William D. Kartchner reminiscences and diary, 1878-1884, 27-32.
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The Spring of 1846 came & I lerned some Mormon's was going West from the 6 Mile Prairie & John Brown from the nine mile my brother had some Blood hounds & we did take Real Comfort hunting the Rock Coon. Untill this company was making preparations to start to the Rocky Mountains which exercised my mind gratly finily Brother Crow heard that I was used to Camp life & came to See me and offered me a wagon & half a team & me to furnish the other half & haul1000 pounds for him which caused my brother to truble feearing I was going to Leave again I told him I would Rather be a Mormons Dog than to stay in that country when my People had been Robed Pilliged Murdered & now Exterminating orders issued for them to leave the United States & the first days of March 1846 we Started in what was known as the Mississippi Company crossing at St Louis & traveled up through Jackson C.o. M.o. to Indipendence and soon after organized our C.o. with Wm Crosby Capt. about the middle of June we arrived at Grand Island on the Platt River wheare according to Previous agreement had been Made for Prest Brigham Young & Pioneere Camp to Meet us Not finding them after waiting one week we concluded to go Southwest between 2 & 3 hundered Miles & wait for we was at the End of our Instructions were we arrived at the Pueblo on arkansas River we found Small Farms of Corn cultivated by Indians mostly & traiders who had Indians Squaws for wives of whom we Bought Corn & prepaired for winter Quarters building a row of log houses on the opposite Bank of the River from Fort Pueblo when we had about completed the houses a detachment of the Mormon Battaloin Composed of the Sick & Disabled under Command of Capt.
. . . Burr Frost was the first Black Smith who put up Shop & worked[.] My Shop was the second in the valleys which was on the East Side of The Fort & tools furnished by Thomas S. Williams who never paid me a cent for my winter's work in that shop.
Spring arrived we was to farm as we had traveled by tens fiftys & hundreds the Land our ten Drew was on a high benck 6 miles S.E. of the city and our Captain John Holladay Sen asked permission of his Capt for us to locate 3 miles futher south at a large spring[.] it was granted & soon we moved out thear Built a Row of Small Houses & fenced a field[.] My Rhumatism had now settled in my ankles & feet & I stood on my knees to do the ditching my portion of that fence[.] During this time our Bread Stuff give out we had our Last ox killed an old favourite of Mine I could Not Kill myself, it would be like killing one of the family So my neibour George Sparks Saw My Predickiment & went & killed him Saing to me you had better Skin that ox for he is dead which was verry Poor Beef but was verry Good Boiled with Thistle Roots I gethered dayly[.] our Last Bread was of a Bushel of wheat I Bought of our beloved Bro. P. P. Pratt Sen who had Refused a ten dollar Gold Pice & took one ton of Hay of me for it[.] we could obtain No more for Love or Money.