Historical Department journal history of the Church, 1896-2001, 24 September 1848, 17-54.
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- Source Locations
- Church History Library, CR 100 137
- Related Companies
- Heber C. Kimball Company (1848)
- Related Persons
- Richard Alando Ballantyne
- [Brother] Calhoun
- Arlytia Long Peck
- Jehu Cox
- Lucretia Cox
- Lavina Wollerton Harper
- Isaac David Ferguson
- Elias Gardner
- Ira Walter Gardner
- Martha Ann Gardner
- Charles Alfred Harper Jr.
- John Moburn Kay
- Maria Kay
- William McEwan
- Margaret Lockhart McKown
- Don Carlos Pack
- Joseph Henry Petty
- Jonathan McKay Pugmire
- Joel Ricks
- Sarah Twitchell
- Jasper Harrison Twitchell
- Sanford Lorenzo Twitchell
Following is the journal of William Thompson, Clerk the Heber C. Kimball, Captain of the Second Division, (Heber C. Kimball, Captain) which arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley, Sept. 24, 1848:
Sunday, June 4. We left Winter Quarters of Sunday the 4th of June in company with Mary Smith, the widow of the late Hyrum Smith, the Patriarch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who was shot in Carthage Jail, Hancock County, State of Illinois, on the 27th of June, 1844; also Joseph Fielding, the brother of Sister Smith. Joel Terry was in our company going to the Valley as a teamster with Sister Smith, she in return furnishing him waggons [wagons] and team to move the next spring of 1849 to the Valley. Our teams was week and the most of them having calves in them, and it was with much difficulty that we could start on account of drivers. We were obliged to have Sister Mary Smith drive a yoke of cattle that was hitched to her carriage for lack of help. (Jerushia Smith [Jerusha Smith], the daughter of Mary and Hyrum Smith was compelled to drive a teams also.) I had a cow tied to the back of my waggon leading her along; as I started the team after our second stop she run around the waggon wheel and threw herself and the wheel of the waggon with 20 hundred of provisions &c went over the root of her horns. I got her out; she shook her head and walked off. Here we could see the hand of our Heavenly Father interpose for her safety. We moved on slowly having to stop our teams occasionally to drive the teams that Sister Smith and Sister Fielding and the children were driving down the hills, &c Anna Fielding, the wife of Joseph Fielding was driving a yoke of cattle with a horse before them. Coming down a hill she turned a little out of the road and the oxen pulled the fore-wheel of the waggon over her fetlock joint. Here we saw the kind hand of a over ruling providence interpose. Brother Fielding succeeded in getting her up with aperant little injury. We then pursued our way till we come to the foot of a steep hill about one mile and a half from Winter Quarters. When some of the teams was up the hill the team that John Smith was driving turned off to the one side at the bottom of the hill and broke of the waggon tung <tongue>. We then were compelled to camp for the night and get in a new wagon tung <tongue> (tongue) about two miles from Winter Quarters.
Monday, June 5. Monday morning June the 5th we started from our camping place all in good health, only a little fatigued yoking up wild steers, standing guard the previous night, &c Nothing particular happened to-day; in a few miles we got into company with a company of brethren from the State of Mississippi, but owing to the weakness of our teams we could not keep up with them. They went on and camped on the west side of a small stream called the (Papia) <Papillon> [Papillion]. Our road was along a beautiful ridge of prairie spangled with beautiful wild flowers on both sides of the road. About one hour from sundown we got to the (Papia) [Papillion] bridge. Our teams was very thirsty as they had no water from the previous evening. The banks of the (Papio) [Papillion] was very steep, and we had to water our cattle with buckets, &c To-day, my wife Sarah had a slight chill and considerable fever. Sister Mary Smith was much fatigued watching and helping to watter [water] the teams. After sundown we got all our waggons [wagons] formed in a carel that the Mississippi Brethren had formed on the west bank of the (Papio) [Papillion]. After letting our oxen feed for 1 hour we drove them into the carel (corral) and set a guard round them, as there was a company of Indians seen that evening about 2 miles off.
Tuesday, June 6. This morning I feel fatigued as I was on guard the after part of the night. We turned our cattle out to feed about daylight and watched them least the Indians should take any away or kill any. We drove them up about 7 o'clock and yoked them up. The brethren from Mississippi started a hour ahead of us as we had counsel to get over the (Horn) river as soon as possible as Brother Heber Kimball was waiting there with his company of about 2 hundred wagons for the company from Mississippi and the company that was with Sister Hyrum Smith. Just as we were leaving our camping place going up a steep hill of the (Papio) [Papillion] Bottom, the teams that Brother Joel Terry was driving run round and broke the forward axle of one of the wagons he was driving. We then stopped the teams and turned them out to feed till we got a axel put in. About one o'clock Brother C. P. Lott [Cornelius P. Lott] and family come in sight. He drove up his teams and gave Sister Mary Smith 2 yoke of cattle that Brother Egan [Howard Egan] had procured for her by the command of Brother Heber. C. Kimball. We then seen a man come from the camp; it was Doctor Jessy Brailey who informed us that he had seen some Indians and was pursued by some of them. He told us that one of them leaveled a rifle at him; he in return leaveled a umbrella at the Indian. The Indian seeing this went on to a strip of timber near the Horn River. We then hitched up our teams about 1 o'clock and prosecuted our way in company with Brother Lott and family. When we got within 3 miles of the Horn River we seen seven men coming at a distance. When they came up to us we ascertained them to be brethren, some of them belonging to the Mississippi Company that started before us from our camping place on the (Papio) [Papillion]. They were alarmed about us least the Indians had attacked our waggons [wagons] and hindered us. They started with their rifles and about 6 or 8 of the brethren to guard us to the main camp. When they come up they informed us that the Omaha Indians had killed a ox for Brother John Peck and that the 6 brethren pursued them, and that they had shot Brother Howard Egan in the rist (wrist), and other brethren very serious. Thomas Ricks got several balls in his body. They also shot some of Brother Kimball's horses. The brethren accompanied us up to the Horn River and crossed our waggons [wagons] over. We then met Brother Heber C. Kimball who was glad to see us. We got all our waggons [wagons] over the Horn, about 15, and proceeded to the Big Camp about 2 miles west of the Horn. We camped near Brother Kimball's waggons [wagons] for the night.
Wednesday, June 7. We are all well this morning, except my wife, Sarah. She feels rather weak. We turned our cattle out to feed at sunrise, herded by a strong guard. About half past 7 o'clock the cattle was brought up and we started about 9 o'clock. This is a fine cool day for traveling. We all feel well. We camped tonight about 5 o'clock and formed a correll on a large slough near the Liberty pole on the Platt River. This evening was cool with some considerable rain through the night.
Thursday, June 8. We all feel damp this morning. Some of the brethren that was on guard last night got very wet. We fed our teams as usual this morning and started from our camp ground about 9 o'clock. To-day we passed Brother Higbee's [Isaac Higbee's] company who put in on the north side of the road and we traveled double file to-day. This day was very cool with some slight rain from the northeast (N. E.). We camped to-day about 4 o'clock on the bank of the Platt River; plenty of wood, &c
Friday, June 9. All is well this morning. The cattle look full and well, and the brethren and sisters feel good. The camp starts off this morning about 8 o'clock. This a fine day for traveling. William and John is <are> delighted with the wild prairie flowers that I gather for them. We come to Shall Creek this evening about 4 o'clock. We calculated to have camped here for the night, but the feed was tramped down and eat up, as Brother Brigham Young's camp had been here the night before. We had to go about 2 miles farther. We camped for the night. Wood an water on handy. This evening the camp was called together by Brother Henry Herriman and Brother <Titus> Billings; according to the wish of Brother Heber C. Kimball, the brethren proceded to appoint captains. Henry Herriman [Henry Harriman] was appointed captain of the First Hundred and John Pack, captain of the Second Fifty; Brother Caleb Baldwin <1st Ten> & Wm. Burton [William Burton] cap. Of the 2nd Ten, C. P. Lott [Cornelius P. Lott], cap. of the 3rd Ten; McCallin [William McCallin] Cap. 4th Ten. Wm. McCallin was chosen Cap. of the Guard. There was some good advice given by Brother Herriman, Billings & Pack [John Pack], about order, brotherly love, patience &c The meeting was good all through (business) and was transacted with a unanimous vote; the best of feelings prevailed. This was a fine, cool evening, with a heavy dew. I am appointed to stand guard the after part of the night.
Saturday, June 10. This is a very warm morning. The cattle was turned out to feed at half past 3 o'clock. I feel rather sleepy this morning, being on guard the after part of the night. The camp is all in good health and spirits. This morning we started at 8 oclock (this morning). Our road to-day was over the Platt Bottom. This day was very warm. Quite a number of the cattle had out their tongues to-day. We camped this evening on the bank of the Platte River at 5 o'clock. Our cattle was pretty fatigued and thirsty this eve.
Sunday, June 11th. This is a fine cool morning with a brisk breeze from the south. Our cattle was turned out the crel <corral> at 4 o'clock this morning. The brethren are generally in good health. At 11 o'clock the bell went round to warn the camp that there would be a meeting on the bank of the river about the middle of the camps. There was much good instruction given at meeting to-day by Brother Herriman, Billings & Kimball concerning patience, keeping the Sabbath, being kind to cattle, swearing, praying & order. At 4 o'clock in the evening the camp again convened. The meeting opened by singing & prayer by Joseph Fielding. Brother John Pack spoke at length on patience and keeping the commandments of God, &c, Brother Joseph Fielding followed and spoke of the blessing of being privileged to help build up the Kingdom of God, &c, after which Brother Kimball addressed the meeting on general principles. The meeting was closed by Brother Billings, and the people was dismissed by the blessing of God by Brother Kimball.
Monday, June 12, 1848. This is a fine morning, with a good breeze from the south. The camp started this morning at 8 o'clock in single file. All is well in the camp this morning. Higbee's [Isaac Higbee's] 50 has got the privilege to join Bro. Heber Kimball's 50; that was the only dissatisfaction that has been in the camp. We camped this evening on the banks of the Platt River at 6 o'clock after driving 19 miles.
Tuesday, June 13 - 1848. This is a beautiful morning. The camp started this morning at 9 o'clock. This is a fine day for traveling, with a moderate wind from the west. All things appeared to go on well. We started in single file this morning. We camped this evening on Beaver Creek (West Bank). All is well. This evening we feel some tired and wet having to ford the creek - Beaver Creek is about 12 yards wide and 2 feet & a half at the ford. The camp did not all get together till sunset. All corelled [corralled] together.
Wednesday, June 14. This is a fine , cool morning; the wind is high this morning. The camp started at half past 8 o'clock this morning in double file. Brother Billings [Titus Billings'] 50 took the lead on the north road, Bro. Pack's [John Pack's] 50 on the south road. The southwest wind being high it was very dusty on the road. We passed the old Pawnee Village today about 2 o'clock. It is nearly all burned up. I went in to one house made round with poles, willows and sods, and it appeared large enough to hold from 6 to 8 hundred people. When crossing a little creek 2 miles east of the village. Brother Conover's [Peter Wilson Conover's] waggon slipt off the side of the bridge and broke the hind axel tree. Coming down to Sedri (Cedar) Creek, one of Brother McCouns [Francis McKnown's] waggons [wagons] tipped over; no harm done only the bows broke. We forded Seder (Cedar); it is about 25 yards wide and 2 feet and a half deep at the ford. We camped on the west side of Seder (Cedar) for the night. All the company did not get cross; stayed to after sundown.
Thursday, June 15. This is a fine morning with a good breeze from the West. The camps started this morning at 9 o'clock, Brother Billings [Titus Billings] taking the lead. We went this morning in single file. Brother H. Kimball with some 20 wagons stoped behind the rest of the company to hunt a cow. The road was some broken to-day with considerable pitches. Coming down a little pitch Brother Jehu Cox daughter, Lucretia, fell of the waggon tung and was run over the body by the forewheel & over the neck by the hind wheel. She gaspt l or 2 and expierd. We camped for the night by the old Pawnee Village. Before the camp all got their cattle turned out a violent storm come from the south-west. It rained and hailed hard for half an hour; it then slacked. We turned out to gather up the cattle. We found one large ox in a cash or large hole made by the Pawnees to store away their corn, &c We dug him out and gathered up all the cattle. I am now wet and sleepy, as I was on guard the last night. This evening some of our wagons [wagons] are close by the old Indian graves. It rained all night moderately; the night was cool; all the guard got out.
N. B. Cox was 6 years old.
This evening Brother George Grant & [blank space] come to our camp from Brother Brigham's camp. They were all well and would stop to (till) we came up to the ford at the Loop Fork; they had teams waiting to help us over the Loop Fork and would spend the Sabbath together.
Friday, June 16th, 1848. This was a wet morning. The camp started at ten o'clock. When the first wagons [wagons] got off half a mile from our camp-ground it blew up a storm of heavy rain and wind; it lasted about one hour, then the camp moved on again. When we went about 5 miles it commenced raining again, with a great deal of thunder and lightening. The wind was in the south. We camped in the evening on the north bank of the Loop Fork. The cattle was all careld as usual, and the guards appointed for the night. This evening Brother Jonathan Parker came over from Brigham's camp. His family was all well. He informed us that Brother John Kay's daughter Maria had died to-day. The rest of the camps all well.
Saturday, June 17. This was a beautiful morning. About 9 o'clock the cattle were brought up, and in half an hour afterwards the river was covered with oxen coming from Brother B. Young's camp to help us all over the Loop Fork. The brethren seemed pleased to be able to render us any assistance they could. This was a beautiful sight to see; 6 yoke of cattle to each waggon. The brethren kept crossing back and forward to all our teams was over the Loop Fork. There was no accidents happened although we had to drive our waggons [wagons] for half a mile in the quicksands. We are now corelled on the south side of the Loop Fork River. This evening looks lowring with a little rain. All the camp appears well.
Sunday, June 18. This was a close still morning; it rained a little about 6 a.m. At 11 o'clock the brethren got together. The 4 camps met together, viz.: B. Young's, <Zera> Pulsifer, Lorenzo Snow & H. C. Kimball. The meeting was opened by singing, "The Journey-ing Song", by E. R. Snow & prayer by Pres. B. Young. President Young then addressed the meeting. It affords me pleasure to be able to meet the brethren under such favorable circumstances. I have no cause to wish to change my present position for any attitude that I could be in among the Gentiles. I am thankful that we are here so far safe on our journey west seeing we are so far away from civilization. What is our purpose in going? Is it for the good things of the earth that we are going? We could find them where we have lived better than where we are going. If it is our object to keep the commandments of God and the power of the Priesthood, we are all well. Then what manner of people ought we to be? We should hail our If we are after the power of the Priesthood and the power of the eternal worlds we are then fit to go West. Although I have given the people a chance to grumble, there is not one to grumble, except one man and that is Brigham & I we are now going West; we believe the Gospel; we would fight for it; we would die for it. But have we the spirit of the Gospel in our hearts, that is the thing. There is hundreds in this Church that believe the Gospel and they will be damned, because they have not got the love of the Gospel in their hearts. We may believe the Gospel, but if the principles of righteousness we will be damned at last. Let the principles of righteousness increase, and we will soon preach the Gospel, gather Israel, for the Lord is at the helm. The Lord will cut short His work in righteousness. Let us bring ourselves into subjection to the Law of God and have the love of God in our hearts. Don't hurry and we will soon get to our journey's end, and all will be well, Brigham said.
I propose that these camps make 4 roads, each company making 4 roads and traveling as close as possible. Brother Snow first & Brother Pulsipher & Perkins put their companies together and I will go next - Brother Kimball next. It would be my mind that the companys may [blank space] themselves in each company.
H. Kimball said: "I feel thankful to my Father in Heaven that I am with the Saints. I feel better to suffer with the Saints than to enjoy the good things of the Gentile world. I feel that I am nearly wore out. We had considerable trouble when you left us. We are all well considering all things. When Brother Ricks [Joel Ricks] was shot with 3 grape shot, 2 through his kidneys and another through his back bone, the hand of the Lord was in it and their lives was preserved. All is well. There is no grumbling in the camp. Let mothers take care of their children. I believe the Lord will prosper us. Let us be careful and prudent. Our teams are weak and our loads are heavy. Let all selfishness be cast aside; care for the widow and the fatherless. Brother Brigham feels as I do. When the Kingdom is built up we will be built up with it. I feel thankful to the brethren and to Brother Brigham for helping us over the river.
Father Morely [Isaac Morley] said he felt thankful for the instruction we had to-day; let us mind the instructions given in traveling, &c One man was asked what office he had. He studied a little & said: "My office is a atempt to learn wisdom & practice it."
This evening it rained about 2 o'clock p.m. About 4 o'clock Brother Snow & Pulsipher's [Zera Pulsipher's] camps moved of from their camping place on the Loop Fork.
Monday, June 19. This is a beautiful morning. We put out our cattle to feed about 4 a.m. About 7 o'clock B. Young's camps commenced moving of. At 8 o'clock we brought in our cattle and yoked them up, watered them in the Loop Fork, and started. The road was wet & sandy for the first 6 miles. We then turned out our cattle and fed for 2 hours. We then started on our journey again. The road on the Bluffs was sandy and heavy. We camped about 8 o'clock in the sandy bluffs for the night. Our teams was very tired tonight.
Tuesday, June 20. This morning we started about 4 o'clock a.m. We went on for 3 miles without feeding. We then turned out our teams, fed 1 hour and pursued our way to Prairie Creek. This creek is 157 1/2 (miles) from Winter Quarters. We watered our teams in this creek, and after stopping 2 hours, we pursued our journey. We repaired the bridge a little on this creek. When going over the bridge one of the teams of H. C. Kimball run off the bridge and the waggon was upset; nothing broke; one barrel of sugar wet. President Kimball said after getting the waggon loaded again, All is well, boys, no lives lost; go ahead. We camped for the night on the Platt near the foot of Grand Island. I was on guard this evening from 9 to half past 12 o'clock. About 11 o'clock Brother Noah W. Bartholomew [Noah Willis Bartholomew] came in with 17 head cattle that the brethren had left behind in consequence of not having drivers to take care of them.
Wednesday, June 21, 1848. This morning was very warm and beautiful. About 8 o'clock it thundered and rained a little. About 8 the cattle was drove into the corral and at 9 the brethren met together. Brother H. C. Kimball commenced by asking the brethren if it would rain today. He then asked if we would go on this morning. The brethren said go on. Brother Kimball said that there must be some arrangements made so that all things may be done in order. He mentioned the fact of the cattle, that the camp left the day previous and said that he wanted every 10 to furnish 1 hand to help drive loose stock. To this the brethren agreed. He then spoke to the brethren about order. He said that this must be observed in order to be able to get along in harmony. He said that we were as peaceable a company as ever was known to travel together. There was several remarks mad by Herriman, Pack & Lott about law and order, &c The meeting was closed by prayer by Henry Herriman, and the meeting was dismissed. Every man to yoke up his cattle. The camps started at 10 o'clock in d file. This was a fine cool morning for traveling. When we come to Wood River we watered our teams and pursued our journey. After we left Wood River I was attracted by a skull of a buffalo lying on the roadside. It was left there by Bro. T. Bullock [Thomas Bullock] stating that Brighams camp was well and the road was very dusty. The evening was very warm. We camped about half past 5 o'clock 1 mile from wood & watter [water].
Thursday, June 22, 1848. This was a cool morning. It rained a little about 6 o'clock this morning the wind blows from the N.E. the camp moved off in double file this morning about 9 o'clock. It rained a little from 9 to 12. Brother H. Kimballs waggons [wagons] stopt for the return of the brethren that went to hunt Brother H. C. K.s cows. We camped this evening on the bank of a slew on the south side of the road, about 1 1/2 miles from the Platt apposite Grand Island, about 190 miles from W.Q. About 7 o'clock Brother H.C.K. waggons [wagons] came in to camp; they did not get the cows of Br. H.C.K. but got 1 or 2 that Brother B. Young's camps left. This is a pleasant cool evening.
Friday, June 23 - 1848. This was a cool morning. I got up at half past 3 o'clock to turn out the cows. I herded to 8 o'clock, then the herd come in. This morning was so cold that I had to put on my mits. Some of the brethren that was herding with me rapt up in blankets to keep warm. The camp started this morning at 9 o'clock in double file. Brother Billings 50 on the south and Brother Packs [John Pack's] on the north road. The day was warm and the road very dusty. We camped about 5 o'clock this evening on the bank of the main Platt and formed our corral as usual. Brother Higbee's [Isaac Higbee's] company is camped a little west of us this evening.
Saturday, June 24, 1848. The camps started this morning about 4 o'clock in double file. This was a windy morning, the wind blew from the S.W. The road was very dusty this morning. We camped about 9 o'clock on a creek or slough south side of the road 213 1/2 miles from Winter Quarters & 817 1/2 from C of G.S.L. Here the camp commenced washing up their clothes. This was a bad place to wash as there was no wood but green willows. About 10 o'clock there was a call made for 5 men out of every ten to go and chop wood for coal. We turned out & got the wood; it was willows as we could git none else. We cut the wood, covered the pit & set it on fire. There was a large buck ran by our camp-fire today. My wife was sick this evening. Brother Higbee's camp is close by.
Sunday, June 25, 1848. This is a windy morning, the wind blowing from the south. My wife was very sick through the night. There was a meeting of the brethren this day at 12 o'clock. The meeting was opened by singing and prayer by Henry Herriman [Henry Harriman]. B Herriman said, "I feel that we are prospered so far on our journey. I feel that every man ought to be faithful among this people no matter what he is called to do. It is a saying that is that prayer makes the Christian's armour bright. There is many in this kingdom that ought to be a pattern to the people that are not in these things. We have been instructed to call our families and call on the Lord. If we forget to pray we will not be blest. The captain of 10 should see that his 10 calls on the name of the Lord and all things well go on well. Those who are negligent in asking for the things that we need we will not have the blessings of the Priesthood resting upon us. B.H. said many things about faithfulness about the guard, the cattle, &c B. Billings said it was important to take heed of the counsel of those whom the Lord has set to counsel us; to be submissive in all things and all will be well. Bishop Whitney [Newel K. Whitney] said we should carry out the principles of order in all things else there will be confusion. If all men will be faithful all things will go on well. There is some little murmuring with us. Some say why did we stop here, or why did we not go on farther. We ought to be faithful to watch and pray. Look at the journeyings of the children of Israel. We are only acting on the same principles to bring about the restitution of all things. You ought to do good to the brethren in all things. This is according to the Law of Moses. If you will live long enough you will see the Law of Moses brought up again. We are now on the greatest mission that ever was performed. B. C. P. Lott [Brother Cornelius P. Lott] made several good remarks about order, diligence, reverence, &c B. Billings said it was important that we all should come together to learn our duty. We should consider it a privilege to be able to come and learn our duty. H. C. Kimball said if he would consult his own feelings he would say nothing, but I feel that there is many things on my mind. We are not careful as we ought to be; there is not a fire to be built nearer than 2 rods from the waggon; the captain of 10 should see that his 10 should do their duty; there is men that murmur; they want to go with one Cap. and some another; if captains are not good, pray for them that they may be good. I was never sent into this world to be in position if the office that the Lord hath called me to be ruled by a woman, not to be rebuked by a woman. If we don't obey the laws that we make let the Cap. report them. Let us keep good order; we should come to meeting. Those that will do this will be more healthy. Let us call on the Lord night and day whether we are tired or not. Be careful; be humble, and all will be well. Brother J. Peck said he was nearly worn out serving this people going to the mountains. I had 3 offices. I was cap of 50 - 10 and over the military men, too. Brother Pack said all was well with him and his 50. He exhorted the brethren to love, diligence and unity. He said that this was the agreeablest camp he ever seen, &c Brother H.C.K. said if anything, ox or cow was sick I would lay my hands on it and rebuke the affliction. Let no one do anything they would not wish to have done to them & this will in-noble us in the sight of Heaven and angels. A man that is gentle, kind, benevolent and affectionate is a gentlemen; a lady the same. We will never have any other heaven or kingdom than we make ourselves. This earth is our eternal home. We are now in eternity. We have got to subdue.
The meeting was dismissed as there was a report of some Indians being coming about 2 o'clock. There were 8 men come from Grand Island to visit the camp. Among the rest was one Lieutenant Craig; they went away in the evening in peace. All is well this evening.
Monday, June 26. This morning we started at 9 o'clock. The first 50 took the south road; the road was very dusty to-day; a fine cool day for traveling. We come into camp on Buffalo Creek about sundown. Our cattle was tired to-day as they had no watter [water].
Tuesday, June 27. 2 mules 1 horse this evening. We sent out our cattle to feed this morning at half past 3 o'clock; the camp started at 9 o'clock in double file. When we went about 4 miles we seen P. Young's camps that was ahead when we come up. P. Young and Isaac Morely [Isaac Morley] met Pr. H.C.K. They reported that the health of the camp was good & all was well. Thomas Bullock & wife visited with my wife and I and took supper with us this evening. We camped about half a mile west of P. Young's camp about noon on the banks of the Platt R. (240)
Wednes. June 28, 1848. Pleasant morning; turned our cattle out to feed at 4 o'clock; the wind from the S.W. The camps was late getting started this morning in consequence of some of the oxen belonging to P. Youngs camps being missing. President Young's camp moved off at half past 9, H.C.K. camp started at 10 a.m. D.F. We watered our cattle to-day at 2 o'clock and fed them 1 hour. We then pursued our journey. We camped after sundown on the north bank of the Platt River. We turned of our road this evening for a camping place 1 or 2 miles, plenty of timber on an island close by. The camp is all well this evening. P. Y. camp is 11 miles west of us this evening. Very dusty today.
Thursday, June 29. A fine cool morning; turned the cattle out at half past 3; the wind in the south. Camp started off this morning at 8 o'clock. D.F. We past Brother Higbees company at half past 8; they were setting some waggon tire. *The road was dusty and the day very warm. About 3 o'clock we seen a herd of buffalo on the south side of the Platt River. We come into camp this evening about 6 o'clock. (*We stopped and watered our teams today at 1 o'clock.) Wind in the N. A fine cool evening; the camp is well; good camping place this evening on the banks of the Platt; plenty of wood on an island close by. Harper [Charles A. Harper] shot a buffalo this evening and a antilope [antelope].
Friday, June 30, 1848. Fine cool morning. Turned out the cattle as usual at half past 3. Wind in the north. The camp started at 8 o'clock in double file. We watered at noon in the Platt River. President Young and lady was here when we stopt to watter [water] our teams at the R & R near the Sandy Bluffs 278 1/4 F W Q). Here President Young took H.C.K and lady in to his carriage and they rode together to Scunk [Skunk] Creek. Before crossing at Scunk [Skunk] Creek a boy, William Road's (Rhodes) [William Rhodes] fell out of the <wagon> and the wheel of the [blank space] run over his sholder; no bone broke. After crossing Scunk [Skunk] Creek we seen a herd of buffalo 10 (of) the brethren; took after them 7 shot 5; this suplied the camp with fresh meet. Father Gibs [Horace Gibbs] the marshell of the camp, his horse got loose. William Kimball, Jake Baldwin & [blank space] took after her but did not get her. We camped for the night by the Pawnee swamps. Good feed, watter [water] & wood. The road was sandy and heavy pulling to-day.
Saturday, July 1, 1848. Turned the cattle out at half past 3. I was herding the cattle this morning. Fine morning; wind in the south. Started at 7 this morning in double file. About 9 o'clock we come to a beautiful spring of cold water, at the head of the Pawnee Swamps south side of the road. Here we quenched our thirst and went on; crossed Carion Creek at 1 o'clock; here it rained a little from the S W. We camped for the night and the Sabbath about 6 miles west of Carion Creek. A little before we camped one of Bishop N. K. Whitney's wagons [wagons] tipt over off the bank; the load wet; 1 standard broke. P. Young's camp is about 1/4 of a mile west of us. A good place for buffalo; good camping place; plenty of wood, water & grass. The health of the camp is good.
Sunday, July 2. All is quiet this m [blank space]. Turned out the cattle at 4 this M; fine cool M the W in the north. The brethren of H C K camp & B Youngs Brother Higbees held a meeting at half past 3 o'clock between B Y c & H.C.K.c. The meeting was opened by singing & prayer by Father Morley. Brother Morley, Calhoun & Major & Baldwin [Caleb Baldwin] & Phelps the storyteller told stories about the pan of milk, the old buflo that had on his head the following The Ox Knoweth his owner & the ass his master's crib, but Israel doth not know my people doth not consider; another about the Irishman's cow. President Young made several remarks respecting our present position & prospects. He said in the name of Israel's God, this people never would be driven again if we would purge out the hypocrites & evil-doers. He said he would put truth to the line & righteousness to the plum line and he would anihilate evil-doers. He said that he had little preaching to do; the people of these camps know their duty. He said that we all knew what was right, therefore, go & do it. When I get to the valy (Valley) and get the Saints together I will tell them things that they never thought of. He said he knew the law of God; there was laws whereby all men could be saved, except they had sinned against the Holy Ghost. There is a day coming when every nee (knee) will bow & every tongue confess that Jesus is the Christ to the glory of the Father. If there is anything impossible with God it is to count the kingdoms that will yet exist, &c H.C.K. reported that his camp was well, &c All was quietness & peace, &c After meeting was dismissed there was 2 candidates for baptism; some that come from Illinois that never belong to the Church, Jasper Twitchel & Sarah. They were baptized by John Pack and confirmed onder [under] the hands of John Pack, Joseph Fielding, William Burton. The brethren of H C K camp was called together at 7 o'clock this evening. P K (President Kimball) asked the B (brethren) if it was there mind that hunters be appointed to procure meat for the whole camps; the brethren answered in the affirmative, where upon William S. Hopper (Hooper), Lorenzo Twitchell [Sanford Lorenzo Twitchell], Dunkin was appointed. C. Jackson Reding (Redden) [Return Jackson Redden], Elias Gardner [Walter Elias Gardner], George Clawson were appointed the hunters. There was a proposition made by Pr. K that there be sergants [sergeants] of the gard [guard] appointed whereupon [blank space]
It was then proposed by Cap. Heryman (Herriman) [Henry Harriman] that Elias Gardner be appointed the Cap over all the guard. It was carried unanimous. It was agreed that Brother Ricks & Brother Griffin 10 drive the sheep & that they start in the mornings before the camp. Brother Kimball asked Br. Hovey [Joseph Grafton Hovey] how it was that he was the cap of his 10 & he never come to call the 10 togather whereupon Brother H replied that he would come if he wanted him. H C K said he did that. Every Captain of 10 should act as a father & as a teacher to his 10; that he wanted him to bring his family together on Monday evening & teach them principles of righteousness. Said he, what I say onto cap I say onto all. The meeting was dismist by Pr. H.C. Kimball with his blessing on the brethren & the camps.
Monday, July 3, 1848. The cattle was turned out of coral [corral] at half past 3 this morning. Still morning. At 7 o'clock the wind blew S W. In consequence of Pack the blacksmith having waggon tires to set the camp did not move this morning to 10 o'clock in double file. The road was very dusty today. Our road to-day was tolerable good with some sand. We camped this evening on the N bank of the Platt; plenty of water; no wood; poor grass. In consequence of Pr.H.C.K. having tires to set his waggons [wagons] did not get into camp till sundown. Cap.G. warnd me to stand on guard the forepart of the night. The night was still and warm; wind in the south at 11 o'clock p.m.
Tuesday, July 4th, 1848. A fine morning; there was a fresh breeze this morning from the East; the cattle turned out at half past 3 a.m. Camp started at 9 a.m. D.F. (double file). The day was warm, the road heavy & sandy today. Camped this evening on the Platt River Bottom of the west foot sandy bluff - 326 3/4 from Winter Quarters. Camped at 5 p.m. Doctor John Burnhisle reported to me this evening that the health of the camp was good; plenty of buflo [buffalo], plenty of grass & water, no wood. P Y (Pres. Young's) camp is 1 miles west of us, B. Higbee's camp is 1 mile east. My wife was sick to-day with toothache & rheumatism in her head.
Wednesday, July 5. Turned the cattle out as usual at 1/2 3. Wind N at 6 a.m. Camp started this m at 9 o'clock. The road was sandy to-day. We crost Sandy Bluffs. Today when coming down of the west foot I halted a minute to help H C K men to roll forward a wagon out of the road; my cattle went down a little pitch and turned the waggon over. My wife Sarah & my sons William & Robert was in the waggon. I called for help. H C K & 4 or five of his men come running immediately. We got the load out of the box and got them out. H C K said no lives lost, all well. Joseph Fielding, J. Lott [John Smiley Lott], Joel Terry & I loaded. 1 standard broke, some bowes; wife & children safe. We camped for the night on the N B of the P, 2 miles west of Bluff Creek; it rained a little about 7 p.m.; it commenced again and rained very heavy for 15 minutes with a heavy wind from the N W at 10 p.m. Tolerable good feed; plenty of water; no wood. Brother Heryman (Herriman) called on me this evening.
Thursday, July 6. Turned out the cattle as usual, half past 3; started at 8 W N. D.F. We stopt to feed at noon today. Camped 1 miles east of Rattlesnake Creek on the banks of the Platt. Plenty of water, good feed, no wood. 1 of Brother N.K.Whitney's wagon wheels broke down to-day. Brother C. P. Lott called his 10 togather this evening. We met at Sister Smiths fire. The meeting was opened by singing, "How Firm a Foundation Ye Saints of the Lord" *c. B L (Bro. Lott) ingaged in prayer. He then adressed the meeting on the importance of the work we are now engaged in. He spoke of us being the people that Jeremiah spoke of. We were going to establish the house of the Lord on the top of the mountain &c He exhorted the brethren to diligence & faithfulness in garding in herding in keeping all the commandments of God &c Brother Bartholomew [Noah Willis Bartholomew] then exprest his satisfaction at our meeting togather. He said it would give us a chance to know what was in our hearts, &c The meeting was then dismist by Brother Joel Terry.
Friday, July 7. Fine cool morning. Wind in the west. Camp started at 8; stopt & watered at noon H C K had a 2 hounds broke to-day. Camp was formed this evening on the west bank of Camp Creek 6 o'clock, plenty of water, tolerable grass, no wood, pleasant cool evening, wind N 7 p.m. Brother H is camped on the east side of C Creek close by.
Sat. July 8. All well this morning; turned out the cattle at 3 oc. P.M. called the camp togather at 7. wind N. H.C.K. asked the brethren if we would stay or go on. It was decided that we should stop here till Mon. It was then agreed that each ten should send out hunters & wagons to hunt buflo [buffalo]. P.K. counseld the captains of 10 to select their men & meet togather; to send them out to hunt at 8 o'clock. The brethren met at 8 and appointed the hunters. They choos John Pack, captain of the second 50, Jackson Redding, Cap. of the first 50. They are taking wagons & teams along to bring in the meat. There is about 25 men going. J. Fielding & I bathed in the Platt. last evening.
Sun. July 9th, 1848. Turned out the cattle at 3 this morning. Calm plesant morning. I was on gard the forepart of the night last night. 8 a.m. gentle breeze from the east. The brethren that was out hunting got in about 8 o'clock this morning; they killed 4 bufflo [buffalo] & 3 deer. The meat was equally distributed among the companys by the captains. 1 o'clock the day was very warm. Pres. Young has arrived in our camp company with Isick (Isaac) Morely [Isaac Morley], George Grant & Erastus Snow.
Monday, July 10th. Fine cool morning. Turned the cattle at half past 3. The camp moved off in double file at 9 o'clock. Wind south. William Thompson drawing out from for taking an account of persons & property. I showed it to the captains & H C K. The pronounced it good. Stopt & watered at noon; camped on the N bank of the Platt at 5 o'clock. East of the Lone Tree. Plenty of water & grass, no wood; very warm to-day.
Tuesday, 11 July. Fine morning. Slight breeze from the East. Turned out the cattle at 3. Camp started at half past 7; stopt at noon & watered, camped this 4 miles west of Castle Creek at 5 o'clock. Pr. H C K remained behind the camp this morning to put in a wagon tung (tongue). Come into camp at 6. The camp was called togather at half past 6. H C K said there was 2 of the brethren that left the camp on Monday morning to hunt the horse that was lost on Sat. while hunting buflo [buffalo]. W. K. & Alfred Billings went back to Camp Creek after some cows that was left on the bank of the river. They seen several Indians drest in wolf skins. H C K said the Indians were watching us & he felt it was our duty to get men & send back to see about the brethren. the following brethren volunteered:
Alfred Billings [Alfred Nelson Billings]
Danl. S. McKay
C. W. Hubbard [Charles Wesley Hubbard]
A. L. Hale [Aroet Lucius Hale]
Spencer W. Wilbank [Spencer W. Wiltbank]
P. W. Conover [Peter Wilson Conover]
C. A. Foster
W. C. Matthews
Oliver Best [Oliver C. Best]
Jas W. Steel [James W. Steel]
O. K. Whitney [Orson K. Whitney]
J. S. Lott [John Smiley Lott]
H C K then instructed them to choose a captain among themselves. B Peter W. Conover was unanimously chose Cap. H C K then instructed them to apoint one as mouth & call upon the Lord & go in the fear of the Lord. Do nothing that will make feelings among yourselves. If you see Indians don't agress (aggress) tell them to stand back. Back out rather than have any disturbance. The Indians will not hurt you as it is against their law as our camp is close by.
Wednesday, July 12. Turned out the cattle at 3. Pleasant cool morning. Started at 8. Wind in the W. Watered & fed 1 hour at noon. Coming into campo there was a company of men past us on the south side of the Platt [Platte] going east, supposed to be traders. Camped on the N bank of the Platte; good grass, plenty of water, no wood, warm & dusty to-day. The brethren that went out last night after Brother F & met them all at 11 o'clock bringing the cattle with them of H C K. Got into camp at half past 3 this morning. Dident get the horse.
Thursday, 13 July. Turned out the cattle at 3. Pleasant morning; a little rain from N E at half past 5 a.m. camp started at half past 7 watered & fed at noon to-day 1 hour & half. President Youngs camp sent out their teams to meet us at Cohls hill & brought us in to camp. When we come up to P. Youngs camp we seen several brethren from the Valley; among the rest, Shadrach Roundy & Thomas Kirk, who informed us that the brethren in the Valley was well; the crops looked well, &c There was quite a number of Soo (Sioux) Indians visited out camps this evening about 10 o'clock it blowed up a storm from the N; it rained considerable through the day. It was warm and very dusty. Camped this evening 1 mile west of the ancient bluff Ruins. No wood, water 1 mile of; good feed. Here the brethren bought considerable buflo [buffalo] robes & mogasin of the Soo [Sioux] Indians; they were very friendly.
Friday, 14 July. Pleasant morning. Sarah Twitchell, wife of Brother Jasper Twitchell died in camp at 2 this morning of consumption, aged 28 years. Turned out the cattle at half past 3. Cool morning; wind east. In consequence of Sister Twitchell's burial and other matters connected with the brethren come from the Valley, the camp did not start till noon. Sister Twitchell was buried at the foot of the bluff.
We camped ten miles & a half west of the ancient bluff ruins; plenty of water. Some drift wood; good feed. B. Young's camp is one mile west of us. Pleasant cool day for traveling.
June 15 Lucretia Cox, aged 6 years. Killed by the wagon running over her.
July 14 Sarah Twitchell, aged 28 years, consumption.
Balentine June 1 son
Pugmire June 3 son
Ferguson June 10 son
Petty June 12 son
John McEwen June 17
Martha Gardner, a son, July 8
Lavinah Harper, a son, July 23
Arlette Pack [Arlytia Lydia Carter Peck], a son, July 24.
Saturday, July 15, 1848. Turned out the cattle as usual at half past 3; the camp started at 8. W.E. As the camp was moving off Noah W. Bartholomew's point box off the hind axel broke & injured the point of the axel. When C. P. Lott was informed of the fact he stoped his 10 & he & William Thompson returned & helped him to mend his waggon up. Again we were detained by this accident 2 hours; we then pursued our journey again; stoped at noon & watered, camped for the night near Chimney Rock one mile and a half of the river. We dug wells & got plenty of water after digging 5 feet; good feed; no wood. President Young's camp was 1 mile north, Brother Higbee's [Isaac Higbee's] close by.
Sunday, July 16, 1848. Pleasant morning. William Thompson visited Thomas Bullock. Got an epistle of the 12 from him. T. B. informed W.T. that he wanted him to make out a list of all the company of H. C. Kimball to send to the Valley. The camps met togather at 4 o'clock between B Y & H.C.K.camps. The meeting was opened by singing and prayer by Father Isaac Morley. President Young arose and said there was some items of business to attend to, as for preaching, my preaching is for every person to do right. Let every person act on the principles of right according to the light that he possesses for Jesus is the light of every man that cometh into the world, both Saint and savage. This people know a great deal; they know the principles of the Gospel and it far exceeds the knowledge of the Christian world. There is some among us that has been slow to learn, yet their knowledge of theology is ahead of the religious portion of mankind. Then, brethren, live according to your knowledge. I am as liable to do wrong as other men but I keep trying all the time to do right. I know always what is right. Since I have been called to judge I always have been able to discern the good from the bad, right from wrong. God is very kind and compassionate; more ten times than we are to our children, or any kind friend. Was it not that he is we would fall far short. Let us act perfect as men and we will be as perfect in our sphere of action as God is in his. I have always been faithful in my calling. I feel as willing to-day as to my duty as I ever did. I am now as willing to go to the ends of the earth and preach the gospel if it was my calling as ever I was. I have traveled & preached till the blood has squashed in my boots, &c But I am for the mountains; this is my calling at present. I feel that we should divide into small companies, so that our cattle can have more time to feed. I have traveled believing all the time I have pushed the people up. I have seen the companies over all the bad places before I crost. There has been no murmuring among us, all has been well. I expect to be judged by my works not by my good feelings & I mean that they will be good all the time & then leave the result in the hands of the Lord.
Erastus Snow said I arise to bear testimony to the principles that President Young has been speaking of. They are calculated to make us dignified as the angels and the Gods. We have been governed by principles of right and righteousness; we have to govern ourselves & bring ourselves into subjection. If there is evil about us we are the first to know it ourselves. When we have peace reigning in we can disseminate the same spirit. Truth & righteousness will control evil to a great extent. It is because of the diligent course of P. Young that makes him beloved by this people; the same is the cause of our love to the rest of the Twelve. I feel well. I have felt well all the journey. We are doing well & there is yet room to improve. We will keep improving all the time.
Father Morley proposed the P. Youngs' company divide into four companies. President H. C. Kimball said, I am willing to speak my feelings on this subject. My company has got along well although it was more laborious. I have traveled behind considerable. I think it would be an advantage for us to travel in small companies.
There was an amendment made to Father Morley's motion that President Young's & President Kimball's camps divide into 4 camps each-unanamous. The meeting voted that President Young & Kimball appoint the men to draw out the companies, whereupon President Young appointed Father Morley & his two counselors to draw out 1 company, Brother Cairns the second, Brother Chauncey E. Webb the third, B. Young forth, President H. C. Kimball apointed [appointed] Brother Titus Billings first company, Isaac Higbee second, John Peck the third & Henry Heryman [Harriman] & H.C. Kimball the forth. President Young said Brother John Green & Benjamin Rolf is going to the Valley. We want some young man to go along that has a horse. Brother Taylor said he would go if some person would drive his team. It was concluded to find a man in his place & he go. The meeting was closed by singing & prayer by President H. C. Kimball. During the time of meeting it thundered & lightened considerable, accompanied by a little rain from the south west.
Monday, July 17. Turned out the cattle as usual at half past three. There was several changes in our camp this morning, in consequence of deviding into small companies. In addition to the apointments of President H. C. Kimball the brethren from Mississippi chose Brother Howard Egan to be captain of the company. They journeyed with & by President Kimball's permission; they appointed him captain. The camps moved off at nine o'clock, President Kimball's company taking the lead. Stopt at noon to water & feed six miles west of Chimney Rock. As we come forward President Brigham Young's camp moved off & part of Brother Snow's company commenced crossing the river at this point. President H. C. Kimball's company commenced a little past 5 and crost one hundred & eighty wagons t dark; all safe, except one wagon of Brother Howard Egan tipt partialy over on the side; nothing injured; a few things wet. This ford was considered one mile across. We generally had to put on the strength of three wagons as the fellows of each wagon generaly burried themselves in gravel & sand. We found our corells on the south bank of the mein main Platt & set out our guards as usual. No wood; poor grass; plenty of muddy water. Brother Henry Herriman's camp formed their corrall [corral] on the north bank of the Platt almost opposite H.C.K. camp.
Tuesday, July 18. Damp cool morning. The brethren of the different camps were busy selecting their cattle as they were mixt togather last evening. The camps moved off at nine o'clock, President H. C. Kimball's company taking the lead. As the camps were starting Brother Henry Herriman's [Henry Harriman's] camp commenced crossing the river about one mile above where President Kimball's camps crost the precious evening. Camps stopt at noon, watered & fed, then pursued our journey. Our road to-day was good. We camped on Cedar Creek or Cedar Springs about 21 miles from where we ferried the Platt. No water, except a little to drink & a very little for cattle & no feed. We arrived at this place at 10 p.m. cattle being very tired. President H.C.K. proposed for the teamsters to take the cattle off from the wagons & chain them up to the wheels as there was nothing to eat. The men in the camps unanimously seemed to be verry mild & composed; no murmuring or complaining. At this place there is a deep ravine to cross where we had to double teams. Brother Howard Egen's [Howard Egan's] company crost the revine about 11 p.m.
Wednesday, July 19. Turned out the cattle at 2 a.m. Brother Egan's & Brother Higbee's camps moved off at daylight. P. H. C. Kimball's camp moved of at eight o'clock & Father Billings camp at half past 8. Past over the divide come to a creek where there was a little bad water; in three miles where we watered our cattle then proceeded on to Hors Creek 12 or 13 miles where we came up with Brother Egan & Higbee's camps. Here we had a fair view of President Young's camp with those of Snow, Pulispher [Zera Pulsipher] & Perkins. Bating at noon oposite where we camped for the night. Good feed, wood & water on handy. Here the brethren dug several wells. Brother Joseph Fielding went back after some cattle that was left yesterday. It rained considerable through the night.
Thursday, July 20. Turned out the cattle at 3 a.m. Pleasant morning. Brother Joseph Fielding got in with the cattle this morning at 7 a.m. William Thompson visited President H. C. Kimball this morning at 8 to see if he had any items he wanted recorded in the journal. P. K. (Pres.Kimball) instructed him to record the apointment of Father Giles as scolding <(?)> master of Brother Billings camp except Father & Mother Billings. Brother Howard Egan's camp moved off at 9 this morning, President Kimballs, Billings, Higbee & Herrimans at noon as Brother H. C. Kimballs camp come up to this place Brother Egan's camp had formed their carell. Brother K. carelld close by, Brother Billings camp carrelld [corralled] a little distance from Brother Kimballs & Egans camps on the west. Brother Herymans [Harriman] & Higbee camped about 4 miles east of us. As we come up to our camping place on the Platt Bottom we found Mr. Reshaw having several Frenchmen and some Indians with him. When Mr. Reshaw heard that H. C. Kimball was in company he come to visit him as he formed an acquaintance with him last year while with the Pioneers. Mr. Reshaw informed H.C.K. that he saw P. Young's camp crossing the river one mile above his camp. On receiving this intelligence President H. C. Kimball & Brother Howard Egan started on horseback to find President Young's camp. After traveling considerable distance they saw a light to the [blank space] When they got up they found it was 2 old trunks of trees burning that had been set on fire by the prare (prairie) burning. After going about eight miles they returned to camp about half past eleven o'clock p.m. Good camping place on the Platt [Platte] Bottom, plenty of wood, plenty of watter [water] & good feed. Came about ten miles to-day.
Friday, July 21. Pleasant morning. Camp lays by to-day to rest our cattle & give our wives a chance to wash. Brother Henry Herriman's [Harriman's] & Higbee's companies past our camps about 8 a.m. Father Billings called the camp togather & apointed Brother Joel Terry captain of the gard & Brother Gedon Wood [Gideon Wood] captain of the herd. Give the brethren some instructions about law & order, &c President H.C.K. sent out several pionears to see the chance for feed & wood to make coal, among the rest, Shadrach Roundy, C. P. Lott. They returned in the evening reporting feed poor, and that President Young's companies had crost the river about 10 miles from this place & was camped on the south side of the river having poor feed. 5 p.m. Brother Porter Rockwell come into camp from the Valley bringing despatches of June 21. The brethren of the Valley were all well. Their wheat crops looked well, they expected the wheat harvest to commence about the middle of July.
Brother Neff was building a grist mill on Mill Creek that would be ready by harvest. The corn looked well, &c There was another company of the brethren coming with wagons & teams to meet our companies, &c Brother Rockwell left the Valley about the first of July making the trip in 21 days to H. C. Kimball's camp. There accompanied him Cap. Davis & several of the brethren that had been to California in the United States service. To-day Brother Shadrach Roundy was appointed captain of the 10 that Pr. H.C.K. traveled with in place of Brother Joseph Hovey [Joseph Grafton Hovey], who was onwell [unwell] and not able to act.
Saturday, July 22. Pleasant morning. Turned out the cattle as usual. Camps started at 8, Brother Kimball & Pack's companies taking the lead, Brother Egan's, Higbee's & Billings following. We left Brother Henry Herriman's camp in corell not coming on to-day. Stopt at noon to watter [water] & feed, the feed being so poor. President Kimballs & Packs companies moved on, followed by Brother Egans' camp over the Bluffs; camped on the Platt [Platte] Bottom near Laramie Creek. Brother George Billings went on from Father Billings camp & got back; stated that Brother Kimball, Pack & Egan was camped three miles ahead & they wanted us to come forward. We hitched up our teams & put ahead; got into camp about 6 p.m. after coming about 10 or 12 miles to-day. Plenty wood & water; tolerable feed. H.C.K. called the brethren of the different camps togather after sundown to know their minds about traveling on the morrow. The brethren concluded that it was better to go on as the feed was poor here. President Kimball exhorted the brethren to act as Saints of God & as Elders of Israel; to call upon the Lord & walk humbly before Him, promising if we would do that the Lord would strengthen our cattle, that we would find plenty of feed for them & that we would be prospered on our journey, &c Brother C. P. Lott made a few remarks on the former council of P H C. K. to the captains of ten, after which Brother Kimball councild the captains of 10 to go to their wagons & call their 10 togather & call upon the Lord for our families or teams our brethren and all that we posest promising if we would do so that great peace would rest upon us from henceforth. The meeting was dismisst by the blessings of the Lord by Pr. H.C.K. and his blessing. President H. C. K. appointed Brother Billings camp to go ahead to-morrow. About half an hour after the meetings was dismist the brethren commenced singing and praying through the different camps, all feeling well as [blank space]
Sunday, July 23. Camps started at half past seven, Father Billings camp taking the lead. Brother Egans, Kimball & Packs camps following. Brother Herrimans [Harriman] & Higbees was not come up from where the camped on Sat. The road was very dusty, with a strong wind from the west. As we were coming forward to Larame fork it thundered & lightend considerable, accompanied by a shower of rain from the west that lasted a quarter of a hour. The companies with Billings, Kimball & Pack & Egan formed one large correll [corral] half a mile west of Laramie. Careld at three p.m. Plenty of watter [water] & wood; almost no feed. Set out our guards as usual. Wm. Thompson called on President H.C.K. He instructed W.T. to write a letter to leave for Brother Willard Richards & Amasa Lyman.
Monday, July 24. Camps started at half past 10. Pleasant cool morning for traveling, with a good breeze from the north, Titus Billings company taking the lead, Brother Egans company following, Brother Kimball & Packs company moved off from the camping place up the south fork 1 mile. We took the ridge road & camped at 9 p.m. near the Warm Springs. Our cattle did not like the water; no feed; plenty of wood. Brother Egan's camp formed their corell one miles south; a little feed. When we came up President Young's camp came forward & President Young came to the spring for watter [water]. Camped for the night near the spring on the north half a mile from our camp. Brother Francis McGowns waggon tipt over this evening; his wife & children was in the wagon, none of them hurt, one standard broke. President H.C.K. camp started from the south fork in the afternoon & camped for the night five miles east of the Warm Spring.
Tuesday, July 25. Cool morning. Camp started at 6 a.m. We calculated to started sooner as our cattle had scarcely any feed since Sunday morning, but as President Youngs camp was going ahead we were detained till it got out of our way. This morning Brother Howard Egan went some 10 miles on the river road to ascertain about feed. Come back and reported that there was no feed as far as he went. This morning Father Giles & Brother Taft left Father Billings camp & went into President Young's. It sprinkled a little this morning. The day was windy, the dust & sand was bad on the road. It thundered, lightened & rained considerable about 2 p.m. Stopt at noon on Bitter Creek 2 hours to rest & bate (bait) the cattle. Moved on and camped for the night on dead timber creek. President Young camp corelld for the night about 2 miles west of us, Brother Egan camped half a mile west as we had got into camp. Pr. H.C.K. come up in his buggy looking out a camping place for his camp, Brother Billings & Lott requested him to camp beside their camp. His camp come up & camped on the north of us a few rods. Brother Pack with part of his camp stopt beside us on the south. In consequence of the drought there has been little feed on the route from the S east side of Laramie. One of Brother Lotts & one of Brother H. C. Kimball's cattle give out to-day on account of the long drive without feed. Our cattle looked very weak & empty this evening, although they pulled well & traveled well through the day. Father Morley's company camped on Bitter Creek about 5 p.m. 2 miles east of us. We come into camp at 6 p.m. Plenty wood & water; tolerable good feed.
Wednesday, July 26. Pleasant morning. In consequence of the scarcity of feed our camp has divided up into smaller companies. As there is considerable brush & timber here all the men in the camps turned out to drive up the cattle. Brother Kimball & Pack with the companies along with them moved from one to too miles ahead for better feed. Brother Titus Billings stopt with C. P. Lott's 10 on Dead Timber Creek. The brethren in C. P. Lott's 10 counseled togather after the other camps went off & appointed Brothers C. P. Lott & Noah W. Bartholomew to go a few miles west to see if there was any better feed for cattle; they returned in 2 hours and reported that there was none except what the brethren had taken up. Drove up our cattle and chained them up for the night. About 8 p.m. it commenced raining & rained nearly all the night moderately.
Thursday, July 27. Damp cool morning. Brother Higbee's camp come up about 10 a.m. & camped half a mile west of our camp on Dead Timber Creek. In consequence of the wet night & to recruit the cattle the camps lay by to-day. The brethren put up several pits of wood, yellow pine to extract tar for wagons. President H.C.K. visited our camp about 3 p.m., accompanied by Sister Kimball. It commenced about 11 p.m. & rained considerable through the night.
Friday, July 28. Damp cool morning. About daybreak our cattle got scared; they started & run of(f) one forth of a mile as they were not coreld the prevous evening. About the same time there was a white mule in Brother H. Egan's camp undertook to get out. The guard turned him back; he run through among the cattle & scared them. They un over Brother Packs blacksmith wagon, turned it over, breaking one axel and all the spokes of one wheel except 1. They upset the wagon that Brother Pack's family was in, breaking 1 axle. Camp started at half past 10, Brother Pack's camp taking the lead, Brother K. B. & Bargess following about 2 p.m. We met several of the brethren from California; among the rest, Brother Richard Slater and Sandford Jacobs. They left the Valley on the 9th; reported favorable concerning the brethren & crops. Several cattle in Brother Lott's 10 give out to-day; they staggered and fell. In consequence of the cattle giving out we camped where there was a small creek & spring last year, but now dry, at 6 p.m. plenty of wood, a little feed, no water. There was several cattle give out in different camps to-day; they were aflicted with the blind staggers. Brother H. Herriman's camp got up & camped on Dead Timber Creeks. It rained a little through the night. Pr. H.C.K. camp coreld for the night one mile & a half west.
Saturday, July 29. Cool morning with a strong cool wind from the west. Brother C. P. Lott & went up to Brother Kimball's camp with Brother Lott's carriage for water. When they got back they divided it among the families in the camp. The sisters got breakfast; brought in the cattle and yoked up. Brother C. P. Lott called the camp togather for to pray before starting. William Thompson was mouth. After prayer the camp started at 8 a.m., rough road, camped at noon on Horse Creek close to Heber's Spring; turned out our cattle to water & feed. About 2 p.m. Brother Burgesses company came up & camped on the west side of Horse Creek. They informed me that Brother Henry Herriman's [Harriman's] company had come up & was camped near Dead Timber Creek; also that the cattle belonging to Brother H. Egan's camp got scared through the night again although they had a number of them yoked up & chained to the wagons. They had to let them go to save the wagons from being broke. When they started there was 11 yoke of their cattle that they had not got. President H C K camp is careld on the west side of Hors [Horse] Creek one mile west Cool evening with a little mizzle of rain from the N.W. As Brother Kimball's camp come forward to Horse Creek President Young's camp moved of(f). Plenty of chokecherries & curns (currants).
Sunday, July 30. Cool morning; there was considerable frost through the night. The camp met together for prayer in the middle of the corell at 8 a.m. We sang a hymn after which Brother C. P. Lott spoke a few minutes on the subjects of faithfulness and diligence, &c Brother Joel Terry then engaged in prayer. After prayer the brethren went to see about their cattle, milk their cows, &c At 12 Brother Isaac Higbee's camp came up & camped on Horse Creek, a few rods from Heber's Spring. Through the night 41 of cattle belonging to Brother Howard Egan's camp got scattered, supposed to be by the Indians; they were found through the day near Laramie Peak, 10 or 12 miles distant, about sundown. Brother Egan's camp moved up & camped on the west side of Horse Creek. In consequence of the supposition of Indians being about we brought in our cattle & chained some and coreld others, setting a strong guard out; about 9 p.m. the camp met together for prayer at Brother Billings fire, Brother Lott was mouth.
Monday, July 31. Pleasant morning. Camp started at 6. In consequence of one of Sister Mary Smith's cows being of Brother John Smith & William Thompson hunting her the camp stopt to get breakfast & bate the cattle 1 mile east of Horse Creek. Found the cows & started at 10. There was several companies started a little before us so that we had to wait at the steep bluff 2 1/2 miles from Horse Creek to some of Brother Egans' company got up. Here we had to double teams as the asent (ascent) was steep & three forths of a mile long. Camped moved on as we come up to the small creek. Brother Egans camp was watering & bating their cattle; very little feed but good running water 1 mile north. Brother Billings camp coreld for the night on the south side of the road. Tolerable good picking; some water; plenty of curns (currents) & chokecherries. We left the cattle out all night.
Tuesday, August 1, 1848. Pleasant cool morning. The brethren went out at sunrise to gather the cattle & found them all safe. The camp met together this morning for prayer previous to starting, Brother Thomas Herington was mouth. Camp moved off at 9; the sky very cloudy. When we got one mile from our camping place it rained a little from the south accompanied with a good breeze. Camp coreld for the night at half past 4 on the west bank of the La Bonte River. Plenty of water; little feed. As we came forward Brother Kimballs & Packs companies moved of Brother Egan's company is camped half a mile west of us. Little feed, but browse. Plenty of water.
Wednesday, August 2. Pleasant morning. The brethren was all wornd out with the cattle. The camp met together at 9 for prayer, Brother Fielding [Joseph Fielding] was mouth. In consequence of one of Brother C. P. Lott's cows getting of, the camp was detained 1 hour. Brother Egan's camp started at 9. It rained this morning about fifteen minutes, a pleasant shower from the south. Very dusty road coming through the red sand. Evening cloudy. Camp carelld about 5 on a small creek eleven miles & a quarter west of La Bonte River. As we were forming our carell the rain began to drop; it increased & rained very heavy for one hour, accompanied with a strong wind from the southwest. Burgess stopt for the night 2 miles farther west on the bluffs. The rain & wind was so strong that our cattle went back about 3 miles. Brother Pack & Egan & Kimball camped on Laprelie [La Prele] River for the night.
Thursday, August 3. Damp cool morning. Brought up our cattle at 7 & hitched up. Camp met togather for prayer, Brother George Billings was mouth. This morning the camp moved off at 8 a.m. Wind in the west. Cool pleasant day for traveling. As we came forward to La Prelie [La Prele] River Brother Pack's company & Higbee's was campt there. Plenty of muddy water; no feed, but browse. We camped for the night at 4 p.m. on a small creek six miles & a quarter west of La Prelie [La Prele] River. Some rain water & a little feed. Brother Kimball & Egan started from La Prelie [La Prele] River this morning intending to camp on the Platt for the night. Brother Burgess camp is about half a mile west of us. Our camp met together this evening after sundown for the purpose of calling upon the Lord to bless & strengthen our cattle; to harden their feet, &c The meeting was opened by singing & prayer by John S. Lott. Brother C. P. Lott made a few remarks concerning our position & circumstances, faith, &c There was several flocks of mountain sheep seen near our camp this evening; 1 herd supposed to have 150 in it.
Friday, August 4. Cool morning. The brethren turned out to gather the cattle at 4 as they run out the previous night. At 4 a.m. it rained a little from the East. This morning some of the brethren went out on a hunt & killed 2 mountain sheep & divided them among the camp. The meeting of the camp was attended this morning. Titus Billings prayed. Camp moved off at 10. Pleasant day. Camped for the night on Deer Creek & come into camp at sundown. Brother Kimball, Egan & Burgess camps was corelld when we come up President Young's camps ahead. Little feed, without going some 3 miles up the creek; plenty wood & water.
Saturday, August 5. Pleasant morning. Camps started at 10 P H C K taking the lead. Brother Egan, Burgess & Billings following. Brother Billings camp stopt at the deep hollow or revene (ravine) 2 1/2 from Dear Creek. The other camps went on. Here some of the sisters washed as there was plenty of wood & water & and a little feed on the north side of the river. Brother Egan went forward of Brother Kimball's camp; and found a camping place 15 miles ahead near Muddy Creek. Tolerable good feed; plenty wood & water. The road was very dusty to-day.
Sunday, August 6. Warm morning. Camp started at 10. As we got started Brother Higbee's camp was crossing the deep hollow or ravine. We traveled togather to we come to the grove of timber on the banks of the river; here Brother Burgesses camp was carelld. Brother Higbee stopt here for the night close by. Very little feed; plenty of wood & water close by. When crossing Crooked Muddy Creek Brother N. W. Bartholomew had the hind hounds of one of his wagons broke coming down in to the creek. Sister Mary Smith's carage tipt partially over, nothing hurt or broke, although little Martha Ann Smith was in the waggon. This creek was very bad to cross as the wheels of the wagon descended in to a deep mud hole in the bottom of the creek. We chained up Brother B's wagon and went on. The road was very dusty to-day as there was a strong wind from the west. Part of the time we could not see the teamsters ahead of us for the dust. About 2 miles after we crost Crooked Muddy Creek the clapper of one of Sister Smith's wagons come out of the ring; the teamster, Wm. Teeples went to fix it; it dropped on one of the oxen's feet; they run off, he between them; squeezed him some & run round, nearly tipt over the wagon & broke the reach. We chained up the reach & went on. Camped on the bank of the river half a mile east of Brother H C K camp near Muddy Creek. As we went forward we herd President Kimball's voice. We unyoked our cattle. Brother Joseph Fielding & W T. went to meeting. President K in continuation of his address to the meeting said: Brethren, I ask you if you possess the Spirit of the Lord & be full of selfishness; the brethren answered, No. If you attend to what I say, you will have plenty of feed. There is Brother Billings camp. He has informed me that they get togather every day & apoint some one mouth for the camp & call upon the Lord to strengthen their teams, &c They have the weakest teems in the company but they will go through to the valley. It is as easy for the Lord to make our oxens feet hard as it is to cure the sick or raise the dead or on stop the ears of the deaf, &c Take care of the tabernacles that the Lord has given you for a little season. No man ought to abuse his tabernacle. The Lord will call you to an account for what he has given you. No man can steel & posess the Spirit of the Lord. The man that will steel acts against his own intrests his children will be vagabons & beg bread. This is some of my feelings. Not that I know of any theft except 1 or 2 instances in this camp. Some of you ride all day in your wagons & onhich [unhitch] your cattle at night without thanking the Lord for your preservation and the preservation of the cattle that has carried you along. I have not went to my bed one night since I left Winter Quarters that I have not prayed in my wagon with my family, besides praying in secret. I have retired from the camp every night to call upon the Lord since I left W.Q. except 2 or 3 times it was so wet & cold that the chill struck me. I love best to pray in secret for then I can pray as I am a mind and ask things I want. There has been carelessness among you. When we went up with the Pioneers you could not go out from the camp to pray, but you would run foul of some person praying. Since I have been on this journey all the times I have retired for prayer I never come across one yet. It would be well for you to pray in secret if you did not get kicked as I did last year. One evening I went out to pray; another of the brethren came out after me for the same purpose. I was on my knees praying; he came along & his eyesight not being good, he thought I was a stump or something else; he kicked me in the face; this was the only time I got kicked for praying. There has been carelessness among you. I am burthend Brother Brigham feels so; the captains of tens feel burthend. But I have to bear the greatest burthen. If every man will do his duty before the Lord you would see me that I could run like a deer. We have eat more provisions since we left Winter Quarters than we eat all the time we were away with the Pioneers. Brother H. Egan and I started from the Valley with 14 pounds of flour & that served us to we got to Laramie; then we got 10 pounds more. Do you believe it, Brethren? Yes. The journey will soon be over. I wish that I could thunder so that Brother Brigham could hear me. I will see him tomorrow. Brethren, you are blest & all the companies will be blest inasmuch as you do right. I went forward this morning & baptized 4 young men that did not belong to the Church; their names is William Mathews, George Clawson, John Hopper & James Steel. Bishop Whitney said it was important to give heed to the things we have heard. It has been stated that some has gone along this road that has profest no religion. This is not the case with us. We have been initiated into the Kingdom & if we will keep the commandments we will realize the blessings. God can & will heal us & our cattle. I have noticed that our cattle has traveled well although they had nothing to eat. If we exercise faith we will go through rejoicing & save ourselves & cattle. I have thought often of the wicked that acknowledge no law; those that has drove us, for example; they have acknowledged the constatution (Constitution). Hundreds of them has sworn to it with uplifted hand, consequently the Lord can judge them by that law. There is a law that God can bring all to judgment. If we attend to what has been said, all will be well.
The confirmations of the aforesaid brethren was attended to by Pr.H.C.K(imball,)Bishop Whitney & Caleb Baldwin. P H.C.K. dismist the meeting with the blessing of God & his blessing.
Monday, August 7. Pleasant morning. President Kimball's camp moved this morning 2 miles west & set up the blacksmith tools to repair wagons, shoe horses & oxen, &c William Thompson visited President Young's camp for the purpose of finding a heffir of his that had gone ahead. President Young's camps was doing their blacksmithing close by their camps 1 miles below the upper ferry. Coming home met P H C K, accompanied by Shadrach Roundy going up to assist Pr.Y. Met Brother Higbee & his company; they camped 4 miles east of P. Y. camp. Little fuel; plenty w & g. Brother Pack's company come up to-day & camped a few rods west of Pr. H C K. Since we left Laramie there has several cattle died in P K camps, a good many in P. Young's. Some was attacked by the hollow horn; others apparently well, dropt down in the road; others looked well when on-yoked & was found dead in the morning. The road from Laramie to this point has been generally hard on the cattle's feet. Quite a number had to be shod. The brethren in Brother Billings camp shot a buflo [buffalo] this evening. Several of the brethren has been chased by grizely bairs (bears). Several of them they shot; none of the brethren injured. Very dusty day with a strong wind from the west. The brethren met at Brother C. P. Lott's fire this evening & sang a hymn. Bro. Joseph Fielding engaged in prayer. Br. C. P. Lott addressed the brethren concerning the counsel of Pr. H.C.K. respecting faithfulness & diligence, &c W.T. (William Thompson) made few remarks on forgiveness. Also B J F.
Tuesday, August 8. Pleasant morning. Brought in the buflo [buffalo] to camp that was shot last evening in B C Foots carage. There was a man from P. Young's camp this morning about 8 a.m. hunting cattle. He stated that there was 40 or 50 head got away through the night. Brother Lorenzo Snow's company past about noon. Daniel H, Wells visited our camp this evening & informed us that the most of the cattle belonging to Pr. Young's camp was found. Pleasant evening.
Wednesday, August 9. Pleasant cool morning. There was a little sprinkle of rain about 8 a.m. Brother H. Herriman's [Harriman's] camp got up about noon. Brother H. Reported to me that the camp was all well; they camped a little [blank space] of Pr. H.C.K. Our camps is laying by repairing their wagons &c Brothers Joel Terry & John Lott shot a buffalo on the north side of the river. It rained 1 hour this afternoon. Cool evening. Wind north.
Thursday, Aug. 10. Cool morning. President H.C.K. camp moved of about noon. At 4 p.m. it thundered and lightened considerable, accompanied by a storm of hail from the west lasting about 20 minutes; the hail was very large, with considerable wind. The camp met together at Brother Lott's fire & Brother C. P. Lott engaged in prayer. It was agreed for the camp to stop another day & hunt.
Friday, 11. Pleasant morning. Several of the brethren went out to hunt this morning. It rained a little from the west about 2 p.m. Brother John Pack's company started to-day. The brethren come in after sundown with 1 antelope & 1 deer. Pleasant cool evening.
Sat. August 12. Pleasant morning. The camp met together for prayer at 8. Brother C. P. Lott was mouth; camp moved off at 9. About 3 p.m. it rained considerable from the N E about half an hour. Crost at the upper Platt ferry about 4 p.m. with the teems of each wagon & corelld for the night on the north bank of the ford. Plenty wood & water; almost no feed; hazey evening.
Sunday, Aug. 13. Pleasant morning. Father Billings called the camp togather at 9 a.m. There was some good instruction given to the brethren & sisters by Brothers Lott, Billings, Fielding, &c It was agreed to move on a little ways. Brother Fielding engaged in prayer & the meeting was dismist . Brought up the cattle & camp started at 11. Come in to camp on at 5 on Mineral Spring or lake. After onyoking [unyoking] the cattle I visited Brother John Pack's camp that was corelled a few rods farther west. He informed me that Brother Isaac Higbee's camp left there in the morning also Brother Griffins [Albert B. Griffin's] 10. Some of their cattle seemed sick. Plenty of feed & water 3 miles south along the creek.
Mon. Aug. 14. Pleasant morning. Camp met together for prayers previous to starting, W. Thompson was mouth this morning. Camp moved off at 10; road very dusty. There was a cow belonging to Brother Pack's camp died through the night. Brother Pack's camp moved off at 9. Come into camp this evening about 5 on a small stream of clear spring water. Plenty of sage, no wood, plenty of water, mineral tasted.
Tues. Aug. 15. Pleasant cool morning. Camp met togather for prayer previous to the camp starting. Brother N.W. Bartholomew was mouth. Camp started off at 9. When we come up to Willow Creek Brother Pack's company was there as they had camped there the previous evening. Turned out our cattle to bait at a slew here. Brother Pack's company past us. We camped for the night on a small creek south of the road. After coming into camp it sprinkled a little rain for about 10 or 15 minutes, then cleared off. Pleasant. Some thunder.
Wed. August 16. Pleasant morning. Camp met together for prayer. Brother Joel Terry was mouth. Camp moved off at 9. The roads was very sandy to-day as there was a strong wind from the W. Stopt at noon the bate (bait). As we turned out our cattle it commenced raining & rained 15 minutes. Came forward to the saleratus lake or spring & gathered their saleratus; got into camp after sundown on the Sweetwater River. Tolerable good feed; plenty of water, no wood. It rained considerable during the evening. Brother Pack's camp was one mile west of us on the Sweetwater near the Independence Rock. Cool evening. The road was very heavy on teams all day.
Thursday, Aug. 17. Pleasant cool morning. The camp met togather for prayer at 9, Brother George Billings was mouth. Moved off at 10. The roads very heavy & sandy, with a strong wind from W. Come up to the Devil's Gate about 1 p.m. Brother Higbee's camp was corelld there & the sisters was washing. Sister Mary Smith, Bro. C. P. Lott & wife & William Thompson went to have a view of the place where the river runs between the 400 feet high perpendicular rocks. Turned out our cattle to bate close by. As we were coming into camp there was a buflo [buffalo] head on the rode with the following inscription: "Aug.12. Godards [Goddard's] camp all well; good feed. T.B." Campt about 4 miles west of Devil's Gate o the bank of the river. Plenty of good feed & watter [water]; no wood. Tolerable plenty of buflo [buffalo] chips. The rod (road) was heavy on teems all day as the fellow of each wagon was mostly covered in sand. Brother C. P. Lott raised a small standard to-day with the following inscription: "Standard of thanks to the God of Israel for the preservation of our camp. Titus Billings, Cap. C.P. Lott, Cap. of 10, Joseph Fielding & family, Mary Smith & family, N. W. Bartholomew & family, Thomas Harrington & family, J. S. Lott & wife, William Thompson. The camp met together this evening. After singing a hymn, Brother C. P. Lott said he felt he would like to have the camp meet togather that we might sing a little & pray or do anything the Spirit might dictate. Brother Joseph Fielding engaged in prayer. Brother Lott then arose & expressed his feeling that we had been thus far blest. He exhorted the brethren to attend to the sayings of Brother H.C.K. and pray for their cattle relying on the word of that they would be heeld &c
Friday, Aug. 18. Pleasant cool morning. The camp met togather for prayer as usual previous to starting, Brother John S. Lott was mouth. Camp moved off at 10 a.m. Brother Isaac Higbee's camp following. Dusty day; strong wind in the west. Met Brother Hovey [Allen Orlando D. Hovey] about noon. He informed me that the express had arrived at President H.C.K. camp this morning. The there was 300 yoke of cattle coming to tour assistance & 100 wagons. The wheat turned out better than they had anticipated. He left the camp to hunt his cow, as the brethren had arrived and was not in possession of particulars. Turned off the road & careled on the bank of the Sweetwater north of the alkali lake. Brother Calhoun's 10 is in camp one mile east of us, Brother Higbee to campt 1 miles west on the bank of the river.
Sat. Aug. 19. Fine cool morning with a good breeze from the west. Camp met togather for prayer this morning as usual at 9, Brother Thomas Harrington was mouth. Camp moved off at 11, Brother Calhoun's ten following after. The road was very heavy & sandy to-day. Turned off at Sage Creek & campt on the bank of the Sweetwater. Brother Balwin [Baldwin] was campt on the east about 1 mile from us & Brother Griffens [Albert B. Griffin's] 10. Brother Burgesses [William Burgess's] camp was a little west of us. The brethren in Brother Burgesses camp informed us that several of their cattle had died since the campt there.
Sunday, August 20. Pleasant morning. The brethren met togather for prayer at 10 a.m., Brother Titus Billings was mouth. This morning Brother Lott made few remarks to the brethren concerning the preservation of our camp. He said he believed if we would call upon the Lord we might have more milk, for He was as able to bless our cows that they would give us milk although they have to work, as he was to bless the raw meat that the Nephites eat & give suck to their children, &c Brother Baldwin & Griffens [Albert B. Griffin's] ten moved off at 11, Brother Burgesses camp moved off at 1 p.m. The camp met together at 4 p.m. The meeting was opened by singing & prayer by Brother Joseph Fielding. Brother Lott said the brethren might improve their time as they felt disposed. Brother Joseph Fielding addressed the meeting on the principles of faith, &c at some length. Brother N. W. Bartholomew [Noah Wilson Bartholomew] spoke on the subject of union, &c, Brother W. Thompson [William Thompson] followed on the same subjects, after which Brother C. P. Lott [Cornelius P. Lott] spoke to the brethren & sisters, expressing his satisfaction of the meeting. He said that we had been talking on the same principles that President H. C. Kimball had been talking to the brethren about & he was glad to know that the same spirit was among us, &c Father Billings [Titus Billings] said that as the evening had suddenly changed to be cool he thought that it was wisdom to dismiss the meeting. The meeting was dismist by Brother Joel Terry after a few remarks by him. The brethren went to get their cows and gather their cattle togather Brother Joseph Fielding found one of his oxen sick. He and W.T. administered to him. They went to camp for some sweet milk to give him & come back accompanied by Brother John S. Lott & Terry; they found him dead. Brother Joseph Fielding & W.T. (William Thompson) stands on guard tonight.
Monday, Aug. 21. Pleasant morning. Camp met togather for the purpose of calling upon the Lord to preserve & strengthen our teems, &c Brother N. W. Bartholomew was mouth. Camp moved off at 10 a.m. The road was very heavy & sandy to-day. Coming along 6 miles we seen some 10 or 15 dead cattle on the wayside. Camped on the west bank of Bitter Cottonwood Creek. As we came forward Brother Pack's camp was moving to the foot of the bluff 1 mile west. Part of Brother Higbee's camp was close by. I visited Brother Pack's camp this evening. Brother Pack informed me that they had 9 head of cattle died since we left the upper Platt ferry. The camp met togather for prayer this evening. C. P. Lott was mouth. Cool evening. Plenty of grass & water; no wood; plenty of buflo [buffalo] chips.
Tuesday, Aug. 22. Camp met togather for prayer at 9, Brother Joseph Fielding was mouth. Moved off at 10. We went up the river to avoid a sandy bluff. Our road was ruff as it was not traveled before. Brother Pack took the same course up the river. Come in to camp on the bank of the river. Good feed, some wood & buflo [buffalo] chips. Brother Pack's camp is a little to the west of us; also Isaac Higbee with several wagons. Part of Brother H. Herymans [Henry Harriman's] company has come up this evening; the have lost so many cattle that they have take part of the wagons on & come back for the rest. Tolerable good feed; plenty of water & wood close by to cook with. Father Billings cow died through the night.
Wed. Aug. 23. Pleasant morning. The camp has agreed to stop & hunt. Several of the brethren started off at taking a wagon & 3 yoke of cattle to bring in the meet. Camp met togather this evening for prayer, Titus Billings was mouth. Through the night several of the cattle was sick. Bro. Bartholomew was on guard & he prayed for them. They all seemed well in the morning.
Aug. 24. Pleasant morning. Drove the cattle up to the corell at 7; they all seamed well. Part of Brother Higbee's company past us to-day. The brethren came in about 2 p.m. from hunting. They killed 2 buflo [buffalo] & 1 calf & 1 antelope. The meat was divided & all satisfied. Camp met togather in prayer at 8 p.m. Brother C. P. Lott was mouth.
Aug. 25. Cool morning with a strong wind from the N. Camp met togather for prayer previous to starting. Joel Terry was mouth. Moved off at 9 after passing through where the road runs between the rocky ridge we seen a camp to the south about half a mile of the road. Not knowing what camp it was William Thompson went to see. Found it was Brother John Pack's camp. He informed him that they had 9 of their cattle die since yesterday morning. He said they had lost 19 since they left the upper Platt ferry. They could not go along except by taking part of their waggons [wagons] & coming back for the rest. Going on farther we past Brother Teeples & several other brethren belonging to T. B. Mitchell's 10. Their cattle has died off so that they have none to take off part of the waggons [wagons] & come back for the rest next day. They have been doing so since Aug. Campt at ford N Little feed, no wood, plenty of water. Camp met togather at 7 p.m. to call upon the Lord, Noah W. Bartholomew was mouth. Several of the camp spoke a few minutes on humility, faithfulness & diligence, &c After meeting was over Brothers Rolf [Rolfe], Green [John Green] arrived in camp from H C K camp with 15 yoke of cattle to help us up. They informed us that H C K was camped about 24 miles west; they left at 10 & arrived at our camp N 4 ford at 8 p.m.
August 26. Pleasant morning. C. P. Lott informed me to write a few lines to Brother Pack informing him to come on & camp on ford N 4, where teems would be sent to help him up to H.C. Kimball's camp which I did. Previous to starting the camp met together for prayer, Brother Joseph Fielding was mouth. Camp moved off at 9. The road was sandy. Stopt & watered at a small creek of clear watter [water] four miles from the river. Turned off the road & camped for the night on the bank of the river 16 miles west of ford No. 4. Poor feed, plenty of watter [water] some willow bushes.
Aug. 27. Cool morning. Brother C. P. Lott started off for President H. C. Kimball's camp at 6 a.m. Brought up our cattle & called the camp togather for prayer previous to starting. W. Thomson [William M. Thompson] was mouth. This morning as we got half a mile from our camping place Brother P. C. L. met us. He said that President Kimball sent back word for all the strong teems to go back & help up Brother John Pack's company except the cattle that had to return to Winter Quarters. Whereupon Brothers Rolfe, Lott, Billings, Green & Thompson returned with 20 yoke of strong cattle. They found them camped on ford N 4 as we expected. The brethren in Brother Pack's company received us kindly, &c As we turned back with the cattle, it rained half an hour. After our teams started for Brother Pack's camp some of our wagons hitched up & went on. As they went on to Br. H.C.K. camp Brother K. sent some cattle back to bring up the wagons. There was 10 yoke sent but that was not sufficient. Consequently on Monday some of the other teems belonging to the company went back & brought up the wagons.
Aug. 28. Brother Pack's camp moved off at 10. Stopt & watered at the small stream of clear watter [water] 4 miles from the river. Camped at the same place on the river. After forming the corell Robert Burton visited Brother Pack's camp this evening from Prest. Youngs. He informed us that President Young was now at H.C.K. camp & that there had some 30 head of cattle died in President Young's camp since he camped near the Pacific Springs.
Aug. 29. Camp moved off at 9; crossed ford N 5 & ascended to steep hill 1 & a half mile to the summit. When we got on this hill we could see the camps near a small creek 2 feet wide, Lat 42° 28' 36''. On coming up to the camp we found the first was the return wagons for Winter Quarters. President Young & T Ball was there. On coming up President Young exprest his satisfaction to see us up, &c A little farther west was the return wagons from H. C. Kimball's camp. A little farther was President H.C.K. camp. Brother Pack camped close by on the west. Here we left Brother Pack's wagons, after helping them some 25 miles & went to our camp. Going up Brother Heryman's camp was 1 mile west of Pr. H. C. Kimball & Father Billings camp was close by. A little farther west we found the camp generally all well. My wife Sarah was sick with rheumatism in her sholders . I [blank space] wagon that I was in & sent it back to Winter Quarters for Brother Teminacus [Telemachus] Rodgers with Brother Joel Terry. I got Sister Hyrum Smith's tent & put my load & family under it. There was several wagons & a number of cattle come from Pres. Young's camp to help us up the pass.
Aug. 30. Cool morning. The brethren was busy loading up the wagons that come from P. Young's camp last evening & stowing away the loading in other wagons in order to move on. The camps commenced moving off at noon & continued to all get started. Our camp moved off at 3 p.m. after H. C. K. camp & camped on the river bank 4 miles south. Plenty of fire-wood, water, some grass. As we got our corells formed several yoke of cattle come in from P. Young's camp to help us up. Our camp met together this evening for prayer; Titus Billings was mouth. There was several remarks made of the brethren concerning diligence, humility, &c
Thur. Aug. 31. Cool morning. Camps moved off at 9. In consequence of a strong wind in the south W the dust blew very thick; the teamsters were almost suficated.
Friday, September 1, 1848. Cool morning. Camps moved off at 9. It commenced raining about 8 a.m. & rained considerable through the day from the S.W. As we came forward to [blank space] creek the brethren informed us that Margret McKown [Margaret McKnown] died yesterday * they were now burying her. She was interd about 1 miles west of Willow Creek on the north side of the road about 2 rods from the road. Her grave was level & a board put on the south side of the road with her name cut on it opposite the grave. Camped on the bank of the Sweetwatter [Sweetwater]. Here we found something like 130 yoke of cattle & wagons that several brethren brought from the Valley. Part of President Young's camps moved off to-day 5 p.m. President H.C.K. called the camp togather & instructed the brethren to go on all that could in the morning & leave those that cannot go on & he said he would give them teems to go on with, then he would do the best he could. He then asked the captains of 10 how much teems the wanted. By adding it up we found that there was 43 yoke of oxen wanted in the camps. The evening grew very cold & commenced hailing & raining & continued through the night. The [blank space] brought some salt from the valley for the camps.
Sat. September 2. Cold wet morning. The brethren are all busy gathering their cattle. Several cattle died through the night. Brother Kimball's camp moved off this afternoon a mile & half. Cold wet evening; strong wind in the west.
Sun. Sep. 3. Cold frosty morning. Strong wind in the W. Brother Herriman's camp moved off at 10 a.m. Brother C. P. Lott called the camp togather for prayer at 3 p.m. There was 2 families camped close by this evening from the Valley going to the States.
Mon. Sep. 4. Cold frosty morning. Camp met together for prayer, G. Billings was mouth. Camp moved off at 9 a.m. Brother Egan's camp moved off at half past 8. Past by Brother Herriman's camp on Pacific Springs; moved on & corelld on Pacific Creek half a mile below the crossing. Brother J. D. Lee's 10 was camped at the crossing. Brother Egan's camp was corelld for the night 2 miles below us on the creek. Plenty of feed & sage; no wood. Brother H.C.K. sent a team & wagon to Sister H. Smith. Camp met for prayer at C. P. Lott's fire, C.P.L. was mouth.
Tuesday, Sept. 5. Cool frosty morning. Camp met for prayer, J. S. Lott mouth. Moved off at 9. Brother Egans camp went off at 8. Past Brother Alfred Smith wagon on Big Sandy. His cattle left him the previous night. Brother Lee's 10 moved off ahead of us. Camped for the night on Little Sandy 2 miles above the crossing. Brother H. C. K. & Brother Egans camp was 1 mile below the crossing. Pretty good feed & plenty of sage & willows. Camp met for prayer at Brother Thompsons fire; Wm. T. was mouth.
Wed, Sep. 6. Pleasant cool morning. Camp met for prayer, Brother J. Herrington mouth. Camp moved off at 10. Pleasant & warm with a fresh brieze from the N Camped for the night on the Big Sandy above the crossing. When we come up Brother H.C.K. & H. Egans camps was carelld [corralled]. Plenty of good feed; some timber 1 mile up the river. Plenty of wood, water. Camp met for prayer at Father Billings fire, Brother T. B. prayed. There was several good remarks made by J T concerning the operations of the Spirit, &c, after which Brother C. P. Lott spoke, P H C K come up to our meeting while Brother Lott was speaking; he was soliceted by C P L to tell the duty of a cap. &c He said that every man should be his own cap; that a cap had to be able to govern himself then he could govern others & not till then, &c He said that the brethren was not aware that they had to go through before they arrived to the Godhead. He said that when they would go back they would be aplauded inasmuch as they have done well & probably have to try it in another revolution, &c
Sep. 7. Pleasant morning. Camp met for prayer, Brother N.W.B. was mouth. Camps commenced moving at half past seven, Br. [blank space] Company taking the lead, Brother Pack, Kimballs & Billings following. Pleasant but very dusty. Coming into camp we past Brother H. Herriman's camp; corelld on Big Sandy. Brother Kimball campt 2 miles farther west on the bank of the river. Brother T. Billings camp coreled [corralled] with him. Tolerable feed; plenty of willows & sage.
Friday, Sep. 8. Cool frosty morning. Camps moved off at 8; the road verry dusty. Coming up to Green River we past Brother John Pack camp Green River ford, the water was up over the fore axel. After crossing the river it commenced & rained a good shower from the S.W. which laid the dust, accompanied with thunder. Coming down Green River about 3 miles we past Brother H. Herymans camp & B Egans & Brother J. D. Lees 10. Camped for the night on the bank of the river. Tolerable good feed; plenty of muddy watter [water] & wood close by. Camp met for prayer, C. P. Lott mouth. H.C.K. camp come up in the evening & camped close by. H.C.K.camp stopt & fed after crossing Green River.
Sat. September 9. Cool damp morning. Camps commenced moving at 7 a.m. Brother H. Egans taking the lead. Camp met for prayer previous to starting, W. Thompson mouth. The road was dry & dusty till we come within 2 miles of Black's fork; it commenced & rained a little from the south west accompanied with some thunder. The road was some muddy with watter [water] lying on it from 2 miles east of Black's fork till we come up to Hams fork. We camped on the bank of Hams Fork, Brother Egans, Billings, Pack & Kimball forming one large corell [corral]. Plenty of feed, watter [water] & willows. Father Isaac Morley's camp was on the west river. President Young left this morning.
Sun. Sep.10. Pleasant morning. Father Morley's company moved off at 7 a.m. Some of Brother Youngs & Kimballs camps come up about 10 a.m. Pleasant day with a breeze from the W [blank space] Camps met togather at 4 p.m. Cool evening.
Mon. Sep.11. Pleasant morning. Camps moved off at half past seven. Pleasant day with a slight breeze from the W Several of the camps coreled [corralled] for the night on Blacks fork 4 crossing. Some grass & wood, plenty of good watter [water]. Coming into camp it commenced raining; it rained considerable through the night. Camp met for prayer, Joseph Fielding mouth. Several of the brethren & sisters spoke.
Tuesday, Sep. 12. Cool damp morning. Camp met for prayer C. P. Lott mouth. Moved off at 9, T. Billings camp taking the lead. Pleasant day. Met Brothers D Wilkey & [blank space] from the Valley, Brother Wilkey had a span of horses & waggons [wagons] for Brother H.C.K. & Brother [blank space] had 2 yoke of cattle for C. P. Lott. Campt near Fort Bridger at 5 p.m. Some grass & plenty of wood & watter [water] close by. Several of the traders visited our camp with buck & antilope [antelope] skins, &c Coming into camp it commenced raining & rained considerable through the evening & night. Brother Whitney camped close & H.C.Kby. [blank space] Camp met for prayer, W. Thompson mouth. Several of the brethren spoke their feelings in the meeting, exhorting the brethren to diligence & faithfulness, &c
Wed, Sep.13. Cool damp morning. Camps moved off at 9. Strong wind in the W. About 2 p.m. met seven of the brethren of the Batalion (Battalion) from the Valley on Sat. 9 going to the States. Cool wind. Campt at the foot of a steep hill on a small muddy creek. Plenty of wood, watter [water] & feed. Brother Kimball's camps all camped here.
Thursday, Sep. 14. Cool morning. About half past 6 it commenced snowing & snowed about 2 hours. Camps moved off at half past 8. As we were starting several of the brethren from the Valley came up with 4 horse wagons going to the States on business, among the rest Brother & Sister Louis. Coming to the forks of the road Brother Billings camp took the south fork & H.C.K. took the north fork. Campt about 5 miles from the fork on the top of a ridge. Plenty of wood & feed. Had to carry our water one mile & half from springs in the side of the bluff. N.K.W. camped close by. Camp met for prayer at Brother Harington mouth.
Friday, Sep. 15. Cool frosty morning with a cool breeze from the south. Brother Owens came to W. T. & got a poney from him to go to the Valley. Gathered up the cattle at 7. Some of the brethren had to go to H. C. Kimball's camp for their cattle as they got mixt [mixed] through the night. Camp met for prayer C. P. Lott mouth. Moved off at 8. Coming up to Sulphur Creek there was several wagons campt [camped] belonging to P. Youngs camp. Brother N. W. Bartholomew broke the hing (hind) axel of his carage as we come up to Bear River. There was eleven lodges of the Snake Indians campt. Corelld [Corralled] for the night on the west bank of Bear River half a mile from the crossing. Plenty of grass, wood & watter [water]. The grass is mostly killed with the frost. The Indians visited our camp trading service berries for corn, &c Camp met for prayer at W Thompsons fire. H.C.K. is corelld [corralled] close by on the west.
Sat. Sep.16. Cool frosty morning. The ice was half a inch thick in the watter [water] pails. Our cattle was scattered 2 mi. from the camp. One of Doctor Burnhisles oxen died through the night. The Snake Indians visited our camp early this morning. Several of the brethren traded for ponies. Camp met for prayer previous to starting, G. Billings mouth. Come up to Yellow Creek & stopt to watter [water] our cattle. While there H.C.K. come up & we corelld [corralled] on the bank of Yellow Creek, second crossing. Brother Pack & Egan come up shortly after & camped close by. Good feed & watter [water], no wood.
Sun. Sep. 17. Cool frosty morning. Brethren gathered up the cattle at 7 & Brother Pack & Billings camp moved off at half past 8 leaving Brother Egan & Kimballs camps in corell [corral]. 2 miles west of Echo Creek by a cold spring on the right of the road we past Brother Herymans [Harriman's]camp in corell [corral]. A little farther west we past Brother Peter Conovers 10 campt for the night. Past Brother T. Bullock 10 in camp near the cold spring south side of the road. Brother Pack corelld [corralled] for the night near the deep revene [ravine] 1 1/4 from the cold spring. We campt on the banks of Echo Creek coming in a little before sundown. Near the cold spring we met Brother James Lawson from the Valley with a span of horses to help Sister Smith. Plenty of feed & watter [water] & wood close by. We bilt a good fire in the corell [corral] & the camp met togather The meeting was opened by singing & prayer by Joseph Fielding. The meeting was open for the brethren to do as they felt. Brother C. P. Lott spoke for some length concerning the unity of the Saints, &c He said that H.C.K. instructed Father Billings & him to move on and have a meeting of thanksgiving & dedicate and consecrate ourselves to the Lord afresh. Whereupon C. P. Lott called a vote to see if it was the minds of the meeting to do as H.C.K. instructed us. Unanimous. Brother Thompson, Ryle, Billings, Lawson & others followed with remarks concerning the work we are engaged in etc, etc. The meeting was good. The Spirit of the Lord was with us. All felt well. The unity of the Spirit prevailed.
Mon. Sep. 18. Cool morning. Our cattle was scattered over the tops of the mountains. Gathered them up & moved off at 8. Brother John Packs camp followed close after. We had to cross Echo Creek several times to-day. (At) some of the crossings teems stalld & we had to double at the swampy springs at the foot of the bluff. Several teems got stalld as the wagons got up to the hub. Campt at the west bank of the last crossing of Echo Creek. When we come up Brother Wm. Burgesses company was in corell [corral] close by. Part of Brother Packs camp carrald with us for the night. Thomas Bullock past us a little before sundown. Campt near the bank of the Weber for the night. Camp met for prayer, Brother Myers mouth.
Tues. Sep. 19. Cool morning. W. Thompson went back after a ax of Brother Joseph Fieldings that was left at a creek (Echo) & found it with N. W. Bartholomew close to the east side of the willows on Echo Creek. Got back previous to the camp starting. Camp met for prayer Titus Billings mouth. Moved off at 9. brother Burgesses camp moved off ahead of us. Campt on the east bank of the Weber near the ford. The sisters commenced to wash as there was plenty of wood & watter [water] close by. Tolerable good feed. About 2 p.m. 2 men from the Valley came up with some cattle to help Brother Bankhead. Brother John Packs camp come up shortly after us. Camp met for prayer Brother Myers is mouth. Several of the brethren & sisters spoke their feelings.
Wed. Sep. 20. Pleasant cool morning. Gathered up the cattle & met for prayer C P.L. mouth. Moved off at 9. Brother Harington [Harrington] was detained as one of his cows hid in the brush on the Weber. Our road was tolerable rough coming up. 6 miles from the river we met 7 of the California brethren returning to Winter Quarters, taking with them a parcel of mules to bring their families. A little farther we past Brother Alexander Neighbor (Neibaur) on the wayside waiting for teem. Crossing a small creek Brother Smith broke his axel. He got a wagon from Brother Myers. Campt on the east bank of Canon Creek. Plenty of wood, watter [water] & feed close by. When we come up here Brother Chapman & Ryle was campt there. Brother Ryle had his wagon tongue broke coming over a small muddy creek. Doctor Bernhisel & Brother Chapman built a bridge close by to save the mud hole. Brother Herymans [Harriman's] camp is about half a mile east of us. Brother Harrington came up at dark. W. T. went to meet him to plate (pilot) him into camp. B. H. said that Brother Kimballs camp stopt him to the horse teems would pass & then all the rest of the company rusht by him & detained him one hour & half. Camp met for prayer. Henry Royal was mouth. It commenced raining about 12 & rained through the night. B. H. informed us that H C K camps was in coral about 1 miles east of us. The road was rough to-day, sidelin & some bad creeks to cross. Campt nearly at sundown. Plenty of wood, watter [water] & feed on Canyon Creek.
Thursday, Sep.21. Wet morning. Gathered up the cattle. The camps commenced moving off at 9, Brother H. Herymans [Harriman] taking the lead. Our road was rough to-day with some bad creeks to cross. The loose cattle was verry bad to drive to-day as the road was among brush along a creek bottom along Canyon Creek. Campt for the night near where we begin to ascend the highest mountain on the way. After we got our corell [corral] formed Brother Mitchells 10 come up also Brother H C K company H.C.K. camp near the foot of the steep hill. Our camp met for prayer, N. W. Bartholomew mouth. It rained considerable through the night. Our camping place was not very good for feed, but plenty of wood & watter [water].
Friday, Sep. 22. Damp cool morning. Our cattle was considerably scattered this morning. Moved off at 10. The road was rough & sidelin with some bad places to cross. Past H C K camp. They did not get started till late as some of their cattle strayed off through the night. Our road was rough. When we got on top of the high mountain we had a view of the south part of the Valley. When descending the steep hill we had to lock both wheels of the wagon. The road to descend being new was pretty good. Campt for the night on Browns Creek near sundown. The most of the companies of H C K camped on this creek. Plenty of feed, wood & watter [water].
Sat. Sep. 23. Cool morning. Camps commenced moving off at 7. It commenced raining about 8 & got very cold & continued about 2 hours which detained the camps at the foot of the last ridge. When the rain was over we commenced ascending the last ridge. Here we had to put from 4 till 7 yoke of cattle to a waggon as the hill was some wet and slippy. Quite a number of wagons [wagons] had to camp at the foot of the hill as the creek was so difficult to cross.