Twelves, Orson, Early history of Charles Twelves and family, in Library of Congress, Collection of Mormon diaries [1935-1938], reel 9, item 4, 1.
12. Salt Lake City.
[11. When did you arrive there?]
11. Nov. 30, 1856.
[12. Who was the leader of your company or train?]
12. Edward Martin was the leader of the handcart company.
[13. Method of travel (handcart, ox team, mule team, horseback, etc.)]
[4.Who came with you on the handcart company?]
4. My father and mother and six children started. Three died of hunger on the way.
[5. How did you pay for your journey from England to Salt Lake City?]
5. We had no money. We were brought over by the Perpetual Emigration Fund.
[8. What was your starting place?]
8. Florence, Nebraska. Left England in May and stopped a month in Florence while they made handcarts for us. We arrived in Salt Lake City Nov. 31  1856.
[9. When did you start?]
9. About June 30.
[10. Why were you so late arriving in Salt Lake City?]
10. Winter set in a month earlier than usual.
21. There was a shortage of food because the handcarts couldn’t carry much food. The company counted on supplementing their supply at Fort Bridger and other points along the way and were disappointed.
[23. What was the reason for the disaster of the Martin Handcart Company?]
23. The unusually early winter was blamed.
24. As soon as word of our plight was received President Brigham Young sent out a wagon train loaded with provisions to bring us in.
25. About one third of the company died.
26. When they were weakened by starvation they couldn’t stand the cold and froze to death.