A Mormon chronicle: the Diaries of John D. Lee, 1848-1876 edited and annotated by Robert Glass Cleland and Juanita Brooks (1955), 1:30-79.
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- Source Locations
- Church History Library, M270.1 L478m v. 1-2
- Related Companies
- Brigham Young Company (1848)
- Related Persons
- Clarissa Alger
- Rufus Chester Allen
- George Alley
- Diana Perkins
- William Baldwin
- Louisa Young
- James Bean
- Joseph Billington
- Alford Blankenship
- Thomas Bullock
- William Burgess
- William John Burgess
- Mariah Burgess
- Reynolds Cahoon
- Daniel Garn
- Ezra Chase
- Janvarin Hayes Dame
- W. H. Daniels [Danels]
- J. H. Daniels [or Danels]
- Martha Dowdle
- Daniel Newell Drake
- Sarah Paine
- Sylvester Henry Earl
- Sylvester Rhodanus Earl
- Lois Caroline Earl
- Jefferson Edmunds
- William Adam Empey
- Absalom Pennington Free
- Matilda Caroline McArthur
- Horace Gibbs
- Stephen Hezekiah Goddard
- George Davis Grant
- John Young Greene
- John Harvey
- John Hughes
- James Russell Ivie
- Henry Bailey Jacobs
- John Moburn Kay
- Maria Kay
- Sidney Benajah Kent
- Joseph Kerr
- John Doyle Lee
- Abigail Lee
- Rachel Andora Lee
- John Mayberry
- Daniel Duncan McArthur Jr.
- Daniel Duncan McArthur Sr.
- William P. McIntire
- Freeman Milford
- Daniel Arnold Miller
- Eleazer Miller
- Isaac Morley
- William Amos Morse
- James Orr
- William Byram Pace
- Eunice Paine
- Sarah Jane Paine
- William Grant Paine
- William M. Paine
- Benjamin Franklin Pendleton Sr.
- William Anderson Perkins
- William Gant Perkins
- Wilson Gardner Perkins
- William Wines Phelps
- James Quaintance Powell
- Zerah Pulsipher
- Joseph Rank
- Michael Rank
- Daniel Russell
- Erastus Snow
- Lorenzo Snow
- Levi Stewart
- Judson Lyman Stoddard
- Martha Taylor
- Henry Tuttle
- John Nelson Wakley Sr.
- Chauncey Griswold Webb
- Daniel Hanmer Wells
- Charles Westover
- Electa Beal Westover
- Alexander Williams Sr.
- Daniel Wood
- William West Woodland
- Jacob C. Woolsey
- Jacob Lindsay Workman
- Gad Yale
- Alma Burtts Young
- Alva Beaman Young
- Brigham Young
- Joseph Bicknell Young
Winter Quarters. Frid., May 26th, 1848. Clear & warm. About 8 J. D. Lee went to the River to see Chester Loveland's Horse. Just before crossing, Judson Stoddard told him that Pres[ident]. B[righam]. Y[oung]. wanted that Horse to Match one of his. This, of course, stopped J. D. Lee from making any further move, but went directly to Pres. B. Y. & acquainted him with the affair, who when Chester came, Pres. B. Young Said, Let Bro. Lee have the Horse as you before agreed. Bro. Lee & I never have any difficulty & should I hereafter want the Horse I could get him as easy from Bro. Lee as from any one else. J. D. Lee then exchanged Horses with Chester Loveland, let him [have] a rifle gun to boot at 15.00 with a promise to pay him 5.00 more in good Trade should the Horse perform the Journey well. About 12 noon Pres. B. Young left W[inter]. Quarters with the remainder of his family for the vally & about 3 J. D. Lee started bag and Bagage, leaving Elder H. C. Kimble, Dr. W. Richards & Bishop Whiting behind. Pres. B. Young traveled Some 12 ms. & encamped for the Night. J. D. Lee about 2 encamped on acount of the Heat which melted down the comb in his Bee Hive & destroyed nearly all the Bees.
Bee Stand Encampment. Sat., May 27th, '48. About 6 J. D. Lee sent Byrom Pace back to W. Quarters in Search of a Berkshire Hog which had Been left, but returned without Success. About 7 J. D. Lee & co. was on the March, traveled 6 ms., passed H. C. Kimble's encampment & he & co. encamped on a stream called the Pappio [Papillion] about the distance of 16 ms. There found Dr. Burnhisel & a No. of Brethren encamped. The feed being bad near the stream, J. D. Lee encamped on the Bluf about ½ ms. distance furth[er]. About 4 in the morning a tremendous rain storm came from the S.W. which lasted about 3 hours, filling the whole country with water & almost taking the Bridge away.
Pappio [Papillion] Encampment. Sund., May 28th, '48. Cloudy till 12 noon. About [blank space] took up our line of march. Heavey drawing through the Mud although we traveled over a high roling, rich, beautiful Prairie. About 3 P.M. we reached Elk-horn [Elk Horn] Encampment where we found about 300 waggons all ready collected & formed on both Sides of the River. Pres. B. Young was encamped on the East side of the River. Pres. B. Y. selected a camp-ground near his own encampment for John D. Lee. About 5 eve-ning Pres. B. Y. was at J. D. Lee's Encampment. Sat awhile & talked. Said that J. D. Lee's waggons were comfortably fitted. He then asked J. D. Lee to take a walk with him arround amoung the Brethren.
Head Quarters, Elkhorn Encampment. Mond., May 29, '48. Clear & warm. About 7 J. D. Lee was at the Ferry assisting to repair the wharf & raft for crossing. This River is about 9 Rods wide & in a common stage of water about 3 feet deep, rather swift current. But at this time about 7 feet deep. The crossing here is done with a raft which is drawn by means of ropes to draw back & forth. J. D. Lee had charge of the Ferry. Crossed over Pres. B. Y. waggons & Teams. This day we crossed over about 100 waggons. Pres. B. Y. assisted in crossing the Most of the day.
Head Quarters, Elkhorn Encampment. Teus, May 30, '48. Clear & warm. At 5 J. D. Lee roled his waggons into line for crossing, the Ropes haveing been taken of[f] the raft by the co. who crossed the day Previous. Consequently J. D. Lee & Wm. G. Perkins Mained [manned] out the Ferry & crossed their co. over. Crossed through the day over a 100 waggons. J. D. Lee's effects crossed over about noon. Went to Pres. B. Y. to know where he should place his waggons. Pres. Young Said, Place them in my company. Still it is somewhat unhandy to water. J. D. Lee replied that it was no worse for him to suffer inconvenience then for another & that he was perfectly willing to be placed wherever he Said for he knew that it would [be] right. He acordingly did as he was councilled.
Head Quarters. Wed., May 31st, 1848, Elkhorn. Clear & warm. About 9 Pres. B. Y. was at J. D. Lee's. Took him to the Ferry where they remained Ferying till about 3 when they returned to their Quarters. About 12 noon Lorenzo Snow started west with an hundred emigrants. About 6 Pres. B. Young called a meeting & apointed Wm. G. Perkins capt. of an hundred, John D. Lee capt. of the 1st 50 & Eleazer Miller of the other 50. Then appointed Allen Taylor capt. of an other 100, John Harvy of 1st 50 & Daniel Carnes of the 2nd 50. About 7 evening Sister [blank space] Taylor died of the Measles.
Head Quarters. Thurs., June 1st, 1848. Clear & warm. Through the day some feelings arrose through Jeolesy on acount of J. D. Lee's appointment, & fire brands were thrown through thecamp by envious Persons in So much that Some left the co.
Head Quarters. Frid., June 2nd, 1848. Clear & warm. Through the [day] J. D. Lee was fitting up his waggons for a move on the morrow. About dark Pres. Morley & council met with Wm. G. Perkins' 100 & showed the[m] the propriety of being united. Pres. Young Said that they could not better the nomination for a leader, that Bro. Lee was a man of experience & well Qualified for that place. J. D. Lee arose & Said that he had the best of feelings for all his Brethren & that if he had done anything to injure their feelings that he was ignorent of it, & requested of any one as Favor that had feelings to show the cause thereff [thereof], that he might have opportunity to make restitution should be ne[ce]ssary. No one brought any thing against [him]. Pres. Morley Said that it was wrong to use an influence against a man without Just & lawful reason. Brethren be united or you smart for it. I am a Friend to Bro. Lee & am I to you all & I know him to be a capable man & a man worthy of his station. About 7 Pres. B. Young & E. T. Benson came & reasoned with the Brethren about I½ hours. Information came to camp by Elder H. C. Kimble & co. who arrived to day, that a few days Since a Batle took place between the Sioux, Otoes, Omahas & Pawnees, that 12 of the Latter's Tribes were killed & their bodies lay Mangled on the ground near the grave yards & 3 of the Sioux were killed. They were contending about the improvements that the Saints left. About noon capt. Z[era]. Pulcipher [Pulsipher] co. roled out. J. D. Lee left one of his Milch cows by the way on acount of a wound which She got from being gored.
Head Quarters. Sat., June 3rd, 1848, Elkhorn River. Clear & warm, heavy dew. A[t] 8 o'clock Capt. Perkins's 100 started for the west, traveled about 8 ms. when a voilent storm of wind & rain & hail arrose from the South west & pelted us hartily for an hour or more, but no Searious injury was done. About 3 the co. reached Platt[e] River & the liberty Pole wher they encamped and organized the 100.
Platt River & The Liberty Pole. Sund., June 4th, '48. Clear, rather cool. J. D. Lee by times was engaged in making out the returns of the co. & by 9 Bro. G[e]o[rge]. Alley was despatched with an invantory of the whole co. to Head Quarters. J. D. Lee engaged in writing. About 3 P.M. Bro. Alley, the Messenger, returned & reported favorable. Said that the Pres. & council was highly gratified with the report. Said that it was worthy of Praise. Sent his compliment & blessing & said to roole on in the morning as they would be on by noon, to travel Moderate. Bro. Alley obtained his cow by going back. J. D. Lee also sent back a mare that he sold to Bro. Gibbs & left her in charge of H. C. Kimble.
Platt River Encampment. Mond., June 5th, '48. Clear & cool. At 3 P.M. to 8 capt. Perkins was on the move but rather in disorder. Traveled about 13 ms. & encamped near the river. Feed & water good. Wood unhandy here. Some unpleasant & disagreeable Language was used by Henry B. Jacobs, capt. 1st 10, 2nd 50, as well as Some others, who refused to obey Capt. Wm. G. Perkins orders & said that no man must use Tyrany about him or he would tell him of it. Even Brigham Young shant Tyranise over him. Capt. Perkins is Mild Spoken man, though candid & decided in his purposes. However, Capt. Perkins not feeling alltogeather satisfied with Spirit menifested, met in council with J. D. Lee & E. Miller, capts. of 50's, who seemed eaqueally disgusted with what had passed. Capt. Perkins Said that he considered that it was his right to go ahead & lead this co. acording to the best of his Judgement & that J. D. Lee & E. Miller, capts. were his counsellors & they 3 should council togeather. All consented to this proposition. Capt. Perkins Said that it was with difficulty that he could do any thing to please Henry B. Jacobs, capt. of 1st 10, that he wished to dictate him in all moves & in fact to take the entire controol of the 50. The evening before one of J. D. Lee's Teamsters, Jos. Kerr, broke the Tounge & Hounds out of one of J. D. Lee's waggons but fortunately Bro. J[ohn]. Mayberry had an exletree stick which Soon repaired the breach. Traveled 16 ms.
Prairie Lake Circle Encampment. Teus., June 6th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. About 29 m. to 9 the co. took up the line of March. J. D. Lee got a Box broke in one of his waggon wheels which detained his co. an hour. About 1 P.M. reached Shell creek. Stoped & bated the teams an hour or more & gathered up a litle wood & traveled 6 ms. & encamped in the open Prairie near a Smawl Lake, dis. 15 ms. Ocasional showers through. 2 Elk were Seen at a distance on the Prairie.
Elk Prairie Encampment. Wed., June 7th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. About 6, 2 men were sent back for a cow that was left at Shell creek the evening before and about 8 the co. roled out. Traveled 6 ms. & nooned at an Island on the North side of the River that made out near the Road. Several showers of rain through the day. Traveled near within 5 ms. of Loop Fork & encamped by a Lake, pure & clear. Several strings of Fish were caught out of the Lake. Evening clowdy. About 6 Capt Perkins, Lee and Miller in council & talked about the order, guarding & Safety of the Camp. J. D. Lee was apointed to Superintend the guard & see that all things thereunto was attended to. Traveled 13½ ms.
Camp of Iseral [Israel] No.—. Rainy Lake Encampment. Thurs., June 8th, 1848. About 1 morning comenced raining & continued all night, disagreeable for guarding the camp. Still J. D. Lee made out a guard rolle & then No. & Lettered 20 odd waggons. About 3 evening faired off. Small fish in abundance were caught at this place. J. Edmunds brought in a fine young Deer & distributed it arround the camp. Sent J. D. Lee a Piece. J. D. Lee Patroled around the court through the Night. Through the day Capt. Perkins gave orders to have the catle staked near the waggons but not so near as to interfere with them, leaving a pass way around between the catle & the waggons. His object in so doeing was to get the camp & catle in a situation so as to place the guard on the outside of the entire camp & catle. In the evening when the carel [corral] was formed Capt. Perkins went arround the camp, found Capt. Daniel Miller's catle considerable scatered making it unhand[y] for the guard. Capt. Perkins said that he wished his catle staked near the charel [corral]. Capt. Miller explained that he had his tied & that he would not move them that Night & did not. Capt. Perkins requested the [blank space] to Note the act.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Rainy Encampment. Frid., June 9th, 1848. Clear & cool. About 30 ms. to 8 the entire co. was on the Road. Traveled about 8 ms., stopped in the open Prairie & bated the catle, no water here. John Wakeley [Wakley] & Wm. Blankenship brought in a fine Elk, dressed & distributed the most of it arround the camp. At 6 evening the camp reached Looking glass creek & formed a charel on the East side. Feed bad, water & timber firstrate for camping purposes.
Looking Glass Creek Encampment, Camp of Iseral No.—. Sat., June 10th, 1848. Clear & warm. Between the hours of 7 & 8 the co. was on the march. Road remarkably rough, having been cut up by the co. ahead who traveled through the rain. Traveled 8½ ms. when they arrived at Be[a]ver creek & encamped till Mond., in order to give a chance for washing. Teams verry much fagged. Good water, range & timber for camping purposes. Some little feeling took place between Some young men, or rather Boys, & 2 or 3 young Women who were on the bank fishing. The Boys, as they considered it, had insulted them by throwing Sand on them or in the water so as to make it splash on them & continueing to do so when they were requested to stop. The youngsters were called up by Capt. Perkins who suitably & candedly reprimanded them after he had examined the Testimony. 2 antelope were brought in by Bro. McIntyre & an other wounded by Bro. Pendleton that was brought in the following morning.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Beaver Creek Encampment. Sund., June 11th, '48. Clear & warm, light Breeze south. About 7 some unpleasant words & feelings took place between Michael Rank and capt. Perkins. While he was sitting Eating his Brokefast he heard Some Person beating Some of their beast[s] unmercifully. He arrose & went to the noise & found Bro. Rank beating one of his cows in a cruel manner. Capt. P. tried to reason with him, but Bro. R. refused to hear to his council, replied that he had Paid his own money for the cow & consequently would beat her when it pleased him & that he had Just as well hold his peace & mind his own buisiness, that he was as old as Capt. Perkins & knew as much about the order of the Kingdom of god as he did. Capt. P. saw that he was destitute of reason, walked off' & Said no more to him, but told the clerk to note his Language. By request of Capt. P., J. D. Lee, Capt. 1st 50, went arround & Notified the Members to meet for Public worship in the center of the charel at 9 o'clock, acording to Notice previous. Meeting was introduced by Praye[r] from Capt. W. G. Perkins. Elder E. Miller addressed the meeting, followed by remarks from J. D. Lee & H. B. Jacobs after which Capt. Perkins arose & gave general instructions to the Members in camp, blessed them in the Name of the Lord & dismissed them. Much of the words spoken were directe[d] by the Spirit of the Lord which seemed to revive the feelings of all presant, for truly we had a good time. After meeting the capts. of cos. met in council to take into consideration thePolicy of sounding the Horn as a signal to the camp to be up, Milk their [blank space], loose their catle to feed, & when to bring them in. Finally decided by vote that the Horn should be sounded by the Seargent of the guard on the Latter watch precise[ly] a[t] 30 ms. to 4 in the morning, at which time all the membrs in camp are notified to be up, Milk their cows, loos their catle & send them to feed by cos. of 10s with men sufli[ci]ent from each 10 to watch, & keep them togeather. Ordenance 2nd: at 30 ms. to 7 the Horn to be Sounded the 2nd time. At this Sound one man from each 10 is to be sent to notify & asist the Heardsmen to bring up the catle & yoke them. 3rd sounding: at this sound which is precisely at 30 m to 8 the whole co. is to start. 4ths Sounding, which will be at 8 o'clock in the evening: at this Signal the guard is to be posted & when the watch word is cried the first time after the guard is posted, which will be 9 o'clock, the heads of Families (if they have not before) are notified to attend prayre & retire to rest. Adjorned Sinee Die.
About 6 evening 2 messengers came from the cos. ahead, L. Snow's & Z. Pulcipher's. The Messengers was Daniel Russel & [blank space] Chace [Chase] who were sent to meet Pres. B. Y. & learn his will concer[n]ing our next move. Stated that Capts. Snow's co. was all over the Loup Fork & Encamped on the Bank of the River & that Capt. Z. Pulcipher's co. was at the River & would probobly cross on the Morrew [morrow]. The Messengers reported all was well & that they had not Seen an Indian on their rout. For Some cause or other they have left their own hunting ground & gone somewhere else. The Messengers lod[g]ed with Capt. J. D. Lee, supped & Brakefasted with him. Evening clear. Some beautiful Fish were caught out of the creek by the Co.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Beaver Creek Encampment. Mond., June 12th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. At 6 the Messengers started for Head Quarters. This morning the co. did not all role out till about 8 from the fact that 1 yoke of J. D. Lee's cows had dodged & hid themselves in a thicket. Traveled 12½ ms. Passed by the old Paunee Mission & 2 of their villiages, but mostly destroyed by the Sioux in the Fall of 1846. Repaired Some Bridges. About 12 noon the returned having met Pres. B. Y. 8 ms. from our lasat [last] Encampment. Reported that it was his wish to have the cos. wait at Laoop [Loup] Fork till he came up, that government had discharged all the Brethren that they had hired & sent them home & that he would not think it strange if Government should attemp[t] to intercept our March, &c Also reported that Some 4 Persons had their Legs or arms broken or dislocated by falling out of their waggans & the wheels running over them. Reached Ceder [Cedar] creek about 5 eve. Current strong & bottom quick Sand. Here the co. doubled Teams. Capt. J. D. Lee broke 3 single Trees, or rather his Horses, but at Night all was repared again. Encamped on the West bank.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Cedar Creek Encampment. Teus., June 13th, 1848. Clear & warm. At 7 the 1st 50 roled out about 1 m. & waited about 1 hour for the 2nd when they came up & all roled on. About 2 P.M. the Previous [day] one of Wilson G. Perkins' litle girls unfortunately fell out of the waggon & both wheels run over it, the fore wheel run over it Breast & stomach & the hind wheel over it Bouels [bowels]. The child was taken up in a manner lifeless, carried to the waggon where she was administered to by Capt. Wm. G. Perki[n]s & Elder Miller & the Prayre of Faith through the Pouer [Power] of Priesthood Saved the child, for she rested almost Free from Pain from that time on, although the waggon was heavy Loaded. About 1 P.M. the [company] nooned at a smawl creek ¾ of a Ms. west of the old Paunee village, called Ash creek. Here the Main Camp came in Sight. About 5 the co. reached the Ford & encamped in open view to the cos. on the opposete Side of the River.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Loop [Loup] Fork Encampment. Wed., June 14th, 1848. Clear & pleasant, Wind high South. At 5 Capt. J. D. Lee took 7 men & went & staked out the Ford. About the Same time the Waggons were commencing down to the River, & about 12 noon the whole co. was over with the exciption of Daniel Miller's 10, which was deleyed by their attempting to cross at a New Ford but was defeated on acount of the quick Sand. The co. having all crossed, roled up the River about 1 m. & Encamped. About 9 Pres. B. Young's co. roled up & encamped for the day. About 2 P.M. Daniel Wood, Capt. of 2nd 50 in Z. Pulcipher Co. had his Trial, or rather was tried for not obeying council & with-drawing from the co. & taking a part of the co., Namely 15 waggons. Confesses his wrong & was recieved back into the co. again. But Since writing the above, D. Wood withdrew & Joine[d] a part of Pres. B. Young's co.
Camp ot Iseral No.—. West Side Loop Fork Encampment. Thus., June 15th, 1848. Clear, Wind blowing a moderate Gale from the South. At 7 the Brethren from their respective Cos. rushed to the River with their Teams. Capt. J. D. Lee in Person a[f]ter assisting to stake out the Ford took 5 yoke of oxen, mad[e] 5 Trips across the River. The 1st Trip met Pres. B. Y. on the opposite side of the River, whook [shook] hands hartily with him & Said, Bro. John stick to us till every waggon is over. Pres. B. Y. in Person crossed & recrossed back & fourth, untill he Saw all over safe. The [blank space] then drove his Teams about 1 ms. below the Ford & Encamped. Some time after dark Geo. D. Grant arrived from H. C. Kimble's co. & reported that they had a batle on the Horn with the Indians in which 4 Indians were killed & 2 of the Brethr[en] wounded, Namely, Howard Egan & Bro. Ricks. The Same evening John Kay's litle daughter [Maria] died. About 6 a tremenduous storm of rain & wind, Heavy Thunder & shark [sharp] Lightning from the South West which [lasted] till near midnight raising the River about 2 feet.
Camp of Iseral No.—. Uper Encampment Loop Fork. Frid., June 16th, 1848. Light clouds & ocasional showers through the day. About 9 morning report reached camp that some 5 Indians were seen about 1 m. above on the River. Several men went on foot. Capt. J. D. Lee & J. Wakeley reconnortered the country for 5 ms. above but no discovry was made of Indians. About 1 P.M. Pres. B. Young, E. Snow, H. H. Eldridge & Dr. Wells came to our camp. Pres. B. Y. Shook hands with J. D. Lee & said, Bro. John, why have you not been to see me before this? J. D. Lee said that he had Just returned from reconnorting the country in Search of Indians. I know, replied the Pres., that you always have your hands full. At the same time handed J. D. Lee a Letter bearing date June 15th, '48, giving an acount of the Batle fought by Elder H. C. Kimble's co. with the Omoha [Omaha] Indians on Elkhorn, June 6th, 1848, which J. D. Lee read to the co. The Letter stated that about 8 o'clock morning a Party of ab[o]ut 10 Indians came into the Heard well armed & drove of[f] some catle. Alarm was made & some on foot & others on horseback started after the Indians. Wm. Kimble, Howard Egan & Bro. Thos. Ricks having fleet Horses soon got ahead of them. They appeared verry hostile, one of them Levling his gun at Wm. Kimble. When quick as thought, Howard Egan, who stood within 2 Rods of the Indian, Fired at the Indian. The stot [shot] took effect. The Indian reeled & fell, which lowered his hand so as to cause the ball to take effect in the Horse's hip on which Wm. sat. About this time a No. of shot[s] were fired, one of which struck Bro. Ricks in the back with a Ball & 2 Buckshot which brought him to the ground. Egan with an other shot from his 6--shooter brought an other Indian to the ground, when a large Ball struck Egan on the right arm, Just above the wrist, which mangled the Leaders So as to render it useless from further Servise. An other ball about the Same time struck the Horse's neck on which Egan Sat, which turned the animal towards camp. Several Shots were heard in different directions. The Indians seeing the determination of the Brethren Fled leaving the ox that they had Butchered & carreed with them the whole round. The Brethren on foot came up & placed Bro. F. Ricks in a Buffalo skin & carried [him] to camp the distance of 4 ms. In the mean time Bro. Ricks, the young man's Father, & Bro. Batholomew, who Partially had unloaded a waggon, missed the Brethren who had returned an other way with the 2 wounded men, fell into the hands of the Indians, who after taking them Prisoners Plundered their waggon, then took them to one Side, leveled their Guns at them, Doub[t]less determined to dis-patched them, when the 2 Prisoners unarmed contin[u]ed to pray to the Lord. When all of a sudden Terror Siezed hold of them, theier guns fell & their countenances changed while the Prisoners walked off & made their escaped. When the wounded reached camp Bro. T. Ricks apparantly was ghasping for Life. Elder H. C. Kimble & others laid their hands on them & prayed for thier discovery [recovery]. The Power of God so rested on them that they recived immediate relief. Their wounds were dressed by Dr. Burnhisel & are all doing well. Pres. B. Y. then asked Capt. J. D. Lee if an Invantory of every living thing to geather with No. of wagons in the co. to which he belonged had been made, & handed to the generall clerk & Recorder (T. Bullock). J. D. Lee replied that it had been promply attended to while the camp was lay at the Liberty Pole on Platt River. After conversing an hour the visitors returned. About 2 P.M. H. C. Kimble's & co. arrived. Pres. B. Y. sent Capt. J. D. Lee to inform them that they could not cross till the nex[t] morning on acount of high watter.
Upper Encampment, Loop Fork, Camp of Iseral No.—. Sat., June 17th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. About 7 J. D. Lee discharged Jos. Kerr from his servise on account of his neglect of buisiness & abusing his Team. And at 8 o'clock the different cos. took their Teams & in about 3 hours crossed over about 26 waggons, which constituted Elder H. C. Kimble's co. About 4 evening Capt. J. D. Lee rode to Elder H. C. Kimble's [and] Pres. B. Young's Encampments. After tarrying a litle while Pres. Young Said that He & Bro. Kimble would go back with him to his co. which they in co. with G. D. Grant, Squire Wells & H. H. Eldridge visited Capt. Zera Pulcipher's & Wm. G. Perkins's Cos. & advised them as their cos. were Smawl to travel & Charel [corral] to geather for convenience, but let each co. retain their organization. About dark the Pres. & co. returned requesting the Brethren to meet the following day about 10 for Public meeting between Capt. Snous & Kimble's co. till 10 at Night. The evening was passed of[f] in dancing.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Sund., June 18th, 1848, Upper Encampment Loop Fork. Cloudy, ocasional showers through the day. At 10 agreeable to appointnt the Brethren & some of the sisters from the different cos. met to worship Almighty God on the green in the open air. After singing & Prayre from Pres. B. Young, He arriose & adder[sse]d the assembly. Said that he was truly thankfull for the peace & good order that has been observed & menifested by the Saints Since we have been on this Journey. Never has there been a people of the same No. Since the days of Enoch that has Journeyed under the same circumstances with less murmering & complaining then this People has, & from the Spirit that he has seen Menifested, he was inclined to think that the Peace, Love & union that is in the Camps of Iseral will continue to increase.
He furthere continued & said that he wanted his Brethren to understand before they advanced any further on their Journey in the wilderness That if it was for the Riches, honors, glory, comfort & enjoyment that they expect to recive in this world, They had better staid in the state or in their own country, for they could get the apples & Peaches & others luxuries as easy about Pittsburgh as they can in the vally, & should any want to return now, he would have them guarded safe back to Winter Quarters. But if it is for the reward of Immortality & Eternal [life] beyond the veil, then perseviere & live so as to obtain it. He here ventured an assertion that there is hundreds if not thousands in this church who firmly believe Mormonism that have & will leave their homes & follow the church, fight for it, & even lay down their lives for it, & still at last will be damned. You may ask why. The answer is because they do not and will not live so as to have the principles of Eternal Lives abiding in them continualy, springing up like a well of living watter, although the live [life] giving principle[s] are round & about them & in the chourch [church] with the Faithfull, the preludes of which they at times feel, But because it does not abide with them continualy, they have not power to controll themselves & consequently they are governed by their own feelings instead of being led by council through the Spirit of the Lord, hence their continual desires to do wrong, to find fault, to murmer & complain & in fine their Spirit is wresless, unhapy & uneasy. They never are sati[s]fied with what is done. They never feel satisfied with their proper place. Envious, always feeling that they could do better. Be careful Brethren & do not deceive your selves. Examine the Fruits of the Spirit & learn obeidience. Elder H. C. Kimble folloued with a strong chain of reasoning-related the circumstance of their being attacked by the Indians &c, also exhorted the Saints to favor each other as much as their circumstances will allow & not to wait when they Saw a Team failing until it is entirely done, before assistance is offered. When you See a Team over loaded take Some of the loading into your own waggons & help each other along &c Pres. B. Young Said that it was his feelings to let Capt. Snow lead with his co. & Capt. Perkins follow & that he would travel in the rear of his co. next & push the People togeather as the prophet of old Said, & Bro. H. C. Kimble will likely go in front his co. & that will bring them to geather: in traveling & camping & convenient for counsilling & that the cos. if they think best, roll out some 6 or 8 ms on the Prairie this evening, watering the Teams before starting & take water for the Night, & by so doing the foll[ow]ing Night, we can likely reach water, although a part of the road is heavy Sand. About 5 Capt. L. Snow, Perkins & Pulpher's cos. roled out & encamped about 6 ms. distance.
Sand Bluff Encampment, Camp of Iseral No. 3. Mond., June 19th, '48. Clear & warm. About 7 Capts. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. took up their line of March, traveled over rough, sandy ridges, heavy drawing, Teams Faged very much & one ox melted down with the heat, belonging to John Algur [Alger] in Capt. Pulchipher's co. Capt. Perkin's co. all reached Prairie creek about Sun Set, with the exception of 7 waggons belonging to J. D. Lee who encamped within 2 ms. of P. creek, not being able to come up on acount of one of his oxen that was overcome by the Heat. Pres. Y. passed by J. D. Lee in his stage about 3 P.M. A part of his co. reached P. creek at dark, & in fact teams were roling in at all hours of the Night. Distance 23 ms.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Prairie Creek Encampment. Teus., June 20th, 1848. Cl[e]ar, win[d] S. West high. At 7 Pres. B. Y. was at J. D. Lee's waggons to know whether he wanted assistance or not. About ½ of J. D. Lee's catle having wandered of[f] which deleyed him till about 10 when he roled up to the Main Camp, watered & brakfasted, during which time Pres. B. Young assisted him to gather up his catle & counselled J. D. Lee to fall into his co. & about 11 Pres. B. Y.'s co. rolled out. Traveled over a flat, level, beautiful country, verry dusty. About 2 P.M. Capt. Snow & Perkins cos. reached wood River & Encamped about 1 m. above the Ford & Pres. B. Y.'s co. reached the river about sunset. H. C. Kimble co. encamped about 3 ms. below. Capt. J. D. Lee & the 2nd 10 in his 50 reached this co. about dark, all safe & well.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Wood River Encampment. Wed., June 21st, '48. Clowdy, sharp Lightning & distant thunder. About 7 Capt. Snow, Perkins & Pulcpher's cos. were wheeling, & about 8 quite a heavy Squaul of wind. Apearantly a heavy shower of rain went round North. Soon after Pres. B. Young's & Kimble's cos. were on the road. About 11 a Boy from Capt. Snow's co. strayed into Capt. W. G. Perkins's co. & unfortunately a waggon wheel run over his right foot, which disabled him from traveling. Capt. J. D. Lee took up the Boy, bound up his wound & carried him to his co. The Boy had been lost from his Father Since the evening before. He Said [his] Father['s] Name was Biflington, an Englishmen from Staffordshire. About 3 Pres. B. Young rode up in his carriage, stoped & conversed some time with Capt. J. D. Lee, showed him where he intended to Encamp. About 4 Capt. Snow's co. Encamped where the River & Timber & Road comes near to geather, distance of about 15 ms. Capt. Perkins & Pulcipher about one ms. below & Pres. B. Y.'s co. about 1 m. still below. Firs[t]rate Range Rush & grass abundantly.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Rush Bottom Encampment. Thurs., June 22nd, '48. Dark, heavy Fog, cloudy with ocasional showers of rain through the fore noon, rather cool, which made somewhat disagreeable for traveling. Ab[o]ut 7 the cos. were all on the move & about 12 noon clouds began to fare off. Evening quite pleasant. About 4 Capt. Snou's [Snow's], Perkin's & Pulcipher cos. turned of[f] South about 3 ms. to the River to find wood & water for camping purposes. Rather bad feed & slim prospect for wood, the Timber being on the south side of the Ri[v]er, land low, heavy wheeling. Pres. B. Young considering it bad Policy to drag So large a co. over bad road, Encamped on the higher land. Drove their teams to water.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River Wayside Encampment. Frid., Ju. 23d, '48. Clear & cool, almost Frost. About 30 m. to 8 Capt. Perkins, Snow's & Pulecipher's cos. took the line of March. Pres. B. Y. & Kimble with their cos. followed on Just as soon as the way was clear. Abundance of Prair[i]e Dogs are on the Deserts & Plains, many of which were killed & eat by the Brethren. Roads remarkably dusty & verry hot in the after part of the day. About 5 Capt. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher Encamped on the South side of Elm creek. Feed & water for stocke good & wood. About 10 J. Workman Capt. 1st in L. Snow's co. came back in much distress having been told that his litle boy lay by the way Side not able to stand being very sick. His co. was then some 5 ms. ahead & still going on. J. D. Lee was in the rear of his co., who, when hearing the circumstance, Said, Take one of my Horse out of my waggon & go & search for the child & bring him to my waggon & I will take care of him until he can be got to his own co. Ac[co]rding Capt. Workman went & found his child lying in the oppen Prairie, returned to Capt. J. D. Lee's waggon, wept with Joy & gratitude because his child was yet allive. J. D. Lee took the Father & child & carried them safe to their waggon Finnaly, though met with some difficuties in so doing. In crossing a deep raveen, unfortunately one of his Hames was broken which deleyed him some 2 hours. He, However, found an ash tree a short distance back which Served to restore the Breach. In the mean times Pres. B. Y. Seeing a waggon so far alone from the cos. drove up in his carriage to learn the cause. After conversing some time, said to Capt. J. D. Lee not to travel any further for the day then where water & feed could be had & that H. C. Kimble's co. was about 15 ms. in the rear & that he had sent back a messenger to learn the cause of his deley. The messenger had not yet returned. Offered J. D. Lee a pair of Haims. J. D. Lee thanked him for his good feelings menifisted towards him, but if he could make a haim, he would rather & then he would have it. About 5 reached the camping place. Dis. 18 ms.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Elmy [Elm] Creek Encampment. Sat., June 24th, '48. Cl[e]ar & warm. About 7 the 3 cos. spoken of in the beginning roled out & about noon crossed Buffaloo [Buffalo] creek & about 5 reached Platt River where the River run near the road, with some timber on a smawl Island. Grass good & watter plenty. Several wells were dug. Pres. B. Young's co. Encamped about 1 ms. above. This day an Elk & a Deer was brought in by the 1st 10.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Plat[te] River, Salt Prairie Encampment. Sund., June 25th, '48. Clear & pleasant. All was calm & still. About 1 J. D. Lee was taken Sick of a fever & Pain in his Head. About 6 Pres. B. Young addressed the Saints in his own co. Spoke of the principles of order. Said that the distance of the wagons from each other showed how near the Brethren was to Mormonism. Capt. J. D. Lee, the general clerk & Historian of the camp being sick, the minets of his remarks were not taken & entered on this Record. Capt. J. D. Lee met with the Misfortu[n]e of having [one] of his exes broken. Pres. B. Young hearing the circumstance, sent him word that he could suply him with another. In the evening Capt. J. D. Lee grew verry Ill, was administered to, found instant relief, Fever abated & fell into a heavy presperation, draped to Sleep. A strong gale of wind blew up south which chilled him & brought back the Desease twice as bad as before.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River General Encampment. Mond., June 26th, '48. Clear, rather cool. J. D. Lee verry sick. General orders were given to the different co. to stop a couple of days, rest their Teams & burn coal as this would be the last opportunity for several l00's miles, as the cos. would nessessarily have to wait for Elder Kimble's co. Acordingly the Horse Teams & waggons that could be obtained were taken & sent for wood. Capt. J. D. Lee's Horses went. In the mean time all repairs on waggons to be made. Through the day several Persons from Pres. B. Y.'s co. came to See J. D. Lee. Evening more warm.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River General Encampment. Teus., June 27, '48. Clear & pleasant. About 9 Capt. F. Mulford [Milford] went to Pres. B. Y., got an exle tree stick for Capt. J. D. Lee. C. G. Webb learned that Capt. J. D. Lee was sick, went & put in the ex[l]e for him. About 3 eve H. C. Kimble's co. roled in & encamped a short distance above Pres. B. Y. All well. This day Abigail Lee was attacked of a fever. The Women in camp were buisly engaged washing & baking for the Journey before. This evening Wilson G. Perkins came into J. D. Lee's waggons. Said that he would talk plain. Said when he was at the Horn & the officers of cos. were appointed this Man J. D. Lee was appointed the Capt. over the 50 in which he was to travel & Some Persons Said that he was oppressive & overbearing & [if] we did not [do] Just as he wanted them that he would Just take up a stick, Knock them down. To be plain I certainly did (naming his own language) expect to [have] hard times but what to do I knew not. Not 1 day before did I no that there was such a man in existance as this J. D. Lee. However, I thought we would do the best of it we could as he was Pres. B. Young's choice to fill that Place, & from that I can assure I have watched this man close & I Must confess that he has been as patient, easy and as Mild a Man as I ever Saw & no man could fill the office & give any more Security then what he does. His Teams are heavy loaded & some of his waggons have I broken down. He has been left look to help himself, but amidst all I he has been calm & appearently all was well. For this cause I volunteer to take 300 lls. of his loading into my own waggons & I think I unless Some unavoidable accident occurs I can haul it to the Valley & I do it without charge. Note, Teus., June 27th, '48. During the Sicknes of Capt. [Lee] a Meeting was called by Capt. W. J. Perkins in which Capt. J. D. Lee was unanimously appointed the general clerk & Historian for Camp of Iseral No.3 & Ethan Pettitt clerk Protemn. It was also considerd that the labours of a Historian was Sufficent to occupy the time of anyone man while Traveling. He was consequently exhonorately [exonerated] from the duty of a Seargeant of the guard & Capt. Daniel Miller appointed to that office by the general consent of the whole camp. Capt. Perkins then gave instructions to the Seargeant re[l]ative to his duty. Said that he was to report daily to the Historian of the men who stood on guard that their will & servises might be remarked on record.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River General Encampment. Wed., June 28th, '48. Clear & warm. About 2 morning Capt. J. D. Lee's desease raging. Sent for Capt. W. G. Perkins & Lady who Bled him & gave him aMetic [an emetic] & put a Blister on his Head & Temples: this last remedy conkerered the desease & the patient began to amend. About 12 noon H. C. Kimble's co. came up & encamped near Pres. B. Y.'s co.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River General Encampment. "Wed., June 28th, '48. Clear & warm. About 7 Capt. Snow's, Perkins' & Pulcipher's started & about 8 Pres. B. Young's & Kimble's folowed. About 5 Encamptd in open Plains at Plate Lake. Pres. B. Y. & Kimble about 4 ms. Capt. J. D. Lee's Heath improving a litle. Wind high.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Plate Lake Encampment. Thurs., June 29th, 1848. Clear & warm. About 30 m. to 8 Capt. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. were on the Road. Traveled dry, Barron, uneaven country, a part of the day through Sand. About 4 reach what is called by the Emigrants Guide the low Sandy Bluffs extending to the River. Here Capt. Daniel Miller met with the misfortune of loosing one of his cows who was first hurt by a waggon Wheel running over one of her Legs, disabling her from traveling & soon after sliped one of her hips in the quick Sand. She was in Beef order. He gave her to Pres. B. Y. co. to Butcher. Went 1 m. further & encamped. Dug wells, got good water.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Frid., June 30th, 1848. Valley in the S. Bluffs Encampment. Pleasant. Light clowds Flying. About 8 Capt. Perkins & Polciph [Pulsipher's] cos. roled out, Capt. Lorenzo Snow's co. having Encamped on Skunk creek, about 4 ms. further, at which Place they kiled several Buffallo & one was killed by Pulcipher's co. Nooned at the crossing of Skunk creek. Reached the cold Spring about 3 P.M. Traveled 1 mile more & Encamped near the River. At this Place several Buffalo, antelope & Deer were brought in by the cos.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Cold Spring's Encampment. Sat., July 1st, 1848. Clear & warm. About 7 Capt. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. were moving. Great Heards of Buffallos are seen continually through the day. Verry dusty, feed verr Poor. Reach carrion creek about 10, dis. 4 ms., and about 12 noon reach the river where Riches Road & the Trail & Timber came to the River, 4 % ms. & about 2 the last timber on the North side of the River & at 4 reached Riches Road River & bayou, where Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's Encamped. Pres. B. Y. & H. C. Kimble from 4 to 6 ms. back. Some Buffallo & other game were brought in. Capt. J. D. Lee shot 3 Buffall[o] s but being to late to bring them in, they were left. Poor feed. This day Capt. Daniel Miller lost an other likely Milch cow, supposed to have been bitten by a Ratle Snake, also a handsome work ox supposed to have died of the Bloody Murren [murrain]. This loss, however, was not so severely felt (or should not be), as he had sufficient team after losing them to go on eaqueally as cosey as many of his Brethren who were in the same co. with him. He had also an other ox sick which will likely recover.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Bayou Encampment. Sund., July 2nd, '48. Clear & pleasant. Some wagons were repaired. Capt. J. D. Lee, John Wakely & [blank space] Powell went back for the Buffallo that J. D. Lee had shot the evening before, but when they reached the place, the wolves had devoured Some of them. Capt. J. D. Lee & Wakeley however went to a watering place where they killed 5 Buffallos at 5 shots. J. D. Lee killed 3 & Wakeley 2. Horses & Teams were brought out & about ¾ of the beef was brought. It was Fat & good. The whole camp were well supplied with meat.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Bayou Encampment. Mond., July 3rd, 1848. Clear & warm. At 33 m. to 8 Capts. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. took up the line of March. Capt. J. D. Lee Set a Tyre on one of his wheels before his division started. He, however, fell but a few Moments in the rear. About 12 noon Dr. [blank space] Parker unfortunately got one of the wheels of his wagon broken down & Bro. [blank space] an Exletree & reach broke, both of Capt. Snow's co. The exeltree & reach was repaired on the ground. They not having a [s]pare exletree in their co., as they reported, Capt. J. D. Lee gave them one. Dr. Parker's wagon was brought up to the Encampment in evening & repaired it. Traveled through the [blank space] over Poor feed, the land being dry & Barron & Encamped at the North Bluff Fork, feed indifferent.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. North Bluffs Fork Encampment. Teus., July 4th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. At 20 m. to 8, Snow, Perkins and Pulcipher's cos. Started. Traveled over some heavey Sand which worsted the Teams. W. G. Perkins Horses Sick 2 of them. About 12 noon Pres. B. Y.'s Co. came up & had to halt, the foward cos. Not having cleared the way. In the evening Capt. J. D. Lee & J. Wakely both had a rod broken in their wagons & one of the Hounds of J. D. Lee's wagon were broken also. The 3 cos.Encamped in valley of Platt near the 'Vest foot of the 2nd Sandy Bluffs. By the usual hour of starting, Capt. J. D. Lee had his waggon repaired. Distance from W. Q. 332¼.
Camp of lseral No. 3. 2nd W. Sandy Bluffs Valley Encampment. Wed., July 5th, '48. Clear & pleasant. Wind South West, lively gale. About 31 m. to 8 the Capt. L. Snow, Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. resumed their travel. After traveling 6¼ ms. reached the East foot of the 3rd Sandy Bluffs over a dry, hard & uneaven bottom. This range of Bluffs is 2¼ ms. Sandy, uneaven & hard on Teams, but not so hard as the 1st & 2nd Sandy Blufs. Nooned at what is called the Bluffs Springs. In this region of country the bottom Lands are swampy & somewhat difficult to travel without going arround them. 1 m. further you come to Petite creek, 4 feet wide, 9 inches deep, 1¼ to Preamium creek, 4 feet wide, 3 inches deep. About 6 rods North of the R., is a first rate spring of cold, pure water. At what is called the Bluffs Springs Capt. Pulcipher's co. also nooned & in his co. Sister Burgess, the wife of Capt. W m. Burgess, was delivered of a Son. Sister Dicey[blank space] Perkins, the wife of Capt. Wm. G. Perkins officiated. In this section of country, the face of the Plains in many places are allmost covered with Buffalo. Goose creek ¾ of a mile, 30 feet wide, 9 inches [deep]. After crossing this creek you pass over a low piece of sandy land, ¼ m. heavy drawing. Here Capt. Snow's co. was halted, having killed 4 Buffallo. Capt. Perkins co. drove on after wating some time, a lit[tl]e west of smawl creek 4 feet wide & Encamped on the Bottom, 3 Buffallo having been killed by his co. Many cold Springs are found at the foot of these Blufs. The co. Dug & found good water, it being rather inconvenient to the Springs from the Encampment. About 10 quite a gale blew up from the South west acompanied with ocasional Showers of Rain through the Night.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Duck Creek Encampment. Thus., July 6th, 1848. Clear & fine. After the Rain comfortably cool. Good day for traveling. About 6 Capt. Snow's co. roled ahead & about 7 Capt. Perkins & Pulcipher's co. followed. Reached Ratle Snake creek about 10, distance 6 ms. Here one of Wilson G. Perkins's waggons broke down the fore standards & sandboard. The waggon was soon unloaded & set on foot by Capt. Perkins & J. D. Lee assisted by D. Miller. W. G. Perkins's Horses rather gaining of thier sickness. Cedar Bluffs's side River 2½. There Capt. Perkinses co. nooned. Lat. 41° de. 13 m. 44 s., Lon. 101° deg. 52 minets. Traveled 5 ms, crossed a creek 6 feet wide. Land in this region Sandy. Creek 4 feet wide ¼ m. & crooked creek 5 feet wide, water plenty, grass good. Camp creek 8 ft. wide. Clear water & Plenty, grass tolerable good. Here Capt. Perkins co. took up for the Night. Capt. Pulcipher's co. Encamped Some 5 ms. back where they Killed a Buffallo. 4 of the waggons of his co. encamped near Capt. Perkinses co. Pres. B. Young about 6 ms. back. Capt. L. Snow's co. Encamped about 1 m. west of camp creek. Dis. day 17m. From W. Q. 363¾ ms. .
Camp of Iseral No.3. Camp Creek Encampment. Frid., July 7th, '48. Clear & cool, W. N. W. About 7 Capt. Snow's & Perinses cos. took their line of Travel. Capt. Pulcipher Some 5 miles in the rear. Traveled 4 ms., cross a creek 3 feet wide; water Plenty, road hard & firm. Pond creek ¼ m. further. 1¼ ms. to Wolf creek, 20 feet Wide, 2 feet deep, water clear & cold. Here you assend the East foot of Sandy Bluffs ¾ of a Mile wide, heeavy Sand. The cos. were obliged to double Teams, especially those that were heavy loaded. However the 2nd 50 of Capt. Perkin's co. found a new rout by going a short distance arround to the right where they asended the Bluffs without doble Teaming. At the West foot of this Bluff near a smaul stream Capt. Perkins's co. nooned. Capt. Snow's about 1 m. ahead. Here Squire Wells, Pres. B. Young's Aidecamp came up. Said that Pres. B. Y's co. was about 10 ms. in the rear and all was well, that it was the wish of the Pres. that no more fires should be put out to bum up the rainge, that the cos. should be careful about fires & should they want any more coal, the ash hollow would be the best chance for Some distance to burn coal. About 1 the 2nd 50 & the 1st 10 of the 1st 50 having strong teams, roled ahead. Capt. J. D. Lee stoped ¾ of an hour longer to give the weak teams a chance to water, blow & feed, some of which had Just crossed the Sand as the strong teams had bated & started. At the distance of 8 ms. crossed Watch creek, 8 feet wide, 2 feet deep, bank somewhat Soft. The Land in this region of country is soft & springy. Here the road runs pretty near the River to avoid Some Swamps near the Bluffs. 4¼ ms. to the Lone Cedar Tree, North side of the River. In this Tree was an Indian child rapped up in a Buffallo Robe & deposited after their manner of burial. Here Capt. L. Snow & Perkins's co. Encamped, grass & water good. However Capt. Snow's co. Encamped opposite the ash Hallow, distance of 2¾ of a Mile further. It So derived its name from a grove of Ash Timber growing on it of about 15 acres, surrounded by high Bluffs. Here orders were given to the co. to yoke up thier catle early the following Morning & keep them tied, get brake fast & role up to the Mouth of Ash Hollow & encamp till Monday & send over & get timber, rest our Teams & give the sisters time to wash.
Campt of Iseral No. 3. Lone Tree Encampment. Sat., July 8th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. About 6 Capt. Perkins co. started, came opposite the ash hallow where & from Capt. Snow's co. he was informed that there was no suitable Timber in this grove, it having been cut out by Emigrating & trading cos. This information some what change the calculation of Said co. Traveled some 2 ms. onward to feed, when they discovered a smaul co. of 6 waggons on the opposite Side of the River traveling down. While the Teams were grazing, 2 men crossed the River to assertain who they were, returned & reported them to be some Traders. 6 Apostate Mormons. Particuelars here after. Here the co. chareled & concluded to Stay till Mond. 10th to gather what they could & wait & hear from Pres. B. Y. The general clerk of said co. lear[n]ed from 2 of their co., John Fields & David Stidham, That a co. of 16 souls or gizards with 7 waggons, 12 oxen, 1 cow, 4 mules & 3 Poneys, became dissatisfied with the country themselves & Neighbours & left the valley on the 18th of May '48. Wm. Weeks & J. Fields left on the 8th, went up into the Mountains but could not cross on acount of the snow drifts till about the 20th. (Names of the Heads of Families) John Fields, 7 in Family; Wm. Sears, 2 in Family; David Stidham, 3 in an family; Wm. Weeks, 3 do. & 2 single men Loved Meeks & Benj. McBride. John Fields seemed to be in good Faith. Said the cause of his taking his Family back was that the Scarcity of Provisions to sustain them there, that he had buisiness to attend to back at St. Jos., Mo. & that his Family could subsist on Buffallo meat to the setlements, & that but litle Bread stuf was now in the vally. An that another inducement was, the govenor & head officers in upper California had proffered a large Teritory of Land to our People to setle on. The Letters were sent by some 40 of our Brethren who were sent to California last winter to procure seeds. He said that Many of the Brethren were anxious to setle in California, but no move was made as yet. All were wating the arrival of Pres. B. Y., but he expected when he had his buisiness wound up to Sail round to the Bay of California. Said that wheat crops were fine & promising, that the valley had been watered with seasonable & pleasant showrs. Season up to May 18th were first-rate, no lack of rain, that the Brethren had planted about 3,000 Acres in corn, Peas, Beans, &c; that Sickness was not known in the valley; that the Indians brought in & traded roots to our People I which is of a large union [onion]. The taste is between an union& a Potatoe. They also advised us to cross the River Some 3 ms. above our presant encampment. By So doeing they said that we would Save 3 days heavy sand. They also Said that fear Seased hold of Wm. Weeks, from the fact that he had made way with Team & a waggon that had been left in his care by Pres. B. Y., having a mule Team rushed ahead to get out of the way before Pres. B. Y. should meet him, which he did by turning up the ash Hollow, it being the only Place where he could [turn] off, on acount of the Bluffs & shape of the country. All but Weeks seemed willing to & anxious to see the Pres. B. Y. The Traders were loaded with Furrs & Buffalos. About 12 noon Pres. B. Y's co. roled up near the ash hollow & encamped. Some time in the evening H. C. Kimble's co. Encamped near the Lone Tree. The Traders & 6 mormon waggons with their co. concluded to lay bye till Mond. Here I will mention the Poisnous contamious influence of apostate Mormons reached within our camp. One Sidney Kint [Kent] hearing the awful & fearful tales from the vally by his uncle, Wm. Sears, almost Sacrifised his Provisions & Property to throw it into a shape to go back, as his affairs were connected with Bro. Jerome Dame. He having let Kent have Team to assist him to the vally, consequently he was under the necessity of exchanging his large waggon for a smawl one & for the want of Team had to leave his Provisions all, only what would do them into the setlements. Having tedermined to leave, took his litle waggon & one yoke of oxen & tried to ford the River, got into the Middle, found his Team rather weak to draw his load over, stopped, an other yoke was sent to him to help him over, but by the time the oxen reached him, he began to reflect & finally returned Satisfied to go on to the valley.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Ash Hollow Encampmet. Sund., July 9th, '48. Clear & some what cool & pleasant. Through the Day some of those Apostates were over in camp, proffered to carry letters back to the States for any that wanted to Send. Capt. J. D. Lee, Wm. G. Perkins & others wrote Letters, J. D. Lee a letter to James Pace. David Stidman, 1 of the co., took dinner with Capt. J. D. Lee, who was eng[ag]ed the most of the day in writing History. About 5 P.M. Capt. Wm. G. Perkins & J. D. Lee rode to Pres. B. Y's Encampment to meeting. When the collection was gathered, the evening's servis was introduced by singing from the choir. A Hymn was read by W. W. Phelps & also by him co[m]posed, called the Saints on the Prairie, Tune & Prayre from W. W. Phelps. Remarks from W. W. Phelps, Pulcipher & Perkins all. Pres. B. Y. spoke favorable of thier cos. & said all was well, having gone in his carriage to meet Elder H. C. Kimble & co. who were about 17 ms. instead of 5 as was reported the evening before. Capt. J. D. Lee waited the arrival of Pres. B. Y. who returned about 6. Reported all was well. Said to Capt. J. D. Lee to move on with his co. Slowly, not to rush, as he wanted to be in reach of ws [us] to see the co. ocasionally & council with them when nessessary. That we the cos. would travel within 25 or 30 ms. of Learomy [Laramie] on this side & then & there Mr. Rhashaw, an Indian Trader, says that we can likely ford the River & avoid the Heavy sand. This Ford that he speaks of is a better one then the Learomy Ford. He further Said that he has Said to Capt. Snow, that if his co. was full of Huring, busling, & rushing ahead, Just to let loose the reins & tell them to go it & crowd until they get sick of it, & continued, those that Now rush when there is call for it, will call for help before [they] get to the valley. About 9 Capt. J. D. Lee returned with the Blessings of Pres. B. Young. When he reach his own Encampment, he found the Brethren & Sisters collected to worship god. They continued to speak one to another till about 11 at Night. Some time this evening Caroline Earl, the wife of Capt. Sylvester H. Earl, was delivered of a fine, living Boy in Capt. Z. Pulcipher's co.
Mond., July 11th, '48. Encamped on the River.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Ash Hollow Encampment. Teus., July 11th, '48. About 7 Capt. Pulcipher, Perkins & Taylor's cos. rold out. Traveled 3 ms., crossed castle creek, 6 Rods wide, 2 ft. deep, Swift current, Mudy, Sandy Bottom, bad to cross on account of quicksand. 4½ ms. to castle Bluffs, on the South Side of the River. The guide here Says that you cross no more creeks for 25 ms. Road generly good, ¾ of a mile Sand only to travel over. About 11 came [to] Sand Hill Creek, 12 ft. wide, soth side Road, ¾ Dry cre[e]k, 12 m. 2nd day creek or slough 7½ ms. Sandy Bluffs east foot 3 ms. You then travel a ½ ms. over sand, then cross 3 dry creeks, with in 1½ m. distance. The road then runs near the River till you arrive at crab creek, distance 4 ms., a stream about 20 feet wide, water clear, good feed, some rushes. Here Capt. Perkins & Pulcipher's cos. encamped. Capt. Taylor about 2 ms. back. L. Snow about 10 ms. ahead at the ancient Bluffs ruins. About 10 evening Some 4 Brethren from the vally came into Camp George Bean, Rufus Allen, Jas. Castro & Boice. Reported that bout 20 waggons had reached Snou's co. from the vally Subject ~ Pres. B. Y.'scouncil & that whirlwind Band of Sioux were camped lear Capt. Snou's [Snow's] co. on the opposite side of the River.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Crab Encampment. Wed., July 2th, '48. Clear & cool. About 10 the evening before Martha Dowdle was delived of a Daughter. She was in with John Holt. About 8 Capt. Perkins, Pulcipher's & Taylor's co. took their line of march. About 11 the co. reached the east foot of cobbe Hill, 6¼ ms. this is an unpleasant piece of road, heavy Sand & cobbe stone, hard drawing. This morning Bro. Wm. A. Morse had his waggon repaired, a new felly & spoke & tire. on 2 wheels set. Before starting, Capt. J. D. Lee had some difficulty in finding a yoke of his Heifers. About 1 P.M. passed the ancient Bluffs Ruins, near by Capt. Snow's co. Traveled 2 ms. on & Encamped. Capt. Pulcipher Encamped on the east. Soon after chareling, A Line was handed Capt. Perkins from Pres. B. Y. which reads as follows. Head Quarters, Wed., July 12th, '48. All well in camp. You may travel till Saturday. Near the chimney Rock, I shall send for Br. Kimble tocome up. We want to council togeather & then send a Male [mail] through to the vally. Let us be togeather on Saturday next.
Having recieved this intelgence, Capt. Snow roled on with his Co. About 12 Capt. Taylor's co. arrived & Encamped near Capt. Snow's Encampment. Soon visits were made by this band of Sioux. They had a large american Flag which they hoisted. Returned by a Flag of Truce from the cos. who gave them Some litle presants & some thing to Eat. They seemed perfectly Friendly & Harmless, wanted to trade for Some thing to eat. After smoking the Pike [pipe] by thier request a Letter of commendation was given them. This evening Jas. Powell's Mare was bitten by a snake.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Ancient Bluffs Ruins Encampment. Thurs., July 13th, '48. Clear & pleasant. About 7 the co. roled Perkins about 5 ms. & encamped opposite the mouth of a cove of Timber, unloade W. G. Perkins waggon & sent Wm. A. Morse, J. Edmunds, Wm. Baldwin, Wm. A. Perkins, E. Pettitt & Jos. Rank. Took a Team & went & secured some Timber. Hackbery not good. Still it answered when not better could be had. Returned about 3 P.M. On the rout Cap. E. Miller's mare was bitten by a Ratle Snake on her right fore Leg, which with much difficulty she was brought to camp. At this place range good, dug for watter & found it cold & good. About 3 evening quite a gale blew up from S.W. acompanied with rain. Capt. J. D. Lee repaired one of his waggon wheels, put in 2 fellers & set the Tire. B. Pendelton the B. smith set up his Tools & done some smithing. Evening a heavy gale from the N.W. with an abundant shower of rain. About 4 Elder Kimbl co. arrived & encamp near Pres. B. Y. A death was reported in his co. of the consumption.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Snake Bite Encampment. Frid., July 14th, '48. Cloudy & cool after the rain. E. Miller's mare that was bit is verry bad, not able to travel. This caused some division of feelings in Camp. The capt. orders was for all the co. to role on but one 10, who should tarry with Bro. E. Miller till the morrow, peradventure the Beast might be able to travel. The co. not feeling with the proposition those that was appointed to stay, the Capt. then proposed to leave the 2nd 50 & the 1st 50 to Travel on. This was not consented to. He finally concluded that the whole co. would lay by till the following morning. This being concluded upon, the was again let out to feed. Capt. J. D. Leemind was to travel on but consented, or rather submitted, to the last conclusion. Soon after, Squ[i]re Wells, Pres. B. Y's Aidecamp rode up to enquire the cause of our deley. This & Elder Kimble's cos. was then on the move. In the mien time Capt. John Wakeley & Wilson G. Perkins returned, said that they Saw Pres. B. Y., told him the cause of the deley of the co. He replied that it would not do to stop a whole co. because a Horse was bitt by a snake, to go & tell Capt. E. Miller to mix the spirits of Turpentine with Tobacco, wash the wound, Pray for the recovry of the Beast & start her on, for should the co. stay till morning they will likely have More horses bit. Just before this information reached camp Capt. J. D. Lee discovered that one of his Horses was bit by a snake on the under Jaw. He however fortunately used the Pres.'s remedy which soon counteracted the Poison. At this instruction the whole co. gathered up their Teams and roled out. E. Miller, the capt. 2nd 50 had but so litle Faith in the recovery of his Beast, that instead offollowing Pres. B. Y.'s council, He gave the animal to Capt. John Wakeley who as near as he could observed the council Sent Capt. E. Miller with refference to the Beast. Took her on the encampment the distance of about 12 ms. over a Sandy road. Pres. B. Y. & H. C. Kimble's co. Encamped 2 miles East of Perkinses co. Feed good,the water colour of Beer.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Buffallo Grass Encampment. Sat., July 15th, 1848. Clear & cool. Wind East. Made rather of late & uneven [start] this morning on acount of not tying catle up the night before. However the day being cool, although the road what was not Sandy was mudy on acount of Heavy rain, we traveled about 18 ms. onward & at least 2 ms. square off to the left, to suit the Capt's fancy to encamp near the chimney Rock. The place where we encamped abounded in dry grass as well as gren. Capt. L. Snow's co. was encamped about 5 miles ahead & Pres. B. Young & H. C. Kimble co. about the Same distance in the rear.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Chimney Rock. Sund. July 16th, 1848. Light clouds flying, cool. About 6 orders from Capt. Perkins Came to gather up the catle. In the mien time he went to see Pres. B. Y. knowing that the co. was not satisfied with their Camping place from the fact that but litle or no Fuel could be got near it, the Buffallo not choseing that kind of ground & grass to feed on, which deprived us of their chips which is & has been the main dependance for Fuel for More then 150 ms. Returned about 11. Reported a meeting of the Cos. at 3 P.M. between Pres. B. Y.'s & H. C. Kimble's co. Said to his co. that they might remain till Mond. morning at their presant encampment, provided it suited well enough. About 2 Capt. J. D. Lee, Perkins, E. Miller & L. Pettitt rode to the place of the Meeting. Afer the meeting was opened, Pres. B. Y. said the Items of buisiness that I have to lay before the Brethren are to take into consideration the propriety of dividing the large cos. into cos. of 50. My co., he continued, is so large that my Teams that Travel in the rear loose from 2 to 3 hours every day from feed & they are failing, & was My co. broken into 4 cos. it would give an eaqueal chance to all. The Scarcety of feed will naturely require it. 2ndly we want to Send 3 men to the valley with a mail. I have furnished a horse & a pack mule & fitted out John Green to go; & Bro. Kimble has fitted out BenJ. Rolf. Now an other man & Horse is wanted. Whereupon Cyrenan Taylor volunteered his Servises with his Horse. He was acepted. 2nd, Pres. Isaac Morley Motioned that Pres. B. Y.'s & H. C. Kimble's cos. be divided into 4 cos. each, 2nd and carried. It was also voted that Pres. B. Y. nominde the men to draw out cos. In Pres. B. Y.'s co., Isaac Morley, 2nd Daniel Carus, 3d C. G. Weeb [Webb], 4 Pres. B. Y. In H. C. Kimble's, 1st Tyros Billings, 3rd John Pack, 4 Henry Herriman, & H. C. Kimble. The buisiness having been attended to, Pres. B. Y. Said, Brethren, with regard to preaching while on this Journey, I have but litle to Say to this People. They as a general thing are men of understanding & if they will live up to what light & Knowledge they have & cease to do evil I will warrant every individual safe into the Kingdom of god, the unbeliever not accepted, for there is no man but what has more or less of the light of christ, for he is the light that lighteth every man that cometh into the world & this is the acording to the revelations of Jesus christ in me. Now, brethren, my council to you is to cease to do Evil & do good for every man will be Judged by his works. is not the good, rehious, Sa[n]ctified feelings that I have that will present me or any other man blameless & acceptable before the Lord, but it is the good that we do to one another. Though the cos. be divided, let Brotherly Love & Kindness abound. Esteem it a prevelege to help one an other that you may have your reward. This is the cou[r]se that I have taken all my Life & when I appear before the Lord I shall say, Here, Lord, am I & my works, do with me as it seemeth thee good. And then the Lord will say, Inasmuch as you have done good all the Time I will do good to you all the time. I confess my own Faults. I am Subject to temptation & as liable to do wrong as any other man & when I suffer my Self to get out of the way & say any thing that is drogotory to the character of a man of god holding the Priesthood, I feel ashamed of myself & look upon myself with as much [blank space] as any other man can look upon me. I know what is right all the time. I am never at a loss to know what is right, but some times I do not think or I am not guarded against the Tempter.
Folowed by E. Snow & H. C. Kimble bearing record to what Pres. B Y. Said. Dismissed by Prayre from Elder H. C. Kimble. Capt. Perkins & Miller took Tea with Pres. B. Y. Capt. J. D. Lee was considerably cramped in the stomach. Sister Young being a first[r]ate nurse soon relieved him. J. D. Lee also stopped at Capt. A. P. Free to see his Boy, John B. Lee. The 4 men returned to camp about 8 evening.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Chimney Rock. Mond., July 17th, 1848. Clear & cool in the forenoon but warm in the evening. About 7 Capt. Perkin's co. took up the line of march, traveled 7 ms. up the River over low, wet land which made it heavy drawing, especially after so heavy a rain. About 9 passed Capt. L. Snow's co. who was then in the act of dividing his co. Traveled about 22 ms. & encamped near Scotts Bluffs. Through day the Smawl cos. were rushing past one another, having great anxiety to reach the valley. About 4 P.M. one of Capt. J. D. Lee's oxen being over-come, fell down in the yoke & it was with much difficulty that he could be got into camp. Feet [feed] good.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Scott Bluffs. Teus., July 18th, 1848. Clear & pleasant in the morning. At 8 the co. started, traveled 4 ms. to Spring creek, a beautiful, clear running stream & many Trout in it, so reported. The Land in this region is Sandy & Barron the up land, but good feed on the bottoms of this creek. About 12 noon one of Jerome Dame's oxen fell in the yoke, suposed to be Poisoned by drinking the water that arrisis from Salt Peter & alkili which appear in low places. One of Capt. J. D. Lee's & Perkins is also sick. J. Dane's ox was soon on foot, by drenching him with ¼ of a lb. of gun Pouder, same of salt & sweet milk enough to dilute it sufficient to disolve it, then put down1½ lb. salt Pork. Traveled about 12 ms. & encamped near the River bank without leaving the Road. Range firstrate, camp ground not be excelled. Note: Before starting in the morning, Capt. Perkins, knowing that there was feelings in the co. & that some wanted to rush ahead & leave the weak, called them to geather, told them that he had traveled too far the day before to do the Teams Justice & that he felt bad on acount of it, but that he could not well help it as Capt. Daniel Miller was ahead & rushed on to that Point. His wish was to travel in moderation & favor the weak teams, & not to hurry, help one an other that needed help & if there was any in this co. that wanted to go ahead & leave the weak, let them Go. Who cares. Still I should like to have them stay to geather as good feeling has been generally Menifsted. Capt. J. D. Lee Said that his feelings revolted at the Idea of the coes dividing or braking up, that he knew that their Teams were thirr salvation at presant & that he had no disposition to leave the co. but should they continue to drive as they have done, of necessity he would be compelled to stop back in order to save his Team, for Some of them was already used up in a manner. He then related a dream that he had the Night before. Said that a corn Field was presented before him that belonged to the co., or rather were engaged in tilling. The corn was about shoulder high and remarkably weedy & when I looked at [it] I was alarmed for fear that the weeds & grass would destroy the crop. When a person stood by me & said, Go too with your might & urege the men to subdue the weeds, I did as I was comanded & some of them went to work to subdue the weeds, while others destroyed both weed & corn vines. While surveying the Field, to my astonishment I beheld a square in the Midst of the Field that the weeds had entirely smothred insomuch that the corn & weeds could not be seen & the men that worked in this place rather destroyed the vines in stead of the weeds. When I saw this, the Person that before spoke to me said to plough right through that ground for the crop was lost allready, but the remainder of the crop if dilligently managed would yet be good. After relating the Dream, he said the co. was the corn Field & he that has understanding can easily interpret the Dream. Wilson G. Perkins was also compelled to stop also from the Fact that the Sand board of one of his waggons was broken. Capt. J. D. Lee repaired the breach by making a New one.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Wed., July 19th, 1848. Platt[e] River Lovely Encampment. Clear & pleasant in the morning. This morning it was reported that Daniel Miller Notified E. Miller, the Capt. of the 50 to which he belonged, that he was going to withdraw from the co. with his 10 & as many others as wished to follow him. Said that it was the wish of 10 & that they certainly could get along with more ease, travel further & their catle do better then they to remain togeather & wished Capt. Miller to apprise Capt. W. G. Perkins of the Same, who with Capt. E. Miller reasoned with him relative to the propriety of his going contrary to th council of Pres. B. Y. which was not to divide the co., not only so to take the Blacksmith away would be doeing [in]Justice to the remainder of the co. Capt. J. D. Lee went also in Person to D. Miller & tried to persuade him not leave the co., told him that it would certainly injure him should [he] rebell against Pres. B. Y.'s council & to divideth People when the council is to keep them togeather is certainly an insult to Pres. B. Y., & Esteeming his Judgement lightly by rebelling against what he advised & a man that will knowingly make such a move will certainly loose the confidence of Pres. B. Y. as well as the confidence [of] those who are Injured by your leaving & taking away the B. smith out of the co. when so many waggons want repairing as do at the presant & every Man in the co. is opposed to the move, & think it a verry ungenerous move in you. Now, Capt. Miller, consider the interest of the co., stay with them, help along the weak & never leave your Brethren in distress. You have in your 10 (or rather 22 waggons) more team then the remander of the 50, & to be plain, that is the reason why you desire to leave. You Say that you can travel from 20 to 25 ms. a day were you alone. This certainly is ane[v]idence that you have more team then & can travel further then [the] remainder of the co. & can go along independent of them. Was it not so you would have no disposition to leave the co. & in fact before your 10 had help sent back from the vally, they were perfectly willing to travel along with us. So far as I am concerned I am perfectly willing to have [you] go, seeing you desire it. But bear this in mind that you will lose more by this move then you will gain. The rase is not to the Swift nor the Batle to strong. About 7 the whole co. roled out togeather. Traveled over a Sandy, Barren country. Prickly Pears abound in great plenty. Nooned at the West foot of some sandy Bluffs. Evening warm. Some of J. D. Lee's Teams were overcome by the Heat. Encamped about 4 P.M. near Some Smawl cotton wood that grew on the N. side of the River, it being the first Timber for near 200 ms. Here Capt. D. Miller with 4 waggons, J. H. & W. H. Danels with 4 do [ditto], S. Kent I do, Benj. Pend[l]eton 2 do, J. Bean 2 do, M. Rank 2 Do, J. Mayberry. 2 do, W. G. Pain[e] 2 do, D. N. Drake 3 do, left the co. & went on, said that was too soon for them to stop. About 9 a heavy shower of rain from the N.E.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Seperation Encampment. Thus., July 20th, '48. Cool. Affter the Teams were gathered the remander of the co. resumed their travel. Capt. C. G. Webb's co. who encamped near by roled out about the same time. About 10 met an express from the vally to the Camp at Head Quarters carr[i]ed by A. P. Rockwell, Horace Alexander, Lewis Robinson & [blank space]. They brought firstrate news from the Land that Crops were promising. About 1 P.M. reached the Timber on the N. side of the River & nooned. Heavy drawing through the Sand. Here the express over took us, Said that Pres. B. Y.'s co. intended to cross the river to avoid drawing through the Sand. The 4 messengers took dinner with Capt. J. D. Lee who imediately informed the co. who was then about 1½ ms. ahead of the Pres. rissles. This being done the co. turned to the River, found a Ford where a co. had Just crossed. The whole co. crossed & encamped on the opposite shore. In the mean time Pres. B. Y.'s & I. Morley's co. roled up & Encamped on the N. side. About Dark Capt. J. D. Lee & Wilson G. Perkins rode to Pres. B. Y.'s Camp, found them enjoying themselves firstrate upon the Melodious char[m] of the Drum & violin. Capt. J. D. Lee had social conversation with Pres. B. Y., told him of the split in Capt. Perkins' co. Pres. B. Y. said that he traveled in the rear to pick up such as was left & could not go on for the want of help. Said that he found one man, Davy, that was left out of Capt. Snou's [Snow's] co., took his loading into his own waggons & brought him on. Capt. J. D. Lee said that 2 of his oxen was sick & he must of necessity stop u[n]less helped from some source. Pres. B. Y. said, If your co. will not help You, fall back into My co. & I will not leave You. Handed him a Letter from the Presidency in the valley which he requested him to read to the co. to which he belonned & return the letter back to him before he "left the other side of the River, as he wanted the other cos. to hear the News from the vally. About 9 Capt. J. D. Lee & Perkins returned. Heavy rain through the Night.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Porters Ford, Platt River. Frid., July 21st, 1848. Clear & fine. About 7 the camp was called to geather & Capt. J. D. Lee read the Letter to them which had been handed him the evening before by Pres. B. Y. The news from the vally was good June 21st, '48, which was the date of the Letter. Although crickets had played a heavy hand on the Wheat, yet there would be an abundant raised for all in the valley. Vines, Beans & Peas were also injured by the Frost & crickets. Still they were plan[t]ing again. Corn looks firstrate. The Letter also reports that 60 Lodges of the utaus [Ute] Indians lately held a council. From it sent a bag of Tobacco with a Pipe requesting our chieves [chiefs] to smoke it & then foward it to the Sioux as the Sioux wereFriendly to us. They wanted to be Friendly to us & the Sioux & that desired to have Pres. B. Y. in thier midst once more to council them under thir new & untried climate & circumstances, that a large Majority was well satisfide & had been all the Time, & said that some Teams were on the road to meet the cos. & wanted to know how many more should come, as they had their plouing about done & as much corn planted as all the Brethren could till & irigate. Some of the Brethren Wm. & Wilson Perkins, J. D. Lee, J. Wakeley [Wakley], Westover & Morse, took the best of their Teams & helped Pres. B. Y.'s co. over. Some washing was done in the mean time. About 12 noon Capt. Perkins's co. had orders to role out, to return, Capt. I. Morley's co. at 1 P.M. While the co. was called togeather Capt. J. D. Lee laid his case before the Brethren. Wilson G. Perkins proffered to furnish a cow for the coming week & by that time perhaps his ox will be able to travel? Traveled 8 ms. & Encamped within 3 ms. of Laramy [Laramie]. Feed poor. Majority of the camp drove their catle over on a Island & left over Night. At 12noon Alford Blankenship, a Gentile Teamster for Wilson G. Perkins, left the co., went ahead to the Fort with a Frenchman. About the same time L. Robinson 36, Alexander & Quincy Scofield, Messengers, returned. Q. Scofield rather concluded to drive Teams to the vally for Capt. Perkins, the other 2 with O. P. Rockwell to go to the vally.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River Laromy [Laramie] Ranger. Sat., July 22nd, '48. Clear & cool in the morning. About 8 the co. were again lined on the Road. The Road from here to Fort Laromy is Sandy & uneaven. The Ford is about 1 mile from the Fort. Good crossing & the Fort is situated immediately on the Laromy ford of Grand Platt River & about 2 ms. above the Junction. The country around is broken, Barren & gravely. The principle production is prickly Pears. The co. here took the left hand Road & traveled12 ms. to the Warm Springs where the co. Encamped. Capt. L. Snow encamped at the same point with about 80 waggons. This spring is a bold running stream yet the water is warmer than the River water at any season, no grass.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Sund., July 23rd, '48. Warm Springs Encampment. Clear & pleasant by times. Those of the co. that had turned theier catle out the Night before were out in search of them. The catle were all obtained & the co. started out about 9 o'clock. traveled up the Bed of creek about 1½ mi. where the Road assended the Bluffs, about a Quarter of a miles high, where the co. had to double Teams. After assending this hill, Jas. Iveny [Ivie], from Pres. B. Y.'s co. unfortunately had a wagon run over his Loins, but fortunately he was not seariously inJu[re]d. Traveled 13 ms. to Bitter creek & cold Blue Springs, good cold, clear spring watter, grass & Timber & a lovely place to encamp. This spring is about 30 ft. wide & 10 deep. At this Place the co. lay till Teus. when Capt. Perkins with the 1st & 2nd 10 of the 1st 50, by the vote of the co. started on about 10 o'clock with the 1st 10. Capt. J. D. Lee having an axletree broken, remained till the following morning. About 11 Pres. B. Y.'s co. roled up & nooned. Highly delighted with the prospect of feed, watter & Timber. Gave J. D. Lee an axletree & left Solomon Arigel [Angell] & his 10 back to fit up his waggon. About 2 P.M. Louisa B. Young was delivered of 2 fine Boys which verry much del[i]ghted Pres. B. Y., the Father of the children, who with his co. roled on 3 ms. About dark a heavy storm of raincame up from the North west which [lasted] till 9 the following day. Several Smawl cos. Encamped on this stream. Feed & water bad.
La Bonita River & S[a]ge Bend. Sat., July 29th, '48. Cloudy & misting of rain. About 6 Capt. J. D. Lee again took the Road, traveled to the W. Branch of the La Bonita, water high, crossed without much difficulty. Water smell bad. Red & white chalk banks in abundance & dark red sand for 5 ms. Finding the feed bad, roled on to a smawl creek 6¼ ms. w. Nooned here. Capt. J. D. Lee saw a Buffalloo about 4 ms. off. He took his gun & Byram Pace with him. Followed the Game about 7 ms. & killed him near by a firs[t]rate spring. Good feed & wood & water. Went back & brought his Teams & Encamped at this spring and about dark shot an other La[r]ge B. Bull which came nigh running him through. The Bull chased him so close that he struck him on the nose with the msel of his gun. The blow caused his gun to fall & the Bull trotted & stood over the gun & Capt. J. D. Lee went home unarmed. About 9 rained a hard shower.
A Branch of the Camp of Iseral No. 3. Sund., July 30th, 1848. Lee's Spring. Clowdy & cold. Quite a Frost. About 6 Capt. J. D. Lee went & found the Buffalloo Dead that had disarmed him the evening before, the gun was also by him. Drew him to camp & the cos. commenced drying the meat. About 10 part of Capt. Snow's co. passed & about 12 noon Capt. Perkins & a part of his co. arrived & Encamped till the next morning, & about 4 Pres. B. Y.'s co. commenced passing. (Capt. Pulcipher's Just before them.) The most of his co. took a piece of meat from the 2 carkasses that has been spoken of. The Pres. & his Lady got [out] of their carriage, came to the Table & place where J. D. Lee was Barbakuing his meat & eat some of the Ribs that was roasting, then took about 40 lls. [pounds] of the stake with him, carried & put into his carrige by the hand of Capt. J. D. Lee. Pres. B. Y. Encamped about 5 ms. ahead on the Fo[u]rche Boise River.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Lee's Spring. Mond., July 31th, 1848. Clear & warm. About 7 Capt. Perkin's co. resumed their Travel. Passed Pres. B. Y.'s co. on the Forvechebois where they were encamped about 9 o'clock, 4 ms. to North Platt River. Reached Deer creek about 1 P.M., 5 ms., where Capt. L. Snow's co. were encamped & A. Williams, at which Place Capt. Snow intended to remain, kill & dry meat & recruit their teams, as the range was good & game plenty, such as Buffallo, Bear, Elk, Deer & antelope. Roled on 2 ms. farther & camped on the Bank of the River. Feed good. About 4 Capt. J. D. Lee, J. Wakeley, Wm. A. Perkins & Wm. Woodland with 2 Horses started to the Deer creek Mountains, to spend the Night & take a Hunt. On the way Capt. J. D. Lee killed an A[n]telope, fat & fine, & Just before reaching Deer creek He J. Wakely killed a La[r]ge Buffallo & about Dark as they arrived the creek they shot a Black Bear & fortunately found a firstrate camping place, good grass, water & wood.
Deer Creek Hunter's Camp. Teus., Aug. 1st, 1848. Clear & fine. About day light a large grizley Bear made his appearance out 200 yds. from camp, preying upon the carcas of a Buffallo. Capt. Lee & Wakely with their Rifles soon brought him to the ground, but before they cou[ld] reload he was on his feet again, set up a Tremenduous growl & made for the Hunter. They stood their ground while the Bear took to the Brush, but was soon overtaken by the Hunters & with an other Round finished his career. One of his feet was 7 inches wide but to the disappointment the Hunters the Bear was poor & not fit to Eat. They then returned & got Brakefast, then bent for the mountains. About one mile from the foot killed a fine Bufallo, took the Hams & Tallow, which made a load for the Horses, & returned to camp. Capt. Perkins having failed to send Pack Horses acording to promise, left on the ground one & a half Buffalloes, to feed the Wolves.Reached camp about 3 P.M. & about 2 Pres. B. & co. Roled up & Encamped near Capt. Perkins' camp. Flock to see the Bear's Paw bear the Hunters' Tales.
Head Quarters Plat River. Wed., Aug. 2nd, 1848. Clear warm. About 6 Pres. B. Y. was at J. D. Lee's waggons & walked out & had Some conversation with J. D. Lee. Several catle sick in camp & some dropping occasionally. About 8 Capt. Perkins & Pres.Y.'s cos. took the line of march. Traveled up Platt R. over a Barron, Broken country & at 13 ms. travel Capt. Perkins encamped again on the River. Pres. B. Y. about 2 ms. ahead.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Platt River. Thurs., Aug. 3rd, '48. Clear & warm. At 8 resumed the Travel, the road through the day over high ridges, broken & Barron land, destitude of feed save brush & a verry litle grass in low places on the River. Camp again on the River near the lower Ford where the oregon Emigrants generally have forded. Through the day some 30 yokes of oxen were brought to Pres. B. Y. who divided, or rather distributed, them amoung the cos. that most needed them. Pres. B. Y. camped about 1 mile ahead & many co. were Encamped arround.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Or[e]gon Ford Platt River. Sat., Aug. 5th, '48. Clear, windy & dry. At 7 Capt. Perkins's co. again turned their course west. At the travel of one mile reached Pres. B. Y.'s Encampment. Capt. J. D. Lee called at his waggon, found him verry unwell. Said to J. D. Lee that it was his mind that he should not go on to day, that he wanted to asscertain the No. of oxen that belonged to him that has been sent from the valley & then distribute them where they were most need. Said that he wanted J. D. Lee to have a yoke or two & that he would light up his load into other waggons if he wanted. J. D. Lee replied that he knew therr were call and aplications to him daily for help which made him feel a delicacy in asking or even taking help so long as he could possibly do without. Still a yoke of catle would be verry acceptable. Pres. B. Y. sent Jos. Young, his Nephew, to get a good, servisable yok of catle & chain for J. D. Lee. Also said that J. D. Lee should have an eaqueal chance with him in help when we should meet the Teams from the vally. Accordingly J. D. Lee & Capt. Perkins camped near by to wait the will of Pres. B. Y. Through the day Pres. B. Y. co. were sittin tire. This evening the Hunter brought in A Mountain sheep.
Head Quarters. Sund., Aug. 6th, 1848. Clear & warm. Pres. B. Y. at 8 o'clock the morning before stopped a co. that [was] in possession [of] several yoke of catle, converted to their own use, that had been sent from the valley for the benefit of the cos. at the discretion of Pres. B. Y. Said to the man that the catle were the Lord's & that he was Boss of these Prairies & would dictate the Teams & see that the poor were not left behind & that he had from three to 4 yoke of la[r]ge catle on his waggons, when there were many waggons of the same size & weight with one yoke & perhaps a yoke of cows. This is not equality, neither is it bearing each other burden. I am as willing to pull you out of the mud & pick you up on the plains and help as any other man, but I am not willing to have you go ahead with more team then what is necessary, like Daniel Miller & Jas. Bean, who though they got help from the valley, rushed on & left the weak for me to drag along & they shall be cursed & you will see it. About 12 noon Capt. J. D. Lee took one ox & Roled out. Forded the River about 1 P.M. & about dark reached the mineral springs where Capt. Perkins, Pulcipher & Russell were encamped. Food short & water considered poisonous.
Camp of lseral No. 3. Mond., Aug. 7th, 1848. At 7 in the morning the co. roled out. Near 25 hours without water for the catle. About noon reached a smaul, clear strem of water, but no grass of acount. Traveled to the willow spring where Capt. Perkins, Woods & Russell, the Scottch co., Encamped. Feed short but on the right of the road about one rod at the foot of some willow bushes is a good cold spring of clear water. Distance 16 ms.
Camp of lseral No. 3. Teus., Aug. 8th, 1848. Clear, Nights cool. At 8 Capt. J. D. Lee repaired some of his waggons & at 9 roled on to a branch of greese wood [Greasewood] creek where the co. Encamped. Feed short, water good. Here Capt. J. D. Lee shot anAntelope & a Buffalloo. Capt. John Wakely & Perkins shot 2 Buffalloos.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Wed., Aug. 9th, 1848. Clear & cool. This morning Capt. J. D. Lee Set the Tire on a wheel for W. A. Morse, one for E. R. Westover &.2 for himself, & at 9 o'clock the whole co. roled on as Far as greesewood creek where Capt. Perkins with a part of the co. remained till the following day. Capt. J. D. Lee with the remainder of the co. roled on to Sweet water [Sweetwater] River. About 12 noon quite a storm of wind & rain from the N. W. At 3 Capt. J. D. Lee & co. gathered what Saleratus they wanted from a Lake south of the Road, in fact many Lake of Salertis [saleratus] are along on the River. At 5 Capt. J. D. Lee & co. encamped on Sweet water 3 fourth of a mile below Independence Rock. Grass firstrate & water good & a lovely camp ground, it being the only good feed for the last 200 mis. On both sides of this River is a chain of Rocks & Mountains from 1 to 10 ms. from it. About 5½ ms. from Independance Rock is what is called the Devil gate, an other curiosty. The River here runs through a narrow gat[e] in the chain of rocks to the height of 400 feet Perpendicular. Evening cloudy.
Branch of the Camp of Iseral No. 3. Thus., Aug. 10th, '48. Clear. At 7 Capt. J. D. Lee shot 3 Sage hens & then took with him Byram Pace & E. R. Westover, assended one of these mountains where he had a fair view of the Surrounding country. Over these Mountains are wild Sheep, Bear, goats, Elk, Antelope & Deer, &c After decending the Mountain, he sent Westover back to camp for 2 Horses & camping apparatu[s] while he & Byram would cross the plains to the Black Mountains & raise a fire in the Pine as a Signal of the camp grou[n]d. This Mountain is about 10 ms. from the River. On the way to this Mountan Capt. Lee shot 3 Buffallo, one of which fell with in 20 feet of his camp on a Brook near the foot of the Mountain, which was fat & good. They skined & Barbacued the m[e]at. About 10 E. R. Westoovr [Westoverr] reached camp. Reported that Capt. Perkins had come ab[o]ut 1 P.M. Buffallo here are numerous.
Lee's Spring, Black Mountains. Frid., Aug. 11th, '48. Cloudy. About 6 Capt. J. D. Lee came in contact with a grisled Bear, shot him in the forehead which brought him to the ground, but being shot rather Low, he recovered & made his escape. About10 Capt. J. D. Lee sent Byram in with the Horses loaded with Meat & to bring out a Team should the remainder of the co. think proper. About 2 Capt. J. D. Lee shot an other La[r]ge Buffalloo, but not having Hands & Teams to arrange the meat, left it on the Prair[i]e & started in for camp with one Horse packed. In his absence the co. had moved to a better place of feed & not knowing the exact Point struck the River 3 ms. above the camp about 10 at Night & there tarryed till morning. Night cool. About 2 P.M. Pres. B. Y.'s co. reached Independence Rock.
Way Side Encampment. Sat., Aug. 12th, '48. Clear & cool. At 6 Capt. J. D. Lee learned from Rufus Allen where his co. were camped, & at 8 reached the camp. Being informed that Capt. J. Wakely & Perkins were gone to Join him [in] the Hunt, returned immediately on Horse back, while Byram & E. R. Westover brought a waggon & Team. But being able to find them, & coming with L. Stewart, D. McArthur & [blank space] Brown who were also on a hunt, but were disapointed by the co. in a waggon, made arraingements with Capt. J. D. Lee to go East & hunt to geather as the Buffaloo & other game had gone East into the mountains. At about this Junction Capt. J. D. Lee shot a large, fat antelope & Travled about 5 or 7 mils & camped at the Mouth of a Range. Light rain in the evening.
Black Mountain Camp. Sund., Aug. 13th, 1848. Clear & cool. After Brakefast Capt. Lee & Stewart started up in the Range. Shot 2 Buffallo & Saw Some Elk & Bear lying. Returned about 11. Found that Bro. Brown had become discouraged & went home. At this Capt. J. D. Lee & Stewart Saw it useless to tarry alone So they returned. This day Pres. B. Y. Said that he was going directly to the South where he expected to send back teams & wanted all who were going to do likewise, to go immediately on & those who were going to send back Teams to tarry in this sction, say 10 to 15 days, & lay in their Meat, then they could reach the vally before he could. About dark Capt. J. D. Lee reached camp. Capt. Perkins & Wakely also.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Mond., Aug. 14th, 1848. Clear & cool. At 6 J. D. Lee shot a large Antelope. Cut out his & J. Wakely's guns & repaired waggons for the co. This morning Pres. B. Y. roled on. About 10 at Night the remainder of co. came in.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Teus., Aug. 15th, '48. Early Capt. J. D. Lee was buisily engaged in repairing waggon wheels & at 10 roled out. Traveled 10 mils & camped on the Revine. Here one of Capt. Perkins oxen died & seveal more sick & one of Wilson Perkins' waggon broke down.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Wed., Aug. 16th, 1848. Clear & warm by Times. Capt. J. D. Lee was repairing Bro. Wilson J. Perkins's waggons & by 12 noon the breach was repaired, 2 Tyre were sit & 3 new spokes put in. The co. then roled 7½ ms. & encamped on the River again. Capt. J. D. Lee took his gun & went through a pass in the mountains, in search of game. Shot 2 Antelope & while winding round amoung the Rocks he had Traveled further then he anticipated & thinking that his co. was still ahead, pushed on 11 ms. further, where he found about 100 waggons encamped. It being to far to return that Night, Lodged with Bro. [blank space] Chase who recieved him kindly.
Sweet River Mountains. Thurs., Aug. 17th, 1848. Clear & cool, high Wnid. About sun rise Capt. J. D. Lee was about to start back for his co. when Pres. J. Morly insisted to have him take some nourishment before starting. After a good warm Brakefast, J. D. Lee exchanged guns with young J. Morly & returned to his co. Met quite a No. of the catle of his co. about 4 ms. steering for the vally. Reached camp. Found the whole co. Much alarmed for feear that he had got in contact with a Bear & had been killed. J. Wakely, L. Stewart, W. A. & Wm. J. Perkins were out on search of him. About 1 P.M. the men returned, which ended the Fears. About 6 one of J. D. Lee's cows died, & about dark John Frossgrine & Benj. Rolfe, Messengers from the valley, reported that 300 oxen & 100 waggons would be at the Pacific Springs by the time the cos. would be up; that Pres. B. Y.'s council is for all to come on immediately. Said crops were promising. Lodged with J. D. Lee. About 12 night, Caroline, the wife of D. McArthur, was delivered of [a] Son. Evening cool.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Frid., Aug. 18th, '48. Clear & windy. At 7 the co. roled. Traveled 12 ms. & encamped on the River. Capt. A. P. Free & Miller also camped near the same Point. The roards are allmost lined with Dead catle. About 12 noon Capt. J. D. Lee attacked with the Mountain Fever.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Sat., Aug. 19th, '48. Clear & warm. J. D. Lee verry sick. The co. traveled 9 ms. & encamped about ½ above the Road on the River. Grass good. Abundance of Buffallo were seen through the Day.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Sund., Aug. 18th [20th], '48. Clear & cool. J. D. Lee still sick, rather gaining. The traveled 16 ms. & camped on the River.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Mond., Aug. 21th, '48. Clear, cool, Heavy Frost. J. D. Lee smartly on the mend. This morning traveled over a high, rough, Rocky Ridge, dangerous to waggons, to the Summit of the ridge, 3 ms. After a travel of 15 ms. camped on sweetwate[r] at the foot of a deep Bluffs. But litle grass. Evening cool, Ice & Frost.
Camp of Iseral No. 3. Teus., Aug. 22th, 1848. Sweet Water River. Cool. J. D. Lee having got wet the day before was taken with a relapse. Started about 9 with his Family (the cos. having all gone). Reached the main camp on sweet water about 2 P.M. with a high Fever. Pres. B. Y. was at the Ford when he crossed & assisted him to take of[f] his Teams. At this Place lay about 30 head of catle. There were 2 Brethren from Bear River Brown & [blank space] with clothing made of Elk, Deer, sheep & Antelope skins,which they traded & exchanged with the Br. for other clothing, Powder & Lead, alowed 25 cts. for Lead & 50 cts. for Powder.
Head Quarters. Camp of Iseral on Sweet Water. Wed., Aug. 23rd, '48. Cool. J. D. Lee verry sick. Pres. B. Young buisily engaged in unloading the waggons & fitting the co. who were to return back to the states with Teams & waggons & sending such onas could go as far as wever [Weber] River there to wait the arrival of Pres. B. Y. who would be up with the rear Teams, Lympies & invaleeds. Cap. Perkins co. roled on about 12 noon.
Head Quarters on S. Water. Thurs., Aug. 24st, '48. Cool nights, warm days which is the atmosphere of the Mountains. About I P.M. Mr. [blank space] an Indian Trader, passed with about 300 head of Horses including Mules. J. D. Lee's Fever raging.
Head Quarters. Frid., Aug. 25th, 1848. Clear & windy. J. D. Lee still sick. H. C. Kimble about 25 ms. back at which Point his waggons were unloaded & sent back & Teams from Pres. B. Y.'s co. were sent to assist him up to Head Quarters. About 12 Squire Wells was J. D. Lee waggons.
Head Quarters. Sat., Aug. 26th, 1848. Clear & warm. At 9 J. D. Lee had his waggon drove near Pres. B. Y.'s encampment. Pres. B. Y. came to his waggon & conversed 1½ hours with him, went & brought him a Bolle of Syrup (Price 2.00) & Said that he would Send him a good trusty man to take charge of his affairs & to help him on to the valley. Said he had too much to do, which was the cause of his Sickness & for J. D. Lee to have his waggon brought & unloaded with his, that he wanted to Send back, & that he would make arraingements about going ahead, for him not to weary. J. D. Lee returned acordingly. Old Bro. Hughs with one good yoke of catle came. Said acording to Pres. B. Y.'s wish was ready to do what I wished done. In the evening Lorenzo Young & Lady, A. O. Smoot & several more arrived from the vally. J. D. Lee sent a Team to bring in a Buffallo that J. C. Woolsey brought.
Head Quarters. Sund., Aug. 27th, '48. Clear & cool. Through the great exertions were made by the co. to return & about 2 P.M. the co. started.
Head Quarters. Mond., Aug. 28th, '48. Heavy Frost. This Pres. B. Y. started to visit Elder Kimble co. Waggons are roling & some out as circumstances allow.
Head Quarters. Teus., Aug. 29th, '48. Cool, Wind high, South west. J. D. Lee on the mend & removed his camp up the River about ¾ of a mile, a place handy to wood & water & from staunch [stench] & Filth.
Head Quarters. 9¾ East of the South Pass. Wed., Aug. 30th, 1848. Clear & warm. Through the day about 49 wagons & 139 yoke of oxen came into camp from the valley, & about 5 P.M. Pres. B. Y. returned, reported some sickness in H. C. Kimble's camp. Elen Whitney, H. C. Kimble daughter not expected to live. Some litle Salt was brought by the Brethren from the West, which was dealt out eaqueally among the saints by Bishop Morley. Acording to Pres. B. Y.'s order a Pint to each Fammely.
Head Quarters. Camp of Iseral. Sweet Water. Thurs., Aug. 31th, '48. Cool & windy. Pres. B. Y. quite sick of the mountain Fever. Capt. Morley & council, by order of Pres. B. Y., took an entire invantory of the camp in order to distribute the Teams & waggons to such as needed help. This day F. Wulford [Milford] by consent of J. D. Lee, went as a Teamster for Wm. Clayton. About 3 Jas. Orr with a waggon & 3 yoke oxen was set off to J. D. Lee capt. who the same evening loaded the waggon.
Head Quarters. Camp of Iseral. Frid., Sept. 1st, 1848. Remarkably cool. Ice & Frost. Pres. B. Y. on the mend. About 10 Abigail Lee was voilently attacked with the Mountain Fever. Rain all day. Verry disagreeable. H. C. Kimble's came roling in & forming in below the main camp. Evening Hail, rain & snow.
Head Quarters. Camp of Iseral. Sat., Sept. 2nd, '48. Cloudy, ocasional showers of rain through the day, high wind & cold. Abigail Lee insensible of her misery. J. D. Lee unable to move on acount of sickness. Pres. B. Y. roled out about noon. On acount of Lameness in Bro. Hughs Legs which rendered him incapable of Teaming, J. D. Lee employed Henry Tutle to drive Team in his place.
Head Quarters. Camp of Isereal. Sund., Sept. 3d, '48. Last crossing S. water. Extremely cold & disagreeable. About midnight Abigail Lee yielded up the Ghost, after a strugle of about 48 hours. J. D. Lee procured a waggon Box & made a coffin. Jacob C. Woolsey dug her grave & she was buried about 3 P.M. about 10 Rods North of the uper Road at the foot of the Hill & about 5 Rods south E. of the River Bank. Her Name & date of her death was engraven on a stone which was placed at her head. About 2 P.M. Squire Wills, O. P. Rockwell & G. D. Grant was sent by Pres. E. Y. to see if J. D. Lee wanted help & insisted on his roling out the next morning. Capt. J. D. Lee having all his catle, sent them to be Hearded by Jas. Orr & Tutle. Evening rather more Mild. The catle during the storm rambled in every direction. Some brought, or rather got, their catle 25 ms. off. This day H. C. Kimble roled out & his co. Since the camp stopped at this place 4 deaths occured, 3 in H. C. Kimble co. & the other in Pres. B. Y.'s co.
Sweet Water. Mond., Sept. 4, 1848. Clear & cold; ice & Frost. About 10 J. D. Lee once more resumed his Travel. Took the River Road & reached the Pacific spring about 5 where a smaul co. was Encamped & beyond this Egan's co. was Encamped. Grazing short. Sage for fuel.
Pacific Springs. Teus., Sept. 5th, 1848. 23 ms. Heavy Frost, clear. Here Capt. J. D. Lee was detained till about 8 from the fact that Bro. [blank space] Baldwinn in H. Evan's co. drove on one of his cows, the use of which he lost till the next morning at Lit[t]le Sandy, the place where both co. Encamped. Elder Kimble also.
Litle Sandy. Wed., Sept. 6th, 1848. Clear & cold in the morning, but warm through the day. Here one of J. D. Lee's oxen was sick by drinking Alkili which appeared on the south of the Road & east of the creek. Traveled 8 ms. & camped o[n] Big Sandy.
Thurs., Sept. 7th, 1848, Big Sandy. Clear, weather more Mild. About 7 J. D. Lee & co. roled out, leaving on the ground one of his oxen which Died the night Before. About the same time H. Egan's co., a part of H. C. Kimble's division, assended the Hill; traveled 17 ms. & camped again on Big sandy. The country rather flat & loomy [loamy] for 3 days. Elder Kimble's Division encamped 3 ms. below.
Big Sandy. Frid., Sept. 8th, 1848. Clear & pleasant. About 8 Capts. Herriman's, Kimble's, Egan's, Billing's & Lee's co. Roled out & found a line on the Road to Green River; distance of 10 ms. A beutiful stream about 6 Rods wide & 3 ft. deep, good Ford. Traveled about 4 ms. down the River & Encamped with a part of Capt. E. Miller's 50. Feed good. About 10 at Night came up Quite a shower of Rain. Elder Kimble's, Egan's, Herriman's, & Billing's cos. camp about 1 m. below.
Green River. Sat., Sept. 9th, 1848. Clear & fine. About 7 Capt. J. D. Lee & co. were on the road. Traveled to Hams Fork, distance of 15 ms. & camped. H. C. Kimble, Egan's, Pack's, Herriman's, Billing's, & Higbee's co. passed on to Blacks Fork & camped. Feed good & willow for fuel. B. Fork is a beautiful stream of water.
Hams Fork. Sund., Sept. l0th, 1848. Clear & fine. About 9 J. D. Lee took up the line of March & [traveled] to B. Fork's 2nd crossing, distance 6 miles, & lay bye till the next morning on acount of his Teams failing. The most of the cos., by request of Elder Kimble's, lay still on Sunday & rested their Teams.
Blacks Fork. Mond., Sept. 11th, 1848. Clear, cool, Frost. About sun rise, J. D. Lee lined his Teams on the [blank space]. Traveled 15 ms. to Blacks Fork 4[th] crossing where he met Sanford porter & Harly Southwart with a yoke of catle & a waggon sent by Pres. B. Young to his assistance. The help truly was needed as his Teams was about done. At this place they camped & lighted & arrainged the loading. J. D. Lee ligh[ten]ed up Jacob Woolsy's load. A no. of cos. camped above & below. Through the Night rained considerably.
Blacks Fork 4[th] Crossing. Teus., Sept. 12th, 1848. Cloudy & rained tille about 9 & about 10 J. D. Lee again resumed his travel. Road slippery. Traveled 14 ms. to FT. Bridger & Encamped. H. C. Kimble stoped 4 ms. back, but several smaul cos. of his camp lay at or near Bridger. Water pure & clear; feed first rate & wood sufficient for camping purposes. The F[or]T. consists of 8 Block Houses & a smaul Enclosure picketed in. Land exceeding rich, grass durable winter & summer, although there is Frost every month in the year.
Fort Bridger. Wed., Sept. 13th, 1848. Clear, cool, Heavy fast. About 8 J. D. Lee roled out, heavy wheeling. About 12 noon Wm. Y. Empy, who was trailing in the rear, said that he must stop unless he could get help, as one of his oxen was sick. Capt. J. D. Lee took one of his oxen out of the yoke & let W. Y. Empy have him & put in an ox himself that had been sick but was gaining & roled on to the Soda Springs & camped distance of 16 ms. At this Point 4 waggons & Teams & some 10 or 12 of the soldier Boys camped who were on their way to the states to collect the Bounty Money, &c
Sodda [Soda] Springs. Thurs., Sept. 14th, 1848. Cloudy & cold, snowing finely. About 8 the clouds began to break away. From the Fort to this place Dr. L. S. Sprague rode in one of J. D. Lee's waggons & eat with him, his waggon having gone on in Pres. B. Y.'s co. & he stopped to have a part of his good[s] taken on in Bro. Leanord waggon. About 8 Capt. J. D. Lee took the line of March & traveled over a rough rocky country to the Tar & oil springs & camped. About 2 P.M. the ox that he the day before put in the yoke to assist Wm. Y. Empy droped dead in the yoke. J. D. Lee then yokeed a cow by the ox & then roled on. A part of Capt. Morley's were yet at the Springs & necessarily were detained on acount of Stepen H. Godard who unfortunately was shot through the right arm just above the Elbow by a gun going off in the hand of Bro. Yale who was crawling to geather to shoot Mountain Sheep. This evening he was swung in his waggon.
Tar & Oil Spring. Frid., Sept. 15th, 1848. Clear & warm. Here the cos. gathered tar to grease their waggons. About 8 Capt. Morley, Lee & Bro. R. Cahoon co. roled on, traveled 15 ms. & camped on Echo creek, 7 ms. west of the cave rock.
Echo Creek. Sat., Sept. 16th, 1848. Clear, Frost. At 8 J. D. Lee, J. Morley & Cahoon co. were on the road. J. D. Lee went out with his gun, shot 2 antelope; roled on 16 ms. & camped at the Mouthe [of] 2 Kanyans. On the Same creek at which place J. D. Lee lay by till 10 0' clock when he roled on, during which time he shot 2 Antelope & 2 Black tale Deer. The most of H. C. Kimble's co. roled by.
Echo Creek. Teus., Sept. 19th, 1848. Clear, light Frost. At 8 J. D. Lee roled out. Sandford Porter sick. About 4 ms. from Weber River the hind wheel of one of H. C. Kimble's waggons broke down in crossing Echo creek. On Weber River near the Mouth of the Kanyan the most of H. C. Kimbl co. was camped. Pres. B. Y. Encamped on the willow spring. At the last crossing of Echo creek, Rachel Lee fortunately escaped from being crushed by a waggon running over her. She, in trying to escape from the wheels, her clothes got hitched arround the hub, which threw her feet between the spokes. Although the hub was almost against a bank 4 feet high, yet by continued exertion, she kept her Body above the bank by roling with the wheel, untill J. D. Lee ran & luckily puled her out, unharmed, with the of a slight wound on her left leg which caught between the hub & the bank as he drew her out. The road for about 60 ms. passes between two high Mountains & with the excption of the numerous times the Road crosses the creek, many of which are difficult to pass, would be firstrate. Weber River is about 6 Rods wide, 3 ft. deep, water clear, current swift, plenty of Timber & grass. J. D. Lee Encamped at the mouth of Pratts pass to avoid the Kanyan.
Pratts Pass. Wed., Sept. 20th, 1848. Clear & fine. About 8 J. D. Lee resumed his travel. Near the head of Pratts Pass Bro. [blank space ] Brown, an Indian trader, was encamped by the way for the purpose of trading Furs, Skins, Horses, &c to the Emigrating cos. At which place Pres. B. Y. & co. encamped over Night & traded to the amount of several hundred dollars. Roads roughs & dangerous to waggons, slow & tedious traveling. At the distance of 13 ms. encamped on Brouns [Brown's] creek. Plenty of water, willow & grass. Through the day a No. of waggons were seen broken down, some of which were repairing, others left for the want of suitable Timber to repair them. About 10 evening commenced raining.
Browns Creek, Stubbourn Rock. Thurs., Sept. 21st, 1848. Morning rainy. About 10 the clowds which had obscured the atmosphere Roled off & left the weather Fare, when Capt. J. D. Lee & co. again set their faces Valley wards. Crossed this creek 13 times. Many of the crossings were difficult on acount of sudden & steep pitch. At the distance of 8 ms. we reached the foot of the highest [end of text]