wood or water[.] this did not Suit Some who desired to go farther to where there was water.
Friday morning Soon after 3 AM the camp rooled oute & went 6 miles before Breakfast[.] Some few where weak as they had Eat up their provisions. We passed by Several Lovely Boiling Springs & got Some of the Best water we had got on the plains; We had a good deal of Sand to go Through which Tried Some very much[.] Because of much murmering in the camp Capt Rooly [Rowley] would not Let us go on any further Till a meeting was Called & things put rite. At 5 pm meeting commenced by singing & prayer[.] Br Rooly opened his mind Somewhat to the people & then called on the Captains of 10 to Speak their feelings[.] Brother Lindsey Said there had been much grumbling in his company & he hoped it would be put a Stop to[.] Br Scroggins then Spoke of Some fathers who Snaped at their wives & children all day & in the morning as Soon as they awoke they where at it again[.] he asked them to deal righteously with each other & be courtious & Kind & then their children would do rite; Br Rooly Spoke about persons grumbling Because there was no more Suggar[,] no coffee & that the Teamsters had as much as they Liked to Eat & others had not; he also Spoke Some Little aboute Some potatoes that he had given him & asked if it was the peoples Bussness what he did with them; & as for the Suggar he Said if Br Cannon had Told them that there was ½ pound of Suggar weakly for Each person he had not Seen But 3 Baggs & as for coffee he had Seen none & that if the Saints had all the Little nick nacks they wanted that 20 waggons would not have Brought the articles; & he was shure the monney they had payed would not be Sufficient to furnish those Things; he asked if they did not Expect to meet with a few Trials & have to Sacrifice a few Luxerys on Such a Journey[.] if they did not they would Shurly be disappointed[.] he Said Some had Threttened to Examine the waggons But if they attempted that game he would Horse whip them & cut them off & they Should not Travel in our camp & those who murmered & upset the peace of the camp Should be cut off[.] he said if the murmering was not put a stop to there would be a muteny; He spoke of persons Stealing Cakes from the carts from poor woomen[.] he Said they where not Mormons but Hypocrits; Br Macock Spoke of the murmering[.] he Said that Some as Soon as they got in to a Sand Hill they cursed & Swore & would Say it was not rite for to Bring them into Such places & that if a Stone was in their way they felt to curse the god that put it there[.] quite a number of Jentiles [Gentiles] where Listning to what was Said[.] Br Rooly Said he would have that that was upright & Just & that was Mormonism & thos who could not Live & do rite with us could not Live in Salt Lake for the men there where determind to have the people do rite; he spoke of the many Slanderous reports Brought against us by one & the other & Said if those around us understood our True position & would not Set their hearts against the Truth five minuts would not Elapse before they came forth & where Baptized; I Spoke & Said that I had heared none of this grumbling in my Company & if there was it was behind my Back[.] I referred to the Time we where on the Boosam of the greate deep & to the Excelent carracter given us by Captain & Prest Neslen & then asked if they could now give us Such a Character & I Said I hoped we put away from us Every thing Conterary to Truth & righteousness[,] murmering & Every thing Else[,] & then we would go on our way rejoicing & would still have our good character when we got to Zion & cetera[.] I also Spoke of the many dissimboded Spirits that followed our Camp & how Liable we where to be over come if we where not Humble & on the watch Tower; many of the Bretherin Confessed their faults & asked for forgivness & promised to do Better[.] all where forgiven by the Unanimous voice of the people; & meeting Broke Up[.] to night I went on guard. pm. 7 cans of flower given oute to day a few Beens & Some Biscuits;
Satturday the 9 th of July Left the river plat at [blank space] am & traveled [blank space] miles then Camped near to a Company of pikes peakers on the Edge of the river plat for Several Hours; our new acqauaintancies Seemed much pleased with us & gave us Lots of Milk; today it is very warm but a fine Breeze[.] roads good. Some of the Boyes are fishing & Some are Enjoying their rest[.] all around us Looks charming. the Broad majestic river with Some Lovely Hills & Trees in the distance is really charming
Sunday the 10 Left at [blank space] & traveled 10 miles & then camped to get dinner[.] passed Through 2 Creeks had Lots of fun[.] we also Traveled Through Some Sand[.] Met a Train of apostates[.] they where filled with & Evil Spirrit & Looked develish[.] One of the nincompoops Said Some thing aboute whipping our Captain[.] it was a good job for him that he closed up his mouth or he would have got what Paddy gave the drum after dinner. Traveled 6 miles crossed over [blank space] here we where met By a Large Band of Indians. Some on fine Horses. Some on foot they had a large company of the rising jeneration with them[.] They Let us have a number of maugasons for old Handkerchiefs[,] flower & cetera[.] quite a number of them Both men & woomen Helped us Along Through the Sand[.] they Shook Hands very Heartely with us & Seemed delighted to See us[.] they where the Sues [Sioux.] they Showed us the Shallowest part to cross over the water & they did not forget to have a laugh at our woomen up to their knees in water[.] we had as much as 60 men on watch to night to prevent our Cattle from being Stolen;
Monday the 11 of July Left in good Time & Traveled in the Burning Sun [blank space] miles over Sand Hills. Camped near to Buffalo Creeke. One waggon Broke
Tuesday the 12 of July Left rather lat & Traveled Some 9 or 10 miles over large Sand Hills & very Trying it was to many of the Saints[.] we crossed over 2 or 3 Creeks namely [blank space] camped near to the plat river in good spirrits But very Tired[.] got good water; the gaurd that was on at 3 am Said they Heard the Shouting of indians & ringing of Bells & thought they had Stampeded Some Cattle Bellonging to the Callifornians
Wedensday the 13 of July Left at 7 am & Travelled 8 miles Through heavy Sand & Stubble[.] the Sweat ran profusly down their face[,] arms & through their dresses. I think I never Experienced it So warm before
Thursday the 14 of July Traveled Some 15 miles wether Excessively warm & close[.] in passing over Some of the creeks we had to Take off our Shoes & when on the Sand it was So very hot that we could Scarcley indure the heat & concequently where very pleased when we got our Shoes on again[.] this day we had conciderable of Sand to Travel Through & c[etera.] plenty of musketors to Tickle us up at night
Fiday the 15th of July Traveled 6 miles[.] ha[d] one or two creeks to paass through & the heaviest Sand Hill we have had to Surmount on the Journey[.] Met a Train of apostates[.] they where very civel with us[.] we also saw Lots of indians with their Tents attached to their Horses[.] had a heavy Thunder Storm in the afternoon & what fun it was to See the folks rushing to their Hand Carts for protection[.] it continued for Some Length of Time; Sent a few words to mother in Sister Jgdes Letter; Caught a few fish & repaired our broken hand cart[.] Musketors rather Troublesom to night we Should have Traveled further But the cattle required rest. One by the name of richins Told me Some of the Cheltenham Saints Lived in the 4 ward; he seems quite a decent young fellow though returning with appostates but he Sais he is going to bring out Some of his friends in the States; he Says we shall find the roads & mountains much more difficult to assend than the Sand Hills have been & that there was means Enough in the P.E.F. to Take us through comfortable withoute Breaking our Constitution[.] he Spok well of S. Lake & of the athoritys
Satturday the 16 Left Soon after 6 am & pursued our Journey through Sand But mostly on a good Hard road[.] pulled our Carts through 1 Big creek[.] Traveled on Some 2 miles to a Spring opposite to where the Mormons used to ford across not far from Ash Hollow[.] today I found Some Small particles of gold which came oute of a well where there was Sand[.] it Seems from report that the whole reigon of Country round aboute was impregnated with gold[.] if the folks could But find the Big Lumps[.] today it has been warm But a good Breeze Sturing[.] we have been camping at the Springs Several Hours & Both Cattle & people have had quite a rest. Sister [Anne Brown] rooly [Rowley] gave me Some potatoes this afternoon which is very Acceptable[.] Picked a Little fat Hen & Boiled it for dinner[.] it was quite a change for the System after having so much dry food[.] Some indians in camp this afternoon[.] Burges Company going to Callifonia overtook us to day while in camp at night a cow was Brought in to camp which was Left By the Callifornians[.] the camp was detained from Traveling 6 miles on this account[.] Some where displeased. Capt Rooly wanted the Skin for the oxens feet[.] in the morning the meet was devided among the Saints But it was Scarcley fit to Eat[.] The Scandinavians would not have any
Sunday the 17 of July Left Early &Traveled 6 miles to quick Sand Creek & camped for the day[.] had a good meeting in the Evening. the Captains of 10 & Capt Rooly adressed the meeting[.] quite a Lot of Straingers present[.] I Spoke on the first principles
Monday the 18 July Traveled 18 miles[.] Went Several miles oute of our road alltogether 21 miles; we where informed that 2 wolves had attacked one of our company[.] Lots of the Boys Shouldered their guns But Soon found oute that it was all ...at night[.] Br Rooly Spoke about So many going for milk to Mr Burgess Camp & hoped for the future none would go But those who where invited; he Spoke to the Shame of the gurd who went to Sleep instead of minding their Cattle & Strictly charging them never to do So again; He Spoke Some on Stealing & grumbling[.] Said if any where hungry to go to him & he would not Turn them away Empty; went on gaurd till 12 pm a heavy storm of rain in the night which wet the most of our Things But we Took no hurt;
Tuesday the 19 July Traveled till 1 am & camped 2 hours for dinner[.] Some hard pulling today; went in our dinner hour & dug some Turfs & Turned the water off to catch Some fish But had to move on with the camp Just as our Experriment was nigh accomplished so of course we Lost the fish; Traveled 18 mils
Wedensday the 20 July Traveled Till dinner Time & then had Some flower Served oute Enough for 7 dayes[.] we went to Examine Some ruins & I discovered a Sheep[.] we chased him to the ruins & caught him & very exceptable it was too[.] Traveled over Some rough road & made 14 miles[.] camped by the plat river; had some rain during the night but managed to get our rest[.] had a hand Cart race with the danish & Beat them
Thursday the 21 July Travelled 11 or 12 miles Some rough road[.] camped on account of Sister Harris being dellivered of a Son his name is [blank space] Saw Chimney rock on the other Side of the plat
Friday the 22 July Traveled 16 miles & camped opposite Chimney rock[.] had a good deal of rain in the night[.] Some got wet.
Satturday the 23 July Left a Little after 8 am & Traveled 11 or 12 miles at a desperate rate. Br Man[n] was Sick & So was my Wife[.] Sister [Clara] Bartlott [Bartlett] kindly offered her assistance & it was Thankfully received[.] may the Lord Bless her for her Jenerious dispostion[.] Br Rooly hurred us on to day when I was doing my Best to keep up this went against the grain rather But all rite[.] Saw some Lovely mountains near to chimney Rock[.] I like the appearance of them Better than anything I have Seen on the route[.] an indian or two aboute today quite a number of Pikes Peakers passed us on Horse Back to day[.] we continued our travels& went alltogether 19 or 20 miles
Sunday 22 July Traveled 14 miles hard pulling most of the way[.] Camp stay for Jarves Nephew[.] had it not been for this delay we Should have Traveled farther[.] passed a Train of appostates camped a Little this side of Scots bluffs[.] Some of the boys are shooting ducks[.] went on gard till 12 o clock[.] the 3 Bretheren namely Jarvis[,] [William] Adams[,] Lindsey Sent in Search of the young man[.] returned between 11 & 12[.] they would have been Lost had we not kept a good fire which they Saw Some miles off[.] the Lad came in before them[.] had a good Testimony Meeting in the Evening[.] Peter Later Said one preventitive against appostasy was to attend to prayers night and morning. Rooly [Rowley] Said the Saints never went oute under more favourable Sircumstances yet there was more grumbling & that he would Like to have Bread till we reached the Valley & that would be more than any other H[and].C[art]. Company had done
Monday 25 July Traveled 20 miles passed an Indian Camp at night. H. Cartly gave me & Jane the priveledge of Sleeping in his waggon
Tuesday 26 July Left at ¼ after 7 a.m. Camped a Long way from the Plat river[.] wether very warm[.] Some few rabbits Caught[.] heavy Sand to Travel Through
Wedensday 27 Traveled 8 miles Through deep Sand[.] camped opposit fort Larrime[.] 3 Springs of good water close to our camp
Thursday 28 July Traveled a few Hundred yards & Then Hansons waggon broke down[.] camped near to where the accident happened[.] Some of the boys got a wheel at Larrime today[.] Thomas Jarvis left Camp & went with Some piks peakers; Some 3 hundred Soldiers left larrime today for S. Lake[.] in the evening a meeting was held. Brother [Henry] Olpin was removed from the office of Chaplin for not being punctual in calling the Saints to prayers; & John Smith was appointerd in Stead; Br Rooly Said he was asshamed of the grumbling in camp; Saying that Some Said he had a pan full of bacon at Every meal But he Said he had not eat a pound on the Journey; Some Said that the Teamsters went to the bacon whenever they felt disposed: Cap Rooly Said there was only 4 weaks provisions & a few days on hand & we where barly halfway through; he Said much of the delema we where in was owing To the grumbling; But Says he rather Than the good should Suffer he would have a division & those who would do right Should go through & the others could do as they pleased, he spoke of Some visiting appostates & Telling a pittiful Tale to get a little Salt & cetera & saying they had not enough to eat, he Said if the people did not alter they would fall by the way, Br Scrogings [Scoggins] related a dreem Touching the Same thing
Friday 29 July Traveled 19 miles Through Sand & the Black Hills[.] Some of the Hills very Steep. Some delightful Sceenery on the way. picked Some Cherries goosbrys & currants here[.] H. Cart upset[.] Arrived in Camp Just as it was getting dark[.] Camped by a Small Stream[.] I went a Little way from Camp & when I came back I was dilighted with the Sublime Sceenery not withstanding the people where much Tired & fatiged & dark when they camped[.] yet as if done by Magick however all the fires where lit & the camp Seeemed all in a blaze; went on gaurd Till 12.
Satturday 30 of July a Lovely morning[.] the gard calls me at 5 a.m. in 15 minuits we have prayers in our Sepperate Companys after which we all go in the Carrell for publick prayer. we then Take breakfast & Start on our journey[.] this morning the Spirit of [illegible] Seems to be Brooding over the whole camp. Traveled this day 20 miles rough roads & Lofty Mountains to Travel over had to double Teems got benighted 5 or 6 tires came off[.] Camped on the way side where there was neither wood or water[.] the Saints where compleetly exausted;
Sunday 3 July Traveled 3 miles to the Springs here we remaind several hours to rest ourselves & get Some Thing to eat. under the green wood shade it is cool & refreshing[.] The water is lovely. there is a good Suply of wood but not much feed for cattle[.] there are Some currants here; at middle day we reesumed our journey & Traveled 19 miles[.] Left George Reed & Richard Mills behind with a H. Cart & one Hundred pounds of flower[.] I desired to go one mile & fetch them in to camp but Cap Rooly Said I had better not or Else I would be left behind[.] Went Through deep creek up to our Thgs [thighs] got into Camp at 9 o clock called for prayers but the people where Tired & hungry & would not come
Monday 1 of August Went 6 miles [be]for breakfast camped by plat river[.] 3 of the boys started back with weapons of defence 20 miles to bring in the H. Cart Left behind & this detained us one day. the names of those who went back where Mc Tyre[,] Big ben & Squires; the clouds look Dark & Lowering So we fly to our Tents for Shelter about 6 p.m. Br Eldredge[,] Jos young & a Small company of the boys drove into camp & brought us good news. Said Cap Neslens Train was 1 hundred miles behind & had Lost 9 oxen[.] Steephens & his 5 waggons where doing well. Neslen has 51 waggons[.] there is behind 12 waggons of mules & 15 of oxen all doing well; Joseph Young Junior has been passing blood all the way he have cam[.] is very weak in boddy; he feels better to day[.] Eldridge & young gave orders for us to hand a quarter of a pound more flower per day & then we could do our work; they Said we had Traveled well & where prospering Loosing no oxen Said we had better ford the plat[te] & by So doing save 15 miles & miss the sand.
Tuesday 2 of Augst McTyre [McIntyre,] ben. & Squires arrived with the H. Cart. where within 3 miles of the camp the night before but could not See the fires as we where in a Hollow; they Said the boys had Turned back with Some appostates & took Some clothes belonging to Br Gilbert. today the camp is resting to recruite ourselves & the oxen[.] Seem very much Strenghtened [.] This afternoon a company of 20 & upwards where sent back in Search of Elizabeth Watson an old Lady upwards of 60 who was missing from camp[.] She had not been Seen in camp Since Sunday 31 of July[.] we Explored The Hills on Either Side for 12 miles then made a fire while a few of the danish boys went further on[.] we found a pair of Shoes 3 miles from where we camped on the Sunday which the boys declared was hers for they had Seen her wear them hence we came to the conclusion that She had gone back with an appostate Train on the first of August & had left her boots to Tell the Tale. we Sung Some Songs round the fire[.] Br Jones prayed & as Soon as the rest of the boys arrived we Started for Camp 12 miles[.] as Soon as we got Breakfast the Camp mooved forward 9 miles[,] camped 1 hour for dinner then Traveled 3 more miles picked Some fine cherries & goosberrys[.] a fine breeze of wind Blowing
Thursday 4 of Aug Traveled 8 miles & camped for dinner[.] went 4 miles & tryed to ford the river But found it too deep[.] Some of the boys drove the cattle across to feed & remained with them all night. after supper had a meeting[.] Captains of 10s[.] Cap Rooly addressed the meeting. to night we had the remainder of our flower Taken oute of our Carts & 7 cans given us to Last 10 days
Friday the 5 August Left a Little before 7 am. & Traveled 10 miles over rugged Clifts [cliffs] & steep hills[.] camped for dinner 2 hours then went 9 miles[.] Early in the morning Several of the boys where Sent back 9 miles to Look for a Lame ox
Satturday 6 Aug in Camp all the forenoon waiting for a lame ox[.] Went 1½ miles then camped by the river[.] [Went] to get Some pills from Doc Kearney who made us believe that the Sand was knee deep & no water for 15 miles[.] we believed the Lying report & Lost a days march
Sunday 7 of Aug Traveled 18 miles much Sand in the forenoon got to a good camp ground & picked Some nice berrys & had a Splendid Cake for Tea[.] About 1 mile to the water
Monday 8 of Aug Traveled some 18 miles over heavy Sand mountains[.] Camped about 1 mile from the Black Bridge[.] Many of the Saints where foot sore & came into camp very late[.] Some did not get in Till Morning
Tuesday 9th of Aug Up at 3 am & made a big noise with the rest of the Captains in order to get The people to rouse from their Slumbers & prepair for marching[.] We got off in good seasanable Time[.] before Starting I went to the river & got a bathe[.] very cold but quite reviving[.] Traveled 17 miles then camped for dinner[.] Left Br Means Cart & pulled with Br [Frederick] Cooper & Matilda Barrett[.] we had no water on our first march & numbers had nothing cooked[.] this with the heat of the Sun quite overpowered Them & they became faint & weary[.] at Last we came to water tho not of the best kind[.] for this boon we felt very greatfull[.] it was with much difficulty that the cattle where brought into camp. Through continued Traveling & want of food They bled at the nose & the dung that passes from them was mingled with blood & matter[.] we Should have gone 10 or 11 miles farther if the cattle could have Stood it[.] as it was we had a good rest[.] repaired my Boots
Wedensday 10 of August Sent 4 men Back in Search of a Scandinavian Brother that had missed his road[.] up at 3 this morning and left for The Springs Some 11 miles or rather 18[.] got Some water half way but it had Sallteratus in [it.] found the Brother that was Lost at the Spring Enjoying himselfe with too Indians[.] at this place the water is pure & good; Feed for Cattle is tarable plentiful, Captain Rooly Spoke for Some Time & Said he would send back for no more that Stayed by the way & That we could make the Journey in 16 days from Devils gate[.] to night I repaired my boots[.] 2 indians in camp to night
Thursday 11 of Aug Left at ¼ before 7 am & Traveled 12 miles[.] here by a large Streeam of water was an indian Village[.] nearly all the Indians came to See us cross the water with our H. Carts[.] Camped on the other Side of the water & waited several hours for the arrival of our Captain. Some of these indians here learnt the heart of pilfering[.] biscuits here are 40 cents per pound; by and by Capt rooly arrived & we pursued our Journey with vigour Till we reached the Sweet Water 7 miles from Devils Gate[.] we had the Moon to guide us & got in camp at 11 o clock[.] We had much Sand to Travel Through & made upwards of 21 Miles[.] Some few did not reach Camp till morning[.] here we had good feed for the Cattle
Friday 12 of Aug Left for Devils Gate[.] 2 or 3 miles of Sand on our way forded the river[.] Saw independence rock on our right. The Sweet Water runs Through 2 rocks & this is called D. Gate[.] it is a grate Curosity[.] there is som fish in the river, there is plenty of feed for cattle[,] 2 Stores & cetera it was quite a Treat for us to get to Sweet Water after being Deprived of it so long. This afternoon a number of Indians Came in to Camp[.] they had been to war with the Utas[.] they had with them a number of Scalps of those they had killed[,] 1 woamin prisoner & a child & a number of fine Horses[.] they offered us large pieces of Buffalo & antelope for a Small Cake[.] to night I had a pice of Antelope given to me by the Store Keeper & a pice of Bacon by Sis Harris[,] Some flower by William & 2 pounds by Sister Yeates[.] these things helped us materialy wile we where on Short rations[.] this place is Surrounded by rocks[.] I went on gaurd from 12 Till 3 am in the night[.] 2 of the oxen died & all the flesh was cut off & Eat Eagerly
Satturday13 Aug waited all day for Cap Rooly to return, I went on to The top of the rock called devils gate[.] the Sceen was awfuly grand[.] gathered a bag of chips & returned home at night[.] Cap Rooly returned & Said he would have returned Sooner but the indians had Stolen his poney & he had to go & hunt it up & pay the men who went with him[.] had a dance at night
Sunday 14 first thing on waking that Saluted my ears was Mark Lindsey abusing W. Adams for taking flower oute of Sister Jiekes bagg & Sister Cooks[.] Lindsey thretened to thrach him & Turn him oute of the Camp, But the evidence was not clear to our Captain & hence he did not leave the Camp. he joined my company and pulled at my cart[.] I found him to be a good young man. Stayed in camp most of the day for one thing & another[.] Had a meeting in the forenoon[.] Br Scrogings in his remarks Said that as Soon as our Sisters came across any Jentiles [Gentiles] they would trim up & enter into conversation with them no matter how obseen their Language was. Cap Rooly Said the cause of so much bickering & backbiting was because the Captains indulged in these things[.] today Sarah Jones of birmingham Stayed behind & got married to a Store keeper & Br. Moors Wife left him to go to a Store 4 miles from devils gate[.] this afternoon camp mooved 2 miles
Monday 15 Left at ½ past 7 am traveled 17 miles nearly all Sand & very hard pulling[,] wind & Sand blowing in our eyes[.] camped at dusk[.] had a Swim[.] today Sister Elizabeth Watson who had been lost for Several dayes returned to camp[.] 2 days & nights She had been without food[.] her life was preserved by an Indian otherwise a bandite Said they would Slay her. To day [Henry Fox] Strognel [Strugnel] Left the camp & turned back
tuesday 16 Aug Started at 6 am & traveled 1½ hours then camped 2 hours for breakfast. Traveled Till 1 Oclock through considerable Sand & after crossing the Sweet Water 3 times camped for dinner at the first crossing. Br. John Smith & the rest of the family where met by their Br & a waggon with Some provisions. these where the first we had met from the valley. Hard pulling to day traveled 20 miles nearly all Sand[.] Camped by the Sweet Water had a Bath which quite refreshed me
Wedensday 17 Aug Left at ¼ before 8 A.M & Traveled 11 miles[.] Took dinner. No water & Sandy road[.] crossed Sweet Water once after dinner & Traveling 8 or 9 miles mostly Through Sand[.] went for a Bathe which very much refreshed me[.] we had no water through the whole day till we Camped.
Thursday 18 Aug Left at 1/2 4 AM with oute breakfast & traveled 6 miles crossed the Sweet Water in the [illegible] climbed 2 very steep Hills which took nearly all our Strength was gone[.] Clara Bartlett & my Wife came into camp quite Late with Sore feet[.] Alltogether we traveled 23 miles[.] wood & water close at hand but a hard bed to lay on [illegible] of the want of flower
Friday 19 Aug left in good Time & Traveled 7 miles to breakfast[,] walkked through the water the first Thing, Camped by a nice Stream of water had a good bathe had a few mellons given me by a Store keeper, Traveled to Passiffic [Pacific] Spring 14 miles[.] Sister Hibbard Stayed with a Jentile [Gentile]. Many of the Saints are faint[,] worn & weary & comming in hours after the rest with their H.C. Much of this weakness is caused through the lack of food[.] Met Some Travelers going to the states. Strong head wind against us at Little Sandy Hook. Wether very cold during the night. Sister [Clara] Bartlet[,] [Emma] Booth, Sister Farrir [Farrer], stoped Back[.] they where so tired[.] Sister [Ellen] Jyele [Gyde] would not leave Sister Booth ill as She was & Stayed with her [illegible] 24 miles this day we had no water[.] Think a [illegible] Horse Trup Should be sent with the HC company to fetch up the sick & not leave them to the care of Straingers & it was with difficulty they even got in to camp
Satturday 20 of Aug refer above for particulars .
Sunday 21 Left at good Time & Traveled 6 miles to breakfast[.] We Then Traveled 20 miles[.] crosed one creek[.] Some had no food all day & where very weak & feeble[.] Camped at Sun down[.] Some fell[.] camped 7 miles behind us[.] it was with difficulty that Br [Henry] Olpin got his wife [Sarah White Olpin] into camp. took me a Bathe in cold water wich did me good.
Monday the 21 [illegible] Spent Some Time repairing shoes with wire[,] writing Journal and other duties[.] at ½ 11 am left for green river 13 miles [illegible] some heavy [illegible] to pull through[.] I assisted in pulling 5 carts Through the river; it is a clear water about 3 feet deep[.] very strong currant[.] Some fish in it[.] My Strength all began to fail me after the 3 Time of Crossing went 2½ miles to Camp through some sand. Old Father [Edward] Shanks was left oute all night & nearly exausted when Brother David found him[.] My wife made Them their Breakfast & This was the last meal they got together before they departed from this stage of action, to day Janes feet are very sore. She can Scarcly get along
Tuesday 22 Lots of the folks have nothing to eat & some of the Scandinavians have left the camp & will not stay Till Cap Rooly returns[.] he is gone in Search of flower at a store 5 miles distant Had [illegible] informed have been begging flower & selling it to the [Sai…] at 15 cents per pound & the folks are down on him for so doing. The days are very warm but nights very [illegible] some who have not a sufficient quantity of clothes suffer the cold nights[.] a few indians in camp this morning. There is Excelent feed here for cattle & lots of Trees which make the Sceenery very pleasing[.] This place is 55 miles from fort bridger[.] to day we have no food & Cap Rooly is compelled to have an ox killed to sattisfy The cravings of The people 1 & a half pound to each person[.] I did not feel Like The same after getting some food
Wedensday 25 Aug Traveled 5 miles took Breakfast by The river Side[.] here Jane Jarvis from the Manchester conference was seized with the cramp & died[.] She was 47 years of age[.] we attended to Her Burrial & Traveled Till it was quite dark[.] we got broke up into 3 companys. I had to pull my cart my selfe Jane was so poorly[.] I was quite exausted[.] On the way till Br [Paul Henry] Morrell a frenchman from Italy stoped me & gave me a warm cup of coffee & Some Sugar in it[.] It invigorated my whole system & enabled me to pursue my Journey Till I got to camp[.] we had but one match to lite our fire[.] the wind was very blusterous & we had to act with Some Skill or we should have got no fire[.] I Saw on my Journey some fires[.] I went a mile out of my way to see if it was the camp, it was a few of the company that could not catch up with the camp[.] I returned to near aboutes where I left My H. Cart & called to The party who Said they would take charge of it but They had gone on 2 or 3 miles to camp[.] I supposed they had taken my cart but when I arrived in Camp I found they had not[.] consequently I had to go Back Several miles by my selfe Tired & weary as I was[,] for all the boys where to Tired or foot Sore to go back . I traveled Some 30 miles a Jentile man came in to camp by the name of Damsey[,] an Irish man[.] he was informed of our distress for flower & offered to let us have 5 hundred pounds either for money or we could return it in flower by October[.] he also profered to kill an ox if our cap wished it. This was the best friend we had met with on the Journey[.] he gave a loaf & 2 bottles of whiskey to some that where hungry & invited Some of [us] to his tent to Breakfast
Thursday the 24 August left early & Traveled 5 miles to Breakfast & took a good one in Mr Damseys tent with Cap Rooly& a few of the Sisters we had for Breakfast Butter[,] ham[,] Bread[,] Boiled Beef[,] milk[,] coffee[,] Suggar[.] this was the best meal I had eat for many a day[.] he also gave us milk[,] Whiskey & Sugar. Just as his men weighing flower[,] 6 waggons where making for us full drive with provisions Sent by the Prest for us. There was bacon[,] flower[,] & [illegible] a few crackers. These where Truly welcome & blessed visitors. here my dream which I had at devils gate was fulfilled. I drempt that the provisions met us Some distance this side fort Bridger[.] Some of the Saints expected They would met us this Side of green river but I did not. Several remarked the fullfilment of my Dream[.] After resting a few hours we Traveled 13 miles with a head wind against us[.] it was the worst road I ever Traveled[.] We where Smothered in dust and where glad to get a rest. we camped near the river opposite Castle Rock[.] Brother Willson was Seen Taking a cake oute of Scroggins cart, some crackers to night they made nicer a to day[.] I had some crackers given to me by the teamsters[.] they made a good cake.
Friday the 25 Aug went for a bathe[.] Spent the fore noon writing Journal & Seeing my company served with flower for 3 dayes each person getting 4 cans to day[.] we are resting in camp
Satturday 26 of Aug Traveled 17 or 18 miles[.] Camped 2 miles from fort Bridger[,] hard pulling Through the Sand, had a nice place to camp in the Hollow[,] plenty of water & wood[.] went for a bathe[.] Was daingerously ill in the night with the wind
Sunday 28 of Aug Traveled 14 miles up hill a good portion of the way. fort Bridger is geting quite a bussy place[.] There are Some 400 soldiers there & Lots of good Houses[.] it is well Suplyed with water & wood, some good Bridges are erected. The Soldiers Stared to see us So jovial wile pulling our carts. Some Little disturbance in Camp to night by a party of Hickory Mormons who camped near to us[.] They had taken a Little to much whisky & one of their Horses upset one of our Tents. Br Olpins Sun [son] came & met his father on Satturday 27 Aug
Monday 29 of Aug a fine Morning. One Old Danish Lady died this morning & was buried at ½ 8 a m[.] after the funeral we Left for bear river 22 miles[.] Took a Little refreshment 4 miles This Side had a hard labourous Days work & one awfull Hill to Climbe[,] dust up to our knees & required much Strength to bring it down
Tuesday 30 Aug Traveled 8 miles to yellow Creek[,] wet & a muddy road to travel[.] Just as we got to yellow Creek there was a steep pice of bank to descend[.] Some water at the bottom[.] several H. Carts upset[.] I Saved one man from being hurt[.] I picked a fine lot of Currants here[.] soon after we arrived in Camp we where met by John Taylor & F.D. Richards 2 of the 12[.] It was quite Cheering to know that these brethren had been Sent by Brigham to See after our wellfair[.] they have with them Some 20 oxen & waggons & flower to assist the different companys into the valley
Wedensday 31 of August Br Shanks Died[.] he was nearly 70 years of age & had completely worn himselfe oute pulling his Cart[.] I helped to get pebbils to lay on him to prevent the wolves eating him up[.] this morning intelligence was brought to the camp that Sister [Mary Jane] Shanks had been eat by the wolves. She also pulled to the last to the shame of the young sisters who rode in their place[.] They where good Saints[,] had been good friends to the Servants of good & the Sad news will fall like a Thunderbolt on the ears of their friends, Br. Taylor made a short speech & Said as it was for Truth we have left our homes to Still Keep that in view be humble keep the commandments of god attend to our prayers & we Should be blest & not be led away by Seducing Spirits, Told the young Sisters not to be in a Hurry aboute getting Husbands but see who they where going to have or they may be miserable all their lives. he Said there was plenty of places for them as Servants & while in place they could Look oute for Themselves[.] at 11 a m we Started for eccho [Echo] Cannion [Canyon] 16 miles[.] we had one Steep Hill to Climbe[.] a friend Helped me up the Hill then the remainder was down Hill
Thursday the 1 of Sep Left at 11 a m after having conciderable rain here we gathered some beautiful Currants the best we had got on the Journey[.] they were Black red & yellow[.] Camp traveled 17 miles very wet & uncomfortable[.] I was quite exausted pulling the H Cart myself all day[.] I was Traveling Some ours [hours] after dark Climbed 2 Steep Hills all allone which made greate drops of Sweat rool down me[.] while Traveling alone I found Morrell up to his knees in water[.] I helped him oute & Traveled several miles to the end of Eccho [Echo] Cannion [Canyon.] we could not catch up with the camp so we Stayed here for the night[.] a man here who Sold Spirits Took me & Morrell & Fr Pittman in & Baked a cake[,] made some warm coffee & gave it [to] us. here we Thought Morrell would have died[.] he was Seized with cramp went quite pale & as cold aboute his forehead as death[.] this was from over exertion[.] a man in the house gave him some Salt & pepper for the cramp[.] poor Frank was also unwell. I was delighted with The wild romantic Sceenery & the rude rocks which presented themselves to view, here among these mountains are good places of Defence for the Saints.
Friday 2 of Sep got our Breakfast & Traveled 27 miles pulling my Cart alone[.] Me & Morrell helped each other along to day[.] had a leg of Beef & Some good milk[,] a cucumber, 4 peaches and loaf[,] some meat & cetera[.] we did not arive in Camp till 11 p m[.] had to cross the water 7 Times[.] carried Morrell & his wife Through 4 waters & then William Kimbal & Eph Hanks overtook us & Told an indian lad to put a rope to our Carts & let his mule dragg us up the hill[.] he dragged me Through 3 waters[,] upset me & Morrell[,] the hill being so slanting I was dragged for Some distance but not hurt[.] Morrells cart was upset & somewhat damaged[.] I was wet & cold when I arrived in Camp[.] Camp[Cap] Rooly gave us Som whisky & Suggar which very much revived me[.] the Saints seemed glad to see me, My wife especially
Satturday 3 Sep Crossed over Several creeks & wended our way up the bigg Mountain it is very Steep & 5 miles to the top[.] Morrell was my friend to help me up or I don't know how I Should have got my Cart [to the top.] it was as hard to go down the Hill 3 miles as it was to Climbe it[.] dust knee deep[.] had to tie one of the wheels to let the Cart down[.] Baked some cakes & then went 2 miles to camp,
Sunday 4 Sep Brthers Benson & Eraustus Snow met us in Camp[.] Br Benson was glad to see me[.] Left a Little before 8 a m for the valley 15 miles [.] the Scandinavians helped the English up the Little Mountain & we them[.] it was a warm job[.] the Chain of one of the waggons broke & rooled [rolled] Some distance down the hill & tiped over. we thought shurly some of the passengers inside would have been killed but none was hurt[.] while Traveling fast Through the Cannion [canyon] Morrell fell & hurt himselfe he was taken into the waggon & I pulled within 5 miles of the Valley[.] Charles Stephens met me on horse back & stood Treat had a number of Small Streams to cross[.] camped on the bench One hour for meeting[.] Br Benson & Snow addressed us & Said when they came here there was not a House to be seen[,] no kind friend to bid them wellcom to their Table & ask them to eat[.] a Hard winter to live Through perhaps the most Severe the Saints have ever experienced but little food & Lots of grasshoppers to eat what little They raised, all these things we had not to experience but could go to the homes of our friends & get food to Sustain us & Now Sayes Br Benson after you get Some warm biscuits & butter don't turn up your noses as Some have done but continue to Live your religion as you have done & all your expectations Shall be realised & a Thousand Times More. He told us not to hire to anyone till we knew who They where & then we would not be Taken by Land Sharks; after receiving These Instructions we Started for the valley[,] all The Horsemen in front. we had not gone far before we where met by 2 bands of musick[.] the first tune I recognized was O ye Mountains high where the Clear blue sky arches over the vales of the free & cetera. There was Thousands of Spectators who Seemed pleased to see us[.] we passed Through many beautiful Streets[.] Went by Brighams [house] there was a large crood on Top of his house Looking at us, Brigham among the rest. I was much delighted with the beautiful appearance of the Citty. when we reached the publick Square the bretherin played home Sweet home[.] after being greeted by our friends[,] Bishop Hardy requested the Lookers on to Leave the Camp So that [we] may get Some refreshment but it was in vain he intreated the people to go for they would gaze upon us at length[.] the provision was handed oute & such a variety I never Saw[.] There was bread Butter Eggs milk coffee tea sugar Boiled Beef roast beef Mutton pork potatoes Cabbage Carriots Onions cuccumbers Tomatoes Squash mush mellons water do [dew] green pees kidney beens and Tarts & cet[.] Sister Martin gave me & Jane an invitation to go & Sleep at Their house.