John Taylor was born November 1, 1808, in Milnthorpe, Westmorland, England. An 1832 immigrant to Toronto, Canada, he was a cooper and part-time Methodist minister. He and his wife, Leonora, joined the Church in 1836. Two years later, he became an Apostle and enjoyed close association with Joseph Smith and Brigham Young. John Taylor accompanied Joseph Smith to Carthage, Illinois, in June 1844 and was seriously wounded when Joseph Smith was killed. He was sustained as President of the Church on October 10, 1880, during one of the most challenging periods in Church history. The Church was persecuted for the practice of plural marriage, and many Latter-day Saints were being fined, imprisoned, and denied the vote due to their beliefs and practices. President Taylor organized members to meet this trial of their faith and for the last 2½ years of his life administered the affairs of the Church from the seclusion resulting from antipolygamy legislation. After seven eventful years as President, he died July 25, 1887, in Kaysville, Utah. (CH-Prophets of the Restoration)
He came with his wives and three children. He was re-baptized in the Salt Lake Valley by P. P. Pratt on 27 November 1847.
In 1852 he returned from a mission to France on the ship Niagara.
In 1857 he returned from a mission to New York where he published a newspaper titled The Mormon for a few years.