John Vance journal, 1847 June-October; 1849.
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- Source Locations
- Church History Library, MS 17337
- Related Companies
- Jedediah M. Grant/Willard Snow Company (1847)
- Related Persons
- George Washington Bean
- Samuel Bird
- Elizabeth Vance
- Solomon Cowels Case
- Washington Norwood Cook
- Charles Crismon
- John Boylston Fairbanks
- Martha Jane Williams
- Jacob Gates
- Mary Minerva Gates
- Jedediah Morgan Grant
- Margaret S. Grant
- Caroline Grant
- Isaac Grundy
- Simpson David Huffaker
- Lyman Leonard
- Gabriel Mayberry
- Louisa Shumway
- James Henry Smith
- Willard Trowbridge Snow
- Sally E. Stanton St. John
- Thomas Jefferson Thurston
- Isaac Young Vance
- John Vance Sr.
- John Vance Jr.
- Francis Marian Williams
- John Young Jr.
Tuesday left for the Bear River vally or some other place W. of the Rockey mts. Crossed the Horn & organised on the 18th friday, in Capt. [Jedediah M.] Grants Hundred & appointed Capt. of the 1st 10 in the 2nd 50.
20th <19th> Rolld 12 miles to a point on the Road where it approaches near the Platt[e] Rivr[,] where we raised a liberty pole & Stoped Over Sunday <& Monday> while the balan [balance] of the camp arived, who brought word that Br. Jacob Weatherby was shot by an Indian On his return from the Horn to Winter Quarters with Some Sisters who ware Sent back by the advise [of] P[arley]. P. Prt. [Pratt]. Shot on Sat. & died on Monday 1/2 after 8 A.M. and buried on the W. Bank of the Horn by Capt Grant
Tuesday 22nd Rolld westward up the Platt[e] River 14 miles to where the Road first touches the River again. Orders of 1st days travel P.P. Pratts company in the front double file, The Artillery Single file on the Right of Parleys Co. Elder Taylors company & in doublefile on the right of Artillery Capt Grants Co. in the Rear ofParleys in Doublefile[,] Capt Smoots Co in Rear of Tailors in double file—the 1st 50 occupying the left & the 2nd the Right hand road—
W. 23rd Mad[e] 10 miles to Shill [Shell] creek. Order of Traveling—Parl[e]ys Co in front double file[,] Tailors in his rear. Grant's in Rear of Tailors & and Smoots in rear of that, all in double file. In the above Capt Hunters Co. is called Taylors Co. & Capt Spencers Company Parleys[.] this days travel was very tedious & perplexing to Grants & Smoots Cos. by reason as they thought of unnecessary delay by Tailors [Taylor's] Co. causing
Th 24 Parleys Co to camp 4 or 5 miles in advance of Tailor & Grant & Smoot 3/4 in the rear of Grants
Th 24th Rold at 7 ockl. [o'clock] passing by Tailors Co[,] they being not ready for the road, when observed by Elder Tailor he sent a messenger to Capt Grant requiring him to stop. President John Smith & Capt Grant confe[r]ed together & concluded to roll on, which caused Elder Tailor To visit them himself, but in vain for the Co. made no stop so we had P.P.P. in front, Gr. next Tailor next & Smoot in the rear. in which order <Rolled> about 14 miles & finding a Suitable location, haltd at about 2 oclock Calld a meeting. Elder Tailor Prefered a charge against President John Young & Capt Grant for rejectinghis message & request to Halt & fall in his rear[.] Upon investigation, President Young andCapt. Grant Seamed to feel convicted of error[,] acknowledged thimselves in fault, askedElder Tailors pardon which was granted and all seemed to enjoy a good Spirit. Parley saidhe felt better than he had since he left Winter Quarters
Fr. 25th Elder Tailor took his place in rear of Parleys[.] we rold in doublefile 9 miles to Loup fork. grass very short & dry.
I will here say, Tuesday, Wednesday & Thr. our 2nd 50 was very much exposed to the dust in traveling as the wind was all the time <in the> South so this morning it was directed by capt. Grant to <change the order by reversing> the times which exposed the 1st 50 equally as much.
Sat 26th Rold at 9. wind Still South. Capt Grant ordered the 2nd 50 again in the dust but fortunately for them
the about Eleven Oclock the wind shifted as quick almost as thought, and the way it paid back[,] the 1st 50 was gratifying to the 2nd even to great joy. I verily thought if the Devil controls the wind it was the best thing the old fellow ever done in his life, this day all tho we had a bridge to cross which threw us into single file we madeabout 17 miles and camped on the bank of [a] beautiful stream cald [called] looking glass[.] Just rain enough in the evening to lay the dust
Sunday 27th according to previous arangement we remained in camp, had aMeeting[.] Patriarch Smith and President John Young & others spoke on various subjects. Parley, Tailor & others went forward as far as the farms, conferd with some who hadtraded to Fort Laramy [Laramie] by way of heading the loup fork who recommendedit as nearest and best rout[.] the council met Sunday evening & agreed to try the Same[.] Parley said we might find a better road and plenty of game &
build up make a Location and build up a place equal to Winter Quarters. The council also agreed to change the position of the company in traveling, (viz) for Parley to leave the front & fall back to the rear, leaving the front for Tailor one week. Then Tailor to fall back to the rear leaving the front for Grant So changing allternately throughout the camp weekly that all might share of the advantages and disadvantages etc of the front, rear & Middle.
Mo 28th. we advanced acordingly with Tailor in the front with one cannon inFront[,] the other remaind with Grant[,] Rich in the rear when ariving at or near the farms
at a Paunee vilage The vilage 14 miles west of the farms, or missionary station, which was burnt last fall by the Indians[,] he[,] Tailor, discharged the cannon 2 or 3 times which no doubt was heard by many Indians as it was said by the farms that a war party was seen the day befor & they no doubt had a sharp eye to the movements of our camp So we proceeded about 8 miles up the Loup fork & pitched our tents for the night in a Settlement of farmers.
Tuesday 29th. proceed about 10 miles up said Loup bearing a little south of west, as also the 2 days previous. <Crossed Willow Creek> Passed the burned village at 22 miles.
Wed. 30th. Roled about 6 miles[,] came to small Stream[,] very ugly to cross. we pioneered some miles & became rather discouraged with our new rout, as it seemedto become more & more broken So when all had rolled up, the attention of our councel was directed across the North fork So while they are hunting the ford I make these notes.
Th July 1st crossed over said River. Tailor & Grant rold out say 4 miles S.W. broken & Sandy, directing our course to main Platt.
Fr. 2nd. Rolled 11 miles[.] Still broken & Sandy & heavy and Slavish traveling[,] heavyrain in the evening[.] Tailor lost horse & pistols.
Sat. 3rd bad slough each 100 made their own ford and advanced say 9 miles over beautiful smooth & dry Prairy[.] reached a small stream of Big Platt[e], thoughtby some to be what is called wood River.
Su 4th. remained in camp. many washed[,] some made such repairs as wasnecessary[.] had an excellent meeting[,] good instructions by P.P.P. and Elder Tailor.recommended by Parl[e]y that each 100 make all consistant speed in traveling & it be no crime for any one to go ahead of the other so as not to be in the way ofthose whose right it was to go in advance of it. Said that 2 weeks experiance hadconvinced him of more than he had anticipated (viz) that a company of 600 waggons could with immense herds of cattle travel with as much speed as a few waggons, & never be in each others way.
Mo 5th. crossed said little stream[.] all being ready & started at the report of the cannon. Parley and Grant in front each in double file[,] Tailor and Smoot following in the same order[,] a little south of W[.] beautiful smooth Prary and dry[,] say 15miles. Campt all in Neighborhood on Big Platt.
Tu. 6th. Advanced, Parley in front[.] Rich in his Rear[,] Grant on the left of Rich[,] Taylor in the Rear of Rich & Smoot in Rear of Grant.[.] after dinner Grant fell in Rearof Parley & Rich[,] Tailor hurryed up some teams & drove in[,] confusing & derangingthe teams much[.] Tailor contended for the road & grant Rolled to the Right & beat his own Roads all in doublefile 16 miles & pitched on the Big Platt. Beautifull countryall day.
Wed. 7th Parley[,] Tailor & Rich in front. Grant in Rear, Smoot back with brokenwaggon. Grant passed Rich afternoon broken axle. The country today not so desireable. Buffelo [buffalo] sign plenty Such as dry chips[.] Rolled about 14 miles. Camptd, Slough water,½ mile N of Bill Plat[.] Parley and Taylor perhaps 3 or 4 ms in advance[,] Smoot and Rich perhaps as far behind[.] Now 200 miles from Winter Quarters.
Th. 8th advanced about 7 miles & dined on Tailors heels at a Small Streammade bridges & and Rolled due W. Say 14 miles in all[.] 2 hunters out saw & chased large herd of buffolo[,] Shot 3 times but lost the chase[.] Brother Loves waggon wheelbroke down[.] Some very good farming land. Campt 1 mile N. of Big Platt[e]. Allcamps in view[.] Herd broke out yd. at night.
Fr. 9th lay in camp till 12; repaired Loves waggon wheel. The other camps all out of sight. Rold Say 9 miles. Best farming land in all creation. [illegible] by badly direction W. turned in S. to River[,] heavy rolling, death to teams. bad economy this day.no timber here[,] good feed.
Sat. 10th Set out early[,] rolled till about 2 oclock, pitched on the bank of the Ptt [Platte] again a few rods above the ballance of the camp[,] Say 11 miles[,] Bearing as muchas N. W. [.] beautiful country. Best Kind farming land[.] many washed this evening, some burned coal etc
Su 11 lay in camp as usua[l,] had meeting[,] addressed by Rich[,] Tailor and Grant. many Waggon Tire Set[.] 2 or 3 Buffelo calves Kild [killed]. large herds Seen[,] Some say 5,000. 4 hunters appointed in Grants company.
Mo 12th. Rolled early[,] made good drive[,] say 14 miles[,] Some N. of W. much buffalo Seen[.] many Sulphur Beds[,] country not altogether so good as 2 last days, all camped close.
Tu 13th. early start good country all day but much cut up by Buffelo & cut topeaces with their roads[.] word has arived from the hunters Just as we got in encampedof one buffelo certain & perhaps more[.] we have made certainly as much as 16 miles & are now on the bank of the Big Platt[e.]. grant, Parley
Smoot & Rich in camp[,] Smoot and Tailor not up. Two small waggons Sent for a buffelo. returned some time in the night & left in the waggon on each Side of the gap at the head of the Circle, Short time before day[,] the herd got alarmed mad[e] a heavy rush for the head gap, upset one waggon[,] Broke two Wheels. upset also one of the beef waggons, leaving our beef on the ground[,] herd rushedout but was persued & returned. The Picket Gard fired, Supposed to be at the brethren.
Wed. 14th lay all day in camp repairing the breaches, doctoring the cattle whoeshorn was nocked off & other ways hurt, however one cow died, one horse Killed havinggot his leg broke in the spree etc etc
we started in the morning the word was, there was 3 more Buffeloes Killed & a waggon sent for them which returned in the evening reported the wolves had got the buffelo. I said good god.
Th. 15th. Parley one day ahead Tailor about ½[.] Smoot Rolled by evening before Rich[,] rem[aine]d in camp with us and this morning we advanced in his Rear overthe sand for [illegible] the bluff at this place [illegible] the river[.] made perhaps 9 miles [illegible] for the first time by 50s[,] the 2nd 50 gards & herds as follows. (viz) the capt. of fifty & 10 being responsible by regular turns, day about.
Fr 16 first 50 Rolld out at half past 7 followed immediately by the Second Still sandy[,] no feed[,] the buffilo having swept everything[.] Passed this day 2 boiling Springs[,] one an extry ortiacle [extraordinary] both cold & good water. This 1st 50 Killed a buffelo which Detain[e]d them some. We passed them soon after dinner[,] rolld on to a Small creek[.] Camped at about 5 & the 1st 50 rolled into camp shortly aft—This day I will <Say> 10 miles N.of W. 10[.] about dark Capt. Grant called a Meeting of Capts inside the Ring while in Cession [session] & considering the case of Br. Woodward in regard to Blacksmith work, a dashwas made among the horses about 2 rods from us & in one minute our herd being badlyfrightened, rushed for & passed through the east gap, we soon got round them & anotherfright took place in their front which caused a tremindiuous [tremendous] rush for the yard[.] some passed through & some went round, a portion we retained in the yard, and made an effortto rally the ballance but failed on foot[.] we procured horses immediately but Uncle John & others thought best not to pursue, lest their fright be increased, so we gave up the chore for the night
Sat. 17th horsemen dispatched immediately up the river, at the distance of about 5 miles found & returned a portion of them[.] after examination we found our loss to be51 head viz 40 work Cattle, 9 cows and 2 young bruets, diligent Search was made in every direction by horse & footmen, no discovery; Some however would not let their horses go.
Su 18th Self dispatched by Capt. Grant to let the other companies know our misfortune. found them about 20 miles ahead. They called the council convened, agreed to wait & help us hunt & in case they could not be found, then do the next best thing, returnedfound no inteligenced
from by any.
Mo 19th Several companies Sent out in different directions; 14 a1so sent from the frontcamps. hunted through the day & lay with us at Knight no inteligence
Tuesday 19th. 4 men dispatched to take a N. East direction hunt as far as the head of wood River thence down to mouth then return up the river[.] we then went to yokedup cows & shift round till we made out [our] team to move[.] advanced this day Say 11 miles
W. 20 Rolled till noon met by a Br. from Parleys camp with 15 yoking Oxen[.]Killed a buffelo calf & 2 large bulls and 1 deer. left one bull for the wolfs, & havingour teams strengthened we rolled on Say 9 miles this day[.] Second 50 about 3 miles in rear.
Th. 21st Rolled about 3 miles crossed cold creek or Bakers fork. Baker Killedanother Buffelo 1 mile further & took the Bluff & Sand Say 2 miles entered bottom againovertook & passed the 1st 50; advanced Say 2 or 3 miles of Bottom[,] took sand ridge again 1 mile[,] campt in Bottom Say 11 Council called Br. Nobles reproved by CaptGrant for not waiting till we came up in morning
Fr 22nd 2nd hundred in advance[.] Rolled Say 4 miles took the bluf[f] l½ miles through the Sand[.] dined on the bottom, afternoon passed 11 buffelo Killed by the companies in advance the day before with Shamefull and Sinfull wast, in one instance the hams of a yearlin or 2 year old cut out & left[.] beautiful Smooth bottom Some creeks & Slues [sloughs] not miry Say 14. swarms of Buffelo—
Sat 23rd Rolled at 7 arived ½ past 8 at Parleys Camp opposite an encampmentof Sue [Sioux] Indians located for hunting, they met the camp as warriors armed, andmarched up in regular Battle order with a flag for war or peace. when finding we ware friendly. they then visited us both men[,] women & children on horse Back unarmed except occasionally a bow & some few a musket[.] they are the most [illegible] genteel and manly of any I have Seen, we was hindered some by them complementing & [illegible] them, some traded a little with them[,] ther was swarming along our lines alday for curiosity& trading purposes. our travel this day all bottom many creeks and slues but none very Bad[.] we made Say about 13[.] Four cattle hunters returned evening with 4 Oxen onlyobtained about 90 miles back[.] also 7 or 8 of our Pioneers met us having left their company at green river just three weeks previous
Su 24th Rolld on Say 4 miles overtook Parl[e]y & the rest[.] we all rolled into camp,called a meeting in two hours[.] Made a law that we Sell no provisions to the Indians oranyone else at any price. finding Phinehas Young[,] a pioneer was going to continue toWinter Quarters[.] I now proceed to write a letter or two by him[.] Council called for the100 by Capt grant who set forth the order of traveling which was to travel by 50s & change from front to Rear allternately once a week 7 Oclock for starting[,] 1 hour noon& Stop at 5—a matter of difficulty rehersed by & between Capt. Snow & CA Christmanbut not Settled. recommended by Capt. Grant to take it to a Bishops Court.
Mo 25th Rolled at 10 past 7 in rear of all the companies[.] Good bottom except 1 mile Bluff or Sand ridge[.] made Say 19 miles Bank of River[,] good feed. Self Sick in afternoon. Br. Shed bossed the loose herd. Councel called by Capt Snow on theSubject of loose herd; the Capt of each ten to be responsible having the help of the boys, for the same, alternately by the day in traveling
Tu 26th Capt. Thurston bossed the loose herd[.] good bottom, rolling started at 7.Indians on our lines all day[.] made Say 20. I will here observe the 2nd 50 broke axeltreeyesturday & lay 4 miles in our rear & has not yet overtaken. Brother [Isaac] Grundy sick.
27th Rolled early good road great wind storm in evening[.] Rolled into camp at 5good feed Say 20[.] 1st 50 rolled by this evening to lead their week. Uncle John says we must roll in morning one hour sooner than usual[.] Self Still not well tho [I] herded
Th 28th Rolled say <at> about 6 in rear of 1st 50[.] Rough ground by the Buffelo 2 mile of Sand ridge, cool day[.] 20 [miles] we have seen no buffelo this week[,] nor Indians for the last two days[,] good feed
Fr. 29th Rolled early, still rough by Buffelo. Sand ridge of l½ miles warm day butcool evening. this day we have had view of several remarkable forms of Bluffs, houses chimneys etc and have stoped opposite one visited by some of the boys having a spire or Peque, [peak] they say 100 feet high above the top of the bluff, which itself is 200 feet at least[.] this spire is about 8 x 12 ft Square composed of sandy clay & almost a Soft rock in which many hundred names are engraved, it is however in split up & broken condition & think it will be of short duration[,] not first rate country here[.] Say 10 ms
Sa. 30th rolled ½ past 7[,] led Pigs, hot day. Self boss herd[.] had to drive back 3 miles, met Devenport a Pioneer[.] extensive bottom. Say 9[.] Let me here remark[,] I thought & felt that my rights ware [w]rested from me. because men had power and did not exercise it in righteousness, tho my health was very bad[,] the day warm & I had walked & was much fatigued, & by following the last Ten[,] I was thrown on a nearer rout & which led me to the river & excellent feed about 4 oclock[.] I there found I was in advance of the company of waggon, I halted, never thinking but they [illegible] roll up, but to my astonishment about 5 oclock I Saw them rolling into camp between 2 & 3 miles back, a sound from thence seamed to Strike my sense conveying this Idea[:] Sir we have no regard [for] your convenience but you must come at our nod. So I gethered up and drove down with much fatigue & labor[.] Say 10
Su Aug 1st gethered up & rolled up about 1 mile above where I had stoped the herd[the] evening before & rolled into camp[,] put up a forge[,] set 5 or 6 tire. Some washed etc. meeting called at 5 P.M. Capts Grant, Nobles & Snow also President Josp. Young. Spok[e] at Some length & put a heavy veto upon the Go ahead Spirit which had prevailedto an injurious extent all the time[.] fixed the time of Starting at 7 or ½ past. l½ hoursnoon camp at 6 etc. President Young prophesied in his own name that all these go aheadones should fall in the rear before we cross the mountains, Some considerable saidabout Br. Woodwards case who had fallen back from the 1st 50 into the rear of my 10[,] complaining his load was too heavy & the 1st 50 would not help him, Br. Snow[,] Grant & perhaps others took part of his load so he is & has been <with us> Since friday last with us[.] Say miles 4
Mo 2nd Rolled ½ past 7. the most barron country we have passed through[,]prickley pare the principal gro[w]th in some places, some spots of grass howe'r tosustain our teams, very dusty[,]. Small Sprinkle of Rain at noon no good country, Say 16
Tu 3rd my hand trimbles with weakness. I am sick—have Kept my bed allday& eat nothing[.] this morning a call was made for a horse & buggy [to] go ahead andburn coal. Br. [Simpson David] Hufacre [Huffaker] ofered his buggy & offered a horse but it would not work in shafts. Br. Snow ask me to put it in one of my teams & let one out[.] I refused as my teamster was a female[.] Br. Phinehas Young said the only chance was for my family & things to to go into a waggon and let my buggy & horse go. I told him it was unreasonable as my waggons was crowded & heavy & I had given up a yoke of Oxen this morning whichhad been furnished from the front companies in consequence of our missfortune in losingour oxen & had put a pair of milch cows in their place which would cripple my team verymuch. I told him I had a two year old colt who works Kind whose services was free[,] also everything I had for the advancement of the camp on our Journey[.] Camped this eveningon the North Side of a cottonwood grove. Say this day 18.
Weds. 4th dispatched Brs. Case & Chrisman with Br. Huffakers Buggy & my BlackColt & Bay mare to go about 26 miles ahead to burn Coal. Passed this morning by a company of our Brethren from the army. (Mormon Battalion) Several women recd letters from their husbands so there was Joy in our lines for a while[.] This is a poor barron Sandy country[.] Still some scrubby cottonwood along the river. Capt Huffaker Bossed the herd[,] 2 cows and a calf left, Br. Grants cows[.] Say today 14.
Th. 5th. Rolled late[,]. sandy barron & dusty[,] heavy rolling[,] Small sprinkle of rain at noon. Say 8. I campd in low bottom[,] found 3 of Tailors waggons failed for want of Team.
Fri. 6th remained in camp, Self called on and write a letter to Parley in relation toour situation[.] Capt. Grant being not well[,] sent me to Pres. Young for dictation, who give the Ideas he wished [illegible] to [illegible] in my own language and Style and which reads as follows (viz)
(Note: This important letter begins on the next page, but the following items are upside down on this page).
President Pratt & Council:
Dear Brethren, that you may know of our affairs and how we do. we beg leave to trouble you with a few lines.
As a general thing we are blessed with Health, Peace & Prosperity, yet we are notable to make that proficiency in traveling which seams to be requisite on the present occasion.
We are now about 10 miles below the Fort[,] our teams are weak & failing. our 1st 50 have failed to assist us even to the amt. of one yoke of Oxen, and have rolled ahead many miles leaving one or two companies between.
Furthermore we are burthened with several hundred pounds of the effects of ourBlacksmith who rightly belonged to that 50 and have fallen back on us because theyrefused to assist him (as he informs us).
We do highly appreciate and feel grateful for the help recd. from our Br. in advance in consequence of our missfortune, and have endeavoured to use diligence and prudence to travel with them but have come short notwithstanding our anxiety. We are needing [illegible] work but owing to the Scarcity [illegible] we calculate to patch up and [illegible] on a few days in hopes to
tan [illegible] the companies in advance before [illegible] the first place of good feed
J. M. [illegible]
by John [illegible]
Recd from John Clark for land[,] one horse 50
Yoke of Steers 30
Store Cr 1 Barrel Salt[,] $3.35
2 flowerbarrels [flour barrels,] .50
Soon as the messenger was dispatched with the letter to Parley, Capt. Snow called the Camp together to determine whether we travel today or stop. the voice wastaken which was to stop and lighten our waggons by put[t]ing out every thing of less consequence till we could roll with ease and save our teams. Voted that a committee be app'd [appointed] for that purpose. that the Capts compose that committee. upon reflection however this Seamed not to meet the approbation of the people so every man arranged his load as he thought best & become responsible for the rolling part[.] allmost every waggonwas consisted [condensed] in its load but not much left out tho some talked of depositing some things when we reached the Fort which was not done.
Sat. 7th Rolled not early. Sand very bad[.] Indians with us. Difficulty with Brs. Bean[,] Williams and Mayberry. came to old fort Laramie. watered & rested[,] no feed, crossed over to the S. side of the River, old fort about 150 ft. sqr. with many habitation[,]inside all in a state of ruin[.] Built with unburnt Brick & plastered with lime[.] Roled on 4 miles and overtook & passed Tailor & our 1st 50 in camp. poor feed. rolled into camp. Say 10.
Councel called for the 100. the 1st 50 complaind that publick Sentiment & feelingwas against their [page torn] because of an expression of Capt. Grant in [page torn] general Councel in relation to the [page torn] 2nd 50 had recd from them in consequence [page torn] Called, they also complained [page torn] recently Sent to Parley & Council [page torn] said but
not much <:little> affected on [page torn] of our future traveling. councel closed [page torn] one
[page torn] lay in camp. Smithwork for both 50s. [page torn] tire Set. CaptGrant went up to Parley [page torn] miles. on his return called a [page torn] meeting of the 100. good turnout. Capt [page torn] spoke at some length [page torn] the Subject of law [page torn] order as learned from [page torn] today 10
one item of law was if a man rebell or refused to obey his legal officer or Captor in other words apostatise[,] his capt shall sease on a Sufficiency of his property to makegood all damage sustained by his rebellion or apostacy—these companies organised by revelation cannot be disorganised legally even by a general councel of all the companies. There must be no shifting from 10 to 10[,] from 50 to 50 or 100 to 100 except in very Special cases & mutual consent & good recommendation, etc. etc. this day, Brs Bean[,] Williams & Mayberry called before Uncle John or Prest Young and Capt. Snow to answer a charge preferred by Self against them for the difficulty referred to in the notes of yesterday, which difficulty was in relation to traveling which terminated in an affray, deciding the parties ware all in fact had all done rong [wrong] & was requested to acknowledge the Same and submit to the former order of Traveling which Br. Mayberry done but Brs Bean & Williams refused
Mo 9th. lay in camp till Say 2 oclock P.M. finished our Smithwork and rolledabout 3 miles[,] Sand ridge (steep hill) [illegible] bottom Capt Grant & Br Woodward with 1st 50 in front. Smoot & one of Tailors 50 in our rear[,] heavy Rainstorm at Knight.
Tu 10th herd mixed with Smoots[.] Self & 10 remained in camp to hunt a cow[,]rolled in evening[,] overtook company in camp[,] forge up shoeing ox.
W. 11th having no feed we drive in herd all day <4 m [miles]> Roll at 6. Parley[,] Rich & our 1st 50 one day in front[,] Tailor & Smoot in rear & so we now leave the River take up a small run & enter the Blackhills[,] road firm[,] some rockey & broken[.] Saythis <day> (no feed) 18 lay on a small run Between Tailor & Smoot
Th 12th Tailor rolled in front, we next[,] Smoot remained in camp[,] firm but rough & stony road[,] Sharp gravel & Sand wearing the feet of our teams. this day about 2 Oclock passed the Larome [Laramie] Peak more timber than usual today, some pretty close pine. The most Broken Country presents its Self this evening I ever Saw & yet we have to pass through with our heavy loaded waggons & weak & tierd teams. one nobleox left today & 3 yesterday[.] passed one team of Tailors stoped with blind Staggers, etc.etc. Rolled into camp by side of our 1st 50 on a <small> Stream running N.E. Say 15 ms. Rich & Tailors 2 50s here with us[,] Parley 10 ms. Ahead[,] Smoot 15 back[.] we takeour herds 3 ms up & down the creek
Fr. 13th lay in camp[,] set tire[,] & shod horses for 2nd 50[.] information reached usthat Smoot lost 12 head of horses by Indians last knight, strengthened our guard &watched our herd on the range 3 ms down Stream
Sa 14th Smoot called for yoke oxen which he had furnished in view of ourmissfortune, in consequence of the loss of his horses, cattle returned[.] President Youngproposed to leave the cannon which met the approbation of Capts Grant & Snow, Sowe remain again in camp today[.] Self had 10 horseshoes put on & 3 waggon tire set & yesterday 5 and one ox shod behind, Smoot & Tailor passed us this morning so we are now in the rear
Su 15th 2nd 50 Rolls out tremendous hill in forenoon <double team>
both rough broken country all day[,] bad on cattles feet, no bate, no water[,] no rest & rolled till dark. Br Williams wife [Martha Jane] sick on road[.] Self & wife & Sister [Mary] Gates Staid with & reached camp about 11 oclock[.] pretty good feed 1 mile up creak. Say today 18 ms. news that 4 of our Pioneers have reached Parleys camp have found a good country 38 ms S. W. Salt Lake, this morning, Br. Phinehas Young called on me for a hors in behalf of legal authority to go & see our Pioneers & send back teams to our relief, & obtained.
Mo. 16th. Phinhas & Joseph pass us on their way[.] wrote letter to Wm P— in the afternoon[,] gethered up & about 5 Oclock rolled[.] was met immediately by 3 of ourPioneers direct from Bear River Valey[.] rolled on 1 m say & rolled onto camp[.] Capt
Grant <Snow> re'd [received] a letter direct from Prest Brigham Young.
Tu 17th after a little snow storm rolled say about 10 m[.] worst road we have had[,]broken & afternoon Stony Red hills & white poorest Kind of feed this evening[,] good spring[,]stockwater Scarce[,] Self herded
W l8th Still rough & Stony white hills but not many red[.] Overtaken by PorterRockwell a Pioneer on his return from our 1st 50[,] informed us of their loss of 8 yoke of Oxen[.] we stoped at a small creek about 2 Oclock[,] made out a communication to Prest B. Young & Councel in relation to our location, <Bear & Buffelo seen here> Nos amount of Teams [numbers of teams] No [number] Waggons, Horses, Cows etc. so it became somewhat late and we remain Say 8 ms
Th 19th Rolled, the country before presented more level & even surface & muchbetter road than for many days[.] passed several little streams but no feed, about 4Oclock reached the Platt[e] River again, no feed not even sage[.] rolled on[,] some rain tilldark, reached deer creek[,] rolled into camp[,] report good feed[.] Say today 18[.] SisterSt John yoked up her cows this morning, but turned them out at noon. her team gave out, fell back. Br. Bird the only one of the 10 who remained with her, he had to leaveher 2 ms back & returned with his own team & brought her in after dark accompanied by Br. Mayberry, who is complained of by Br. Bird as rendering him little or no service.
Fr 20th lay in camp all day[,] several deer & Antelopes Killed[.] Tailors last 50 passed evening[.] Meeting called in evening by Capt. Snow who said he knew there was some dissatisfaction about our traveling[,] explained the why & wherefore he had ordered thetravel as he had Said he would Keep us together & take us across the Mountain ingood time[,] inquired whether any capt. wanted liberty to roll out when he got ready orwhether they prefer in tens as before[.] Capt. Gates wished the privilege of rolling out[.] after Some little discussion decided we'd to change alternately from front to rear as tens. enquiry who will furnish Sister St John an ox till Jerry rest & [illegible]. Br Williamssaid he would carry 100 or 120 pounds for her[,] Captain Snow said good. enquiry will Capt Snow be Sustained in using any beast in the herd for the benefit of the camp at his own discretion[,] decided unanimous in the affirmative.
Sat 21st. Rolled Still up the River[,] somewhat rough for river bottom[, ] rained & quite muddy[,] Say 14 found good feed cross River[,] Self garded.
Su. 22nd Rolled pretty good road bet[t]er on river bottom[.] passed by 2 50s another came up as we rolled out & fell in our rear[.] Met Phinehas[,] directed us to good feed[.]Rolled in camp opposite ford. 3 other 50s in neighborhood[,] Parley 3 days ahead[.] Self herded[.] <From W[inter] Quarters 624 miles> Many Seamed much overjoyed even to exciting[.] much said about rolling ahead of others, my own feelings ware that we ought to call a meeting and offer our Thanksgiving and praise to our father in-heaven <in prayer> for preserving and directing us to such a body of good feed when we was not expecting it
Mo 23rd Camp rolled[.] Self went to see Phinehas and receive my bay mare as he saidevening before he would bring her to me & had failed[.] I met with him soon he informedme my mare & 2 other horses ware gone[,] seamed much concerned, said a man was imployed to herd them & had let them get away[.] I did not feel much uneasy I toldhim. I thought we could find her, I look a little round and returned to his waggon orwaggons where he Staid & She was tied to the wheel. I did not ask him where nor howshe was found, he asked me to sell her to him but I refused & left him to overtake my waggons or company. I passed that 50 of Hunters in which Tailor Journeys <as they rold> I observed the greatest disproportion of Teams & loading I had noticed in all the camps. Some noble teams moving with seaming ease in fine flesh[,] others under heavyburthings hardly able to move them, very thin in flish [flesh]almost worn out. I also passedthat 50 of [Abraham O.] Smoots headed by Wallace in camp immediately on the River bank, W. side, I passed and overtook one 10 of Hunters other 50 immediately in the rear of our Company. I observed they ware generally heavy loaded & teams much worn. Capt Hunter was with this 10 himself, I passed on to my own place[.] the country here ismuch broken[,] large and high hills[.] made today say 12[.] on a sort of wet westhern stream found water & some feed, but reported good 2 miles down[.] rolled into camp on Bottom, Hunters Camp on hill in front. his other 50 is now rolling into camp close on our heels and some on Right. Coppied Pioneers waybill[.] No guard
Tu. 24th Herds all mixed but Smoots so he rolls first. One of [Charles] Crismons oxen dead. Several others sick & dead in camp. Tailor demanded and took back 4 oxen which we had rec'd [received] of his 1st 50 in consequence of our loss of oxen however we patched up& rolled in rear of Smoot (by Wallace) & in front of Tailors 100[.] pretty good road butrough & hilley country passed the Poison Springs & on 3 miles to little Stream[,] rolldinto camp[.] here there has been some feed, but forward Companies swept it[.] Tailors Companies all pass on little water but no feed or wood[.] Sage Stalks for fuel, at darkgithered up herd into yard. Set a guard and go to bead [bed]. Say 12.
Sep 25th 3 Oxen dead in yard. I will here say one ox died yesterday on the road & one more (say Jerry, left). One of the dead this morning is Blac. at daylight harnes'd & rolled on passed Wallace and all Tailors[.] <Jim turned out Lade yoked up> Traveled till about 11 Oclock[,] formed on the road & drove down South ½ mile to a small creek[.] Some feed which was quite rec'd by our teams (having eat nothing since yesterday morning), So here we are in our circle. Tailors & wallaces Cos. passing through. Say 6 ms. this morning cold, N.E. wind[,] light mist or drizzle, wind increased high & cold alday[. ] no guard tonight[,]too cold. Capt. Fairbanks [illegible]
Th. 26th frost Self went 3 miles down creek for horses[.] Capt. Thurston appleed [applied] to Capt. Snow for leave to roll on ahead & Select a good Camp ground[,] granted[.] about2 oclock we all passed him[.] this has been a day of heavy rolling[,] Sandy and we havebeen Scattered[,] strung out & confused all day[,] mixed & intermixed with Tailors Company, many <new> Cows yoked up & heifers this morning, one of mine caught & Sent back from herd to Br. [Solomon] Case whous ox give out on the road, because he beat him to death yesterday, the cow rebeld [rebelled] broke loose & left them, they persued & brought him back & put the yoke on him, she rebelled the Second time[,] got away & soon relieved him Self of the yoke So She has not served this day. Capt. Gates & 10 rolled into camp long before the rest which witnesses to me by some hook or crook they have the best teams, we are now in camp[,] the evening is cool and clear[.] we have neither wood[,] water nor grass on the sand at the foot of large bluff[.] we have driven our herds about 2 miles E. to Small creek, feed reported Just midling[.] 13 [miles]
Fr 27th yoked up Boss for Br. [Samuel] Bird[.] heavy rolling again, quite sandy. Passed theSalerates lakes[.] took in what we wanted and rolled on[,] say 6 [miles] to Sweetwater[.] Self herds—good feed 1½ mi down[.] ox & cow died this evening[.] Sweetwater is a beautiful Stream 3 or 4 Rods sw runing E to the Platt. Hunters 2nd 50 a few rods in advance in camp[,] his 1st 2 miles below on Creek. Rockey [Rocky] Mountains close on the S. with some scrubby Cedar or pine or both. this is a point to which we have looked with much anxiety[.] many have been bearing burthens whether real or supposed with a view of relief at this place[.] Br. Williams, for instance, a sack of corn for Sister St. John. Br. [Gabriel] Mayberry, shorter of team than in his estimation[,] he ought to be in righteousness etc etc[.] on [blank space] Meeting called by Capt. Snow who reported good feed for a week[.] question shall we lay in camp[,] hunt[, wash and rest our teams tomorrow or Shall we roll, Unanimous voice[,] remain in camp. Question Shall we roll as a whole day after tomorrow—Some doubts manifested by Self
[--] whether we consistently can. Capt [Thomas] Thurston expressed an inclination to bury a waggon & some of his loading[.] Capt Snow rose[,] Said there would be nothing of that kind individually, if Capt Thurston should lighten his load in that way tomorrow—monday he would take an ox from him and give to somebody else so as to keep an equal ballance— Said he had had an interview this evening with Elder Tailor who informed him he had written a letter to Parley in relation to our weak & dependant condition[,] also that the Co in which he traveled, & Parl[e]y would no doubt halt at the first Suitable place until we all arived and have a general councel & if necessary to leave any of our loading[.] there would be a legal & general deposit[,] perhaps a house built & guarded by good men who would Stick by the Stuff etc. Said we couldroll & he did not want to hear any whining about not being able & sending to Parley for help untill we know that we cant roll[.] Closed avowing his long since expressed & fixed principal that all this people have and are[,] must be appropriated to the rolling this peopleto the valey of Salt lake—Self remarked it was a righteous principal, if it was carried <out> to have an equal bearing upon all[.] Said my policy preparing a fit out was to make sure of Teams sufficient for the draft, then being unable to procure a rich load [of] flour[,] Groceries etc I subjected myself to a course cheap outfit that I might have some sufficient team[.] while some would not subject themselves to such fair and reduced their teams for better, till they could but move their loads at the Start[.] The Cap.t again replied[,] tho seamed not to have caught my Ideas fully—for I wished to show that when they touched my milch cow they touched my living & I felt it as they would if their coffe cake etc was removed from their table, he closed by remarking the horses Should not be used [for] unnecessary purposes etc adjourned
Sat. 28th another dead ox in camp—preparations for washing etc Tailors rear 50 rolls by[.] Elder Tailor propose going ahead on horseback to Solicit help from Parly. Br. Snow accompanies him (on my bay mare) directing us if we can[,] to roll 6 or 7 Miles tomorrow, he would try to obtain some help from Smoot[,] if not he would go on to Parly[.] Said he would try to meet us at the 7 mile point
Su 29th another dead ox reported So we gethered up what remained & with much ado we have <reached> the Devils gateway & find good Camping [7¼] here we find a note from our Pioneers on a scull ["]June 22nd all well F.W.["] This devils gateway is a narrow cut through Rockey Mountains through which Sweetwater Passes. I had the curiosity to go through but cannot here describe it—this morning we passed what is called the Independence Rock[,] a notable animal[,] I assure you, Sand & heavy rolling[.] we seamnow in a kind of valey with large rockey mountains on each side.
Mo 30th Br. [James] Smiths ox dead. Br. [Samuel] Bird drives up his, & in a few minutes, he is dead[.] councel called[,] voice is to roll[.] with much ado, make it out[.] touch Sweetwater at 4½ [miles] bate[,] rest & go on. Capt. Thurston not in sight, Touch Sweet Water [Sweetwater] again at 4½ more & roll into camp[.] About half this day heavy Sand, good feed here[.] Br. [Lyman] Leonard with 3 waggons dont reach camp this evening[.] 9 [miles] Capt. Snow anxiously looked for but dont Ar[r]ive[.] no gard, herd drove down stream[.] Fairbanks
Tu 31st Herd some scattered this morning, obtaind about 11 oclock at which time Br. Leonard rolled up,.counce[,] the voice is to remain in camp[.] Capt. Snow nowreturns with one yoke of Oxen, reports Spencer about 60 ms. Parly 30 etc. he did not see Parley but Saw a letter from him in answer to Elder Tailors
to letter mentioned in the notes of Fr 27th advising the rear & weak Cos. to move on as they could with all they have & as the feed is good all along the Sweetwater to recsetet [resuscitate] their teams, his losses had been similar and he could do nothing for us, but would write on to Capt Spencer & learn what he could etc & two men now rides up[,] two weeks from our Pioneers (Salt lake) all well[.] met Benson & Rockwell little this Side Green River, there are hunters in front of about 30 waggons going on to W. Quarters. Say the horse teams will be on inabout 2 weeks—this evening our herd much inclined to return, go 1-2 mile on the road, brought back, garded in the yard[,] horses tide up by Capt Snows direction
W. Sept 1st. Camp called together after breakfast by Capt. Snow. Inquiry what is the cause of the death of so many of our cattle[,] have we been imprudent[,] have we Killed them by hard
and treatment or have we done the best we could under the circumstances, Capt Snow said he believed we had[,] and requested all who concured with him to hold up their hand, many up, contrary vote called 3 up[.] thier reasons ware called for[.] Capt Thurston assigned some. Capt Snow then spoke at some length touching various Subjects relative to our situation[,] movements etc. Br. Leonard rather complained of Capt. Thurstons conduct towards himself & Br. Thurston as their capt. in the last day toll[.] Capt Snow made some closing remarks charging Capt Thurston [of] loving his own oxen better than his 10s. adjourned
Our Elder Br. the 1st 50 now rolls into camp close by side[,] say 10 oclock.
Capt as Soon as the teams are out, Capt Grant calls a Meeting between camps[.] Called on Capt Snow to give a recital of the contents in reply of Parleys letter to Tailor as referedto in notes of Fr last[.] Capt Snow arose[, communicated as in notes of yesterday thomore fully, also said Elder Tailor had directed every Capt of 100 & 50 as they passed on to equalise their loading of their Cos. & the strong help the weak etc. Capt Grant spoke in relation to the nature of the government under which we was. Said we ought & was willing to help each other, Spoke of Capt Snows loss of oxen & need of help[.]Said he would rather fu.10 yoke than ask a man for a yoke of cattle to help Capt.Snow when he knew he did not like to let them go. Said the 1st 50 could help the 2nd as they had many strong cows they could yoke up, recommended that the Br. of the 1st 50 yoke up their milk Cows use them themselves & turn out oxen to the Brn of the 2nd 50 & others as they could best do[,] take loading on for them & sit down[.] Br.Baker said he would take 300 lbs. Capt Grant said he would take 3 more & 400 if Br. Baker would[.] Br Baker Said he would[.] Several then proposed to take on more or less[. ] One put in a yoke of little cows[.] Capt. Grant ast Capt. Nobles to express his feelings on the Subject which he did[,] Said it was their feeling & with to help Br. Snow & Capt Grant ast Capt Snow to express his feelings freely, especially to his own 50. he did so with the independence of a Boneypart, said he had been signatized [stigmatized] as the poor & needy etc but he was no more so than the rest of them and asked no ads nor favorites of any of them, & come right out on the law[,] the Rights, Privileges & Duties of the Officers[.] Said he had a right to equalise the loads & teams of his 50[,] Capt. Nobles the same & Capt. Grant had a right & it was his duty to equalize the loading of the 100 etc & so on[.] Capt. Grant Said he well understood the Rights[,] Privileges & Duties of the officers but wished to see men act their duty voluntarily & much more[.] Said he motioned that the Capts of these 2 50s have the right to yoke up & put into service anything in this camp for the benefit of the camp. Seconded by [blank space] after discussion by many the vote was calld[,] 7 opposed it[.] after much confusion & Spouting especially by Capt. Pierce & old Br. Niff[,] the vote was again called & those in favour of it to walk out which all did but 11[.] Br. Neff was one & seamed quite irritated[,] dared Capt. Grant to put him under gard[,] said he was a tirant [tyrant] had been all the time, Said 9/10s of mormonism oppressive & was sorrow he had left W. Quarters. The meeting closed rather in confusion[,] some seamed willing to help & took on loading[,] Matison Welch & others ride up & bring the following letter from Elder Tailor.
Sept 1st 1847 President Young[,] Capt. Grant & Capts of fifties
Brethren[,] as Capts Snows Company very material loss and are scarcely able to move & as I am informed Capt Nobles Co. have recd their lost oxen it becomes the duty of Capt Grant to see that the hundred under his command, equalise their loads & teams so that all can move forward so that none be retarded or left And it becomes Presdt Youngs duty to see this carried out
I have been with Capt. Snow to some of the forward Cos. for assisted [assistance] he will tell you the result of our expedition & also the Principals taught in relation to this matter.
When this is done I would be pleased to have president Young & Capt Grant come forward themselves if possible practicable and we will confer about our future prospects. I am in the expectation of help from the Salt Lake Val[l]ey. Br. Snow will tell you the particulars.
Brethren help each other and move together as fast as convenient and all will be well.
In hast[e] E.C.
Th. 2nd the 1st 50 rolls out late the 2nd following the heaviest Road sand Sand[. the 1st 50 roll on but we turn off to the right roll into camp on S. Water[.] good feed, sick Cow, Say 5 m[iles] at Sundown the cow dies (Wardsworths) Self gard horses in yard
Fr. 3rd Capt. Grants child [Margaret] dead[.] Rolled on up creek into road—in evening met the Pioneers & Ox waggon. Rolled into camp, they also where the road leaves S. Water[.] Meeting called in our camp[,] attended by many of the pioneers and soldiers, their case was considered in relation to provision[,] found to be very short of breadstuff. Capt Snow proposed we furnish them what will do them to W. Quarters which according to the best estimate would require 1250 pounds more than already have. Capt Grant highly approved the measure & proposed that each capt. raise out of his 10 its proportion according to what each had laid in, he also spoke of the Surplus Salt & advised it handed over to the Brn returning. took the voice of the returning brethren whether or no it be delivered to their Capts, as also the breadstuff, which was Unanimous that it be, but the Vote was <not> called in our camp whether we furnish them or not. Say 7
Sat. 4th This morning for some cause, I Know not what, our authorities seamed not so lavish with breadStuff, they now propose furnishing what will do them till Brigham overtakes them which will be 35 lbs from each 10, the capts accordingly are required to furnish the Same, Captain Thurston seamed somewhat excited about the matter, I observed[.] I believed there was some thing rong about it tho it Should beforthcoming if I furnish it all myself, so I took a Sack & went round but obtained none, so I went to my own waggon, weighed out and delivered 35 lbs of corn Meal Sifted[.] I went round also for the Salt[,] obtained 12½ lbs from Br. Mayberry which he said was Dr. Richards[,] 4 quarts from Sister [Louisa] Shumway. Say 3 quts from Br. Williams, then put in what I had and delivered it 120 lbs. what the other tens done[.] There was in all 644 lbs of Salt put in & 175 of breadstuff, we recd from them 4 yoke of Oxen which lightened us up considerably. F. Coltrin says tell Br. Shelton <let Brigh[am] Young> save his Millet seeds. Capt Grant buried his child. 10 [miles]
Su 5th <frost> remained in camp till noon, here met by Col. Little[.] Says Wm P. & Wardsworth on the way. Sandy country[,] more level than usuel—much Salerates apperance[,] one lake. camp W. Side S. water [Sweetwater.] herd slow & one dead ox[.] 6 [miles]
Mo 6th heavy sand for 6 or 8 ms [miles] level country but poor & barron no feed ½ hour rest. rolled into camp on E Side S.W. [Sweetwater] at dark[.] cold wind all day[,] very cold & dresly [drizzly] this evening[.] Self herds down Stream, old camp ground, feed all Short[.] Made today 18. [Charles] Chrismans [Crismon's] ox dead on road
Tu 7th Cross S Water [Sweetwater] today 3 times & camp on N Side at Small Stream. Say 9. This day [Simpson] huffakers ox droped dead in yoke[.] Snowing
this all forepart of this day. evening cool but firewood plenty & good feed at Stream[.] Capt Snow called capts together Said Capt huffaker complained being Sensured [censured] & charged by Capt [Jacob] Gates with failure in herding. on investegation Huffaker relieved from censure[,] expressed Satisfaction. Capt Snow Said the failure was on Capt Gates for not puting out gard in time
Capt. Snow Said Capt. Thurston had charged him with acting prejudicial towards his Ten in balancing loads etc Said he wished the voice of the Capts in the case, and if he was guilty he would acknowledge his rong, if not he Should require it at the hands of Capts Thurston[.] Much was Said & much clash & confused replication & repetition by Capt [Thomas] Thurston about not furnishing him help in the herding department making him up into sheeptads etc etc. The capts together with Uncle John Said they had not observed partiality in capts snow prejudicial to Capt. Thurston
The subject of guarding <the> horses was agitated. Capt Snow asked our individual feelings & policy in relation to it. I observed that my policy was it [is] my right to dictate [and] would be under
our presant circumstances not to gard at all unless <when> we could make a yard on good grass[,] then guard them in the yard. all concured freely but Capt. Huffaker, he did, however with some hesitancy. Capt Snow said unless urged by Capt Grant & Prest. Young he would require nothing more. Closed. Cold night & went to bed.
W 8th rolled 2 ms up Swt. W. [Sweetwater] left it[,] took the mountain, assanded [ascended] vary high one from top of which could see Wind River Mtns. covered with snow[,] some very rockey places today Thurston broke waggon axletree[.] passed a rockey lake[,] three Small creeks etc & on to a branch of S.W. [Sweetwater.] Overtook our 2nd 50 & met the Last of our pioneers returning[.] all rolled into Camp. all well with many mules and horses. 12 m.
Th 9th many horses and mules missing[,] trail found[,] to [two] on the road back. No. found to be 49 head. <Self 9 head horses[,] 4 mules gone. asked Capt. Thurston for horse to pursue as he was in good shape & shod well. refused flat> about 20 or 25 men well armed & mounted pursued[.] Presdt. Young whips Col. Markham for neglecting to have watch. Meeting called about 5 Oclock at Uncle Johns waggon[.] Orson Prat[t] spoke first[,] spoke of
[.....]man unusuel health & Success of the Pioneers[.] gave a short description of the country where they had located. Said they had realised far better than their most favourable anticipation in relation to their location. give way
Prest. Brig[ham]. Young said he had a few things to say[,] would like to have the people together. he saw them about their waggons, said not-withstanding we had all passed inspection at Winterquarters [Winter Quarters.] he would not be afraid to venture a prophecy[,] many would be out before 1st Febr. Said all had been warned time & again not to start this Journey without year & halfs provisions and if they imposed themselves on the people till too far to send back[,] let them begin On their cattle & mules when they got out & not call on him, for he would as soon they Starve alone as Starve him & them both— Said he wished to Speak of one thing more, especially to the Sisters & he wished they could all have (viz) wastfullness on this occaision there ought not one crum[b] be lost[.] he had Seen women on the Journey very wast full [wasteful], and men too[,] tho some more excusable as they ware not so well Skilled in cooking—but had seen men last summer throw armfulls of corn on the ground to horses where they could & did tromp it under foot[.] Spoke of their location as a good one. Said there was or would be an organization for farming purposes, & measures would be gone into as soon as we get out, Said the name of the City was City of the Great Salt Lake. Some would be wanting to build cities in other Val[l]ies but could git none higher in name than that of Great Salt lake as that would include all the rest, Said people who went there must expect to keep the law[,] If men stole as they have done[,] they would be Salted down.
Br Kimble spoke[,] said we would dispose of men there who would steal & rid ourselves of them for alltho persecution[,] all the trouble & distress which had ever come on this church was brought on by just Such men who would apostatise finally & then do all they could to distress the church. he did not want to men to go there and teach such doctrine as they did in Winter Quarters, he did not want any man to become proxy for him, etc etc Br Baker returned[,] being one who persued the horses[,] brought huffakers 2 young horses. Prest. B. Young said he had a mind to take their teams[,] hitch on before ours & help us on one day etc. Meeting closed[.] about 12 or 1 Oclock 3 more horses brought in[,] my little John was one.
Fr 10th P. Rockwell returned with 3 other men but no horses, the word was then harness up & try to roll which was soon done[.] my loss being too great I did not see how I could roll[,] however I Set to with my might[,] having made no previous arangements. two teamsters gone[,] not yet returned from the chase & one more waggon ad[d]ed with some hundred pounds wt. I called on Br. Baker in first 50 for a yoke of young cattle he had of me then Br Hendrix for a cow he had of me to milk. So what of one little thing and what of another rolled out[,] one yoke of cows from Capt Gates[,] a horse from Capt Huffaker[,] untill my own mule returned & I obtained my cattle from Baker, so my waggons all rolled out, & I remained with the Pioneers[,] closed and directed a letter to Wm R. Vance Tenn., James Vance Ill I. H Camp Ill. & wrote one to A.D.Young, Winterquarters directing him in relation to my cattle etc etc <put them in hand of Br Benson> by this time the Pioneers were beginning to roll out[.] had a short interview with Brigham[,] Kimble[,] Woodruff and Benson—Brigham Said may the Lord bless & I do bless you, Said he was sorrow for my loss. I told him I felt well <had often felt worse at the loss of pen knife>: notwithstanding it frustrated me a little yet I thought I could roll, he said I could & was surprised to see this 50 roll out with the Strength of Team it did, after so great loss as we had Sustained, Said we was going to a country to raise horses & children too, old folks would almost become young & receive great strength and vigor of body etc
Br Kimble I told him as for the country I was altogether pleased & satisfide with it[.] expected it was the only place on the whole Earth that suited our case at prest [present] he said it was
Br Kimble blessed me & said I should have ten horses for every one I had lossed[.] I said it was enough, so we parted & I persued after my waggons[,] found them rolling a head & all was well. Say 12 m [miles] to Sweetwater where both 50s rolled into camp[.] good grass l½ miles down river[.] Self garded—at 12 or 1 Oclock Jas. & Br Wardsworth returned from persuit of horses but got none. So
Sat 11th I got my cattle from Baker & having my other mule[,] I harnesed up & rolled with my own Strength. Capt Snow wanted to furnish me another yoke but I preferred trying it.So the 1st 50 rolled out[,] we followed[.] bid far[e]well to Sweet Water [Sweetwater] & all Missouri water & at about seven mile crossed the divide[.] rolled on to a Small Stream of the Pacific[.] Camped about 2 miles above 1st 50[,] good feed 1½ miles down[.] This was a hard days travel with me as my Knee was very painful, my little horse not able to bear my wt. in the buggy so I had to foot it. two tens a head of me[,] towit Huffaker & Fairbanks[.] I walked on to the front[,] found very few teamsters on foot almost every man & woman in their waggons[.] great complaints too[,] of weak and failing teams[,] heavy loads[,] etc. pretty good roads today & quite a level country[,] large mountains Still on our left of the Wind river Chain[.] Say 15 miles
Su 12th Rolled out late across to big Sandy[.] Some water[,] no grass[,] rolled into camp[.] drove 2½ miles down the Stream[,] Still no feed[,] Set guard below[.] about 12 Oclock much if not all the herd retd to camp[.] the gard rallied prevented them return on the road[.] they lay about the camp till morning[.]
gethered up early Meeting called in evening past[.] Capt Grant said many of our teams wanted rest yet teamsters would ride through & over bad places & then say they had seen no bad place all day, Capt Huffacre [Huffaker] had an ox to fail today[,] many others quite feeble, he had sent to 1st 50 to stop till we come up <& take our turn in front> but Supposed they could not till they got where feed was plenty which would probably not be short of Green River. Capt Snow remarked his mind & feelings was that they [the] 1st 50 go a head[.] he had no desire to see them in the rear, as they ware anxious to roll[,] let them go[.] they had fairly proved what they ware, so had we, Capt Grant said he felt no partiality for one 50 more than the other, but that 50 had manifested a Spirit on a former Occaision[,] was mortifying to his feelings[,] yet there were many good and worthy brethren there who wished to do right. Capt Snow said as for Rolling we could do it. he had a large red carry all with 3 horses to it[.] he could light up any who ware to [too] heavy & could furnish an <ox> to any who needed, but remember he must have recourse to the loose herd[,] they are all mine you Know[.] he said we have a good many of the Pioneers with us, some had fallen into one 10[,] some another which but so as to make an unequal ballance in the 10s[,] proposed we organise them into a ten for camp Services, also make B. Carrington Capt both after of which carried unanimously, many remarks made by various ones on the subject of herding & garding but no changes in the order & meeting Closed[.] Say today about 9 ms [miles]
Mo 13th gethered up early[,] rolled across to
big <little> Sandy passing the fork of the Oregon & California roads at 6 miles. & an Quite Sandy & heavey sand we have here on Big <little> sandy[,] pretty good feed[.] Say 10 ms 3 miles above ford
Tu. 14th old Broad Sick, yoked him up tho. heaviest Kind of rolling for 3 or 4 ms then good on to Big Sandy[.] Broad turned out at noon[,] quite sick this evening[.] Say 9 ms we are now in camp on E. side [of] Big Sandy in excellent feed & by side of our elder Brother 1st 50. Meeting called. Uncle John related to the Br. of both 50s[.] the Instructions he had recd. from Brigham—Said he had authorised him & Capt Grant to reorganise the 1 division <Cos> as so[o]n [as] they reach the vally according to the pattern given in W[inter]. Quarters, charged individuals of 1st 50 of saying things which was beneath the dignity of human beings. Said Brigham told him to Keep the 2 fifties together till they crossed Green River then let them go as they could, but that he now felt like cutting the Kite String & let them fly[.] Capt. Grant made many remarks about the organisation & other things, said he was perfectly willing the 1st 50 should roll on as fast as they had strength[.] he wished them all the good luck, gave them his blessing[,] wished them a speedy & safe arival in the valey of the great salt lake. Said he believed they could roll from 4 to 6 ms farther in the day than the 2nd[,] Said if they felt willing to take loading in so as to help the 2nd 50[,] it would be a great favour & thankfully recd. but they must do it of their own free will, for he should act no longer upon the compulsory measures adopted & reccommended by Brs Parley & Taylor, for he Knew all this time Brigham would blow that all out of existance, tho Brigham said he done right to act under and be subject to the council & instructions of them as they was higher in authority, but Said he & Uncle John was now acting under a new commission etc., & so on[.] ast [asked] Capt Snow if he wished to make any remarks[.] Capt. Snow among other remarks, Said if he Should be placed as Capt. of the 2nd 100 according to the organisation in W. Quarters[,] he should act upon the same principals which he had advocated & practised all the time in a traveling capasity in equalising the loading & teams & have the entire controll of the loose herd etc. remarked as for the 1st 50[,] as he had said before so he said still, if they ware a Kite & he held the String he would let it go—Said as to what they had done for us in consequence of our crippled condition was nothing more than what they was required & desired to do at the forks of the platt when we lost our cattle. Closed.
W. 15th fine morning tho pretty cold[.] old Ox Still very sick. 1st 50 rolled out[,] we followed but lost sight of them in afternoon[.] about 5 oclock we turned down the hill to Big Sandy[,] rolled into camp but found no feed worth mentioning. Night pretty cold. my Gard. Say 9
Th 16th the gard drove <in> herd about sunrise[.] we harnissed & rolled early 6 miles to another point on Big Sandy[.] found some stubs of grass left by others[.] bated[,] dined[,] watered & rolled on about 5 miles to another point on Said Stream[.] rolled into camp and found first rate feed[.] old Ox still very Sick[.] this day made 11 ms good road[.] Ox died about dark
Fr 17th beautiful morning, rolled about 5 ms. Crossed Green river lower ford 5 ms down Stream[,] camped on bank 10 [miles] good feed cross river[,] one ox mired & killed
Sat 18th Stony[,] broken & rough road forenoon[,] smooth but tramendious dusty Afternoon[.] rolled into camp Blacks fork. Say 16. Self herds 1½ ms down Stream poor feed. this stream not So large quite as Sweet W.tr. [Sweetwater] Ox mired
S 19th found ox[,] Yoked him with Jim[.] rolled 5 miles[,] crossed Blacks fork & over hill 1 mile to Hams fork[,] rolled in about 3 oclock. Still very dusty[,] Some rockey or Stony[.] This Stream some less than Bks [Blacks] fork. <opened barrel [of] meal[,] 75 lbs.> Say 6
Mo 20th. Self drives loose herd up hams fork[.] Very hot & dusty[.] about 1 oclock passed the Temple bluff which I shall not undertake to discribe as I was too tiared to call and examine it but the workmanship I would Say Surpass the Skill & ingenuity of man. This day we made I should think about 12 ms[.] camped again on hams fork[,] feed Said to be good 1 mile do[.] Said he had just learned from Uncle John that there was derangement in the order of the 10s and some dissatisfaction
by some expressed[.] he wished if any had feelings they would speak and tell their grievances in that or any other way[.] I observed there was derangement in the order of the tens both yesturday & today as I should have been in the rear yesturday & there was one ten behind me[.] Capt Huffaker who was not ready & give me leave to roll—today Capt Thurston Should have been in the rear but was not but why so I could not tell, but I had expressed no feelings on the occaision but wished to see order maintained by the Tens. Capt Thurston Said the reason he was not in the rear yesterday today was because Capt. Gates had taken his place in front day before & he felt he ought to have it today[.] Capt Gates Said the reason he took Capt Ts place was that Capt T was not ready & Uncle Johns & Capt Grants waggons ware out of sight & he ast [asked] Capt Carrington if he would plead his case if he should roll out who promised he would so he rolled ahead of Capt. T. Capt Carrington Said he did agree to plead the cause of Capt Gates & he thought the circumstances of the case would Justify the deed as Cap. G. was ready & Thurston not & one of his men raving round cursing & swearing as if he wanted to fight instead of hurrying to get ready & capt T. suffered it instead of rebuking him. he thought the examples a bad one & Capt. T. very much in the [w]rong to suffer it. Capt Thurston observed that it was Br. Cook[,] Capt. Carrington had reference to & there was not [a] better & more peaceable man in camp[,] if there was on earth & if he Swore he did not hear him, but the circumstances Said he was this. Br Cook brought in his cow to yoke up & as she passed a certain man (Br Shumway) he hit her a very hard blow with his ox bow in the Side, the cow run & broke out of the yard & Br Cook[,] without saying a word[,] brought her back & the same man hit her again. She again run out of the yard[.] Cook brought her back & he hit her the third time. Cook walked some distance without saying anything, but he supposed Kept thinking about [it] till he got very mad and altho one of the Stillest & most peaceable men, he broke out & declared himself a young David among etc & this was the reason his 10 was not ready to roll in due time. Capt Snow Said he wished to say a few words & might have occaision to write someone a letter[.] you know it was true said he[,] Br. Cooke was an uncommon peaceable & good man & he was surprised to see him in such a rage, & if he used profane language he ought to be reproved—but Said he[,] we have a law & if the pioneers dont know it they may now learn that no man is allowed to use a whip or club in the yard in youking up our cattle, but go peaceably among them that they may feel they are among friends and no man had any business to beat a cow as Capt. T. had said— now said he[,] you Know Gates burns to be rolling as soon as he gits ready & Br. Carrington tells him to roll out before Capt Thurston & he would plead his cause & this was the cause of the disorder among the Tens yesturday, & Capt Carrington says the disorder today grew out of the disorder yesturday so you see he fathers the whole Evil—closed
Tu 21st rolled Still up hams fork[,] say 10 miles[,] to the last chance for feed short of Fort Bri[d]ger[.] Called the Ten together to agree on some order for traveling[.] Br Williams said he was satisfied with the present order but was not particular so he was not thrown too far back as had been the case before. I observed Br Mayberry Kept close up with my waggons & so could certainly Keep out of his way. Br Mayberry expressed some dissatisfaction with the presant order & prefered the original organisation but would travel any way[.] I Said Brs. Wardsworth & Shumway Said Brighams order was for the tens to travel as organised with the Capt at the head so we agreed to fall into the orrigional [original] order & roll as formerly[.] adjourned
W. 22nd rolled on to Frt Briger[,] Say 8 m[.] good road[.] met Wm. P. from the Valey[.] Said we would meet help tomorrow[.] rolled into camp close to ft. Briger on the Said Blacks fork[.] Several of the Brn [brethren] came into camp with 4 yoke of Oxen for us. Br[other] St John met us for one.
Th 23rd Br St John took waggon & family & put out alone for valey—Br Shumway furnished with Yoke of Oxen so turned out his cow. Some contention between Capt. Snow and Br Shumway[.] herd order in & yoked early. much delay counciling[,] parlying[,] trading etc So we rolled out late[.] now we take the Bear River mtns. crossed over or through high pass & down big hill to little muddy[.] rough road & miserable dust[.] made say 13[.] no herding[,] poor feed[.] Pioneers time to herd[.] 2nd 50 in camp close by
Fr 24th herd very much Scattered[,] brought in late[.] wind very high[,] dust bad indeed— Some proposed remaining in camp till late in evening & roll through moon light[.] Uncle John Said we might all do as we pleased but he Should roll for the wind would blow all the time here in the mountains[.] I with my ten concluded to stay till evening[.] Capt Snow ordered Br Shumways cow for Br Leonard as the 2nd 50 this morning took back a yoke of cows which they had furnished us in consequence of our loss of team[.] Br Shumway opposed his cows working & another contention occured between him & Snow so Snow Ordered the yoke of Oxen furnished Br. Shumway yesturday morning taken & put to Leonards waggon which left Shumway unable to roll and none able to help him, So he Said he would leave his waggon & family & go on till he meet teams & now I hate to leave them but there is no alternative so[.] But here comes Br Shumway with the same oxen Snow took from him—Says when he overtook Uncle John & Capt Grant they ordered a pair of cows yoked up for Br Leonard & his oxen returned to him & said they ought not to have been taken from him[,] neither should his cow have been yoked as she had worked so much[,] she ought to rest—here we found an animal unable to travel yet in tolerable order[.] the boys Wardsworth & Isaac wanted to Kill him[.] I said not but doctor his foot and drive him So they doctored his foot & turned him out. Sometime after Jas. & Wardsworth went out to hunt, killed & brought in something which I believe to be the same beast. divided & salted up & about Sundown rolled on & overtook our company about 8 miles[.] rolled into camp[.] herd down Steep hill North good feed[.] They Said they almost suffocated with dust, we had good rolling in night[.] Say 8
Sat. 25th high wind[,] awful dust over high and rugged mountains down on Tarr Creek then over to Bear River[,] not quite as large as Sweetwat[er.] found 2 tens of our 1st 50 in Camp & 8 waggons of Tailors[.] Self herded[.] Say 12[.] 4 yoke of Oxen and 1 Span of horses met us from the Valey as helps, Capt. Snow requested me to take the horses
Su 26th Sister Grant died[.] Capt] Grant concluded to take her on to the Valey for burial in hast, So takes Said Span of horses. Capt Snow proposes to me to yoke old Brock with a certain red Steer & let Br Sveret [Br Everet] have them & me have a small yoke of Uncle Johns about equal to Brock. I felt Slow about it so it was omited, partly through hurry till Everet had rolled out—here by permission of Uncle John, Brs. Williams & Bean roll out & leave us. Uncle John[,] Capt Grant and Br Shumway & Leonard remain on funeral services[,] the rest roll on[.] good road[,] say 8 Miles to Needle Creek[,] roll into camp. Some time after dark Uncle John & company roll in[,] also Capt. Nobles 2 Tens & cool night, no fuel but Sage & it Scarce
Mo 27th herd much Scattered[,] late start[.] Capt Grant left early with corpse this morning[.] we assend upon a long hill[,] high and Steep at top then immediately down into Steep hollow & down the Same to water[.] found a barrel of flour and Several Sacks left by 1st 50 which they had taken on for us[.] Uncle John halted herd[,] came up[,] learned his cow was in the yoke[.] he Seamed much displeased[,] Said he had done all he could for this fifty[,] furnished them Oxen etc and did not like it[.] would See them in hell & bouted down to ½ pt. before they should have his cow[,] had only [--] of milk from her & she was not fit to work[.] he would take his other yoke[,] put to his waggon & take his cow and go ahead and it is reported that he Said the rest might go to hell[.] So we rolled into camp at his Suggestion about 3 oclock[,] have made today say 5½[.] here is the bed bug cave. Isaac and Br Wardsworth Kill Antelope this evng [evening.] Meeting called by Capt Snow, called for Teamster for Capt Grants waggon. Br Everets boy was furnished. The subject of breaking and rolling in small bodies agitated, agreed to continue together[.] The law authorising the Capt. to order cows yoked up repealed. The herdsmen have the herd in the yard[,] one hour by sun[down.] adjourned[.] good feed dry Bonus [--]
Tu 28th herd brought in to the hour mad tolerable early start down Same canyon or Small Stream[,] Some Stony high mts [mountains] close on each Side. Isaac and Wardsworth Kill another antelope in traveling[.] Say l2½[.] rolled into camp[,] poor feed[,] very dusty[,] warm.
W. 29th herd brought in[,] no waggons chai[ns] but 1st Ten[,] Self complained to Uncle John[,] asked for Capt Grants 3 waggons to be placed in my Ten where they belong & they should be chained up & herd should not pass through as they now do[.] he Said Capt. Grant had requested him to Keep them where they ware and he thought it a reasonable request. Tis Capt. Thurstons turn to lead[,] he being in the rear in giting ready[.], Capt Gates asked permission of him to roll[,] he Said to do so[,] he prefered the rear. Uncle John Said he should not do it for some of his Ten did not want to be left & if any suffered he wanted all to suffer so they should not roll till they could do it in order[.] Capt Gates Said why not then your waggon & Capt Grants & Young Brigham which are now rolling out stay & suffer with the rest—Said he, Uncle John[,] I will call a meeting tonight & disband the company & let them go as there a mind for[.] I wont bear the Slang any longer that I have this morning. So we all waited till Thurston was ready & rolled out in order[,] Self in rear rolled on through this canyon to Weavers fork[,] a Stream full as large as Sweet water[,] runing N.W. & I presume empties into Bear River or makes its way into Salt Lake about 1 mile down this Stream[,] I found the rest in camp little after dark. ruff road today[,] Stony & Steep pitches[,] crossing the little Streams several times[.] Say today 12 mi[.] found Uncle John in fine humor but called no meeting to disband
Th 30th herd much scattered, except my Ten which was turned out alone up Stream[,] the rest down[.] I got ready to roll[,] wasted about one hour[.] Uncle John & Brigham rolled out[.] I ast [asked] leave of the other capts of Tens to roll out[,] they said go[.] Capt. Snow was out after herd So I rolled out my Ten & loose herd[.] met Capt Snow[,] he said all right[.] rolled 5 or 6 miles[,] overtook Uncle John[.] halted for Night[.] he asked me if I wished to roll on[.] I said I was easy & surely act to his dictation, but if there was a suitable location about 2 miles further for their accommodation of a Ten and it met his approbation[,] I thought it would be well to do so as there was not sufficient accommodation at any one place for the herd of the whole 50[.] he said he was of the Same opinion & if I chose[,] I Might roll on & he would wait awhile for the balance who he thought would Soon be up & he would then come on himself & leave the rest there. So I rolled on about 2 ms & camped[.] Some feed on mtn. [mountain.] Uncle John did not come on[.] Say today 7
Oct. 1st gethered up herd[,] prepared for rolling[.] at about usual time[,] the camp rolled out[.] I ascended the hill to see the Camp where Uncle John had Stoped[.] Saw about 14 waggons Just rolling out & the dust rising about 2 ms. behind them[.] I Supposed one Ten at least was there[,] So I returned[,] overtook my waggon[,] found road very ruff[.] crossed mtn. & down canyon to Canion [Canyon] Creek. watered[,] dined & rested one hour at least[.] found an ox[,] rolled out Just as Uncle John & Brigham come in Sight So up Said Canyon Creek[.] very ruff[,] dusty[,], rolled into camp l½ hour by son[sundown,] Some feed in willows and on mtn Side[.] 10
Sat. 2. herd handy and well fed[,] rolled out in good time[,] still up Said Creek[.] about 12[,] dined then left creek up right hand canyon[,] met Capt. Grant & Leonard returning from Valey[.] Capt Grant said we could only travel by Stringing out in tens or less[.] we rolled on up hill[.] Some rain[,] So down hill 2 ms to water[.] Wm broke bolster[.] campd[.] Say today 10
Su 3rd repaired and rolled on down Canyon[,] turned to right after dinner rolled over last mtn[,] camped at foot[.] got some Sarvise [service] berrys [berries,] herd turned cross Little creek[.] 8
Mo 4th herd much scattered[,] started late[,] rolled down canyon 4 ms to Valey & 4 to fort[.] 8 So here in the Valey of the Great Salt Lake[.] good[,] all pleased[,] all right[,] all well. amen[.] now Back to Ft. Bridger 114 miles 12 days from thence to Ft John 388 ms 37 ds from thence to Winterquarters 486 from W Quarters to Great S Lake 988 miles