John P. R. Johnson diary, 1864 July-September, 11.
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- Source Locations
- Church History Library, MS 1585
- Related Companies
- John Smith Company (1864)
- Related Persons
- Carl Fredrick Berglund
- Johannes Bergman
- Karen Christensen
- Christian Laramie Christensen
- Jens Christensen
- Niels Peter Crone [Krone]
- George Cannon Edlefsen
- Jorgen Hansen
- Jens Christian Heilesen
- Johannes Peter Rasmus Johansen
- John Peter Rasmus Johnson
- Hans Knudsen
- Berthe Cathrine Larsen
- Niels Peter Larsen
- Knud Mikkelsen
- Niels Christian Mortensen
- Anders Nicolaisen
- Engebret [or Ingebrekt] Olsen
- Ole Hansen Rose
- Christian Fischer Schade
- John Smith
Monday, July 25th We started, as usual in the morning from our camp on Vauho creek and nooned at a place where water was very scarce, wherefore we had to water our cattle from buckets, and rested about three hours, and then resumed our journey and travelled till 5 o’clock, when we camped at a place called Reed’s range, where we had fine spring water for ourselves to drink but very little for our stock. We were exposed to a hailstorm, with thunder and lightening.
Tuesday, July 26th. We left Reed’s range, in the morning at 7 o’clock; travelled till about noon, and then camped by the wayside, about half a mile from water, and very little of it. We found, at that place two graves, the final resting place of a Swedish sister and a child. In the afternoon we travelled and reached Elm-creek [Elm Creek].
Wednesday, July 27th. We left Elm-creek very early in the morning, and camped on Clear Creek for noon and remained there, to give the cattle rest, and the women a chance to do some washing.
Thursday, July 28th. We left Clear-creek about 7 a.m. and reached a place called Carter's ranch about 11 a.m. Here we remained till about 3 p.m. because a man died from diarea—he was from Scotland—and we then proceeded about six miles farther, to a place called South-Platte ranch, where we camped for the night.
Friday, July 29th. We left South Platte ranch, about 9 a.m. having been delayed because some of the stock had strayed off during the night. We camped for noon at a place, the River ranch, having traveled only seven niles [miles] that forenoon. In the afternoon we travelled seven miles farther, and then camped at Grove's ranch where we had plenty of good grass and water. The afternoon had been rather cool.
Saturday, July 30th. We left Grove's ranch at 7 a.m. and passed a place called Willow point ranch, in the forenoon and went into camp for noon, about 11 a.m. We started again at 3 p.m. and travelled till 6 p.m. and then camped for the night. We found plenty of grass and water. The temperature had been rather low during the day.
Sunday, July 31st We broke up camp at 7 a.m. and travelled til 12 o'clock, and then camped for noon, about two miles from the Platte river. We started again, at 4 p.m. and travelled till 9 p.m. and then again camped about two miles from the same river, having travell 20 miles that day. We found plenty of grass and good water. No meeting was held. The day had been very warm.
August 1st. Monday. We started out about 8 a.m., passed a ranch called The Western Ranch at 11 a.m. and another ranch at 12 noon, called Dunksews ranch and then camped, a little farther on a place called Earl's ranch, after having travelled 12 miles. We remained in this camp during the remainder of the day, as Captain Peterson had to get the tires re-set on his wagon. Several of the brethren exchanged their tired cattle for fresh ones, at this place. We had plenty of grass and water. It rained some during the night.
Tuesday, August 2nd. We broke camp about 7 a.m., passed Martin's ranch about 10 a.m. and after having travelled ten miles that forenoon, we camped for noon. In the afternoon we passed several other ranches, and about 6 p.m. we camped close to the river, having travelled ten miles that afternoon. Plenty of grass and water. The same afternoon, a Norwegean [Norwegian] brother, by name Hans Knudsen, had the misfortune of being run over on both his legs, but no bones were broken, yet he suffered much pain during the day. It had not been very warm.
Wednesday, August 3rd. We started out about 6:30 a.m. and, at 7 a.m. we passed St. Louis ranch, and later we passed another, called Johnson's ranch, where we found water a spring but not very good. About 10 a.m. we passed through a small town called Dog-town and camped for noon, about 1½ mile beyond, close to the river, having travelled 12 miles. About 2:30 p.m. we started again, and passed Fort Kearney about 5 p.m. and went into camp. About 6 p.m., having travelled ten miles that afternoon. We camped near the river Platte, by a small town, called Kearney City.
Thursday, August 4th. About 6 a.m. we started out, and passed several ranches during the forenoon. The temperature was cool. We camped for noon early, close to the river where there was plenty grass. Here we were joined by one family of emigrants we [who] were also going to Zion, and had overtaken us there. In afternoon we travelled again, passing another ranch, and camped for the night, after having travelled 15 miles that day.
Friday, August 5th. We left our camping ground about 6 a.m. passed a ranch a little later, where there was a post office, and Platte-River Station at 7 a.m. where there was a great deal of freight wagons, and "Twnety-two mile-point" [Twenty-two mile-point] about 7:30 p.m. and at 9 p.m. we passed “Twnety-five-mile-point", where there was a well, but not very good water, and kept on till 10:30 p.m. and camped near the river, where we found plenty of firewood. We had being laying by a portion of the afternoon, to give our sisters a chance to do some washing as well as to rest the cattle, and also to prepare a better resting place for a sick sister. In the evening, both the English and the Scandinavians enjoyed themselves in dancing.
Saturday, Aug. 6th. About 6 a.m. we started out and passed "Plum-creek" ranch, at 8 a.m. There was good well water and also a post office close by called "Plum-Creek P.O.". We had no fuel for our noon camp. From that place, there ware 60 miles to "Cottonwood Springs." We passed "Fireman's ranch2 at 11 a.m. and after having travelled 15 miles, we camped for noon, having obtained good well water. In the afternoon, we passed another ranch, hhere we obtained good well water and at 6:30 p.m. we made our camp by the river, having travelled seven miles in the afternoon.
Sunday, Aug. 7th. We started out about 6:30 a.m. and passed Vallo Island about 7:30 a.m. and finally made camp for noon, about 11 o'clock, near the river. A woman from Scotland died at this place; her husband had died about one week previously, both from diarea. In the forenoon, a ten year old boy was run over and the wheels passed over his chest, yet no bones were broken and he did notdie. We passed "Color-Water" ranch and camped by "Miday-Station" about 6 p.m. after having travelled 18 miles, that day close by the river.
Monday, Aug. 8th. WE broke camp about 6:30 a.m. and soon passed "Smith's ranch, at 8:30 and camped for noon at 11:30 a.m., having travelled 12 miles, and gone one mile out of the way, to reach the river. Plenty of grass and good water, From this place till we cross the river, 90 miles to Cottenwood [Cottonwood] Springs, is 15 miles. Here we saw the first Indians. At 7 p.m. we camped for the night by the river having gone one mile out of the way, to reach water; we had good grassing. We had travelled 10 miles during the afternoon.
Tuesday, Aug. 9th. We started out a[t] 7 a.m. and half an hour later, we passed "Corriston's" ranch and at 8:45 we passed four other ranches, locatted only a short distance apart. We passed several houses, and about 1 p.m., we made our noon camp by the river, after having travelled 14 miles. We started again about 4:30 p.m. and travelled five miles and made camp, near the river. We had plenty of grass, water and fuel. About 11 p.m. came two men into our camp, bringing a note from Jack Morrow, who lived about two miles away, and he gave us warning against the Indians, where our night guards were doubled immediately, but we did not see or hear anything of Indians that night.
Wednesday, Aug. 10th. We left our camping ground, at 6:30 a.m. and soon passed several places that had been vacated by their owners, for fear of the Indians. We passed by a ranch called "Cold Springs", at 10:30 a.m. and at 12:30 p.m. we made our camp for noon, by a ranch, near the river, having plenty of grass, fuel and good water. We left "Freeman's" at 4 p.m. and travelled 7 miles in the afternoon and made our camp at 7 p.m. about one mile to the right from the main road, where grass and water, but no fuel. The water was not very good, altho' it was clear, but did not taste good. We placed a strong guard around our camp that night.
Thursday, Aug 11. We started out at 6:45 a.m. and at 7 p.m. we passed O' Tallon's Bluffs. We found good well water there. We passed Baker's ranch at 10:45 a.m. and them [then] camped for noon and had no fuel, but water from the river, having travelled 12 miles. At 3:30 p.m. we passed Elkhorn [Elk Horn] station and at 6 p.m. we camped near a tributary of the river, and had plenty of water, but no fuel.
Friday, Aug. 12th. Started out at 6:45 a.m. At 7:30 a.m. we came to a grave, where Knud Mikkelsen a brother from Wensyssel, Denmark, was burried. At about 8 a.m. we passed one ranch, and later on a place, called "Rising Sun" ranch where we camped for noon, about 11 a.m. close to the river, after having travelled 10 miles. The road had been sandy. We started out again about 2:15 P.M., passed Alkali-Station about 3 p.m. We passed #Uun's" ranch 6 p.m., which we found vacated, on account of small pox, and we therefore travelled farther, half an hour, and camped by the river—plenty grass and water, but no fuel. We had travelled 10 miles that afternoon.
Saturday, Aug. 13th. Started out again at 7:45 a.m. but we had to stop and camp again after having travelled about one mile, on account of a heavy thunder and rain storm, the lightning having struck the ground close to some of the wagons, and some of the people, as well as the cattle had had a slight shaking up from the lightning. We remained in camp till about 1 p.m., the rain had ceased, but it blew very hard in the afternoon. We passed "Lone Tree" ranch about 4 p.m. where we found good well water, but not much grass and no fuel. We had travelled only 16 miles that day.
Sunday Aug. 14. We started at 7:45 a.m. all well and passed "Diamond" station at 8:30, water was bad there, and we reached the place where we had to cross the river, about 11 a.m. . It took us five hours to get over, and I was in the water all the time, which made me sick in the evening, but I felt better next morning.
Monday, Aug. 15th. We left "the South Platte River" at 8 a.m. and travelled 18 miles to "The North Platte", where we found good grass and water, but no fuel. We were visited by a number of Indians, at that place, and we collected some provisions for them from the emigrants. The Indians appeared very firnedly [friendly] to us. About three miles before we camped for the night, we descended down a steep hil. We had good road that day.
Tuesday, Aug. 16th. It rained in the morning. We started out about 7:30 a.m. the road was sandy and heavy, and we travelled only ten miles in the forenoon and camped by the river, at 11:30 a.m. Good grass and water. About 3 P.m. we started again, but on account of very heavy sandy road, we only travelled give [five] miles that afternoon and made camp by the river, at 5 p.m. The same band of Indians, we [who] had visited us the previous day, came to us again in the evening. The air had been cool during the day, which had made travelling comfortable.
Wednesday, Aug. 17th. We started out about 7:15 a.m. The air was cool and the sky very cloudy. We entered on very sandy road, soon after our start, and we only travelled 4 miles that forenoon, on account of rain and the heavy sand: we camped for noon, 9 a.m. At 1:15 p.m. we were again on the move, but still we had very heavy sand; camped by the river at 5:30 p.m. Grass and water, but no fuel. The night was cold—we had only travelled 8 miles.
Thursday, Aug. 18th. A cold morning. We started out about 7:45 a.m. in good order: the road was sandy in some places. At 11:30 a.m. we made camp close to the river-plenty of grass, but no fuel—we had travelled 9 (nine) miles. We started again, at 2:45 p.m. A brother, by name Anders Nicolaisen and I went out hunting, and he shot an antelope. We made camp, about 6:30 p.m. close by the river, having travelled 9 miles. Plenty grass, but no fuel.
Friday, Aug. 19th. Again we started out a[t] 7:30 a.m. We soon after crossed a creek with good water, and again crossed a piece of low ground, where we found a fine spring, a little to the left from the road, where we made camp for noon at 11;15 a.m. having travelled 10 miles. Good grass, but no fuel. In the after[noon] we travelled 9 miles, and camped near the river, opposite "Court House Rock" about 6:30 p.m. Grass plenty, but no fuel.
Saturday, Aug. 20th. We started out about 7:15 a.m. and travelled 14 miles, and camped by the river opposite "Chimney Rock" and [at] 1 o'clock. Much alkali was seen in places, and we counted more than twenty dead oxen, along the road, as we passed. Good grass but no wood. In the after noon we travelled 7 miles and then camped at 7:30 p.m. close by the river, opposite "Castle Bluffs": good grass and water but no wood.
Sunday, Aug. 21st. We started out at 7 a.m. all well and passed many dead cattle along the road. At 10:30 we passed "Tickland" Telegraphy Station, the road was some Sandy, and at 11 a.m. we camped by the river, and had plenty of grass. We had travelled nine miles that forenoon. In the afternoon we passed "Scott's Bluffs [Scotts Bluff]" about 5 o'clock and made camp by the river, about 7:30 p.m.
Monday Aug. 22nd. We started out at 8:30 a.m. and travelled 13 miles till 2:15w p.m. when we made camp by the river and found good grass and water. We remained here over night. A child [George Cannon Edelfsen], belonging to [blank space] Edlefsen [Edelfsen] died. We had meeting in the evening.
Tuesday, Aug 23rd. We started out at 7:15 a.m. Brother Ingebrekt Olsen, from Norway, was very sick from "bloody flux"; the road was quite sandy. We camped for noon at 11:30 a.m. about one mile from the river—had plenty of grass and water from a small creek. In the afternoon we had very sandy roads to start with and we travelled only 5 miles, and then made camp by a tributary of the river. The water was clear but not very good.
Wednesday, Aug. 24th. We started out at 7:45 a.m. Quite windy from the west and much dust in consequence. Camped by the river at 11:30 a.m. very little grass, and that was on the other side of the river. In the afternoon we started out at 3:30 p.m. it was still quite windy and dusty. We reached camp at 7:30 p.m. by the river. Not much grass, but plenty of water.
Thursday, Aug. 25th. We started out at 8 a.m. The roads sandy. We passed "Fort Larami[e]" at 11:30 a.m. and corssed [crossed] the river, which was about two feet deep, and camped for noon, at 1:30 p.m. There was not much grass, but plenty of water and fuel. In the morning I had been away from our camp, about 1½ mile, to buy a yoke of cattle from Brother Niels Larsen. In the afternoon we started out at 4:45—sandy roads and hilly—and we made our camp at 8 P.M. by the river, having travelled 6 miles. We found good grass, water and fuel. Some of the English emigrants did not reach our camp that night, but overtook the next morning. A wagon, belonging to Bro. Rose, broke down in going down a steep hill.
Friday, Aug. 26th. We started not till 9:30 a.m. on account of the broken wagon which I had to repair. We crossed several small streams in the forenoon—we had some sand and hills on our way, and camped by the river at noon. On account of Sister [Karen] Christensen being confined, we remained in that camp for the night. She had a son born, after two hours travail. Hans Knudsen, from Norway lost one of his oxen that died.
Saturday Aug 27th. We started out 6:45 a.m. had some low hills, but no sands, the roads were good. We camped for noon, but a small stream, coming from a spring, but had sufficient for ourselves and the cattle also. We had travelled 12 miles that forenoon and had plenty of fuel for cooking. In the afternoon, we travelled 7 miles, and at 5:45 p.m. we made camp close by the river, and found some grass and fuel. The road had been some sandy and hilly, but mostly pretty good. I blessed the new born baby of Brother [Jens] Christensen in the evening—it was named: Christen Laramus Christensen. We had travelled 10 miles.
Sunday, Aug. 28th. We started out, at 8:15 a.m. all well. About 2½ miles from our camping ground there was a fine spring, close to the road, called: "Lucy Jane Spring". The sun Rose that day at 5:24 a.m. and would set at 6:37 p.m. We passed Horse Shoe Station at 10 a.m. and made camp, by the river, at 2 P.m. having travelled 13 miles. One ox died for Bro. Rose that night. Not much grass, but some fuel and plenty of river water. We left this camp at 6 p.m. and travelled till 8:30, when we again made camp close to the river. One cow died for Bro. [Carl Fredrick] Berglund, and three oxen for some other died during the night.
Monday, Aug 29th. We started at 8 a.m. and at 10 o'clock we corssed [crossed] the river and made our camp on the opposite side. Here the company was divided in three divisions and the Scandinavians were made one by themselves. We had only travelled 5 miles. Not much grass or fuel. In the after noon we travelled 7½ miles and camped again by the river. We had plenty of fuel on the opposite side of the river, and good grassing dear our camp. Three oxen died belonging to Bro. [Jens Christian] Hejlertsen [Heilesen], [Ole Hansen] Rose and N[iels. Christian] Mortensen.
Tuesday, Aug 30th. We started out at 6:30 a.m. travelled till 2 p.m., and then made camp for the remainder of the day, because the cattle gave out and some of them were sick. We had some sandy roads that day. Ingebrekt Olsen from Norway, died and was buried that night. One cow and 10 oxen died. (?) There was good grass nearby.
Wednesday, Aug 31st. We started out at 8:30 a.m. and, after travelling 2½ miles, we crossed the river and camped for noon. A portion of the road had been sandy. In the afternoon we had good roads and travelled till 6 p.m. and then camped about ½ mile from the river. We lost one cow and one ox at "Laperell [La Prele] Creek" which we had passed in the afternoon at 5 o'clock. We found some grass for our cattle on an island in the river, and also some fuel.
Thursday, Sept. 1st. We started out at 8 a.m., came to the river about 10:30 a.m. and made camp for noon. Not much grass, but plenty of fuel and water. While camping there, a young man by name Jorgen Hansen, was paptized [baptized] by Bro John C. Smith, and confirmed by Elder J[ohn].P[eter].R[asmus] Johnson. The young man was born April 29 1831 on Funer, in Denmark. In the afternoon we started at 2 o'clock and travelled till 6:30 when we made our camp about one half mile from river, where we found good grass, water and fuel. We had a storm of rain and lightning that afternoon. Two cows and one ox died.
Sept 2nd (Friday) Started at 7 a.m. and passed "Deer Creek" about 10 a.m. and made camp at 12 about one mile from the river. Pretty good grass, water and fuel. Brother N[iels]. Larsen lost one ox. I assisted Brothers Rise, [Johannes] Bergman and [Christian Fischer] S[c]hade in buying some cows. In the afternoon we started at 4 o'clock and travelled till 7 p.m. and then made our camp, not far from the river. Water and fuel plenty, but scarce with grass.
Saturday, Sept. 3rd. We started at 9 a.m. and at noon, we camped by the river. Water and fuel plenty, but scarce with grass. We started again, at 2:30 p.m. and came to camp near the river, at 7 p.m. Not much grass or fuel.
Sunday, Sept 4th. We started out at 6:30 a.m. came to the bridge and crossed "the North Platte" at 10 a.m. and made camp by the river. I bought a yoke of cattle for Bro. Rose, and several brethren were compelled to leave some of the luggage, to lighten their loads, because they were overloaded. We set out again at 4 p.m. and travelled till 8 in the evening, but I went back to the fort, after the main company had started, to assist and organize some brethren that were left behind, and also to assist Capt. Patterson in driving four oxen to camp. On our way, I came to Brother Hans Knudsen, whose oxen had given out, and I stayed with him and his family, in their camp, over night. We had sandy hilly roads during that day.
Monday Sept. 5th. The company started out at 8 a.m. and travelled till about 11 o'clock and then camped by the river, but I did not join them till about 1 p.m. At the same, we were joined by Bro. Rose's outfit. We had had a hilly and heavy road. In the after noon we were under the necessity of doubling team, in order to get up some steep hills, and after that we had sandy roads and, finally a steep hill to decend before we again reached the river and camped for the night. At this place, we joined Capt. Sharp's train and also Capt. Patterson's company. Not much grass. One ox died, belonging to N. Larsen.
Tuesday, Sept. 6th We started at 7 a.m. One ox died during the previous night. Capt. Sharp's company started ahead of us. About 11:30 a.m. we camped for noon having travelled seven miles on good roads. We found neither grass nor water, but plenty of wood. We started again at 1 p.n. [p.m.] and travelled 9 miles to "Willow Springs", where we only found sufficient water for the people, but by digging holes in the ground, we obtained some water for the stock also. There was no grass. One ox died in the after[noon] for Bro. H. Omann.
Wednesday, Sept 7th. We started out at 7 a.m. and came to "Fish Creek", where we watered our stock, and then continued till 11 a.m. when we made camp for noon. There was not much water in the creek and very little grass. We started again, at 2 p.m.—crossed "Grease[wood"] river, at 3;30 p.m. we found good water and some grass and fuel. John Smith had not been with us that day, because he had been fatched over to Capt. Sharp's camp in the morning, to assist in preparing a rude box for the corpse of Capt. Sharp, with the intention of bringing it to Salt Lake City. That company had passed us during the afternoon, intending to reach "Sweetwater", bridge.
Thursday, Sept. 8th. We started at 6:30 a.m. We crossed "Sweetwater" and camped on the other side about 12:30 p.m. near "Independent Rock", having passed the Sweetwater Station one hour before. The best camping ground by "Greasewood" river, was to the right from the Creek. There was a good deal of sand. In the after noon, we started about 2 o'clock, and passed "Devil's Gate" and then camped for the night on the west from it, where we had plenty of good grass, close to "Sweetwater", but no wood. We had gone five miles. Capt. Smith's company joined us, in the evening, about 9 o'clock.
Friday, Sept. 9th We started at 6:45 a.m.—passed Capt. Patterson's company, at 7:30 about four miles beyond "Devil's Gate", and camped by the Sweetwater, about 11:45 a.m. Not much grass or fuel. Brother John Smith and I did some fishing in the river, whi[l]e we camped for noon. We had travelled eleven miles, the roads somewhat sandy. We had passed a "Saleratus Lake" that day. In the afternoon and [we] travelled five miles, then camped by the river, about 5:30 p.m. We had had sandy and hilly roads to some extent.
Saturday Sept. 10th. We started out at 6:45 a.m., travelled 8 miles and then made our camp by the river, (Sweetwater) where the road turns to the left. Plenty of water and grass but no fuel. We started out again at 2 p.m. and traveled till 6 evening, and then camped again the same river. The road had been sandy the first part of the way but the portion of it was good. Capt. Smith left us in the morning, but joined us again in the evening.
Sunday, Sept 11th. We started out a little past 7 a.m. One ox had died during the night, belonging to Brother Jens [Michael] Nielsen. We crossed the river 4 times that forenoon and then camped by the river for noon, having travelled 9 miles; the road had been partly sandy. Good water and some grass but no fuel. At 3 p.m. we started again and travelled till 5 o(clock, when we camped by "Ice Spring", 4 miles. Good grass, poor water and no fuel.
Monday Sept. 12th. We started out at 6:30 a.mm. and travelled 7 miles till 10:30 when we made camp by "Warm Spring". We found good water, and grass about one mile from the spring, but it is not always sure to find water there. We set out again at 12:30 p.m. and travelled 8 miles over some steep hills, and then made our camp at "Saleratus Creek" at 4 p.m. We found good water, and grass about one mile to the right from our camp.
Tuesday, Sept. 13th. We started out at 6:45 a.m. Capt. Smith left us in the night to accompany Brother Sharp and three other brethren, some 20 miles back in order to bring the corpse of Capt. Sharp along. We travelled 11 miles over a hilly road, but no sand, and reached "Antilope [Antelope] Spring" about 10 o'clock, and camped for noon about 12 but had very good water but grass was very limitted. The water was found in a hollow, a little way aside from our road. One ox died, belonging to Bro. Shade. In the afternoon we started at 3 o'clock and travelled till 6 p.m. when we made camp about half a mile from "Sweetwater" river, where we had good water and plenty grass for the stock.
Wednesday, September 14th. We remained in camp till 11:30 a.m. and travelled 8 miles till 5 p.m. when we reached a place, where there was "Telegraph Station["], and made camp. Good water and grass.
Thursday, Sept. 15th. We started out at 6:45 a.m., passed over the "South Pass", and reached "Pacific Springs" about 1 p.m. having travelled 12 miles, and made camp there, having good grass and water. Capt. Smith had killed an antilope during the forenoon. In the after noon we started at 3 p.m. and travelled till about 5 o'clock, and then camped by the same stream, where we had camped at noon, good grass and water. At this place we met a company that had come out from Zion to Assist Capt. Sharp's Company with a number of fresh oxen, and we kept in their company during the night.
Friday, Sept 16th. We started out at 6:30 a.m.—travelled 8 miles over good road, till 11 o’clock, when we crossed the "Dry Sandy", which had but very little water and that not very good. Brother Jeus Peter had to leave one of his oxen there. In the afternoon we started at one o’clock and travelled 12 miles over good road, and camped by the "Little Sandy", about 7 p.m.: no grass but good water.
Saturday Sept. 17th We started out at 7:30 a.m. travelled 6 miles and made camp by "Big Sandy", about 11 a.m. Grass was scarce, but water good and plenty. We started again about 2:15 p.m. and made seven miles, on good road, till 5?45 evening. Some grass but no water that night.
Sunday September 18th. We started out at 6:a.m. on good road. Brother Krone lost a cow during the night. We forded the "Big Sandy", on the left about a mile from the road and made our noon camp by that stream about 11 o’clock: having travelled 12 miles. At this place we over took Bonnet and the other brethren, that were with him. They had been detained on account of some of their cattle had strayed off during the night. There was very little grass at that place, but good water. At 2:30 p.m. we started again, and travelled 6 miles, on good road, and made camp for the night again on "Big Sandy?". Some grass, fuel and good water.
Monday, Sept. 19th. We crossed the "Green River" at 8:30 a.m. and then camped. Capt. Patterson’s train crossed the river ahead of us. We had only travelled 4 miles that forenoon, and had good road. In the afternoon we travelled 11 miles, and camped about 5 o’clock for the night—the road had been much uphill. We had no water and very little grass.
Tuesday Sept 20th. We started out at 6 a.m. and travelled 9 miles till about noon and then camped by "Ham’s Fork" river. We had sandy roads, and only scarce with grass but plenty of good water. At this place was a telegraph station, we remain in this camp during the afternoon to let the cattle rest. A sister Lars Larsen died; she died suddenly, without appearing to be very sick and seemingly without pain. From this locality, I sent a letter to my family in Provo. Brother Jeus Nielsen came to us in the evening.
Wednesday, Sept. 21st. We burried Sister Larsen in the morning, and afterwards travelled 8 miles till 1 p.m. We camped with [o]ut water or grass. In the afternoon we travelled 7 miles and reached the banks of "Black Fork" river, and made camp. We found a little grass to the left from the road, and plenty of water and fuel. Good roads all day.
Thursday, Sept 22nd We started out at 8 a.m. and travelled 7 miles, till 11:30, when we camped again by the Black Fork river. We had crossed that stream three times that forenoon and we had had rain till 10 o’clock. We had plenty of water and fuel, but not much grass. In the after noon we travelled 8 miles, on good roads, and camped again by "Black’s [Blacks] Fork" about 5:30 p.m. Plenty of water and fuel but not much gross [grass].
Friday, Sept 23rd. We started out at 7 a.m. and passed "Fort Bridger" at 8:30 o’clock and camped for noon, at 11?30 [11:30] a.m. We had no water for the cattle and not much grass, but plenty of fuel and a small spring for frinking [drinking] water for the people. It was cold and snowed on the mountains during the night. We had travelled 11 miles on good roads. We started again at 1:30 p.m. and forded a small stream called "Little Muddy" at 4 o’clock and another one at 5 o’clock, called "Big Muddy", where we campe[d] for the night and found good grass and fuel. There was a mail station here. The night was cold and ice formed on the water. We made camp at 5:30 o’clock.
Saturday, Sept 24th. We started out at 6:30 a.m. passed a fine spring and grass at 8 o’clock and "Soda Spring" a little later and ascended a steep hill, and passsed Patterson’s train, and Joseph Young’s and Sharp’s train passed us about 11 o’clock. We made camp by Cottenwood [Cottonwood] Springs about 11 a.m. and had good gross [grass], water and fuel. The road goes down a deep hollow to the right. Good road except for the hills. We had travelled 10 miles. We started again at 2:30 p.m. and passed Quaking Asp Spring about 3:30 afternoon. Here was also a mail station and we camped for the night by "Silver Creek", where we had good grass, water and fuel, one mile to the left. We had crossed some very steep hills, In the evening, Capt. Smith left us, to go and meet his wife.
Sunday, Sept 25th. We started out at 6:30 a.m. Brother Skade [Schade] upset his wagon in the creek but no damage took place. We crossed "Bear River" about 7:30 and travelled till 11 o’clock and then made camp for noon. The road had been hilly. We had water from some small springs and plenty of good grass, but hardly sufficient water for the cattle. In the afternoon we passed "Needle Rock" at 2 o’clock and crossed "Yellow Creek["] at 2?30 p.m. Immediately after crossing that creek, we had to cross over a long, steep hill, but no sand. We made camp about 5 o’clock, after having got over the hill. We had good water and grass, but no fuel.
Monday, Sept. 26th. We started out at 6 a.m. and passed some fine springs in the "Echo Canyon" travelled 15 miles, down hill all the way andmade camp in the canyon, about 11 o’clock, and had good grass and water. Hans Knudson from Norway and a two year old girl that died and I assisted in making a coffin and burrying the corpse. In the afternoon we travelled 7 miles, down hill, and made a camp in the canyon, about 5 p.m. Plenty of grass, water and fuel.
Tuesday Sept. 27th. We started out at 5:45 a.m. passed a mail station at the mouth of "Echo Canyon" and travelled 10 miles and then made camp, about 10:45 about half a mile from "Weber River"—Plenty of water, but hardly any grass. We started again about 1:30 p.m. and travelled 6 miles; passed "Chalk Creek" at 2:30 and made our camp about 4:30 p.m. after having crossed the "Weber River["] Here Brother Smith joined us again, but left us the same evening.
Wednesday, September 28th. We, the company Started out at 7 a.m. but I remained about 1½ hours waiting from [for] Brother John Smith. Our captain was with the company, but rode with Brother Smith till we reached our noon camp, about 2 miles before we left the canyon. There was water, but hardly any grass. Brother Peter Rose came to us with a yoke of cattle from Salt Lake, to assist his brother in. We started again at 2:30 p.m. and travelled 6 miles till about 4 miles beyond Wm. Kimball’s ranch. Good grass on the hill sides.
Thursday Sept. 29th. We started out at 7 a.m. but two wagons were left because their teams strayed off. Jesse Smith and several other brethren passes about 1 p.m. and we made our camp at the same time, in "Parley’s Canyon". We had good grass to the right, and also water. We remained here that afternoon to rest and clean up.
Friday, Sept. 30th. We started out at 7 a.m. and were met by Capt Smith, at ["]Little’s Mill". We entered the City about 1 p.m. and formed our camp on the general Emigrant camp place. There were some Gentiles camping there when we came. In the afternoon our emigrants busied themselves with getting things ready to move farther towards their final destination.